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Mossoró, Brazil

Neto P.A.,IFCE | Grangeiro L.C.,DCV UFERSA | Mendes A.M.S.,Embrapa Semiarido | Costa N.D.,Embrapa Semiarido | And 2 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental | Year: 2014

With the objective to evaluate the growth and nutrient accumulation by onion cultivars, experiments were conducted at the experimental station of Bebedouro (Petrolina, PE) of Embrapa Semiarid, during May to October 2009, and in Baraúna, RN, in commercial area, from June to October 2009. The statistical design utilized in the experiment was a randomized complete block design, RBD with four replications in a 2 × 6 factorial. Treatments were the combinations of two cultivars of onion (IPA 11 and Texas Grano 502) and six sampling times (15, 30, 45, 60, 75 and 90 days after transplanting - DAT). In each collection six plants per replication were used. The onion cultivars IPA11 and Texas Grano presented initially slow growth, increasing from 30 DAT. Greater increases in total dry mass, shoot and bulb occurred at 60-75 DAT. The nutrients were absorbed by the onion in the following order: Ca > K > N > Mg > P and Ca > N > K > Mg > P for 'Texas Grano 502" and "IPA11" in Petrolina and K > Ca > N > Mg > P and N > K > Ca > Mg > P for 'Texas Grano 502" and "IPA 11" in Baraúna. Cultivars Texas Grano 502 and 11 IPA exported more nutrients in Baraúna.

Henriques G.P.S.A.,PPGF UFERSA | Grangeiro L.C.,DCV UFERSA | Paulino R.C.,PPGF UFERSA | Marrocos S.T.P.,PPGF UFERSA | And 2 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental | Year: 2014

The aim of this study was to evaluate the agronomic performance of onions in different planting densities in Mossoró, RN. The experimental design used was a complete randomized blocks in factorial scheme 2 × 5, with four replications. The treatments consisted of the combination of two onion cultivars (Vale Ouro IPA 11 and Bella Dura) and five planting densities (80, 120, 160, 200 and 240 plants m-2). The evaluated characteristics were: classification of bulbs according to the transverse diameter; total, commercial and noncommercial productivity; mean mass of bulb, dry mass of bulb and relative format of bulbs. The most productive cultivar was IPA 11, with total productivity of 26.76 t ha-1. The density that provided the greatest total productivity (30.48 t ha-1) was the 204 plants m-2 and commercial (24.74 t ha-1) was the 161 plants m-2. The increase in density reduced the average of medium and dry bulb mass, bulbs percentage of classes 2 and 3 as well as increased non-commercial yield, percentage of bulbs class 1 (waste) and relation of bulb shape. The cultivar Vale Ouro IPA 11 was superior to the hybrid Bella Dura regarding total bulb yield, average weight of commercial bulbs and format relations, regardless of plant density.

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