Development and validation of an enantioselective liquid-chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry method for the separation and quantification of eslicarbazepine acetate, eslicarbazepine, R-licarbazepine and oxcarbazepine in human plasma
Loureiro A.I.,Portela and Co. SA |
Fernandes-Lopes C.,Portela and Co. SA |
Wright L.C.,Portela and Co. SA |
Soares-da-Silva P.,Portela and Co. SA |
Soares-da-Silva P.,University of Porto
Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences | Year: 2011
The purpose of this study was develop and validate a sensitive and specific enantioselective liquid-chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method, for the simultaneous quantification of eslicarbazepine acetate (ESL), eslicarbazepine (S-Lic), oxcarbazepine (OXC) and R-licarbazepine (R-Lic) in human plasma. Analytes were extracted from human plasma using solid phase extraction and the chromatographic separation was achieved using a mobile phase of 80% n-hexane and 20% ethanol/isopropyl alcohol (66.7/33.3, v/v). A Daicel CHIRALCEL ® OD-H column (5μm, 50mm×4.6mm) was used with a flow rate of 0.8mL/min, and a run time of 8min. ESL, S-Lic, R-Lic, OXC and the internal standard, 10,11-dihydrocarbamazepine, were quantified by positive ion electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. The method was fully validated, demonstrating acceptable accuracy, precision, linearity, and specificity in accordance with FDA regulations for the validation of bioanalytical methods. Linearity was proven over the range of 50.0-1000.0ng/mL for ESL and OXC and over the range of 50.0-25,000.0ng/mL for S-Lic and R-Lic. The intra- and inter-day coefficient of variation in plasma was less than 9.7% for ESL, 6.0% for OXC, 7.7% for S-Lic and less than 12.6% for R-Lic. The accuracy was between 98.7% and 107.2% for all the compounds quantified. The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) was 50.0ng/mL for ESL, S-Lic, OXC and R-Lic in human plasma. The short-term stability in plasma, freeze-thaw stability in plasma, frozen long-term stability in plasma, autosampler stability and stock solution stability all met acceptance criteria. The human plasma samples, collected from 8 volunteers, showed that this method can be used for therapeutic monitoring of ESL and its metabolites in humans treated with ESL. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.