PQ Corporation and Byk Additives Inc. | Date: 2016-11-10
The invention provides compositions and methods for sealing subterranean spaces such as natural or induced fractures, vugs or annular spaces. The composition is composed of a base fluid consisting of a soluble alkali silicate, a gas generating additive, solids and a setting agent. The gas generating additive may be coated or uncoated. The gas generating additive may also be in the form of a slurry. In the case of coated additives, the coating may act as a retarder or an accelerator to the expansion and setting agent of the soluble alkali silica. Similarly, the choice of carrier fluid in a slurry may retard or accelerate the expansion and setting of the alkali silicate-based plug.
Agency: GTR | Branch: EPSRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 756.55K | Year: 2013
To achieve the UKs ambitious target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2050, it is widely accepted that from ca. 2030 Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) needs to be fitted to both coal and natural gas fired power plants. The flue gas characteristics of natural fired gas power plants, mostly operating in a combined cycle of gas turbine and steam turbine (NGCC), differ significantly from those from coal-fired power plants. Comparing to the flue gas of the same size coal-fired power plant, the flue gas of a NGCC power plant contains significantly lower CO2 (3-5 vs. 13-15%) and higher O2 concentrations (12-15 vs. 2-4%) and has ca. 50% higher flow rate, which make the separation of CO2 equally, if not more, challenging. The most mature PCC technology, CO2 amine scrubbing, suffers from well-know problems of high energy penalty, oxidative solvent degradation and corrosion, large capture plant footprint and high rate of water consumption. A new generation of PCC technologies for NGCC power plants which overcome these drawbacks need to developed and demonstrated in the next 10 ~ 20 years in order for their commercialisation from ca. 2030. Solid adsorbents looping technology (SALT) is widely recognised as having the potential to be a viable next generation PCC technology for CO2 capture compared to the state-of-art amine scrubbing, offering potentially significantly improved process efficiency at much reduced energy penalty, lower capital and operational costs and smaller plant footprints. The aim of this project is to overcome the performance barriers for implementing the two types of candidate adsorbent systems developed at Nottingham, namely the supported/immobilised polyamines and potassium-promoted co-precipitated sorbent system, in the solid looping technology specifically for NGCC power plants, which effectively integrates both materials and process development and related fundamental issues underpinning the technology development. The objectives are: 1. To overcome the following major specific challenges: (a) To examine and enhance the oxidative and/or hydrolytic stability of supported/immobilised polyamine adsorbents and hence to identify efficient and cost-effective management strategies for spent materials. (b) To optimise the formulation and preparation of the potassium-promoted co-precipitated sorbents for improved working capacity, reaction kinetics and regeneration behaviour at lower temperatures. (c.) To gain comprehensive understanding of to what degree and how different flue gas conditions, particularly oxygen and moisture, can impact the overall performance of adsorbent materials and related techno-economic performance of a solid looping process. 2. To produce kilogram quantities of the optimum adsorbent materials and then demonstrate their performances over repeated adsorption/desorption cycles and to establish the optimal process thermodynamics in fluidized bed testing. 3. To investigate a novel rejuvenation strategy for oxidised polyethyleneimines involving low temperature hydrogenation. 4. To conduct techno-economic studies to assess the cost advantages of the solids looping technology for NGCC power plants over amine scrubbing based on the improved adsorbent performance and optimised process configuration achieved in the project. The know-how acquired in this project will be of direct benefit to academics, CCS research community, power generation and energy industries, energy policy makers/regulators, environmental organisations and government departments such as DECC. The successful delivery of the proposed project represents a major step forward in the development and demonstration of the novel and cost-effective Solids Adsorbents Looping CO2 capture technology for NGCC power stations.
PQ Corporation | Date: 2014-01-29
There is disclosed a method of using iron-containing aluminosilicate zeolite having both framework iron and iron cations on the ion-exchange sites in a selective catalytic reduction reaction, typically in the presence of ammonia, to reduce or remove nitric oxides from exhaust emissions.
