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Medeiros M.D.,Portuguese Diabetes Association APDP | Medeiros M.D.,Central Lisbon Hospital Center | Medeiros M.D.,New University of Lisbon | Mesquita E.,University of Minho | And 6 more authors.
British Journal of Ophthalmology | Year: 2015

Background/Aims: In Portugal, so far, there is no study or even accurate data on the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR), based on a large representative sample and on a long-term follow-up. The objective of our study was to determine the prevalence of DR based on a national screening community-based programme. Methods: A 5-year retrospective analysis of the RETINODIAB screening programme Results: was implemented in Lisbon and Tagus Valley area between July 2009 and October 2014. We estimated the prevalence of retinopathy for all patients with type 2 diabetes and studied the association between known risk factors and retinopathy emergence at their first screening. Results: Throughout this period, from a total of 103 102 DR readable screening examinations, 52 739 corresponded to patients who attended RETINODIAB screening at entry. Globally, DR was detected in 8584 patients (16.3%). Of these, 5484 patients (10.4%) had mild non-proliferative (NP) DR, 1457 patients (2.8%) had moderate NPDR and 672 (1.3%) had severe NPDR. Finally, 971 patients (1.8%) had proliferative DR requiring urgent referral to an ophthalmologist. The presence of any DR, non-referable DR or referable DR was strongly associated with increasing duration of diabetes and earlier age at diagnosis. Conclusions: The prevalence rate of DR in our study (16.3%) was slightly lower than other published international data. The RETINODIAB network proved to be an effective screening programme as it improved DR screening in Lisbon and Tagus Valley surrounding area.


PubMed | Portuguese Diabetes Association APDP, University of Minho and New University of Lisbon
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The British journal of ophthalmology | Year: 2015

In Portugal, so far, there is no study or even accurate data on the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR), based on a large representative sample and on a long-term follow-up. The objective of our study was to determine the prevalence of DR based on a national screening community-based programme.A 5-year retrospective analysis of the RETINODIAB screening programme results was implemented in Lisbon and Tagus Valley area between July 2009 and October 2014. We estimated the prevalence of retinopathy for all patients with type 2 diabetes and studied the association between known risk factors and retinopathy emergence at their first screening.Throughout this period, from a total of 103102 DR readable screening examinations, 52739 corresponded to patients who attended RETINODIAB screening at entry. Globally, DR was detected in 8584 patients (16.3%). Of these, 5484 patients (10.4%) had mild non-proliferative (NP) DR, 1457 patients (2.8%) had moderate NPDR and 672 (1.3%) had severe NPDR. Finally, 971 patients (1.8%) had proliferative DR requiring urgent referral to an ophthalmologist. The presence of any DR, non-referable DR or referable DR was strongly associated with increasing duration of diabetes and earlier age at diagnosis.The prevalence rate of DR in our study (16.3%) was slightly lower than other published international data. The RETINODIAB network proved to be an effective screening programme as it improved DR screening in Lisbon and Tagus Valley surrounding area.


Gardete-Correia L.,Portuguese Diabetes Association APDP | Boavida J.M.,Directorate General of Health | Raposo J.F.,Portuguese Diabetes Association APDP | Mesquita A.C.,Portuguese Diabetes Association APDP | And 3 more authors.
Diabetic Medicine | Year: 2010

