The Polytechnic University of Milan is the largest technical university in Italy, with about 40,000 students.It offers undergraduate, graduate and higher education courses in engineering, architecture and design.Founded in 1863, it is the oldest university in Milan.The Politecnico has two main campuses in Milan city, where the majority of the research and teaching activity are located, and other satellite campuses in five other cities across Lombardy and Emilia Romagna. The central offices and headquarters are located in the historical campus of Città Studi in Milan, which is also the largest, active since 1927.The university was ranked the best for Engineering and among the top big universities in Italy in the CENSIS-Repubblica Italian University rankings for 2011-2012 and is ranked as the 28th best technical university in the world according to the QS World University Rankings.Its notable alumni include Giulio Natta, Nobel laureate in chemistry in 1963. Wikipedia.
Polytechnic of Milan | Date: 2015-04-21
The present invention relates to the technical field of systems for the polarisation of electromagnetic radiation, particularly light radiation, and more particularly solar radiation. The present invention also relates to the application of such systems to the dynamic screening of essentially transparent surfaces, particularly in the building construction, automotive, architecture and interior design sectors and other sectors that require such screening.
French Atomic Energy Commission and Polytechnic of Milan | Date: 2016-08-26
Piezoresistive detection resonant device comprising a substrate, a mobile par configured to move with respect the substrate, suspension elements suspending the mobile part to the substrate, a piezoresistive detection device to detect the motions of the mobile part, said piezoresistive detection device comprising at least one strain gauge, wherein the piezoresistive detection resonant device also comprises a folded spring with at least two spring arms, connected to the mobile part and configured to be deformed by the motion of the mobile part, the at least one gauge being suspended between the substrate and the folded spring in such manner that the deformation of the gauge is reduced compared to the motion of the mobile part.
Polytechnic of Milan | Date: 2015-09-23
A synaptic circuit performing spike-timing dependent plasticity STDP interposed between a pre-synaptic neuron and a post-synapse neuron includes a memristor having a variable resistance value configured to receive a first signal from the pre-synaptic neuron. The circuit has an intermediate unit connected in series with the memristor for receiving a second signal from the pre-synaptic neuron and provides an output signal to the post-synaptic neuron. The intermediate unit receives a retroaction signal generated from the post-synaptic neuron and the memristor modifies the resistance value based on a delay between two at least partially overlapped input pulses, a spike event of the first signal and a pulse of the retroaction signal, in order to induct a potentiated state STP or a depressed state STD at the memristor. An electronic neuromorphic system having synaptic circuits and a method of performing spike timing dependent plasticity STDP by a synaptic circuit are also provided.
Polytechnic of Milan | Date: 2015-03-17
Described herein is a multiplexer/demultiplexer optical device (100) comprising: a first beam-splitter cube (BS1); a second beam-splitter cube (BS2) optically coupled to the first splitter (BS1); a first Porro-prism reflector (PR1), which is optically coupled to the second splitter (BS2); and a second Porro-prism reflector (PR2), which is optically coupled to the second splitter (BS2) and is structured for introducing into optical beams that traverse it a phase delay depending upon an orbital angular momentum of the optical beams and upon an orientation of the second reflector. The device is a Michelson interferometer structured for obtaining constructive/destructive interference such as to multiplex/demultiplex on/from corresponding input/output ports, on the basis of values of orbital angular momentum, an optical beam comprising a plurality of concentric optical beams with cylindrical symmetry having different values of orbital angular momentum.
Polytechnic of Milan | Date: 2015-05-18
The present invention relates to a magnetic nanoparticle comprising: a) a core containing a ferromagnetic material; b) an outer coating containing a mixture of a lipophilic compound and a hydrophilic compound. The outer coating of the above particle makes the nanoparticle stable in water and, simultaneously, capable of adsorbing/emulsifying large amounts of hydrophobic/lipophilic compounds. The present invention further relates to a process for the preparation of the above- mentioned particles as well as their use in the removal of hydrocarbons from solid or liquid environments and metal ions from contaminated water (wastewater).
Longoni A.,Ramon Llull University |
Golini R.,University of Bergamo |
Cagliano R.,Polytechnic of Milan
International Journal of Production Economics | Year: 2014
This paper aims to study whether Human Resource Management and the organizational practices related to New Forms of Work Organization (NFWO) (e.g.; teamwork, training, and employee involvement) should be implemented to attain higher environmental and social sustainability performance. This potential connection is analyzed using the International Manufacturing Strategy Survey 2009 database containing data on the assembly industry. Several hierarchical regression models are used to study the direct impact of the considered practices on sustainability performance and their interactions with sustainability action programs. The results show that some of the practices related to NFWO are linked to sustainability performance. In particular, training has a direct positive effect on environmental and social sustainability performance and creates a positive interaction between social sustainability action programs and performance. Additionally, employee involvement and incentives have a direct positive impact on social sustainability performance. Finally, teamwork is a relevant practice for the successful implementation of environmental sustainability action programs. This paper contributes by empirically extending the knowledge on the role of organizational practices and the understanding of environmental and social sustainability achievement at the operational level. Moreover, we highlight the complexity of these relationships within different sustainability dimensions, showing the need for more qualitative studies about this topic. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Liu M.,University of California at Davis |
Tornatore M.,University of California at Davis |
Tornatore M.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Mukherjee B.,University of California at Davis
Journal of Lightwave Technology | Year: 2013
This study investigates the survivable traffic grooming problem for elastic optical networks with flexible spectrum grid employing new transmission technologies. In such networks, instead of following the traditional fixed ITU-T wavelength grid, optical transponders are capable of properly tuning their rates, and consequently their spectrum occupation, by introducing the fine-granular spectrum unit, called a frequency slot. The number of contiguous frequency slots allocated to an optical path (i.e., lightpath) is adjusted to the current network flow. In this study, we propose a novel shared protection specific to elastic networks, namely, elastic separate-protection-at-connection (ESPAC). It not only provides traditional backup sharing, but also offers a new opportunity of spectrum sharing enabled by the elasticity of the transponders: 1) if the working paths of two connections are link disjoint physically, and 2) if their backup paths traverse two lightpaths which are adjacent on a fiber link, then the two backup lightpaths can share spectrum. The new opportunity of spectrum sharing is realized by using First-Fit to assign working traffic and Last-Fit to assign backup traffic, and allowing spectrum overlap between adjacent backup wavelengths. The elasticity of the transponder enables the expansion and contraction of the lightpaths, thus when a single failure occurs in the network, lightpaths carrying backup flows can be tuned to appropriate rates in such a way that the overlap spectrum is used by only one of the adjacent lightpaths. The results show ESPAC is very spectrum efficient in elastic network setting. © 1983-2012 IEEE.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.1.2 | Award Amount: 11.05M | Year: 2008
S-Cube, the Software Services and Systems Network (www.s-cube-network.eu) will establish a unified, multidisciplinary, vibrant research community which will enable Europe to lead the software-services revolution.\n\nBy integrating diverse research communities, S-Cube intends to achieve world-wide scientific excellence in a field that is critical for European competitiveness. S-Cube will accomplish its aims by meeting the following objectives:\n- Re-aligning, re-shaping and integrating research agendas of key European players from diverse research areas and by synthesizing and integrating diversified knowledge, thereby establishing a long-lasting foundation for steering research and for achieving innovation at the highest level.\n- Inaugurating a Europe-wide common program of education and training for researchers and industry thereby creating a common culture that will have a profound impact on the future of the field.\n- Establishing a pro-active mobility plan to enable cross-fertilisation and thereby fostering the integration of research communities and the establishment of a common software services research culture.\n- Establishing trust relationships with industry via European Technology Platforms (specifically NESSI) to achieve a catalytic effect in shaping European research, strengthening industrial competitiveness and addressing main societal challenges.\n\nS-Cube will produce an integrated research community of international reputation and acclaim that will help define the future shape of the field of software services. S-Cube will provide service engineering methodologies which facilitate the development, deployment and adjustment of sophisticated hybrid service-based systems. S-Cube will further introduce an advanced training program for researchers and practitioners. Finally, S-Cube intends to bring strategic added value to European industry by using industry best-practice models and by implementing research results into pilot business cases
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CPCSA | Phase: ICT-2013.9.9 | Award Amount: 74.61M | Year: 2013
This Flagship aims to take graphene and related layered materials from a state of raw potential to a point where they can revolutionize multiple industries from flexible, wearable and transparent electronics, to new energy applications and novel functional composites.\nOur main scientific and technological objectives in the different tiers of the value chain are to develop material technologies for ICT and beyond, identify new device concepts enabled by graphene and other layered materials, and integrate them to systems that provide new functionalities and open new application areas.\nThese objectives are supported by operative targets to bring together a large core consortium of European academic and industrial partners and to create a highly effective technology transfer highway, allowing industry to rapidly absorb and exploit new discoveries.\nThe Flagship will be aligned with European and national priorities to guarantee its successful long term operation and maximal impact on the national industrial and research communities.\nTogether, the scientific and technological objectives and operative targets will allow us to reach our societal goals: the Flagship will contribute to sustainable development by introducing new energy efficient and environmentally friendly products based on carbon and other abundant, safe and recyclable natural resources, and boost economic growth in Europe by creating new jobs and investment opportunities.
Agency: GTR | Branch: EPSRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 5.21M | Year: 2013
The UK is committed to a target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 80% before 2050. With over 40% of fossil fuels used for low temperature heating and 16% of electricity used for cooling these are key areas that must be addressed. The vision of our interdisciplinary centre is to develop a portfolio of technologies that will deliver heat and cold cost-effectively and with such high efficiency as to enable the target to be met, and to create well planned and robust Business, Infrastructure and Technology Roadmaps to implementation. Features of our approach to meeting the challenge are: a) Integration of economic, behavioural, policy and capability/skills factors together with the science/technology research to produce solutions that are technically excellent, compatible with and appealing to business, end-users, manufacturers and installers. b) Managing our research efforts in Delivery Temperature Work Packages (DTWPs) (freezing/cooling, space heating, process heat) so that exemplar study solutions will be applicable in more than one sector (e.g. Commercial/Residential, Commercial/Industrial). c) The sub-tasks (projects) of the DTWPs will be assigned to distinct phases: 1st Wave technologies or products will become operational in a 5-10 year timescale, 2nd Wave ideas and concepts for application in the longer term and an important part of the 2050 energy landscape. 1st Wave projects will lead to a demonstration or field trial with an end user and 2nd Wave projects will lead to a proof-of-concept (PoC) assessment. d) Being market and emission-target driven, research will focus on needs and high volume markets that offer large emission reduction potential to maximise impact. Phase 1 (near term) activities must promise high impact in terms of CO2 emissions reduction and technologies that have short turnaround times/high rates of churn will be prioritised. e) A major dissemination network that engages with core industry stakeholders, end users, contractors and SMEs in regular workshops and also works towards a Skills Capability Development Programme to identify the new skills needed by the installers and operators of the future. The SIRACH (Sustainable Innovation in Refrigeration Air Conditioning and Heating) Network will operate at national and international levels to maximise impact and findings will be included in teaching material aimed at the development of tomorrows engineering professionals. f) To allow the balance and timing of projects to evolve as results are delivered/analysed and to maximise overall value for money and impact of the centre only 50% of requested resources are earmarked in advance. g) Each DTWP will generally involve the complete multidisciplinary team in screening different solutions, then pursuing one or two chosen options to realisation and test. Our consortium brings together four partners: Warwick, Loughborough, Ulster and London South Bank Universities with proven track records in electric and gas heat pumps, refrigeration technology, heat storage as well as policy / regulation, end-user behaviour and business modelling. Industrial, commercial, NGO and regulatory resources and advice will come from major stakeholders such as DECC, Energy Technologies Institute, National Grid, British Gas, Asda, Co-operative Group, Hewlett Packard, Institute of Refrigeration, Northern Ireland Housing Executive. An Advisory Board with representatives from Industry, Government, Commerce, and Energy Providers as well as international representation from centres of excellence in Germany, Italy and Australia will provide guidance. Collaboration (staff/student exchange, sharing of results etc.) with government-funded thermal energy centres in Germany (at Fraunhofer ISE), Italy (PoliMi, Milan) and Australia (CSIRO) clearly demonstrate the international relevance and importance of the topic and will enhance the effectiveness of the international effort to combat climate change.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: SGA-RIA | Phase: FETFLAGSHIP | Award Amount: 89.00M | Year: 2016