PQ Corporation | Date: 2013-12-18
A process for preparing a silica-alumina composition containing of from 30 to 70% wt silica and of from 70 to 30% wt of alumina, which process comprises (a) preparing an aqueous mixture containing aluminum sulfate and having a pH in the range of from 1.0 to 6.5; (b) adding alkali metal aluminate to the mixture obtained in step (a) to increase the pH of the mixture to within the range of from 7.1 to 12;
PQ Corporation | Date: 2014-06-18
The present invention discloses a method of selective catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides in exhaust gas, said method comprising:at least partially contacting said exhaust gases with an article comprising an organic-free, iron containing zeolite Beta having a molar silica-to-alumina ratio (SAR) ranging from 5 to 20,wherein said iron is present in an amount of at least 0.5 weight percent.
Pq Corporation | Date: 2014-01-16
Process for preparing a modified zeolite Y which process comprises subjecting zeolite Y having a silica to alumina molar ratio of at least 10 to calcination at a temperature of from 700 to 1000 C. wherein (i) the steam partial pressure is at most 0.06 bar at a temperature of from 700 to 800 C., (ii) the steam partial pressure is at most 0.08 bar at a temperature of from 800 to 850 C., (iii) the steam partial pressure is at least 0.03 bar at a temperature of from 850 to 900 C., and (iv) the steam partial pressure is at least 0.05 bar at a temperature of from 900 to 950 C. and (v) the steam partial pressure is at least 0.07 bar at a temperature of from 950 to 1000 C., a modified zeolite Y obtainable by such process, zeolite Y having a silica to alumina molar ratio of at least 10, the infrared spectrum of which has a peak at 3700 cm^(1 )but substantially no peaks at 3605 and 3670 cm^(1 )and zeolite Y having a silica to alumina molar ratio of at least 10, which zeolite Y has an acidity as measured by exchange with perdeuterated benzene of at most 20 micromole/gram.
Pq Corporation | Date: 2015-04-09
There is disclosed a microporous crystalline material comprising a crystal structure having building units of double-6-rings (d6r) and pore opening of 8-rings, wherein the material comprises a first metal chosen from alkali-earth group, rare-earth group, alkali group or mixtures thereof, and a second metal chosen from copper, iron or mixtures thereof, wherein the material has molar silica to alumina ratio (SAR) from 3 to 12, and is further steamed to enhance stability. Methods of making the crystalline material are also disclosed. There is also disclosed a method of selective catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides in exhaust gas, comprising at least partially contacting the exhaust gases with an article comprising the disclosed microporous crystalline material.
Pq Corporation | Date: 2014-05-23
This invention relates to a composition and method of fracturing subterranean formations utilizing a polymerized alkali silicate. The fracturing fluid includes an alkali silicate such as sodium silicate and an acid such as hydrochloric acid. The sodium silicate is polymerized to a silica gel using an acid. The resulting silica gel has a pH from about 2 to less than 7.5.
PQ Corporation | Date: 2015-11-18
There is disclosed a hydrothermally stable microporous crystalline material comprising a molecular sieve or zeolite having an 8-ring pore opening structure, such as SAPO-34 or aluminosilicate zeolite, able to retain a specific percentage of its surface area and micro pore volume after treatment with heat and moisture, such as at least 80% of its surface area and micropore volume after exposure to temperatures of up to 900 C in the presence of up to 10 volume percent water vapor for a time ranging from 1 to 16 hours. Methods of using the disclosed crystalline material, such as in the SCR of NO_(x) in exhaust gas are also disclosed, as are methods of making such materials.
PQ Corporation | Date: 2013-11-05
There is disclosed a highly crystalline, small crystal, ferrierite zeolite prepared from a gel containing a source of silica, alumina, alkali metal and a combination of two templating agents. The resulting material includes ferrierite crystals having a particle size of about or less than about 200 nm. The desired crystal size can be achieved by using a specific composition of the gel. The purity of the material and the crystal size was determined by using X-ray powder diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The material has excellent surface area and micropore volume as determined by nitrogen adsorption.