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Sao Paulo, Brazil

The Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo , popularly known as PUC or the Catholic University is a private and non-profit Catholic university. It is one of the largest and most prestigious Brazilian universities. It is maintained by the Catholic Archdiocese of São Paulo.Most of the scientific production in PUC-SP can be found in the areas of Law, Philosophy, Social science, Economics, Education, Social Service and Communication, and, in these areas, it is considered one of the most important universities in Latin America, and internationally recognized by the issues and research in disorders of human communication, political economics, semiotics and psychology. In 2014, according to the Brazilian "Ranking de Universidades da Folha" , the Department of Philosophy at PUC-São Paulo is the best one in Brazil.PUC-SP was the first university in Brazil to offer graduate programmes in the areas of Social Service, Psychology of Learning, Applied Linguistics and Speech-language Therapy. It also was the second university to offer a bachelor's degree in International Relations, which offers "double diplôme" for selected students that can finish their studies in science Po. Since 2003, PUC-SP participates in the joint graduate program in International Relations Programa San Tiago Dantas together with UNICAMP and UNESP, one of the most important graduate programmes in the area in Brazil. Since 2010 it also offers a joint Masters Degree with Pantheon-Sorbonne University at "Economie de La Mondialisation" .Despite being maintained by the Catholic Archdiocese, PUC-SP is well recognized in the city of São Paulo as a liberal environment since its professors and alumni's historical political engagements during the military dictatorship, especially within its main Perdizes campus, which hosts the Social science, Communications, Arts and Humanities courses. Wikipedia.

The present article aims to deconstruct the Prohibitionist Model against drug abuse. Understanding Man as an unfinished being, always left to his own care, the study demonstrates the incompatibility of the Prohibitionist objectives with Man's unique way of being. We show that it is the very existential condition of Man that generates what we call "existential vulnerability", a condition that is impossible to be modified. In fact, we argue that any preventive approach whose fundamental principle is the eradication of drug abuse would be prone to failure. Based on this positioning, we reject the Prohibitionist view according to which "drug abuse" is always and invariably a deviant behavior (pathology). Finally, the study points to the importance of the development of a new preventive approach that fully absorbs the uniqueness of the human condition (existential vulnerability), definitely breaking with the prohibitionist precepts, in fact, the Harm Reduction Approach. Source

The article aims to approach the concept of moistmedia and the role of art practices in contemporary culture by combining ideas about perception, technology and art, through different authors like media theorist Marshall McLuhan, philosophers Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Martin Heidegger and Vilém Flusser, and anthopologists such as Constance Classen and David Howes. Thus, if we can understand perception as the genesis of sense and meaning (Merleau-Ponty), which is also culturally shaped (Classen, Howes), understanding the very nature of technology demands an understanding of the modes of perception from which it has emerged. Being able to develop art propositions which may be relevant to our moistmedia times demands an understanding of the power artworks may still have for challenging technologically shaped cultural patterns of perception, in such a way as to foster new modes of consciousness, living at risk in a world of ever-present instability. © 2015 Intellect Ltd. Source

Waisse S.,Pontifical Catholic University of Sao Paulo
Homeopathy | Year: 2012

This paper begins from a discussion of the terms currently applied to the preparations used in homeopathic practice and relates them to the names given to them by Hahnemann, the founder of homeopathy. The latter were directly related to the notion of matter Hahnemann held, this is discussed as it evolved from the earliest sources to the sixth and final edition of the . Organon of Medicine, through all the editions of this work as well as many other hitherto rarely explored sources. This review shows that Hahnemann moved conceptually within the field of concepts of late 18th- early 19th century science. This is only natural, and, a legitimate object for studies of the history of science and medicine. © 2012 The Faculty of Homeopathy. Source

Bortolotto A.,Pontifical Catholic University of Sao Paulo
Ambix | Year: 2015

Although little studied now, the work of Johann Andreas Cramer (1710-1777) on mineralogy and metallurgy was much appreciated by his peers and influenced the development those fields throughout the eighteenth century. Well versed in the theoretical and practical problems of analysing and grouping minerals, Cramer sought to solve them by formulating a new, accurate system for identifying and classifying metals. He also developed faster and less expensive metal extraction methods than those previously available. This paper traces the chemical ideas that underpinned Cramer’s novel methods, including the theories of Hermann Boerhaave and Georg Ernst Stahl, and shows where Cramer both followed and departed from these authorities in his own influential Elementa Artis Docimasticae (1739). In the process, I seek to map Cramer’s scholarly network in order to contribute to a more thorough understanding of the communication of chemical ideas and procedures in eighteenth-century Europe. © Society for the History of Alchemy and Chemistry 2016. Source

The provision of humane care for women who have undergone situations of violence in the health services is still a challenge at all levels of care. This article discusses the meanings of violence against women in discourses of medical professionals. Its theoretical basis is the discursive practices approach in the constructionist framework of social psychology. Four interviews were conducted with medical professionals who work in a university hospital in the city of Ribeirão Preto, state of São Paulo, and the analysis enabled us to note gaps in medical training and practice on the theme of gender violence. We conclude that we must provide space for professionals' training, reflection and support so that they feel safe and able to work with the issue. The educational changes in medical education curricula are important strategies for coping with violence in the services, as they demand the transformation of the professionals' concepts and practices, which are still based on the biomedical focus. Source

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