This project is the second in the series of EC-financed parts of the Graphene Flagship. The Graphene Flagship is a 10 year research and innovation endeavour with a total project cost of 1,000,000,000 euros, funded jointly by the European Commission and member states and associated countries. The first part of the Flagship was a 30-month Collaborative Project, Coordination and Support Action (CP-CSA) under the 7th framework program (2013-2016), while this and the following parts are implemented as Core Projects under the Horizon 2020 framework. The mission of the Graphene Flagship is to take graphene and related layered materials from a state of raw potential to a point where they can revolutionise multiple industries. This will bring a new dimension to future technology a faster, thinner, stronger, flexible, and broadband revolution. Our program will put Europe firmly at the heart of the process, with a manifold return on the EU investment, both in terms of technological innovation and economic growth. To realise this vision, we have brought together a larger European consortium with about 150 partners in 23 countries. The partners represent academia, research institutes and industries, which work closely together in 15 technical work packages and five supporting work packages covering the entire value chain from materials to components and systems. As time progresses, the centre of gravity of the Flagship moves towards applications, which is reflected in the increasing importance of the higher - system - levels of the value chain. In this first core project the main focus is on components and initial system level tasks. The first core project is divided into 4 divisions, which in turn comprise 3 to 5 work packages on related topics. A fifth, external division acts as a link to the parts of the Flagship that are funded by the member states and associated countries, or by other funding sources. This creates a collaborative framework for the entire Flagship.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2011-1.1.19. | Award Amount: 10.91M | Year: 2012
LASERLAB-EUROPE III is the European Consortium of major Laser Research Infrastructures, forming a FP7 Integrated Infrastructure Initiative. Geographically it covers the majority of European member states, following recent efforts to include partners from all over Europe 27. Scientifically, it covers many areas of laser science and applications with particular emphasis on short-pulses and high-intensities. Recently this field has experienced remarkable advances and breakthroughs in laser technologies and beam parameters. Novel applications range from coherent x-ray generation, laser particle acceleration, laboratory astrophysics, and attosecond physics to fusion research, materials research, and biomedicine, to name only few. Consequently and also as a sign of its exceptional internal coherence - the European laser community has engaged in the worlds first truly international laser infrastructures, ELI and HiPER. Besides offering unprecedented research opportunities these infrastructures, together with the LASERLAB-EUROPE III Consortium, will substantially contribute to innovation and help addressing the grand societal challenges. The main objectives are: - To maintain a competitive, inter-disciplinary network of European national laser laboratories; - To strengthen the European leading role in laser research through Joint Research Activities, pushing the laser concept into new directions and opening up new applications of key importance in research and innovation - To engage in Transnational Access in a highly co-ordinated fashion for the benefit of the European research community. - To increase the European basis in laser research and applications by reaching out to neighboring scientific communities and assisting in the development of laser research infrastructures on both the national and the European level, particularly the Pan-European infrastructures ELI and HiPER.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.5.1 | Award Amount: 11.64M | Year: 2013
Obesity and other lifestyle-related illness are among the top healthcare challenges in Europe. Obesity alone accounts for up to 7% of healthcare costs in the EU, as well as wider economy costs associated with lower productivity, lost output and premature death. Obesity in younger age is an alarming predictor for obesity in adulthood, but also entails short term health complications in juvenile age along with greater risk of social and psychological problems.\nKnowing how to stay healthy is not enough to motivate individuals to adopt healthy lifestyles, but relevant progress can be achieved through the use of incentives delivered through a combination of processes and mobile technologies.\nRecognizing the effectiveness of this approach, the PEGASO project will develop a multi-dimensional cross-disciplinary ICT system that will exploit sophisticated game mechanics to motivate behavioral changes towards healthier lifestyles and prevent overweight and obesity in the younger population.\nThe project relies on ICT technologies to implement a framework for the promotion of an health service based on three main features: individual&environmental monitoring, including wearable sensors, mobile phone and multimedia diaries for the acquisition of physical, physiological and behavioural attributes of participants; feedback to the user, presenting personalised healthy options for alternative lifestyles; social connectivity, encouraging involvement in social network experience sharing and social engagement. For the system development, a user centered approach, social and networked games and online education will be used. PEGASO will be tested with over 300 adolescents in three EU member states (Spain, Italy, UK).\nThe development of PEGASO project will mobilize a wide stakeholders ecosystem contributed by National Health Authorities and Research Institutions, Industries and Academia from the ICT and healthcare sectors, as well as food companies and SMEs
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2009.4.3 | Award Amount: 3.69M | Year: 2010
PlanetData aims to establish a sustainable European community of researchers that supports organizations in exposing their data in new and useful ways. The ability to effectively and efficiently make sense out of the enormous amounts of data continuously published online, including data streams, (micro)blog posts, digital archives, eScience resources, public sector data sets, and the Linked Open Data Cloud, is a crucial ingredient for Europes transition to a knowledge society. It allows businesses, governments, communities and individuals to take decisions in an informed manner, ensuring competitive advantages, and general welfare. Research will concentrate on three key challenges that need to be addressed for effective data exposure in a usable form at global scale. We will provide representations for stream-like data, and scalable techniques to publish, access and integrate such data sources on the Web. We will establish mechanisms to assess, record, and, where possible, improve the quality of data through repair. To further enhance the usefulness of data - in particular when it comes to the effectiveness of data processing and retrieval - we will define means to capture the context in which data is produced and understood - including space, time and social aspects. Finally, we will develop access control mechanisms - in order to attract exposure of certain types of valuable data sets, it is necessary to take proper account of its owners concerns to maintain control and respect for privacy and provenance, while not hampering non-contentious use. We will test all of the above on a highly scalable data infrastructure, supporting relational, RDF, and stream processing, and on novel data sets exposed through the network, and derive best practices for data owners. By providing these key precursors, complemented by a comprehensive training, dissemination, standardization and networking program, we will enable and promote effective exposure of data at planetary scale.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.1.1 | Award Amount: 12.61M | Year: 2010
ETICS aims at creating a new ecosystem of innovative QoS-enabled interconnection models between Network Service Providers allowing for a fair distribution of revenue shares among all the actors of the service delivery value-chain. To this end, we will propose and analyze new business and regulatory models for converged infrastructures, taking into account applications QoS constraints and incentives for carriers to invest and collaborate to the deployment of advanced high quality network interconnections. This will provide new market and revenue opportunities enabling innovative blended services and new high performance demanding applications.\nTo achieve these objectives, ETICS will analyse, specify and implement new network control, management and service plane technologies for the automated end-to-end QoS-enabled service delivery across heterogeneous carrier networks. ETICS includes a large number of partners that, participating to several key projects, have matured strong expertises. ETICS prototypes on control, management, and service planes will also leverage an important background on implementations and performance assessment. They will allow demonstrating and testing the effectiveness of new business models as well as how agile network service creation, activation, monitoring and billing for interconnected fixed and mobile operators will improve time to market of new services and reduce operational costs and complexity. Therefore, increasing the economic efficiency of access and transport infrastructures, the transition to new generation equipments will be incentivized.\nETICS validated new business models, architectures and protocols will be demonstrated and disseminated at key scientific and industrial workshops, conferences and standard bodies on technical, business, regulatory and socioeconomic aspects, providing a clear opportunity for Europe to take the lead on future converged infrastructures based on Internet/NGN evolutions.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: NMP-02-2015 | Award Amount: 8.65M | Year: 2016
Wear and corrosion of materials causes losses of 3-4% of GDP in developed countries and billions of Euros are spent annually on capital replacement and control methods for wear and corrosion infrastructure. As a result many important industries are dependent on surface engineering of protective coatings, making it one of the main critical technologies underpinning the competitiveness of EU industry. There are 2 main techniques that dominate the protective coatings sector: hard chromium (HC) plating and thermal spray (TS). However, HC plating faces a series of issues with most important the extremely negative health and environmental impact leading to the EC restriction of this method for using Cr\6 by the end of 2017. Similarly, recent toxicity studies concerning Co-WC cermet applied by TP have revealed that Co-WC particles are toxic in a dose/time-dependent manner. Consequently, there is the necessity of finding new, less hazardous methods and materials exhibiting the same or better performance compared to existing ones. The PROCETS project will took advantage of the use of nano-particles for production of composite coatings with superior properties compared to those of HC produced by electroplating or to Co-WC produced by TS. These novel nano-particles will be incorporated into existing production lines after appropriate modifications. The new procedures will be easily transferred by minor adaption to the present electroplating and TS facilities, and will combine flexibility and mass customization abilities, restrict environmental and health hazards and finally be available at acceptable cost. Thus, PROCETS main target is to deliver protective coatings covering a wide range of applications such as automotive, aerospace, metal-working, oil and gas and cutting tools industries via thermal spray and electroplating methods by utilizing more environmental friendly materials, compared to the currently used.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 2.28M | Year: 2015
Service Design for Innovation (SDIN)-ETN aims to integrate service design and service innovation approaches that are now dispersed into an innovative research training framework; doing so leverages the creative power of service design to foster innovation. Specific objectives are: creating a mass of researchers who can drive widespread application of service design to leapfrog innovation in European organisations; and developing interdisciplinary competences in the key SDIN area and in key service sectors -ICT, public services and utilities. SDIN training programme comprises: individual research projects with interdisciplinary supervision (design and management) and non-academic involvement; substantial non-academic training (through hosts and secondments); development of competences in at least one key service sector, with exposure to other sectors; and network wide training with innovative courses, workshops, transferable skills training, and network wide training events. A strong consortium with unique combination of expertise will implement SDIN. Academic beneficiaries provide a rich training experience and research competences in service design and service innovation. The three non-academic beneficiaries are innovation leaders in ICT, public services and utilities, providing a rich ground for application of SDIN results to multiple sectors. SDIN will have significant impacts on ESRs, partners, and the pursuit of the Innovation Union: SDIN will develop interdisciplinary and multi sectorial competences in ESRs, which are highly valued and have a strong innovation impact on organisations. Beneficiaries will integrate their expertise to build enduring interdisciplinary and multi-sector competences in SDIN. SDINs extensive dissemination will ensure that the results achieved are shared with wider communities, thus producing spill over effects to other sectors. SDIN can make a significant and timely contribution to the Innovation Union strategy.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-01-2014 | Award Amount: 4.93M | Year: 2015
The proposed research effort provides methods for a faster and more efficient development process of safety- or operation-critical cyber-physical systems in (partially) unknown environments. Cyber-physical systems are very hard to control and verify because of the mix of discrete dynamics (originating from computing elements) and continuous dynamics (originating from physical elements). We present completely new methods for de-verticalisation of the development processes by a generic and holistic approach towards reliable cyber-physical systems development with formal guarantees. In order to guarantee that specifications are met in unknown environments and in unanticipated situations, we synthesise and verify controllers on-the-fly during system execution. This requires to unify control and verification approaches, which were previously considered separately by developers. For instance, each action of an automated car (e.g. lane change) is verified before execution, guaranteeing safety of the passengers. We will develop completely new methods, which are integrated in tools for modelling, control design, verification, and code generation that will leverage the development towards reliable and at the same time open cyber-physical systems. Our approach leverages future certification needs of open and critical cyber-physical systems. The impact of this project is far-reaching and long-term: UnCoVerCPS prepares the EU to be able to develop critical cyber-physical systems that can only be realised and certified when uncertainties in the environment are adequately considered. This is demonstrated by applying our ground-breaking methods to automated vehicles, human-robot collaborative manufacturing, and smart grids within a consortium that has a balanced participation of academic and industrial partners.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: FoF-ICT-2011.7.3 | Award Amount: 15.21M | Year: 2011
VISION: By 2015, novel service-oriented management methodologies and the Future Internet universal business infrastructure will enable European virtual factories and enterprises to self-organize in distributed, autonomous, interoperable, non-hierarchical innovation ecosystems of tangible and intangible manufacturing assets, to be virtually described, on-the-fly composed and dynamically delivered as a Service, end-to-end along the globalised value chain.\nThe first Grand Challenge for MSEE project is to make SSME (Service Science Management and Engineering) evolve towards Manufacturing Systems and Factories of the Future, i.e. from a methodological viewpoint to adapt, modify, extend SSME concepts so that they could be applicable to traditionally product-oriented enterprises; from an implementation viewpoint to instantiate Future Internet service oriented architectures and platforms for global manufacturing service systems.\nThe second Grand Challenge for MSEE project is to transform current manufacturing hierarchical supply chains into manufacturing open ecosystems, i.e. on the one side to define and implement business processes and policies to support collaborative innovation in a secure industrial environment; on the other side to define a new collaborative architecture for ESA (Enterprise Software and Applications), to support business-IT interaction and distributed decision making in virtual factories and enterprises.\nThe synthesis of the two Grand Challenges above in industrial business scenarios and their full adoption in some European test cases will result in new Virtual Factory Industrial Models, where service orientation and collaborative innovation will support a new renaissance of Europe in the global manufacturing context.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.1 | Award Amount: 20.81M | Year: 2008
