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Manca S.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Magrelli A.,National Center For Rare Diseases Instituto Superiore Of Sanita | Cialfi S.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Lefort K.,University of Lausanne | And 11 more authors.
Experimental Dermatology | Year: 2011

Hailey-Hailey disease (HHD) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by suprabasal cutaneous cell separation (acantholysis) leading to the development of erosive and oozing skin lesion. Micro RNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous post-transcriptional modulators of gene expression with critical functions in health and disease. Here, we evaluated whether the expression of specific miRNAs may play a role in the pathogenesis of HHD. Here, we report that miRNAs are expressed in a non-random manner in Hailey-Hailey patients. miR-125b appeared a promising candidate for playing a role in HHD manifestation. Both Notch1 and p63 are part of a regulatory signalling whose function is essential for the control of keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation and of note, the expression of both Notch1 and p63 is downregulated in HHD-derived keratinocytes. We found that both Notch1 and p63 expression is strongly suppressed by miR-125b expression. Additionally, we found that miR-125b expression is increased by an oxidative stress-dependent mechanism. Our data suggest that oxidative stress-mediated induction of miR-125b plays a specific role in the pathogenesis of HHD by regulating the expression of factors playing an important role in keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

Radio F.C.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Majore S.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Aurizi C.,Porphyria Center San Gallicano Institute | Sorge F.,Porphyria Center San Gallicano Institute | And 7 more authors.
Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases | Year: 2015

Hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) is a heterogeneous disorder of iron metabolism. The most common form of the disease is Classic or type 1 HH, mainly caused by a biallelic missense p.Cys282Tyr (c.845G. > A) mutation in the HFE gene. However, the penetrance of p.Cys282Tyr/p.Cys282Tyr genotype is incomplete in terms of both biochemical and clinical expressivity. Lack of penetrance is thought to be caused by several genetic and environmental factors. Recently, a lot of evidences on HH genetic modifiers were produced, often without conclusive results.We investigated 6 polymorphisms (rs10421768 in HAMP gene, rs235756 in BMP2 gene, rs2230267 in FTL gene, rs1439816 in SLC40A1 gene, rs41295942 in TFR2 gene and rs2111833 in TMPRSS6 gene) with uncertain function in order to further evaluate their role in an independent cohort of 109 HH type 1 patients. Our results make it likely the role of rs10421768, rs235756, rs2230267 and rs1439816 polymorphisms, respectively in HAMP, BMP2, FTL and SLC40A1 genes in HH expressivity. In addition, previous and our findings support a hypothetical multifactorial model of HH, characterized by a principal gene (HFE in HH type 1) and minor genetic and environmental factors that still have to be fully elucidated. © 2015.

Cialfi S.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Oliviero C.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Ceccarelli S.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Marchese C.,University of Rome La Sapienza | And 17 more authors.
British Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2010

Background Hailey-Hailey disease (HHD) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by suprabasal cutaneous cell separation (acantholysis) leading to the development of erosive and oozing skin lesions. While a strong relationship exists between mutations in the gene that encodes the Ca2+/Mn 2+-adenosine triphosphatase ATP2C1 and HHD, we still have little understanding of how these mutations affect manifestations of the disease. Objectives This study was designed to determine early signalling events that affect epithelial cell growth and differentiation during HHD development. Methods Expression of key regulatory signals important for maintaining skin homeostasis were evaluated by Western blot analysis and by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction in primary keratinocytes obtained from skin biopsies of patients with HHD. Reactive oxygen species accumulation in primary keratinocytes derived from lesional skin of patients with HHD was assessed by dihydrorhodamine 123 (DHR) assay. Results HHD-derived keratinocytes showed downregulation of both Notch1 and differential regulation of different p63 isoforms. Itch and p63 are co-expressed in the epidermis and in primary keratinocytes where Itch controls the p63 protein steady-state level. We found that the Itch protein was significantly decreased in HHD-derived keratinocytes whereas the expression of its target, c-Jun, remained unaffected. We also found that HHD-derived keratinocytes undergo oxidative stress, which may explain both Notch1 and Itch downregulation. Conclusions Our attempt to explore the molecular mechanism underlying HHD indicates a complex puzzle in which multi-hit combinations of altered signal pathways may explain the wide spectrum of defects in HHD. © 2009 British Association of Dermatologists.

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