Poznan University of Medical science is a prominent Polish medical university, located in the city of Poznań in western Poland. It traces its beginnings to the foundation of Poznań University in 1919, and was formed as a separate institution in 1950. It gained the status of uniwersytet in 2007. Wikipedia.
Rybakowski J.K.,Poznan University of Medical Sciences
ACS Chemical Neuroscience | Year: 2014
The use of lithium is a cornerstone for preventing recurrences in bipolar disorder (BD). The response of patients with bipolar disorder to lithium has different levels of magnitude. About one-third of lithium-treated patients are excellent lithium responders (ELR), showing total prevention of the episodes. A number of clinical characteristics were delineated in patients with favorable response to lithium as regards to clinical course, family history of mood disorders, and psychiatric comorbidity. We have also demonstrated that temperamental features of hypomania (a hyperthymic temperament) and a lack of cognitive disorganization predict the best results of lithium prophylaxis. A degree of prevention against manic and depressive episodes has been regarded as an endophenotype for pharmacogenetic studies. The majority of data have been gathered from so-called "candidate" gene studies. The candidates were selected on the basis of neurobiology of bipolar disorder and mechanisms of lithium action including, among others, neurotransmission, intracellular signaling, neuroprotection or circadian rhythms. We demonstrated that response to lithium has been connected with the genotype of BDNF gene and serum BDNF levels and have shown that ELR have normal cognitive functions and serum BDNF levels, even after long-term duration of the illness. A number of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of BD have been also performed in recent years, some of which also focused on lithium response. The Consortium on Lithium Genetics (ConLiGen) has established the large sample for performing the genome-wide association study (GWAS) of lithium response in BD, and the first results have already been published. © 2014 American Chemical Society.
Leppert W.,Poznan University of Medical Sciences
Cancer Management and Research | Year: 2010
Fentanyl is a strong opioid analgesic, which is commonly used in the form of a transdermal patch for the treatment of chronic cancer pain. An intranasal route of fentanyl administration is a novel treatment for breakthrough cancer pain (BTCP). The prevalence, assessment, and management of BTCP is outlined in this paper, and basic pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties, dosing guidelines, and clinical experience with the use of intranasal fentanyl in this indication are discussed. Intranasal fentanyl is an attractive and convenient mode of BTCP treatment in opioid-tolerant patients due to its quick onset and short duration of action, noninvasive administration route, high bioavailability, and avoidance of a hepatic first-pass effect. Until now, few clinical trials have been conducted with intranasal fentanyl, but all have confirmed its usefulness and acceptability in BTCP treatment. Intranasal fentanyl may be used in opioid-tolerant patients without nasal pathologies. The dose should be titrated in each patient regardless of the regular opioid dose administered. Future studies should compare intranasal fentanyl with other fentanyl formulations used for BTCP management, and with analgesia, adverse effects, and quality of life taken into consideration. © 2010 Leppert.
Ksiaz;ek K.,Poznan University of Medical Sciences
Ageing Research Reviews | Year: 2013
Human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs) dominate within the peritoneal cavity and thus play a central role in a variety of intraperitoneal processes, including the transport of water and solutes, inflammation, host response, angiogenesis, and extracellular matrix remodeling. In addition, they contribute to the development of abdominal adhesions, peritonitis, endometriosis, cancer cell metastases, and peritoneal dialysis complications. For less than a decade the primary cultures of omental HPMCs have also been used as an experimental tool in studies on cellular aging. This paper provides the first comprehensive overview of the current state of art on molecular mechanisms underlying HPMC senescence in vitro. Special attention is paid to the causes of the very fast dynamics of HPMC senescence, and in particular to the role of non-telomeric DNA damage, the autocrine activity of TGF-β1, and the causative effects of oxidative stress. In addition, some clinical manifestations of HPMC senescence will be discussed, including its interplay with organismal aging, peritoneal dialysis, and cancer progression. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Wysocki P.J.,Poznan University of Medical Sciences
Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs | Year: 2010
Importance of the field: Hepatocellular cancer (HCC) is the fifth most common malignancy worldwide and third leading cause of cancer death. HCC is highly resistant to conventional systemic therapies, and prognosis for advanced HCC patients remains poor. However, identification of signaling pathways responsible for HCC growth and progression such as RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK or PI3K/AKT/ mTOR has determined crucial molecular targets and led to development of novel promising targeted therapies. Areas covered in this review: This article presents molecular mechanisms responsible for development and progression of HCC and strategies aimed to block important molecules involved in signal transduction. It also reviews the clinical studies evaluating efficacy and safety of novel targeted approaches for treatment of this malignancy. What the reader will gain: Inhibition of molecular targets (ligands, membrane receptors and receptor-associated kinases) represents a promising strategy for treatment of HCC; in the case of sorafenib, this has already been demonstrated to significantly improve survival of advanced HCC patients. This article reviews novel therapeutic approaches that are based on combinations of different targeted agents with or without classic cytotoxic drugs. Take home message: Despite significant progress, advanced HCC remains an incurable disease, and the overall efficacy of recently approved targeted therapy (sorafenib) remains moderate. It is to be hoped that several ongoing clinical trials evaluating novel targeted approaches for treatment of HCC will lead to further improvement in the management of advanced disease. © 2010 Informa UK Ltd.
Rybakowski J.K.,Poznan University of Medical Sciences
World Journal of Biological Psychiatry | Year: 2011
Objectives. More than 60 years have passed since the introduction of lithium into modern psychiatry and special issues of Bipolar Disorders in 2009 and Neuropsychobiology in 2010 were devoted to this anniversary. Notwithstanding such a long tradition, a number of key articles on the neuropsychiatric aspects of lithium have appeared in recent years. Methods. This update was based on the most important original papers and reviews on lithium published in recent years. The main topics were the efficacy of lithium in mood disorders, with a special focus on cognitive functions, the neuroprotective effects of this ion and the potential of using lithium in neurology. Results. Clinical studies and reviews point to lithium being still a cornerstone for the prophylaxis of mood disorders, especially bipolar. The pro-cognitive and antisuicidal properties of lithium have been confirmed as an augmentation of antidepressants in treatment-resistant depression. The neuroprotective effects of lithium have been evidenced in both experimental research and in clinical studies using brain imaging. The possible use of lithium in the prophylaxis of dementia and in neurodegenerative disorders, such as Huntington's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is discussed. Conclusions. Although not promoted by pharmaceutical companies, lithium remains a highly important drug in neuropsychiatry. © 2011 Informa Healthcare.