The project aims at the development of the technology for very high density Non Volatile Memories for mass storage applications down to the 2X nm technology node. The field is receiving increasing attention, due to the explosion of portable multimedia applications, and is forecasted to exceed 40 Billion US$ total available market by 2010. The dominant technology for this application is the floating gate NAND memory. However severe technological roadblocks (reduction in storage charge and electrostatic interference among neighboring cells) are limiting further scaling beyond the 32 nm node. Charge trapping in dielectric layers seems to be a viable alternative to floating gate. The main challenge is the integration of the different new materials, like tunnel dielectric, trapping layer, top dielectric, metal gate at the target technology node and the achievement of an acceptable trade-off between functionality and reliability (e.g. charge retention and endurance). The project will cover material development, cell architecture, modeling of material properties, trapping and conduction behavior in the dielectrics, metal gate materials. Initial studies could be performed on available technology 65-45nm (more relaxed for Universities and research centers) to arrive to full process integration and realization of full arrays in a technology in the 28-36 nm range (the best achievable with available lithography) by two major European semiconductor manufacturers. It will include memory characterization and reliability testing, with the additional aim of defining standards and procedures for reliability assessment. Technology options for higher integration densities, for a given lithography node, will be investigated with the help of public research partners. The final demonstrator will be a fully working memory array in the multi-gigabit range.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2013.3.2 | Award Amount: 1.25M | Year: 2013
The large scale research facilities and technology platforms are usually defined as a set of experimental instruments and components that are available mainly to academics and to a certain extent to industrials. The management of open access for researchers and world-class research programmes between these facilities is under consolidation through existing programmes like Instruct, EuroBioimaging. Large companies have created strong collaboration with these facilities but there is still a place for improving the economic outputs of this research and the involvement of SMEs in creating value and employment from these early scientific results. Photonics clusters and national platforms, as a strong link between Science and Economy, as well as between the regional and international environments, will play a key role in the organization of the collaboration between these facilities and the European SMEs. 7 European countries (France, UK, Germany, Sweden, Netherlands, Italy, Spain) gathered 70% of the new infrastructures in Life Sciences in last FP7. Nine photonics clusters from these countries, involved in initiatives supporting Biophotonics at the regional or national level define the 30-months OASIS Support Action. The consortium will realise an inventory to geographically map the former European investments made in Photonics Life Science facilities, to make them more easily accessible to SME. Targeting the right facilities is a prerequisite for efficient innovation but the right definition of further collaboration is still a challenge. OASIS partners will design services to improve collaboration framework between facilities, SMEs, hospitals, industrials in product development and validation. These actions should bring Europe SMEs a competitive advantage in new product development and a faster access to their markets by increasing available funding on these technologies and by reducing both cost and time of technical development.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-ITN | Award Amount: 3.89M | Year: 2012
The objectives of the proposal are: - To introduce ESRs and ERsto a range of astrodynamical concepts and problems and the relevant new mathematical theories and techniques. To develop their expertise in a number of these fields and to train them to conduct research, collaborate, and communicate their results. - To deepen and and broaden the knowledge and skills of ERs working in the areas of astrodynamics and dynamical systems theory. To encourage the more mathematical scientists to apply their skills to spacecraft dynamics and control, and the more applied scientists to apply new ideas and theories from mathematics to their problems - To provide both ESRs and ERs with the complementary communications and project management skills that are needed, in addition to scientific skills, for a successful career in either an academic or a non-academic enviroment.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-IRSES | Award Amount: 389.50K | Year: 2012
The goal of the project is to establish a structured and sustainable research partnership of mathematicians working on applications in life sciences, consisting of researchers from Ukraine as an eligible ICPC country and several research groups from EU member states and associated countries (MS/AC). There is a sizable but currently still unstructured group of Ukrainian researchers from various mathematical backgrounds with a keen interest to work on life science applications. In the beginning of the project, the MS/AC partners will present their current work in selected life science applications, thus starting discussions with the Ukrainian scientists to identify promising research areas of joint interest. This will then lead to the building of several joint research teams to pursue these topics together in the remainder of the project, incorporating staff exchanges between the Ukrainian and the MS/AC partners. Main pillars of the project will be annual workshops/schools held in Ukraine to introduce and discuss the joint topics, enabled by short-term stays of 1 month by MS/AC scientists. The triggered joint research on these topics will then include long-term stays (5 months) of Ukrainian scientists at MS/AC partners. As the outcome, we expect a structured collaboration lasting well beyond the project, based on the joint research undertaken and the annual joint event series that can be continued. The project is also intended to support an all-Ukrainian seminar on mathematics and medicine and the introduction of a bachelor/master program in computational life sciences based on existing experiences of the MS/AC partners. The scientific results obtained will be presented in a final conference.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: ISSI-2-2014 | Award Amount: 3.41M | Year: 2015
CIMULACT has as a main objective to add to the relevance and accountability of European research and innovation Horizon 2020 as well as national - by engaging citizens and stakeholders in co-creation of research agendas based on real and validated societal visions, needs and demands. The project will expand the outlook and debate on STI issues, increase scientific literacy in a broad sense, which includes the understanding of the societal role of Science, Technology and innovation (STI), and create shared understanding between scientific stakeholders, policy-makers and citizens. This multi-actor approach will embrace EU28 plus Norway and Switzerland. The CIMULTACT builds on the principle/conviction that the collective intelligence of society gives Europe a competitive advantage, which may be activated to strengthen the relevance of the European science and technology system. By establishing genuine dialogue between citizens, stakeholders, scientists, and policymakers visions and scenarios for the desirable futures will be developed and debated, and transformed into recommendations and suggestions for research and innovation policies and topics. In short, CIMULACT will Create vision and scenarios that connect societal needs with future expected advances in Science and their impact on technology, society, environment etc. in connection to the grand challenges Provide concrete input to Horizon 2020 through recommendations and policy options for R&I and simulated calls for the Horizon2020 Work Programmes Engage citizens and stakeholders in a highly participatory debate/consultation/process on scenarios for desirable sustainable futures and research Build capacities in citizen and multi-actor engagement in R&I through development, experimentation, training and assessment of methods for engagement Facilitate dialogue and shared understanding between policymakers, citizens, and stakeholders Reveal the relative merits of the citizen focussed consultations
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SC5-16-2014 | Award Amount: 15.99M | Year: 2015
Terrestrial and marine ecosystems provide essential services to human societies. Anthropogenic pressures, however, cause serious threat to ecosystems, leading to habitat degradation, increased risk of collapse and loss of ecosystem services. Knowledge-based conservation, management and restoration policies are needed to improve ecosystem benefits in face of increasing pressures. ECOPOTENTIAL makes significant progress beyond the state-of-the-art and creates a unified framework for ecosystem studies and management of protected areas (PA). ECOPOTENTIAL focuses on internationally recognized PAs in Europe and beyond in a wide range of biogeographic regions, and it includes UNESCO, Natura2000 and LTER sites and Large Marine Ecosystems. Best use of Earth Observation (EO) and monitoring data is enabled by new EO open-access ecosystem data services (ECOPERNICUS). Modelling approaches including information from EO data are devised, ecosystem services in current and future conditions are assessed and the requirements of future protected areas are defined. Conceptual approaches based on Essential Variables, Macrosystem Ecology and cross-scale interactions allow for a deeper understanding of the Earths Critical Zone. Open and interoperable access to data and knowledge is assured by a GEO Ecosystem Virtual Laboratory Platform, fully integrated in GEOSS. Support to transparent and knowledge-based conservation and management policies, able to include information from EO data, is developed. Knowledge gained in the PAs is upscaled to pan-European conditions and used for planning and management of future PAs. A permanent stakeholder consultancy group (GEO Ecosystem Community of Practice) will be created. Capacity building is pursued at all levels. SMEs are involved to create expertise leading to new job opportunities, ensuring long-term continuation of services. In summary, ECOPOTENTIAL uses the most advanced technologies to improve future ecosystem benefits for humankind.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SSH.2013.2.1-1 | Award Amount: 5.99M | Year: 2014
Typically, end users or consumers are perceived as adopters of sustainable products and services, developed by companies. Thus, a lot of attention is paid to the (non-) diffusion of sustainable products and services. From this perspective end users are seen as more or less passive recipients of sustainable products and services. We propose to investigate the active roles of end users in shaping sustainable lifestyles and the transition to a green economy in Europe. More specifically, we suggest exploring, explaining and enhancing the role of end users in (co-) innovating novel sustainable products, services, and systems (Sustainable Lifestyles 2.0). Generally, there are two options: First, end users are integrated in the process of sustainability innovations driven by companies (user integration). Second, end users innovative for themselves, and eventually form enterprises to capture value from their sustainability innovations (user innovation and entrepreneurship). We argue that end user integration, innovation and entrepreneurship offer great potentials for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth in the upcoming years, which is largely untapped and unexplored. While acknowledging the value of company-driven sustainability innovations, we want to investigate pathways towards a sustainable society, which is more user-centred and user-driven. We aim to gain a better and broadened understanding of the active roles of end users in sustainability innovation processes with a special emphasis on the four domains food, living, mobility, and energy. These domains are responsible for the highest life cycle environmental impacts related to the final consumption, and put together shape sustainable lifestyles in Europe.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-IRSES | Award Amount: 451.50K | Year: 2012
This project will develop a joint networking and advanced research programme on critical issues of planning, management and urban heritage that will strengthen research partnerships between European and Chinese partners. This aim will be achieved by short and longer-term periods of staff exchanges and networking activities between the participants, each a prestigious research institution. In total 79 researchers will undertake 215 months of exchange. The ultimate goal of this project is to achieve more rapid progress in advancing current knowledge, both conceptually and in terms of practical strategies of management, of the challenges of managing heritage as part of a wider process of spatial planning in the very different contexts provided by Europe and China. Its focus is the role of heritage in continuity and change in the city and region. Urban areas are the critical sphere of investigation as it is cities and urban regions that are subject to the greatest pressures for change and transformation and conflict and potential complementarity with heritage protection most acute. Europe and China are, broadly speaking, polar examples of the rate of urban change. In Europe the pace of urban change, in part due to heritage designation, is often very slow and we maybe building up a heritage time-bomb. In China, by contrast, urban change is an astonishingly rapid process, with the risk of heritage erasure. Each of the participating organisations has expertise in these areas and each is a geographical location that presents rich empirical case studies to explore.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.3 | Award Amount: 3.08M | Year: 2008
Many point tools exist to optimize particular aspects of embedded systems. However, an overall design space exploration framework is needed to combine all the decisions into a global search space, and a common interface to the optimization and evaluation tools. The MULTICUBE project focuses on the definition of an automatic multi-objective Design Space Exploration (DSE) framework to be used to tune the System-on-Chip architecture for the target application evaluating a set of metrics (e.g. energy, latency, throughput, bandwidth, QoR, etc.) for the next generation embedded multimedia platforms. To support both the static and the run-time design exploration flow, the MULTICUBE project will develop a multi-level system specification and modeling framework to provide static and dynamic evaluation of the system-level metrics. The design methodology will be implemented at system-level in a set of open-source and proprietary EDA tools to guarantee a large exploitation of the results of the MULTICUBE project in the embedded system design community. The overall goal is to support the competitiveness of European industries by optimizing embedded hardware/software systems while reducing the design time and costs.\nThe MULTICUBE project is strongly industry-driven: two European industrial partners (STM-Italy and DS2) and STM-China will define the requirements of the design tools and validate step-by-step the results of the exploration tools to design a set of target industrial applications. The integration of design tools and the commercial exploitation of the tools will be done by an European SME, ESTECO. ALARI will be mainly in charge of the dissemination and exploitation activities. The research and technological development will mainly be done by IMEC, Politecnico di Milano, Universidad de Cantabria and the Institute of Computing Technology - Chinese Academy of Sciences. Politecnico di Milano will play the role of project management and coordination
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: REFLECTIVE-2-2015 | Award Amount: 2.71M | Year: 2016
