Portuguese Oncology Institute of Porto FG EPE

Vila Real de Santo António, Portugal

Portuguese Oncology Institute of Porto FG EPE

Vila Real de Santo António, Portugal
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Ribeiro J.,University of Porto | Ribeiro J.,Molecular Oncology & Viral Pathology Group | Malta M.,Molecular Oncology & Viral Pathology Group | Malta M.,University of Porto | And 8 more authors.
Cancer Letters | Year: 2017

TP53 is a tumour suppressor gene frequently mutated in human cancers; nevertheless, in EBV-associated malignancies mutations are uncommon despite frequent deregulation of the p53 pathway. In this study, we aimed to investigate p53 expression, TP53 mRNA levels and TP53 mutations in EBV-associated gastric carcinoma (EBVaGC). A case-control study was performed using 46 patients: 15 EBVaGC and 31 EBV-negative GC (EBVnGC) cases. p53 expression was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC), the evaluation of p53 mRNA levels was performed by RT-qPCR and TP53 mutations were investigated only in EBVaGC cases using the DNA sanger sequencing method. p53 expression was found in 97.8% (45/46) of all gastric cancer cases (including EBVaGC and EBVnGC groups). Despite the high frequency of p53 expression in both groups, the percentages of cells are significantly higher among EBVaGC cases (p = 0.027). Regarding the mRNA levels, we found a significantly increased expression of p53 mRNA in EBVnGC (2−ΔΔCt = 13.4 ± 2.4; p = 0.0029) when compared with EBVaGC. Furthermore, the sequencing analysis of TP53 gene revealed that only one of the 15 EBVaGC cases presented a missense mutation. Our results demonstrated that EBV-associated gastric carcinomas are characterized by a significant decrease of TP53 mRNA levels with a strong p53 expression and rare TP53 mutations when compared with EBV-negative cancers. Considering these results, EBV seems to induce a stabilization of p53 in the EBVaGC independently of the presence of mutations, which remains to be explained. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.

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