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Wilson E.K.,POW Inc | Wilson E.K.,National Museum of Health and Medicine
Bulletin of the History of Medicine | Year: 2014

Between 1932 and 1963 University of Pittsburgh anatomist Davenport Hooker, Ph.D., performed and filmed noninvasive studies of reflexive movement on more than 150 surgically aborted human fetuses. The resulting imagery and information would contribute substantially to new visual and biomedical conceptions of fetuses as baby-like, autonomous human entities that emerged in the 1960s and 1970s. Hooker's methods, though broadly conforming to contemporary research practices and views of fetuses, would not have been feasible later. But while Hooker and the 1930s medical and general public viewed live fetuses as acceptable materials for notherapeutic research, they also shared a regard for fetuses as developing humans with some degree of social value. Hooker's research and the various reactions to his work demonstrate the varied and changing perspectives on fetuses and fetal experimentation, and the influence those views can have on biomedical research.

Megyesi M.S.,POW Inc | Hunt L.M.,Michigan State University | Brody H.,University of Texas Medical Branch
Osteoporosis International | Year: 2011

Summary Racial and ethnic variables are common in research on variation in bone density. This literature review describes some of the common flaws associated with the use of these variables and provides some suggestions for how bone density research may be able to better document and address skeletal health disparities. Introduction Racial/ethnic differences in bone density have been commonly documented in the research literature. While effective identification of the specific factors underlying these trends might go a long way in informing treatment and screening for osteoporosis, this would require careful consideration of exactly what these variables are capturing. However, the basis and implications of what racial/ethnic variables represent have not carefully been examined in bone density research. Methods For this paper, we systematically reviewed 55 articles that included bone density and race/ethnicity as key variables. Our analysis reveals that racial/ethnic terminology in these articles is highly variable, and discussion of how race/ethnicity is determined is often vague and idiosyncratic. Racial/ethnic variables are being used for a wide range of analytical purposes in statistical tests, which may not be appropriate for such a complex and poorly defined variable. Results Many articles attribute racial/ethnic differences in bone mass/bone density to genetic causes, although few studies actually examine genetic data. Conclusion This analysis indicates that more rigorous examination of what race/ethnicity actually captures, more careful definitions of group labels and the procedures for assigning them, and attention to the limitations of how such variables can reliably be used in data analyses is needed to help address the problems and issues outlined in this review. © International Osteoporosis Foundation and National Osteoporosis Foundation 2010.

Stephan C.N.,POW Inc | Stephan C.N.,University of Queensland | Simpson E.K.,Forensic Science South Australia | Byrd J.E.,POW Inc
Journal of Forensic Sciences | Year: 2013

Several methods that have customarily been used in craniofacial identification to describe facial soft tissue depths (FSTDs) implore improvement. They include the calculation of arithmetic means for skewed data, omission of concern for measurement uncertainty, oversight of effect size, and misuse of statistical significance tests (e.g., p-values for strength of association). This paper redresses these limitations using FSTDs from 10 prior studies (N = 516). Measurement uncertainty was large (>20% of the FSTD), skewness (≥0.8) existed at 11 of the 23 FSTD landmarks examined, and sex and age each explained <4% of the total FSTD variance (η2 calculated as part of MANOVA). These results call for a new and improved conceptualization of FSTDs, which is attained by the replacement of arithmetic means with shorths and 75-shormaxes. The outcomes of this implementation are dramatic reduction in FSTD complexity; improved data accuracy; and new data-driven standards for casework application of methods. © 2013 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.

News Article | December 6, 2016

The Godfather of comic books, Stan “The Man” Lee and his company POW! Entertainment, have announced the official Stan Lee Box in association with Box Blvd, a box subscription delivering exclusive and collectible goods to super fans every eight weeks. Each Stan Lee Box will be full of exclusive comic variants from major publishers like Marvel Comics and DC Comics, collectible figures, custom artwork, and the highest quality of geeky goods that will excite the truest of any true believer! Available exclusively at Each Stan Lee Box will include a story that ties each product together. The themed story for the very first Stan Lee Box is, “It’s the Most Marvelous Time of the Year,” and will feature a number of amazing, fantastic, and incredible items that represent the past, present, and future of Stan Lee. "I'm really thrilled to deliver a true Collector’s Box of my favorite things every eight weeks to my treasured fans," says Stan Lee. "The Stan Lee Box will have a variety of premium quality products inside each box for all my True Believers." The Stan Lee Box is priced at $49.99, and contains over $125 of retail value inside every box. All subscribers signing up for a 1-year subscription in advance will save 10% off their subscription. For subscribers that order the Stan Lee Box before December 14th, Box Blvd will be sure to deliver their first Stan Lee Box by December 23, 2016. For more information, please head over to Excelsior! About POW! Entertainment: POW! Entertainment Inc. is a multi-media entertainment company founded by noted comic book writer Stan Lee together with award-winning producer Gill Champion and the late intellectual property specialist Arthur Lieberman. POW!’s principals have extensive backgrounds in the creation and production of original intellectual properties, including some of the most successful entertainment franchises of all time. POW! Is utilizing Stan Lee’s historical background by perpetuating his legacy while creating and developing all new live-action films, television, digital games, merchandising, licensing and related ancillary markets, all of which contribute to global expansion. POW! Partners with third parties and strategic alliances, including studios and networks, in the production and distribution of new POW! Character franchises. For more information, visit About Box Boulevard, Inc. Box Boulevard, Inc. was founded in 2015 by Jeff Cherkassky to provide a deluxe white-labeled solution for major corporations, brands, and celebrities to create premium subscription box experiences for their super fans. Box Blvd handles all aspects of design, development, marketing, product development, acquisition, and delivery – as well as providing brands with an entirely new marketing channel to identify and connect with their super fans / brand ambassadors. For more information, visit