Transmitting Contentious Cultural Heritages with the Arts: From Intervention to Co-Production (TRACES) aims to provide new directions for cultural heritage institutions to contribute productively to evolving European identity and reflexive Europeanization. To do so, it deploys an innovative ethnographic/artistic approach, focused on a wide range of types of contentious heritage. Attention to contentious heritage is crucial as it is especially likely to raise barriers to inclusivity and convivial relations, as well as to be difficult to transmit to the public. Transmitted effectively, however, it is potentially especially productive in raising critical reflection and contributing to reflexive Europeanization, in which European identity is shaped by self-awareness and on-going critical reflection. Through rigorous and creative in-depth artistic/ethnographic research, TRACES will provide a systematic analysis of the challenges and opportunities raised by transmitting contentious, awkward and difficult pasts. It will do so by setting up Creative Co-Productions (CCPs) in which artists, researchers, heritage agencies and stakeholders work together in longer term engagements to collaboratively research selected cases of contentious heritage and develop new participatory public interfaces. These will be documented and analysed, including educational research. These interfaces, which include online as well as physical exhibitions and other formats, are part of the significant output planned for TRACES, along with academic publications and a novel reflective Contentious Heritage Manual that will synthesise results to provide directions for future practical reflexive transmission of cultural heritage in Europe. TRACES is a multi-disciplinary team, bringing together established and emerging scholars, and providing high-level expertise, relevant experience and creative energy, to provide a rigorous and innovative approach to the transmission of European cultural heritage.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.1.1 | Award Amount: 20.70M | Year: 2008
Future networks became a central topic with a large debate whether moving towards the new networked society will be evolutionary or disruptive. In the future networked society the physical and the digital worlds will merge based on the massive usage of wireless sensor networks. Objects will be able to identify and locate themselves and to communicate through radio interfaces. Self-organized edge networks will become more and more common. Virtualization and programmability will allow for providing different networking environments over the same infrastructure. Autonomic networking will deal with the increasing complexity of IandC systems. End-users empowerment will increase with his capacity of providing services and content, as well as connectivity support.\nThis new environment forces the scientific community to develop new principles and methods to design/dimension/control/manage future multi-technology architectures. The new paradigms raise new challenging scientific and technological problems embedded in complex policy, governance, and worldwide standards issues. Dealing with the diversity of these scientific and socio-economic challenges requires the integration of a wide range of research capacities; a role that Euro-NF will fulfil.\nIndeed, Euro-NF extends, in scope and duration, the successful Euro-NGI/FGI NoE that has integrated the required critical mass on the networks of the future and is now a major worldwide player in this area. The consortium has evolved in order to have an optimal coverage of the new scope. Euro-NF will therefore cover the integration of a wide range of European research capacities, including researchers and research and dissemination activities. As such Euro-NF will continue to develop a prominent European center of excellence in Future networks design and engineering, acting as a Collective Intelligence Think Tank, representing a major support for the European Society leading towards a European leadership in this area.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2011.9.5 | Award Amount: 1.71M | Year: 2011
Guardian Angels (GA) are future zero-power, intelligent, autonomous systems-of-systems featuring sensing, computation, and communication beyond human aptitudes. GA will assist humans from their infancy to old age in complex life situations and environments. Zero-power reflects system-of-systems ability to scavenge energy in dynamic environments by disruptive harvesting techniques. The project prepares zero-power technologies based on future energy-efficient technologies, heterogeneous design, and disruptive energy scavengers.\nThree zero-power generations of GAs are foreseen: Physical Guardian Angels are zero-power, on-body networks or implantable devices that monitor vital health signals and take appropriate actions to preserve human health. Environmental Guardian Angels extend monitoring to dynamic environments, using disruptive scavengers, personalized data communication, and first thinking algorithms. They are personal assistants that protect their wearers from environment dangers. Emotional Guardian Angels are intelligent personal companions with disruptive zero-power, manmachine interfaces deployed at large scale. They sense and communicate using non-verbal languages playing an important role in health, education, and security worldwide. This project addresses the following scientific challenges for energy-efficient visionary Guardian Angel autonomous systems: (i) energy-efficient computing (down to E=10-100kT), (ii) and communication (approaching the limit of 1pJ/bit), (iii) low-power sensing, (iv) disruptive scavenging (bio-inspired, thermoelectric, etc, targeting energy densities of tens of mW/cm2), and (v) zero-power man-machine interfaces. A selection of emerging technologies based on energy efficiency is proposed. We will also develop design tools that integrate electrical, mechanical, optical, thermal, and chemical simulation tools over length and time scales currently not achievable.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: EeB.NMP.2011-4 | Award Amount: 1.49M | Year: 2012
Energy efficiency in buildings will play a major role in responding to climate change and energy issues, if we are able to trigger large scale actions involving EU, all Member States and their regional and local authorities. The concept of Geo-clusters is highly relevant, being virtual trans-national areas where strong similarities are found (i.e. climate, culture and behaviour, construction typologies, economy, energy price and policies and gross domestic product, to name a few). In this framework, it is clear that the geo-cluster map will not be based on fixed geographic regions, but is to be considered as a multi-dimensional and dynamic tool. Our goal is to locate similarities across enlarged EU by combining single or multiple parameters and indicators organised in homogeneous layers and sub-layers. As a pure example, we may consider a Technological layer (i.e. building typologies, technologies, ..), a Context layer (i.e. climatic conditions, ...), a Socio-economic layer (i.e. macroeconomic indicators, behavioural aspects,), a Political-strategic layer (i.e. standards and regulations, energy policies, ..). There are however a number of barriers that are due to scattered knowledge, specific needs, failure modes and bottlenecks, as well as the weakness and threats experienced by running clusters dealing with energy efficiency in the built environment across EU, requiring a EU coordination action centred on a two-fold approach: 1. Structuring and correlating the existing knowledge and information available at broader public level on EU, National and local basis. Once descriptors have been identified, a correlation methodology will then be developed to associate the different data layers and create multi-dimensional maps. 2. Validation through two pilot clusters, performing an in-depth analysis and validation of the overall approach and methodology focusing on the two pilot clusters Mediterranean arc and Western Central and Northern West EU.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP-2008-1.1-1 | Award Amount: 3.39M | Year: 2009
Recently, the use of smell in different fields has been rediscovered due to major advances in odour sensing technology and artificial intelligence. However, current electronic noses, based on electronic sensors, have significant limitations concerning sensitivity, reliability and selectivity, amongst others. These limitations are at the basis of recurrent troubles of this technology to reach essential applications in different areas, such as food safety, diagnosis, security, environment The present project proposes a new bioelectronic nose based on olfactory receptors in order to mimic the animal nose. For this aim, micro/nano, bio and information technologies will converge to develop an integrated bioelectronic analytical nanoplatform based on olfactory receptors for odour detection. Briefly, the basis of the nanobioplatform will be the olfactory receptors, prepared in the form of nanosomes immobilized onto the nanotransducers (NANO and BIO). An array of smart nanotransducers will acquire and process electronically the detected odour (NANO and INFORMATION). Such an easy-to-use nanobioplatform, with user-friendly interface and odorant identification algorithm, will detect and discriminate the odorants (NANO and INFORMATION). The scientific and technological challenges of the BOND project can only be solved by integrating a multidisciplinary consortium at European level with expertise in areas such as biotechnology, surface chemistry, nanofabrication, electronics and theoretical modelling. The partners involved in the BOND project are experienced partners used to work in large consortia with distributed laboratories all over the European Union and offer competences and resources to build a complementary partnership for the successful implementation of the nanobioplatform. Six of the eight partners have already successfully worked together in the European SPOT-NOSED project to produce a proof of concept of a bioelectronic sensor based on olfactory receptors
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2009.4.2 | Award Amount: 7.59M | Year: 2010
The GaLA motivation stems from the acknowledgment of the potentiality of Serious Games (SGs) for education and training and the need to address the challenges of the main stakeholders of the SGs European landscape (users, researchers, developers/industry, educators). A foundational fault issue in this context is the fragmentation that affects the SG landscape.\nGALA aims to shape the scientific community and build a European Virtual Research Centre (VRC) aimed at gathering, integrating, harmonizing and coordinating research on SGs and disseminating knowledge, best practices and tools as a reference point at an international level. The other two key focuses of the project are (1) the support to deployment in the actual educational and training settings and (2) the fostering of innovation and knowledge transfer through research-business dialogue.\nThe NoE organizations aim to integrate their activities and resources in a long-term view structuring the activities along 3 major axes:\n\n\tResearch integration and harmonization.\no\tStrong integration among leading researchers, users and business;\no\tStrong concern on the current standards of education, in order to favour a real uptake and scaling of the educational games initiatives.\no\tAddress sustainability.\n\n\tJoint research activities.\no\tIdentify key issues and address them through multidisciplinary teams (putting always the users learners and teachers - and stakeholders in the centre of the focus) that will be iteratively explored;\no\tPromote Research and Development team forces organized in thematic areas - that will do focused research (e.g. joint PhD and MSc projects on hot SG research projects, joint project proposals) and continuously inform the project about the latest developments in technology and education;\n\n\n\tSpreading of excellence.\no\tDissemination of the NoE achievements as a flagship EU initiative in the TEL area\no\tStrong coordination with EU TEL activities, offering a specialized focus and expertise on SGs.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-02-2015 | Award Amount: 5.47M | Year: 2016
The overall objective of Residue2Heat is to enable the utilization of sustainable, ash rich biomass and residues in residential heating applications (20-200 kWth) to provide sustainable heat at a competitive price. In this concept, various 2nd generation agricultural, and forestry residue streams are converted into a liquid energy carrier near the biomass origin at an economic viable scale of 15-30 MWth using the fast pyrolysis process. Subsequently, the fast pyrolysis bio-oil (FPBO) is distributed to a large number of residential end-users. The FPBO should fulfill at least the draft CEN-specification for replacement of domestic heating oil and comply with REACH regulation. Additional quality control aspects for this application include the removal of extractives and solids from the FPBO. Ash is recovered from the fast pyrolysis process as a separate stream, and recycling and/or re-use will be evaluated in detail. Existing high efficient, condensing boilers are used as starting point in the project, as well as a proven, low emission blue-flame type burner. Within Residue2Heat technical development work is performed on the modification of such systems to enable FPBO as fuel. The emission control and energy efficiency of the heating systems are optimized by dedicated modeling of FPBO atomization and combustion kinetics, supported by single droplet combustion tests and spray characterization. This route benefits from the flexible nature of the fast pyrolysis process, allowing the use of various lignocellulosic biomass streams, but also by using modified residential heating systems for which manufacturing capabilities, market development and product distribution are already in place. Dedicated tasks are included to assess the environmental and social impacts, risks analysis and public acceptance. Additionally, business and market assessment activities are performed including specific issues on health and safety relevant to FPBO-fuelled residential boilers.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.91M | Year: 2015
The interaction of matter with light is one of the most fundamental processes occurring in nature with countless scientific and technological applications. In recent years, the continuing development of intense, ultrashort, coherent light sources from the mid-infrared (mid-IR) to the extreme ultraviolet (XUV) spectral range has opened new possibilities for the investigation of this interaction in new and complementary domains. In both the IR and XUV regimes, molecules and clusters of atoms interacting with light exhibit (correlated) multi-electron dynamics evolving on the few femtosecond (1 fs=10-15 s) to attosecond (1 as=10-18 s) timescale. Several experimental and theoretical investigations suggest that ultrafast multielectronic processes might be fundamental in determining the behaviour of molecules and clusters, and that understanding these phenomena might offer new perspectives on processes occurring on slower timescales, such as bond-breaking in complex molecules and Coulomb explosion in charged clusters. In this context, the main objectives of the MEDEA network are: 1) to advance attosecond and femtosecond XUV spectroscopy in molecules and clusters 2) to demonstrate the feasibility of nonlinear attosecond XUV spectroscopy, 3) to obtain benchmarks for the validation of attosecond tools and femtosecond XUV pulses for the time-resolved imaging of electron and nuclear dynamics in molecules, 4) to contribute to the development of new technological solutions that will increase the competiveness of the industrial partners 5) to train a group of early stage researchers (ESRs) and contribute to their career prospects, and 6) to increase the interest of young students in the networks core research field (Photonics) by introducing a dedicated experimental kit in several European secondary schools.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SC5-07-2015 | Award Amount: 6.24M | Year: 2016
Rivers rank among some of the most threatened ecosystems in the world, and are the focus of costly restoration programmes that cost billions to taxpayers. Much of Europe depends on water from rivers for drinking, food production, and the generation of hydropower, which is essential for meeting the EU renewable energy target. Yet only half the EU surface waters have met the WFDs 2015 target of good ecological status, due in part to the fragmentation of habitats caused by tens of thousands of dams and weirs which also pose a flood hazard. Some barriers are old and out of use, but may have historical value, while the life span of others will soon come to an end and may need to be removed. But barriers also provide energy, water, fishing and leisure opportunities, and may also help to prevent the spread of aquatic invasive species. Improving stream connectivity has been flagged as one of the priorities for more efficient stream restoration but effective rehabilitation of ecosystem functioning in European rivers needs to take the complexity and trade-offs imposed by barriers into account. AMBER will deliver innovative solutions to river fragmentation in Europe by developing more efficient methods of restoring stream connectivity through adaptive barrier management. The project seeks to address the complex challenge of river fragmentation through a comprehensive barrier adaptive management process, based on the integration of programme design, management, and monitoring to systematically test assumptions about barrier mitigation, adapt and learn.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-04-2015 | Award Amount: 8.00M | Year: 2016