Aims Diabetes is a growing worldwide problem. Ascertaining its prevalence is vital as a starting point to establish and measure the success of health interventions. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes and 'pre-diabetes', defined as impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance, in the Portuguese population aged between 20 and 79 years. Methods Considering the number of inhabitants between 20 and 79 years old, statistical units were selected that were representative regionally and nationally. The total sample comprised 5167 subjects. National prevalence was calculated. Analyses were performed on all those without previously known diabetes using World Health Organization reference diagnostic criteria. Results We found a diabetes prevalence of 11.7% (95% confidence interval 10.8-12.6%), with a significant difference between men (14.2%; 95% confidence interval 12.5-15.5%) and women (9.5%; 95% confidence interval 8.5-10.6%). While 6.6% of the subjects had previously been diagnosed with diabetes, 5.1% were undiagnosed. By age groups, 2.4% of the population between 20 and 39 years, 12.6% of people from 40 to 59 years old and 26.3% of those aged between 60 and 79 years had diabetes. Prevalence of 'pre-diabetes' (impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance or both) in the population was 23.3%. Conclusions Diabetes has a high prevalence in Portugal. If 'pre-diabetes' is also considered, about one-third (34.9%) of the population aged 20-79 years is affected. A greater number of males were found to have diabetes. We detected a high percentage of people with undiagnosed diabetes (43.6%). © 2010 Diabetes UK.


Parada H.,National Institute Of Health Dr Ricardo Jorge | Verissimo C.,National Institute Of Health Dr Ricardo Jorge | Brandao J.,National Institute Of Health Dr Ricardo Jorge | Nunes B.,National Institute Of Health Dr Ricardo Jorge | And 6 more authors.
Revista Iberoamericana de Micologia | Year: 2013

Background: Diabetic patients are particularly susceptible to fungal infections due to modifications that occur in their immunological system. These modifications compromise natural defences, such as skin and nails, especially from lower limbs. Aims: Assessing the presence of dermatomycosis in lower limbs of Portuguese diabetic patients followed on Podiatry consultation. Determination of possible predisposing factors and the most frequent fungal species associated with the cases are included in the study. Methods: A six-month prospective study was carried out in 163 diabetic patients with signs and symptoms of dermatomycosis followed by Podiatry at the Portuguese Diabetes Association in Lisbon. Samples from the skin and/or nails of the lower limbs were collected and demographic and clinical data of those patients were recorded. Results: Trichophyton rubrum was the most frequently isolated dermatophyte (12.1%), followed by Trichophyton mentagrophytes (7.7%) and Trichophyton tonsurans (4.4%). Our study showed positive associations between type 2 diabetes and the presence of dermatomycosis in the studied population (p=0.013); this association was also shown between the occurrence of dermatomycosis and the localization of the body lesion (p=0.000). No other predisposing factor tested was positively associated with infection (p> 0.05). Conclusions: Data on superficial fungal infections in diabetic patients are scarce in Portugal. This study provides information on the characterization of dermatomycosis in lower limbs of diabetic patients. © 2012 Revista Iberoamericana de Micología.


PubMed | Portuguese Diabetes Association APDP
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Diabetic medicine : a journal of the British Diabetic Association | Year: 2010

Diabetes is a growing worldwide problem. Ascertaining its prevalence is vital as a starting point to establish and measure the success of health interventions. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes, defined as impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance, in the Portuguese population aged between 20 and 79 years.Considering the number of inhabitants between 20 and 79 years old, statistical units were selected that were representative regionally and nationally. The total sample comprised 5167 subjects. National prevalence was calculated. Analyses were performed on all those without previously known diabetes using World Health Organization reference diagnostic criteria.We found a diabetes prevalence of 11.7% (95% confidence interval 10.8-12.6%), with a significant difference between men (14.2%; 95% confidence interval 12.5-15.5%) and women (9.5%; 95% confidence interval 8.5-10.6%). While 6.6% of the subjects had previously been diagnosed with diabetes, 5.1% were undiagnosed. By age groups, 2.4% of the population between 20 and 39 years, 12.6% of people from 40 to 59 years old and 26.3% of those aged between 60 and 79 years had diabetes. Prevalence of pre-diabetes (impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance or both) in the population was 23.3%.Diabetes has a high prevalence in Portugal. If pre-diabetes is also considered, about one-third (34.9%) of the population aged 20-79 years is affected. A greater number of males were found to have diabetes. We detected a high percentage of people with undiagnosed diabetes (43.6%).

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