Pilloud M.A.,POW Inc | Larsen C.S.,Ohio State University
American Journal of Physical Anthropology | Year: 2011

The Neolithic site of Çatalhöyük, Turkey (7400-5600 cal BC) is widely acknowledged for its role in the study of early farming communities. To better understand the social and community structure of this setting, an intracemetery biological distance analysis was conducted. Metric and nonmetric observations were recorded in both deciduous and permanent dentitions (n = 266) to explore phenotypic patterning of individuals interred within individual buildings. Specifically, this study tests the hypothesis that individuals within houses and house groupings represent family units and the social structure of Çatalhöyük was largely biological-kin based. Multivariate and univariate statistical procedures were applied to phenotypic dental data. Results indicate that inclusion for interment within a house was only minimally related to biological affinity. Moreover, the site does not appear to be organized into larger, biologically related neighborhoods of houses. These findings suggest that Çatalhöyük may not have been a kin-based society, largely because membership within a house cemetery was not solely defined on the basis of biological affinity, such as in a family group. Rather, it appears that social structure was centered on the house as the unifying social principle. The choice for interment location may have transcended biological lines thereby creating an alternate and more fluid definition of "kin." These findings can be used to understand the transition to settled life and biological patterning in this Neolithic community. Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Pilloud M.A.,POW Inc | Hillson S.,University College London
American Journal of Physical Anthropology | Year: 2012

The present study investigates the utility of cervical measurements in deciduous teeth and how they correlate with traditional measurements of the crown. First, this study establishes definitions by which these measurements could reliably be taken. Next, deciduous cervical and traditional crown diameters were taken on three distinct skeletal samples: a Neolithic assemblage from Central Anatolia (Çatalhöyük, n = 85), a precontact sample from Northern California (CA-ALA-329, n = 34), and a group of intrusive burials interred at Çatalhöyük that date between AD 60 and 1650 (n = 38). Across the dentition there are positive correlations between crown and cervical measurements, which tend to be higher in anterior teeth than in posterior teeth. Both measurements show low correlations with age; however, cervical measurements show fewer negative correlations with age. An intraobserver error study found low levels of error for both types of measurements. On a subset of the Çatalhöyük sample (n = 9), a principal components and biological distance analysis were conducted comparing the two types of measurements. Also, all three samples were subject to a canonical discriminant function analysis and the results from cervical and crown measurements were compared. All analyses produced slightly different results for each type of data suggesting that crown and cervical measurements capture different aspects of tooth shape. While cervical and crown measurements provide different statistical results, cervical measurements can provide information relevant to anthropological studies and may allow for larger datasets to be used by allowing the inclusion of teeth with modified crowns. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Shiroma C.Y.,POW Inc
Journal of Forensic Sciences | Year: 2014

In October 2009, the grave of an unknown World War I (WWI) U.S. service member was exhumed in Rembercourt-Sur-Mad Village, in the Lorraine Region of France. The skeletal remains and material evidence were accessioned into the Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command's (JPAC) Central Identification Laboratory (CIL). The personnel records for the associated casualty were requested, received, and reviewed. A dental profile was present among the service member's personal information. There were multiple points of concordance between the dental records of the associated casualty, and the recovered dental remains to include eight restored teeth, 15 unrestored teeth, and three antemortem missing teeth. Distinctive restorations which compared favorably included a porcelain crown and multiple gold foil fillings. All lines of evidence (historical, material evidence/personal effects, anthropological, and dental) and the circumstances of loss compared positively with the associated casualty. On April 1, 2010, the previously unaccounted-for U.S. service member was positively identified and on June 23, 2010, was buried with full military honors at Arlington National Cemetery. Published 2014. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the U.S.A.

Stephan C.N.,POW Inc | Stephan C.N.,University of Queensland
Journal of Forensic Sciences | Year: 2014

By pooling independent study means (x-), the T-Tables use the central limit theorem and law of large numbers to average out study-specific sampling bias and instrument errors and, in turn, triangulate upon human population means (μ). Since their first publication in 2008, new data from >2660 adults have been collected (c.30% of the original sample) making a review of the T-Table's robustness timely. Updated grand means show that the new data have negligible impact on the previously published statistics: maximum change = 1.7 mm at gonion; and ≤1 mm at 93% of all landmarks measured. This confirms the utility of the 2008 T-Table as a proxy to soft tissue depth population means and, together with updated sample sizes (8851 individuals at pogonion), earmarks the 2013 T-Table as the premier mean facial soft tissue depth standard for craniofacial identification casework. The utility of the T-Table, in comparison with shorths and 75-shormaxes, is also discussed. © 2013 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.

POW Inc | Date: 2015-05-07

Clothing, namely, jeans, overalls, coats, pants, trousers, jackets, shirts, tee-shirts, vests, skirts, dresses, pullovers, sweaters, underwears, waistcoats, shorts, suits, gloves; ties; belts; scarves; swimsuits; sports jerseys; jackets being sports clothing; wristbands; footwear, namely, boots for sports, sports shoes, shoes, sandals, mountain climbing shoes, running shoes; headwear, namely, caps, hats, headbands.

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