Modular Microserver DataCentre (M2DC) will investigate, develop and demonstrate (Technology Readiness Level 7) a modular, highly-efficient, cost-optimized server architecture composed of heterogeneous microserver computing resources, being able to be tailored to meet requirements from various application domains such as image processing, cloud computing or even HPC. To achieve this objective, M2DC will be built on three main pillars: - [Pillar 1] A flexible server architecture that can be easily customised, maintained and updated so as to enable adaptation of the data centre. Open server architecture will enable integration of computing resources with constrained thermal power dissipation such as embedded CPUs, GPUs, FPGAs, manycore processors integrated using established standards such as COM Express. - [Pillar 2] Advanced management strategies [Pillar 2a] and system efficiency enhancements (SEE) [Pillar 2b] will improve the behaviour of the system during runtime. The server architecture will include built-in enhancements (e.g., for computing acceleration, energy efficiency, dependability and security, behaviour monitoring, etc.) on system level. - [Pillar 3] Well-defined interfaces to surrounding software ecosystem will allow for an easy integration into existing data centre management solutions through the use of the latest middleware software for resource management, provisioning, etc. The results of these three pillars will be combined to produce TCO (Total Cost of Ownership)-optimized appliances, deployed in a real data centre environment and seamlessly interacting with existing infrastructure to run real-life applications.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: FoF-09-2015 | Award Amount: 9.52M | Year: 2015
BEinCPPS Innovation Action aims to integrate and experiment a CPS-oriented Future Internet-based machine-factory-cloud service platform firstly intensively in five selected Smart Specialization Strategy Vanguard regions (Lombardia in Italy, Euskadi in Spain, Baden Wuertemberg in Germany, Norte in Portugal, Rhone Alpes in France), afterwards extensively in all European regions, by involving local competence centers and manufacturing SMEs. The final aim of this Innovation Action is to dramatically improve the adoption of CPPSs all over Europe by means of the creation, nurturing and flourishing of CPS-driven regional innovation ecosystems, made of competence centers, manufacturing enterprises and IT SMEs. The BE in CPPS project stems upon three distinct pillars: A FI-based three-layered (machine-factory-cloud) open source platforms federation, integrated from state-of-the-art R&I advances in the fields of Internet of Things, Future Internet and CPS / Smart Systems and able to bi-directionally interoperate data pertaining to the machine, the factory and the cloud levels. A pan-European SME-oriented experimentation ecosystem. In a first phase of the project, the five Champions will provide requirements to the platforms integrators. In a second phase, an Open Call for IT SMEs developers (applications experiments) will award 10 third parties. In a final third phase, the extended platform will be instantiated and deployed in additional 10 third parties equipment experiment SMEs. A well-founded method and toolbox for Innovation management, where an existing TRL-based methodology for KETs technology transfer will be enriched by a CPPS certification, education and training programme for young talents and experienced blue collar workers and by a well-founded three-fold (objectives-variables-indicators) method for results assessment and evaluation.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2013.3.2 | Award Amount: 972.22K | Year: 2014
The mission of this project is to make a significant contribution to raising awareness about the importance of Photonics, aiming at having impact on young minds, entrepreneurs and society as a whole. GoPhoton! aims to transmit a critical message across Europe: Photonics is ubiquitous and pervasive, it is a key enabler of the European economy and job creation, and it offers outstanding career and business opportunities. The project intends to address these challenges through a series of actions that will be developed through a collaborative network, the European Centres for Outreach in Photonics (ECOP), an alliance committed to creating durable long-term partnerships for enhanced engagement in Photonics outreach. The project aims at strongly involving the relevant European stakeholders, seeking synergies with Photonics 21, the industrial clusters and educational networks, and a possible International Year of Light in 2015. The existing tight links of the project partners with the local educational networks (teachers and science museums) will be extensively used and amplified to engage youth. Communication specialists and media will play a critical role as multipliers of the message to make Photonics a household word and to reach out the general public.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2010.1.1-2. | Award Amount: 5.86M | Year: 2010
Todays design and certification procedures of aircrafts are mainly based on conservative static loading which leads to additional weight and, potentially, to a structurally unsafe aircraft. The overall objective of the DAEDALOS project is to develop methods and procedures to determine dynamical loads considering the effects of dynamic buckling, material damping and mechanical hysteresis during aircraft service. Use of advanced analysis and design principles from DAEDALOS will partly remove the uncertainty and the conservatism of todays design and certification procedures. DAEDALOS work will hence form the basis for improved common design practices by: 1. Determining accurate dynamic load spectra to be used for structural sizing. 2. Reducing the added weight of aircraft structural components due to conservative design in compliance with quasi-static loads by using more realistic equivalent dynamic loads. This goal will be achieved through improved introduction of the structure damping capacity and detailed analysis. 3. Increasing structural safety using more realistic loading scenarios. 4. Establishing new procedures for the definition of loads to be used during aircraft design and certification by authorities.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SST-2007-1.1-03 | Award Amount: 21.34M | Year: 2008
Main objective of Integrated gas powertrain (InGas) Collaborative Project is to deploy a custom designed engine integrated with specific aftertreatment systems applied to a light duty vehicle able to achieve a 10% higher fuel conversion efficiency than that of a corresponding 2006 diesel vehicle and complying with an emission level lower than Euro 6. Additional features are advanced storage systems and vehicle architectures, as well as multi-grade fuel tolerance and fuel flexibility. To achieve the InGas targets, three main combustion technologies will be compared: Sub-Project A1 CNG technologies for passenger cars will develop a natural gas car powered by a 1.4 liter displacement engine using the sequential multi-point port gas injection and following the stoichiometric approach; Sub-Project A2 Turbo DI CNG engine will develop a natural gas car powered by a 1.8 liter displacement engine using the direct gas in-cylinder injection and following a lean burn approach; Sub-Project A3 Boosted lean burn gas engine will develop a natural gas light-duty vehicle powered by a 1.9 liter displacement engine using port gas injection or low pressure direct gas injection and following the ultra-lean combustion approach. Three main enabling technologies will be compared and assessed Sub-Project B0 Fuels for advanced CNG engines will define / supply the gas mixture of the requested quality, conduct analysis and propose solutions in order to affect in a flexible way storage, combustion, aftertreatment and performance of the CNG vehicles; Sub-Project B1 Gas storage for passenger car CNG engine will develop advanced gas storage and filling systems including specific components and gas sensors; Sub-Project B2 Aftertreatment for passenger car CNG engine will develop an aftertreatment system for natural gas vehicles having special regards to CH4 conversion efficiency and NOx abatement under stoichiometric and lean combustion operations.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 4.03M | Year: 2016
The main objective of Training4CRM is to train a new generation of 15 highly inter-disciplinary early stage researchers at the highest international level and quality, who will be immediately employable in both the academic and industrial sectors due to their highly sought after cross- and interdisciplinary insights and expertise. Training4CRM addresses existing gaps within Cell-based Regenerative Medicine for treatment of neurodegenerative disorders (e.g. Parkinsons, Huntingtons, Epilepsy), which occur as a result of progressive loss of structure, function and/or death of neurons in the brain. The disorders have a high prevalence and are associated with impairments and disabilities with high emotional, financial and social burden. New scientific discoveries and technologies are needed, and Training4CRM sets out with the ambition to educate and train students within and across different scientific disciplines to be able to master the design, fabrication and testing of completely new tools and materials within the fields of: Micro- and Nanoengineering (nano/microstructures, 3D scaffolds and 3D lab-on-a-chip devices of different materials, geometries, architectures and properties, wireless electronic components; Biotechnology (human stem cells, human induced pluripotent stem cells, optogenetics, tissue engineering; Pre-clinical studies for the purpose of investigating in vivo, in experimental animals, how the developed cells, materials, structures affect the animal at the physiological and behavioral levels, unravelling the therapeutic effects of the developed strategies.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FOF-11-2016 | Award Amount: 7.99M | Year: 2016
NIMBLE: collaboration Network for Industry, Manufacturing, Business and Logistics in Europe will develop the infrastructure for a cloud-based, Industrie 4.0, Internet-of-things-enabled B2B platform on which European manufacturing firms can register, publish machine-readable catalogs for products and services, search for suitable supply chain partners, negotiate contracts and supply logistics, and develop private and secure B2B and M2M information exchange channels to optimise business work flows. The infrastructure will be developed as open source software under an Apache-type, permissive license. The governance model is a federation of platforms for multi-sided trade, with mandatory interoperation functions and optional added-value business functions that can be provided by third parties. This will foster the growth of a net-centric business ecosystem for sustainable innovation and fair competition as envisaged by the Digital Agenda 2020. Prospective NIMBLE providers can take the open source infrastructure and bundle it with sectoral, regional or functional added value services and launch a new platform in the federation. Internet platforms need fast adoption rates and the work plan reflects this: we start attracting early adopters from day one and develop the initial, working platform in year one. Added-value business functions follow in year two and final validation at large scale, involving hundreds of external firms, will happen in year three. Our adoption plan is designed to enable two or more platform providers at the end of the project, and to have 1000 to 2000 enterprises connected to the overall ecosystem at that point. NIMBLE has 17 partners grouped around 3 main activities: developing the infrastructure, running a platform adoption programme, and validating the platform with 4 supply chains (white goods, wooden houses, fashion fabrics, and child care furniture). NIMBLE will give manufacturing SMEs in Europe a stable and sustainable digital ecosystem.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 3.88M | Year: 2017
In an expanding world with limited resources and increasing uncertainty, optimisation and uncertainty quantification become a necessity. Optimisation can turn a problem into a solution, thus the main focus of this ETN is to explore and develop new approaches to treat uncertainty in complex engineering systems and use novel optimisation techniques to efficiently deal with large scale problems with many objectives and uncertain quantities. It is generally recognised, in fact, that neglecting the impact of uncertainty on the design of any system or process can lead to unreliable design solutions. Common approaches that make use of safety margins to account for uncertainty in design and manufacturing are not adequate to fully capture the growing complexity of engineering systems and provide reliable and optimal solutions. Aerospace engineering is here taken as a paradigmatic area of research and development that is concerned with complex systems, or system of systems, in which optimality and reliability are of paramount importance. UTOPIAE will train the future generation of engineers and mathematicians who will be able to tackle the complexity of aerospace systems and provide greener, more affordable and safer transportation solutions.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EE-08-2016 | Award Amount: 1.99M | Year: 2016
The project aims at improving our understanding on behavioural mechanisms in energy efficiency, following an interdisciplinary and broad behavioural science approach. The project will provide an empirical and numerical assessment of the psychological, social, economic and financial factors that influence energy efficiency in the residential and industry sectors By paring with energy utilities and retailers in different European countries, the project will conduct scientific experiments (A/B testing) which will enhance the design of policies aiming at maximizing energy efficient behaviors. The project will use novel data from different European countries to take into consideration institutional and political factors. The project will analyze consumers behavior related to the consumption of energy, the investment in energy efficient products, as well as the renovation of buildings. Finally, ex ante assessment will be executed using improved energy economy models, which will generate quantitative information with regard to expected impacts of EU and global policies.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: GV-02-2016 | Award Amount: 9.56M | Year: 2016
The UPGRADE project aims to support the transition to a high efficient, cleaner and affordable powertrain technology systems, based on Spark Ignited GDI (Gasoline Direct Injection) approach, suitable for future Light Duty applications. The project also includes a deep analysis of the phenomenon of the formation of the nanoparticles in relationship to the engine design and its operating conditions and, with regard to the after-treatment solutions, the study and development of new Gasoline Particulate Filter (GPF) technologies. To increase the engine efficiency under Real Driving conditions, the following steps will be carried out: - address stoichiometric combustion approach on the small size engine and lean-burn combustion approach on the medium size one - study and develop the best combinations of technologies, including advanced VVA/VVT capabilities, advanced boosting system (including electrically assisted booster operations), EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) and thermal management systems - Explore and implement advanced fuel injection (direct) and ignition system supported by new dedicated control strategies that will be integrated in the ECU (Engine Control Unit) software. In order to demonstrate the call overall targets (15% improvement on CO2 emissions based on the WLTP cycle and compliancy with post Euro 6 RDE standards) the project will see the realization of two full demonstrator vehicles: one B-segment vehicle, equipped with the small downsized stoichiometric engine, and one D/E vehicle equipped with the medium size lean-burn engine. The vehicle will be fully calibrated and assessed by independent testing, according to on road test procedures, using the available best representative PEMS (Portable Emission Measurement System) technology and considering also PN measurement below 23 nm diameter.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: GV-03-2016 | Award Amount: 11.69M | Year: 2016
Mild Hybrid cOst effective solution for a fast Market penetratiON. THOMSON (Mild Hybrid cOst effective solutions for a fast Market penetration) project aims to the development of cost effective solutions, based on 48V architectures, answering the need in reducing the environmental impact of the transportation sector through a clever combination of advanced engines technologies, electrification and wider use of alternative/renewable fuels. The project addresses very precise and consistent objectives to support a quick transition towards high efficient, cleaner and affordable electrified powertrains focusing on the 48V architectures, intended as key element to increase fuel economy and reduce environmental impact and to support a quick penetration on the market of the hybrid powertrains. Approaches developed in the THOMSON project will demonstrate how the right combination of advanced engine downsizing/turbocharging technologies, coupled with a 48V motor-generator system, can provide the most cost effective solution for a rapid electrification through conventional vehicles. The project will provide an exhaustive evaluation of this concept through the development of two different 48V architectures (one integrating the e-machine on the front engine belt drive, the other between the engine and the transmission) on two different engine families: on one side a mid-size 1.6 litre Diesel engine and, on the other one, a small downsized Spark Ignited CNG engine equipped with a Direct Injection system. This twin approach will allow to demonstrate how 48V architecture interacts with Diesel technologies (especially with regard to noxious pollutant reduction) and, on the other side, with Spark Ignited CNG ones, emphasizing the CO2 reduction already achieved through the use of a low carbon fuel such as CNG. Moreover, for both engine families, 48V architecture represent an important enabler to introduce electrically driven auxiliaries and sub-systems leading to a global better man
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2012.2.3.1 | Award Amount: 19.53M | Year: 2012
The overall objectives of the INNWIND.EU project are the high performance innovative design of a beyond-state-of-the-art 10-20MW offshore wind turbine and hardware demonstrators of some of the critical components. These ambitious primary objectives lead to a set of secondary objectives, which are the specific innovations, new concepts, new technologies and proof of concepts at the sub system and turbine level. The progress beyond the state of the art is envisaged as an integrated wind turbine concept with i) a light weight rotor having a combination of adaptive characteristics from passive built-in geometrical and structural couplings and active distributed smart sensing and control, ii) an innovative, low-weight, direct drive generator and iii) a standard mass-produced integrated tower and substructure that simplifies and unifies turbine structural dynamic characteristics at different water depths. A lightweight blade design will be demonstrated at a MW scale turbine. The drive train innovations include a super conducting generator; pseudo magnetic drive train and a light weight re-design of the bedplate for reduced tower top mass. The superconducting generator technology and the pseudo magnetic drive technology will be demonstrated at relevant scales by participating industry. The concepts are researched individually at the component level but also at the wind turbine system level in an integrated approach. Their benefits are quantified through suitable performance indicators and their market deployment opportunities are concretely established in two dedicated integrating work packages. The consortium comprises of leading Industrial Partners and Research Establishments focused on longer term research and innovation of industrial relevance. The project addresses the heart of the Long Term R&D Programme of the New Turbines and Components strand of the European Wind Initiative (EWI) established under SET-Plan, the Common European Policy for Energy Technologies.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.3.7 | Award Amount: 12.99M | Year: 2010
The objective of PARADIGM is to effect a fundamental change in the way photonic integrated circuits (PICs) based on indium phosphide (InP) are designed and manufactured in Europe, with the aim of reducing the costs of design, development and manufacture by more than an order of magnitude and making more complex and capable designs possible than ever before.\n\nThe key step is to develop a generic platform technology for application-specific PICs. This will be achieved by adopting a similar methodology in the field of photonics to the one that has been so successful in microelectronics. The new approach developed in PARADIGM will be indispensable in creating a sustainable business sector with potential for significant future growth.\n\nPARADIGM addresses the whole product development chain from concept, through design and manufacturing to application. It will establish library-based design, coupled with standardized technology process flows and supported by sophisticated design tools. Our goal is to develop technical capability at the platform level, rather than at the level of individual designs, greatly reducing the cost and time required to bring a new component into production, whilst allowing the designer great freedom for creativity at the circuit level.\n\nTo establish a generic, design-rule and library-based methodology for photonic ICs is an ambitious and demanding task, which could only be contemplated with a consortium possessing a wide range of complementary skills. PARADIGM has brought together just such a collaboration of Europes key players in the fields of III-V semiconductor manufacturing, PIC design and applications, photonic CAD, packaging and assembly.\n\nThe project will verify the potential of the generic approach by fabricating a number of InP PICs, addressing a range of applications in communications, sensors, data processing and biomedical systems, at a level of complexity and performance that will define the state of the art.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.1.2 | Award Amount: 15.13M | Year: 2008
The ongoing transformation of a product-oriented economy towards a service-oriented economy has come to a critical point. IT-supported service provisioning is of major relevance in all industries and domains. However, the nature of these setups is typically quite static because it requires significant effort to create service offers, to negotiate provisioning details with customers and to manage and control provided services.\n\nThe research project SLA@SOI will provide a major milestone for the further evolution towards a service-oriented economy, where IT-based services can be flexibly traded as economic good, i.e. under well defined and dependable conditions and with clearly associated costs. Eventually, this will allow for dynamic value networks that can be flexibly instantiated thus driving innovation and competitiveness\n\nThe technical approach of SLA@SOI is to define a holistic view for the management of service level agreements (SLAs) and to implement an SLA management framework that can be easily integrated into a service-oriented infrastructure (SOI). The main innovative features of the project are (1) an automated e-contracting framework, (2) systematic grounding of SLAs from the business level down to the infrastructure, (3) exploitation of virtualization technologies at infrastructure level for SLA enforcement, and (4) advanced engineering methodologies for creation of predictable and manageable services.\n\nSLA@SOI will provide its results in 2 complementing ways. First, an open source based SLA management framework will allow for realizing the benefits of predictability, transparency and automation in an arbitrary service-oriented infrastructure. Second, in-depth guidance for industrial stakeholders will be given explaining the best practise on how to transform their service business into an SLA-driven one.\n\nSLA@SOI comprises representative world-class players in academia and industry required for materializing the vision of this ambitious project.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CS | Phase: JTI-CS-2010-3-SGO-03-008 | Award Amount: 744.36K | Year: 2011
CLEOPATRA project aims at developing a SW procedure able to simulate relevant weather phenomena as they appear to airborne weather radars, starting from a high level description of the weather phenomenon (scenario), up to obtain the polarimetric I/Q signals at radar output. Such data have to be used as input to processing system simulation software (outside the scope of the present work) to be developed as test bench to compare the performances of new improved weather detection algorithms with older ones. The following main issues will be considered: Meteorological modelling (scenario definition) Electromagnetic modelling (backscattering from hydrometeors) Weather radar modelling (including clutter, antenna effects etc) having in mind the goal of developing a new class of simulators, able to combine the description of the meteorological scenario at mesoscale level (typical of the environment simulators) with the capability of generating accurate time series of raw signals (typical of the microphysical simulators), while keeping complexity and computational effort manageable. The procedure shall be validated by referring at experimental data coming from a ground based weather radar.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: GV-6-2015 | Award Amount: 9.95M | Year: 2016
Fuel economy is a key aspect to reduce operating costs and improve efficiency of freight traffic, thus increasing truck competitiveness. The main objective of the IMPERIUM project (IMplementation of Powertrain Control for Economic and Clean Real driving EmIssion and ConsUMption) is to achieve fuel consumption reduction by 20% (diesel and urea) whilst keeping the vehicle within the legal limits for pollutant emissions. The approach relies on three stages targeting the improvement of the control strategy: * Direct optimisation of the control of the main components (engine, exhaust after-treatment, transmission, waste heat recovery, e-drive) to maximize their performances. * Global powertrain energy manager to coordinate the different energy sources and optimize their use depending on the current driving situation. * Providing a more comprehensive understanding of the mission (eHorizon, mission-based learning) such that the different energy sources can be planned and optimized on a long term. The IMPERIUM consortium consist of major European actors and is able to provide a 100% European value chain for the development of future powertrain control strategies for trucks.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: GC.SST.2011.7-9. | Award Amount: 17.07M | Year: 2012
The project proposal CORE (CO2 REduction for long distance transport) is a collaborative large-scale integrating project for a call within FP7-SUSTAINABLE SURFACE TRANSPORT (SST)-2011-RTD-1. The project consortium consists of three truck manufactures in Europe, Volvo, Daimler and IVECO, together with 13 other partners in the automotive industry and universities. The objective is to demonstrate a substantial reduction of CO2 emissions, 15% improved fuel efficiency compared to a EURO V engine and at the same time fulfilling EURO VI emission legislation. By using novel technology and combine them in flexible engines with a high level of precise control, performance advantages will be achieved with improvements in emissions and fuel consumption. The research will focus on efficient air management, combustion and control for the diesel engine, together with optimizing the powertrain layout utilizing electric hybridization, downsizing and electrification of auxiliaries and alternative fuels. Research to the aftertreatment system is included to further improve the powertrain efficiency. This will be combined improvements to the base engine friction for developing highly efficient drivelines for long distance transports. CORE is divided into five sub-projects, three that will focus on different engine technologies. These activates are supported by two cross divisional projects where friction reduction and improvements to the NOx aftertreatment technologies are studied. The project results will be assessed by vehicle simulations. Results will be evaluated for legislation test cycles and in real life drive cycles. The project will demonstrate three diesel powertrains and one natural gas truck.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: FoF.NMP.2010-2 | Award Amount: 5.08M | Year: 2010
The S-MC-S project aims at supporting European manufacturing to adapt to global competitive pressures by developing methods and innovative enabling technologies towards a customer oriented and eco-efficient manufacturing. To this end, S-MC-S vision is to define and research a new production paradigm, Sustainable Mass-Customization, while also presenting Customization as one of the main driving forces behind the future success of Sustainability. Nowadays, companies still fail to profit from mass-customization because of: I- there is no real networked environment, based on a common strategy and appropriate Supply Chain, meant to empower mass customization along the entire value chain, nor specific methodologies and tools to handle Mass Customization (MC) implementation. Current industrial MC solutions are focused on single companies, thus far behind from the implementation and exploitation of the concept of multisite multination factory (and the related logistic, legislative, organizational aspects); II- the evaluation of Mass Customization implementation must move beyond the mere assessment of economic aspects, steering towards the integration of Environmental and Social consequences into the assessment of the value chain. S-MC-S addresses these issues by promoting 4 RTD Pillars: 1)Design Tools: defining methodologies and tools capable to manage growing complexity of product, production and supply chain configurations imposed by MC implementation in a networked environment. 2)Assessment model: defining the assessment model needed to evaluate the impact of production systems and different supply chain configurations 3)Business Model: defining the framework and strategies for creating economic, social and ecological value through the systematic implementation of S-MC-S paradigm. 4)New specific MC technology: researching pilot MC enabling technology in 3 different sectors, to support manufacturing transition towards sustainable MC (leather; furniture; stone)
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: HEALTH.2012.2.2.2-2 | Award Amount: 3.46M | Year: 2012
The objective of CHROMED project is to evaluate the impact of adopting a health and lifestyle status management system to support elderly patients with a combination of chronic diseases involving respiratory and cardiovascular systems. A large scale clinical trial will be implemented to develop and evaluate clinical protocols and organizational models based on the new technologies in order to improve both quality of life and healthcare costs associated with these patients. The CHROMED idea arises from a previously successful research experience in patient monitoring at home. The CHROMED project focuses its investigation on the applicability of an integrated solution for a pathological condition which: a) is very prevalent in ageing patients and b) severely impairs quality of life: COPD with other typical comorbidities such as congestive heart failure and sleep disordered breathing. An international multi-centric randomized control trial will be implemented in five European regions: United Kingdom, Sweden, Estonia, Spain and Slovenia, representing different social and organizational contexts in Europe. In each country, the participating care organizations have existing practices and procedures for age-related disease management. In CHROMED a specific ICT platform in combination with a set of both well established and innovative devices will be used to collect and process useful clinical data at the patients home. In particular, for each patient a set of devices will be defined considering the existing co-morbidities.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: FOF-11-2016 | Award Amount: 1.92M | Year: 2016
There is a consensus among industry and policymakers that Europe is currently in the middle of an industrial revolution initiated by the digitisation of industrial processes. Cyber Physical Systems (CPS), the Industrial Internet and the Internet of Things (IoT) connect people, devices, machines and enterprises like never before. For many years companies and research organisations have been addressing these challenges and opportunities both at European level (through the Factories of the Future PPP and related activities) and at national level. The ConnectedFactories project will build upon these activities and consolidate their expert networks, aiming at industrial consensus building across Europe. The ConnectedFactories project will establish and maintain a structured overview of available and upcoming technological approaches and best practices that are needed for mastering this paradigm shift. Present and future needs and challenges of the manufacturing industries will be identified in order to then identify possible scenarios of how digital platforms will enable the digital integration and interoperability of manufacturing systems and processes. Developing these scenarios will require detailed work with companies and other stakeholders through a series of workshops at national and regional level, in order to reach a necessary industrial consensus on aspects such as: innovative technology proposals, business models, aspects, standardization etc while considering the establishment of industrial eco-systems where multi-sided IT platforms create value. This work will enhance the awareness among companies of the use of digital technologies in the manufacturing sector and equip them with knowledge to make informed decisions regarding technology and business model choices. It will reinforce the European manufacturing industries position in the international scene.
Portable And Wearable System For The Acquisition, Displaying, Storage And Proximal Elaboration Of An Electrocardiographic Signal (Ecg), For Recognising Arrhythmic And Ischaemic Events, With Remote Transmission
Pizzuto and Polytechnic of Milan | Date: 2012-11-28
The invention describes a system that allows the acquisition, for subsequent elaboration also through electronic and automatic systems, of the electrocardiographic signal of human subjects. The signal is acquired, preamplified, filtered, amplified, converted into digital form. The signal is stored and transmitted to a portable or fixed elaboration system for subsequent elaborations, analysis, comparison and further storage. The parameters for the acquisition, preamplification, filtering, amplification and conversion satisfy the recommendations of the regulatory bodies and the relevant Scientific Associations. The protocol for the transmission to a portable or fixed elaboration system is of the serial RS232 type or of the Bluetooth or USB or WiFi type. The system is characterised by small dimensions, by low energy consumption necessary for operation and it is aimed at identifying both arrhythmic and ischaemic pathologies that can be identified in the subjects through the analysis of their electrocardiographic signal (ECG). Given the structural and functional characteristics, the system also allows screening and routine analysis of all subjects on whom it is wished, or it is necessary, to perform a standard electrocardiogram.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: Shift2Rail-RIA | Phase: S2R-OC-IP4-02-2016 | Award Amount: 1.00M | Year: 2016
The objective of the proposal is research in semantic, ontology based automation of transformations between heterogeneous data formats, and its application to a complex after-sales process use case in an actual run-time demonstration scenario. The technology will leverage Shift2Rail Interoperability Framework (IF) components developed in the IT2Rail lighthouse project, extending it for use in related Shift2Rail projects under the S2R-CFM-IP4-01-2015: Shopping, booking and ticketing of multimodal travel solutions and S2R-CFM-IP4-02-2015: Travel companion and tracking services calls. The project will additionally provide a case scenario for exercising the Governance and management structure developed under the related S2R-OC-IP4-01-2016: IF Governance, ensuring its market uptake and sustainability call. The objectives will be achieved through a partnership of specialist participants including research institutions, a major European rail operator, industry associations representing the rail sector and public transportation authorities, and industrial providers of mission critical ICT solutions to the rail sector. Participants, which are also involved in the original consortium of designers for the IF in IT2Rail, will perform work organised in specific work packages focused on fundamental industrial research in semantic web technologies. These technologies will comprise ontology engineering and automated semantic transformations, in a dedicated work package, to provide the actual runtime demonstration scenario of the application of such technology to transformations of existing European TAP-TSI specification exchanges executed on an existing industrial platform for such exchanges. The project extends the capabilities of the IF as described in the Shift2Rail Multi Annual Action Plan contributing to the realisation of a distributed semantic web of transport integrating the TAP-TSI specification as one of its elements.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: PHC-30-2015 | Award Amount: 4.84M | Year: 2016
Cancers of the Head and Neck Region (HNC) are the 6th more deadly cancers worldwide: in Europe ~150.000 new cases are detected and ~70.000 patients die every year. The main reasons for high mortality are the fact that the majority of cases are diagnosed in advanced Stage and the intrinsic heterogeneity of such tumors. At present the only adopted treatment decision method is based on TNM (Tumor-lymph-Nodes-Metastasis) prognostic system, that considers only a few risk factors such as smoking, alcohol abuse and more recently HPV. The TNM system is therefore inadequate to capture the patient-specific biomolecular characteristics of the tumor. HNC treatments can have hard impact on patients aesthetics and functionalities and, due to their toxicity, can cause severe morbidity and greatly deteriorate patients quality of life. A more precise prognostic prediction than the current TNM system is needed that allows implementing the first-line treatment that maximizes the therapeutic result and minimizes the impacts of therapy. BD2Decide DSS provides clinicians with the means and all the necessary information to tailor treatment and care delivery pathway to each and any HNC patient during their usual practice, in contrast to current one-size-fits-all approach. BD2Decide realizes and validates an Integrated Decision Support System that links population-specific epidemiology and behavioral data, patient-specific genomic, pathology, clinical and imaging data with big data techniques, multiscale prognostic models. Advanced graphical visualization tools are developed for prognostic data disclosure and patient co-participation to the selected treatment. BD2Decide will improve the clinical decision process, uncover new patient-specific patterns that can improve care, and create a virtuous circle of learning. A multicentric clinical study with more than 1.000 patients will be used to validate the system.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: PHC-21-2015 | Award Amount: 4.47M | Year: 2015
The first and core objective of City4Age is to enable Ambient Assisted Cities or Age-friendly Cities, where the urban communities of elderly people living in Smart Cities are provided with a range of ICT tools and services that - in a completely unobtrusive manner - will improve the early detection of risks related to cognitive impairments and frailty while they are at home or in the move within the city. The second objective is to provide a range of associated tools and services which - with the appropriate interventions - will mitigate the detected risks. The final objective of C4A is to define a model which will provide sustainability and extensibility to the offered services and tools by addressing the unmet needs of the elderly population in terms of (i) detecting risks related to other health type problems, (ii) stimulating and providing incentives to remain active, involved and engaged, (iii) creating an ecosystem for multi-sided market by matching needs and their fulfillments, (iv) contributing to the design and operation of the ultimate Age-friendly City, where the city itself provides support for detecting risks and providing interventions to those affected by mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and frailty. To achieve these objectives City4Age builds on: - behavioural, sociological and clinical research on frailty and MCI in the elderly population; - state of art ICT technology (i) for sensing personal data and exposing them as linked open data, (ii) for designing the algorithms and the APIs to extract relevant behaviour changes and correlated risks, and (iii) for designing interventions to counter the risks, - stakeholder engagement in order to be driven by relevant user needs to ensure end-user acceptance.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: Shift2Rail-CSA | Phase: S2R-OC-IP4-01-2016 | Award Amount: 2.00M | Year: 2016
The establishment of good governance will effectively secure the confidence of the industry to use the Interoperability Framework (IF) semantic technologies that will be established under the IP4 Shift2Rail program. The objective of the Governance of the IF for Rail and Intermodal Mobility (GoF4R) project is to define sustainable governance for the IF that will create the right conditions to introduce seamless mobility services and foster the development of multi-modal travel services. GoF4R will help to overcome obstacles currently impeding development of market innovation by fostering a large acceptance of the semantic web for transportation. The objectives will be achieved through a partnership of specialist participants including research institutions, a major European rail operator, industry associations representing the passenger and multi-modal transport sectors and public transportation authorities. Participants, who are also involved in the consortium of designers for the IF, will focus on the establishment of sustainable governance that will promote community confidence. The governance structure will create the basis for long term stability and controlled future evolution of the IF, promoting industry confidence so that it is attractive to invest in future products and services. The project encompasses all current and future stakeholders who will exploit the IF as described in the Shift2Rail Multi Annual Action Plan, contributing to the realisation of a distributed semantic web of transport integrating the TAP-TSI specifications as one of its elements. The governance models proposed in GoF4R will assure the interests of European travellers by fostering market uptake by mobility service providers. It will facilitate new business opportunities for improved mobility and travel related services and improve the incorporation of new stakeholders in the European arena by removing technological, administrative and economic boundaries.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT.2011.4.4-3. | Award Amount: 50.74M | Year: 2011
The project proposal concerns the challenges posed by the physical integration of smart intelligent structural concepts. It addresses aircraft weight and operational cost reductions as well as an improvement in the flight profile specific aerodynamic performance. This concerns material concepts enabling a conformal, controlled distortion of aerodynamically important surfaces, material concepts enabling an active or passive status assessment of specific airframe areas with respect to shape and potential damages and material concepts enabling further functionalities which to date have been unrealizable. Past research has shown the economic feasibility and system maturity of aerodynamic morphing. However, few projects concerned themselves with the challenges arising from the structural integration on commercial aircraft. In particular the skin material and its bonding to the substructure is challenging. It is the aim of this project proposal to demonstrate the structural realizability of individual morphing concepts concerning the leading edge, the trailing edge and the winglet on a full-size external wing by aerodynamic and structural testing. Operational requirements on morphing surfaces necessitate the implementation of an independent, integrated shape sensing system to ensure not only an optimal control of the aerodynamic surface but also failure tolerance and robustness. Developments made for structural health monitoring will be adapted to this task. Similar systems optimized for rapid in-service damage assessment have progressed to a maturity which allows their inclusion in the next generation of aircraft. However, the time consuming application of these sensor systems has to be further improved by integration at the component manufacturing level. The additional benefit of a utilization of these adapted systems for part manufacture process and quality control shall be assessed in SARISTU. Addressing the Nanotechnology aspect of the call, benefits regarding significant damage tolerance and electrical conductivity improvements shall be realized at sub-assembly level.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: HEALTH-2009-1.2-4 | Award Amount: 9.31M | Year: 2010
Following the pioneering experiences which lasted several decades, particle therapy has become a recognized way of curing cancer. 2 new European dual-ion facilities (Heidelberg, Pavia) will soon become operational, followed by several others which are today at different stages of planning and construction. Hadron therapy faces the challenge of improving treatment outcomes with tools able to provide on-line a 4 dimensional feedback of the irradiation to enhance the dose conformation to the cancer volume and improve the treatment of moving organs. ENVISION is set up by 15 leading European research organisations, and 1 leading industrial partner IBA , to respond to these challenges. CERN is project coordinator and the majority of the key European experts in this field are involved, as well as the Hadron Research Facilities (Heidelberg, Pavia) who will immediately benefit from the developments foreseen in this project. A valorisation committee with members of the industrial partners has been established to maximally exploit the results. ENVISION tackles the problems of on-line Dose Monitoring and of performing accurate Quality Assurance tests by developing novel imaging modalities related to dose deposition and allow assessing the treated volume and deriving reliable indicators of the delivered dose. It concentrates on the detection of nuclear reaction products produced by the interaction of the beam with atomic nuclei of the tissue (positron emitting nuclides for ibPET, photons or light charged particles for ibSPAT). The methods are applicable to all therapy relevant ion species. The application of TOF techniques with superior time resolution to beam delivery integrated double head ibPET scanners has the potential for improving ibPET image quality. Furthermore, the real-time observation of the dose delivery process will become feasible for the 1st time, substantially reducing intervention times in case of treatment mistakes or incidents.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2010-3.4-1 | Award Amount: 9.01M | Year: 2011
The MAPICC 3D project and concept aims at developing manufacturing system for 3D shaped, multilayered products based on flexible materials. The ultimate goals are: > The development of integrated and automated process chain able to produce from hybrid thermoplastic yarn to 3D complex shaped thermoplastic composite structure in single step thermoplastic consolidation process. > The development of flexible industrial tools, able to produce customized final composites: possibility to reinforce the preform by coating, weaving multilayers, by injection of foam, by introduction of sensors (control quality of preform during the production or monitor the integrity of composite during use) > The development of modelling tool in order to help understanding of the mechanisms involved in the new technologies and to prototype virtually 3D preform, predictive tools to evaluate the physical and mechanical properties of final 3D preform and final composites structure and at the last step reverse engineering. The speed of production and the cost of manufacturing the 3D preform will be in accordance with the transport, building and energy thanks to: The use of raw materials at low cost based on thermoplastic polymer, or regenerated fibres, A decrease of production time. The polluting, labour-intensive and expensive steps of cutting, forming and joining, of current composites production could be avoiding. A dynamic quality control during the production to improve the process robustness, A decrease of quantity of wastes in comparison to current 2D preform based composite structures manufacturing. The consortium allows integrating the entire process chain and involves the industrial stakeholders from machine tools, automation and modelling processing of flexible materials, yarn and textiles, composites and end users for transport: industry insures the leadership of the project.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: ENV.2007.1.1.5.2. | Award Amount: 8.54M | Year: 2008
As the evidence for human induced climate change becomes clearer, so too does the realization that its effects will have impacts on natural environment and socio-economic systems. Some regions are more vulnerable than others, both to physical changes and to the consequences for ways of life. The proposal will assess the impacts of a changing climate on the quantity and quality of water in mountain regions. Modeling techniques will be used to project the influence of climatic change on the major determinants of river discharge at various time and space scales. Regional climate models will provide the essential information on shifting precipitation and temperature patterns, and snow, ice, and biosphere models will feed into hydrological models in order to assess the changes in seasonality, amount, and incidence of extreme events in various catchment areas. Environmental and socio-economic responses to changes in hydrological regimes will be analyzed in terms of hazards, aquatic ecosystems, hydropower, tourism, agriculture, and the health implications of changing water quality. Attention will also be devoted to the interactions between land use/land cover changes, and changing or conflicting water resource demands. Adaptation and policy options will be elaborated on the basis of the model results. Specific environmental conditions of mountain regions will be particularly affected by rapidly rising temperatures, prolonged droughts and extreme precipitation. The methodological developments gained from a European mountain focus will be used to address water issues in regions whose economic conditions and political structures may compromise capacities to respond and adapt, such as the Andes and Central Asia where complex problems resulting from asymmetric power relations and less robust institutions arise. Methodologies developed to study European mountains and their institutional frameworks will identify vulnerabilities and be used to evaluate a range of policy options.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: GC-ICT-2011.6.8 | Award Amount: 2.92M | Year: 2012
To achieve the aims of reducing energy consumption and CO2 emissions, Fully Electric Vehicle (FEV) needs to reach significant market shares. However, the advent of FEVs in mass production presents new challenges to automotive manufacturers due to the immaturity of the new building blocks, which can reduce FEVs safety and reliability. Among them, is the electric powertrain: i.e. electric traction motors and power electronics controller.Another factor to be taken into account is electromagnetic interference due to the switching technology of power electronics. Furthermore, power electronics and the circulation of high currents from the battery to the motor will emit additional electromagnetic fields (EMF), including Low Frequency (LF) emissions not covered within the current automotive EMC standards.HEMIS project has two major objectives. The first one is to design a Prognostic Health Monitoring System (PHMS), which will sense key physical characteristics related to the health state of the powertrain and the emitted EMF. Based on this information, the PHMS will be able to provide a failsafe state, enhancing publics confidence on the safety and reliability of FEVs. PHMS will also predict the remaining useful life of the equipment, thus enabling enhanced maintenance and reduction of costs, due to acquired knowledge of failure mechanisms. The result of this multidisciplinary research will be a working prototype.The second objective is to provide the manufactures of FEVs with design guidelines regarding EMC and the impact of EMF (including LF emissions) on human health. The research will also result in EMC/EMF testing guidelines for FEV manufacturers, which are expected to be incorporated as a part of emissions standards. Thus, HEMIS will help to counter fears amongst some sectors of the population about EMF exposure in FEVs.With the proposed approach, HEMIS directly addresses the objective GC-ICT-2011.6.8 ICT for fully electric vehicles g).
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: ENERGY.2009.2.9.2 | Award Amount: 1.80M | Year: 2010
The objectives are to create a framework for knowledge sharing and to develop a research roadmap for activities in the context of offshore renewable energy (RE). In particular, the project will stimulate collaboration in research activities leading towards innovative, cost efficient and environmentally benign offshore RE conversion platforms for wind, wave and other ocean energy resources, for their combined use as well as for the complementary use such as aquaculture and monitoring of the sea environment. The use of the offshore resources for RE generation is a relatively new field of interest. ORECCA will overcome the knowledge fragmentation existing in Europe and stimulate the key experts to provide useful inputs to industries, research organizations and policy makers (stakeholders) on the necessary next steps to foster the development of the ocean energy sector in a sustainable and environmentally friendly way. A focus will be given to respect the strategies developed towards an integrated European maritime policy. The project will define the technological state of the art, describe the existing economical and legislative framework and identify barriers, constraints and needs within. ORECCA will enable collaboration of the stakeholders and will define the framework for future exploitation of offshore RE sources by defining 2 approaches: pilot testing of technologies at an initial stage and large scale deployment of offshore RE farms at a mature stage. ORECCA will finally develop a vision including different technical options for deployment of offshore energy conversion platforms for different target areas in the European seas and deliver integrated roadmaps for the stakeholders. These will define the strategic investment opportunities, the R&D priorities and the regulatory and socio-economics aspects that need to be addressed in the short to the medium term to achieve a vision and a strategy for a European policy towards the development of the offshore RE sector
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2011.2.1-02 | Award Amount: 2.44M | Year: 2012
The aim is to investigate the combined effects of hypoxia and sustained recumbency (bedrest), on human physiological systems. The partial pressure of oxygen in the environmental gas inside future planetary habitats will be lower than in atmospheric air. Prolonged exposure to low gravity will result in deconditioning of vital physiological systems, and may consequently constitute a threat to the health of the astronauts. However, it is unknown how prolonged exposure to both reduced gravity and hypoxia will affect health. The new knowledge has also implications for society in general, since chronic hypoxia and bedrest constitutes a model of the basic conditions experienced by patients suffering from respiratory insufficiency restricting them to a physically inactive life style. The challenge of the project lies in the complexity of the experimental interventions where healthy humans are confined to a hypoxic environment during prolonged bedrest. A series of studies will be conducted at the Planica hypoxia facility capable of housing 20 subjects at any simulated altitude. Subjects will remain in horizontal position (bedrest) or be ambulatory, but confined to the facility (ambulation) for 21 days/trial. Each subject will participate in three trials: hypoxic bedrest (simulated altitude 4000m), normoxic bedrest, and hypoxic ambulation. The effects will be investigated in experiments concerning metabolic, cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, haematological, immunological and thermoregulatory functions. In addition to the specific objectives, the study will be explorative in the sense that it will collect a broad spectrum of basic data corresponding to that obtained when 21-day bedrest experiments are conducted by ESA/NASA (bedrest core data). Thus, data from the experiments can readily be compared with core data from previous bedrest studies, and hence the added effects of hypoxia should be evident.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: ENV.2013.6.5-2 | Award Amount: 1.20M | Year: 2013
Mobilizing knowledge suggests that there is need to dynamize the context in which knowledge about risks is developed, shared, and maintained. It conveys the implicit assumption that knowledge is perhaps currently fragmented and stuck in different compartments and bodies, be they institutions, agencies, universities, research centres, communities, individuals. While with this proposal we fully agree with this assumption, we think it is time to abandon the idea of a knowledge transfer, as a good that can be moved from the scientific arena into policy making or into administrative practices. The questions that we wish to ask are who should know what, who actually knows, and if knowledge produced in various ways and fields is effective in achieving disaster risk reduction and climate change prevention and adaptation. Three issues seem particularly relevant to explore: - Fragmentation and separations of arenas (i.e. Scientists, Public and private agencies or organizations in the field of prevention) - Changes that have occurred in risk knowledge management strategies overtime - Knowledge management about risk in times of crisis. The main objective of this proposal is to frame a knowledge management system for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation that may be considered as a comprehensive reference for establishing, reinforcing, or revising current prevention, mitigation and adaptation strategies. Such knowledge system will embody what has been achieved in different arenas and by different social groups in the field of prevention, preparedness and adaptation. In order to do so, a circular process between scientific and technical analysis and dissemination will be developed, so as to make use of a wider expertise and reach a larger audience. We want to use some of the dissemination activities as small tests of what deem should be done at large for creating an effective development, sharing, and maintenance of knowledge.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: NMP.2012.4.0-1 | Award Amount: 5.46M | Year: 2013
In Light.Touch.Matters, product designers and material researchers will collaborate to jointly develop a fully new generation of smart materials that combine touch sensitivity with luminosity, based on latest developments in polymeric piezo materials and flexible OLEDs. Manufactured on plastic substrates, these novel light touch materials will be thin, flexible and formable, allowing seamless integration into products. They promise to greatly expand design freedom and unlock totally new modes of product-user interaction, enabling us to take the next step in product design: using touch sensitivity and luminosity to produce simple, affordable and intuitive user interfaces so that eventually the product becomes the user interface. Light.Touch.Matters focuses on products for care and well-being applications that can help consumers feel better, monitor or improve their health and increase comfort, such as rehabilitation aids, wearable alarms, and diet coaches, though we expect strong spin-off to other sectors. Light.Touch.Matters will use a proprietary design-driven research methodology based a comprehensive body of industrial product design knowledge that has been built up over the past decades. It consists of iterated cycles of materials-inspired and design-driven materials research with direct and prolonged design-researcher interaction, leading to a convergence of the conceptual designs and feasible materials in 4-6 interaction showcases. Analysis of results will include end user value, commercial value and environmental impact (LCA/critical materials). The design-driven research on integrated piezo plastics and OLEDs can directly contribute to innovation and competitiveness in a large number of related sectors, many of which are strategic to the EU: not only design, (health)care and consumer goods, but also the chemical, automotive and printing industries, as well as mechanical-, electrical-, packaging- and systems engineering.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME-AG | Phase: SME-2 | Award Amount: 3.96M | Year: 2009
The seismic behaviour of connections in precast construction systems has been largely recognized as a crucial matter to be addressed both by the industry sector and by the related research community. In spite of this situation, the complexity of the problem and the variety of inherent issues to be harmonizedly dealt with in proposing design procedures for connections and precast structures as a whole, have made it difficult so far to conceive self-sufficient solutions and approaches of general validity. Scope of SAFECAST is to give effective answers to this need of self-sufficient, harmonized solution of the problems of correct seismic design of joints and connections in precast structures. The innovative aspect of the project is the unified performance based perspective in which the problem of the characterization of the seismic behaviour of connections will be dealt with. Such complex problem, in fact, needs to be dealt with in a unified performance based framework, since when dimensioning and designing the system for an optimum performance under earthquake loading, all the other basic performance requirements, i.e. durability, deformability limits, energy dissipation, are also to be taken into account and complied with. The proposed consortium represents a unique combination of countries joined by two peculiar characteristics: for all of them seismic loads play a fundamental role in the construction sector. Secondly, all partners are concrete counties, nations for which concrete is the main construction material. For these reasons, the immediate expected consequence of the proposed project is to improve competitiveness of precasting, as a sector, to promote a general increase in the quality and safety of constructions offered to the market and end-users in general, to enhance the contents of precast building solutions in terms of quality guarantee, performance optimization, reliability, safety in the event of an earthquake.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: ERC-SG | Phase: ERC-SG-SH3 | Award Amount: 1.45M | Year: 2014
The objective of this project is to quantify the role of consumers behaviour on the design and assessment of policies aimed at enhancing energy efficiency and conservation and at promoting climate change mitigation. The project brings together different disciplines namely energy policy, environmental and ecological economics, behavioral public finance, experimental economics, and technology policy- in an integrated fashion. COBHAM is designed to go beyond the standard analysis of energy and climate policies in the presence of environmental externalities, by accounting for the heterogeneity in consumers preferences, the role of social interactions, and the presence of behavioral tendencies and biases. The project seeks to: i) carry out innovative research in the theoretical understanding of the interplay between behavioral tendencies and environmental externalities; ii) generate new empirical data and research on individual preferences by means of original surveys and controlled experiments; iii) enhance integrated assessment models (IAMs) of economy, energy and climate with an advanced representation of consumers behavior. In doing so, the project will be able to provide a richer characterization of energy demand and of greenhouse gas emission scenarios, to better estimate consumers responsiveness to energy and climate policies, and to provide input to the design of new policy instruments aimed at influencing energy and environmental sustainable behavior. COBHAM is of high public policy relevance given Europes legislation on energy efficiency and CO2 emissions, and can provide important insights also outside the sphere of energy and climate policymaking.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: FCH2-RIA | Phase: FCH-02.2-2014 | Award Amount: 3.40M | Year: 2015
BIONICO will develop, build and demonstrate at a real biogas plant (TRL6) a novel reactor concept integrating H2 production and separation in a single vessel. The hydrogen production capacity will be of 100 kg/day. By using the novel intensified reactor, direct conversion of biogas to pure hydrogen is achieved in a single step, which results in an increase of the overall efficiency and strong decrease of volumes and auxiliary heat management units. The BIONICO process will demonstrate to achieve an overall efficiency up to 72% thanks to the process intensification. In particular, by integrating the separation of hydrogen in situ during the reforming reaction, the methane in the biogas will be converted to hydrogen at a much lower temperature compared with a conventional system, due to the shifting effect on the equilibrium conversion. The fluidization of the catalyst makes also possible to (i) overcome problems with temperature control (formation of hotspots or too low temperature), (ii) to operate with smaller particles while still maintaining very low pressure drops and (iii) to overcome any concentration polarization issue associated with more conventional fixed bed membrane reactors. Dedicated tests with different biogas composition will be carried out to show the flexibility of the process with respect to the feedstock type. Compared with any other membrane reactor project in the past, BIONICO will demonstrate the membrane reactor at a much larger scale, so that more than 100 membranes will be implemented in a single fluidized bed membrane reactor, making BIONICOs In this way a more easy operation can be carried out so that a stable pure hydrogen production can be achieved. BIONICO project is based upon knowledge and experience directly gained in three granted projects: ReforCELL, FERRET and FluidCELL.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: INFRAIA-1-2014-2015 | Award Amount: 10.00M | Year: 2015
LASERLAB-EUROPE is the European consortium of major national laser research infrastructures, covering advanced laser science and applications in most domains of research and technology, with particular emphasis on areas with high industrial and social impact, such as bio- and nanophotonics, material analyses, biology and medicine. Recently the field of advanced lasers has experienced remarkable advances and breakthroughs in laser technologies and novel applications. Laser technology is a key innovation driver for highly varied applications and products in many areas of modern society, thereby substantially contributing to economic growth. Through its strategic approach, LASERLAB-EUROPE aims to strengthen Europes leading position and competitiveness in this key area. It facilitates the coordination of laser research activities within the European Research Area by integrating major facilities in most European member states with a long-term perspective and providing concerted and efficient services to researchers in science and industry. The main objectives of LASERLAB-EUROPE are to: promote, in a coordinated way and on a European scale, the use of advanced lasers and laser-based technologies for research and innovation, serve a cross-disciplinary user community, from academia as well as from industry, by providing access to a comprehensive set of advanced laser research installations, including two free-electron laser facilities, increase the European basis of human resources in the field of lasers by training new users, including users in new domains of science and technology and from geographical regions of Europe where laser user communities are still less developed, improve human and technical resources through technology exchange and sharing of expertise among laser experts and operators across Europe, and through coordinated Joint Research Activities enabling world-class research, innovations and applications beyond the present state-of-the-art.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.7 | Award Amount: 2.77M | Year: 2008
Manufacturing systems, power networks, transportation systems, road traffic networks, process plants, and other large-scale networked systems are often composed of multiple subsystems, with many embedded sensors and actuators, and characterised by complex dynamics and mutual influences such that local control decisions have long-range effects throughout the system. This results in a huge number of problems that must be tackled for the design of an overall control system in order to achieve a safe, efficient, and robust operation. Otherwise, serious disasters and malfunctions could occur (such as the breakdown of the power grid in North America and in Italy in 2003).To deal with these problems and to cope with the complexity of the control task, we propose to use a hierarchical control set-up in which the control tasks are distributed over time and space. In such a set-up, systems of supervisory and strategic functionality reside at higher levels, while at lower levels the single units, or local agents, must guarantee specific operational objectives. At any level, the local agents must negotiate their outcomes and requirements with lower and higher levels. We will develop methods for designing controllers for complex large-scale systems based on such a hierarchical control framework. In particular, we propose to use Model Predictive Control (MPC), which has already proven its usefulness for control of small-scale systems, but which cannot yet be applied to large-scale systems due to computational, coordination, and communication problems. We will solve these issues and develop new MPC methods for large-scale networked systems, both under normal operation conditions, and in the presence of uncertainty and disturbances.We will perform both fundamental research and more application-oriented research in which the methods developed in the project are applied to case studies and benchmarks provided by the partners from industry.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH.2011.2.2-1 | Award Amount: 3.47M | Year: 2012
GRINCOH addresses two issues affecting Central and Eastern European economies: the disjuncture between fast productivity growth and poor performance in developing innovative capacities for longer-term sustainable growth; and the pronounced economic, social and environmental territorial disparities resulting from accelerated growth. The project objectives are to: (a) establish development scenarios for CEECs up to 2020 under different assumptions of political frameworks, institutional conditions and development strategies; (b) identify the implications for sustainable growth based on innovation and the development of technological capabilities and greater economic, social and territorial cohesion; and (c) advise on future policy options, especially for EU Cohesion policy. Carried out by 12 highly qualified European research institutes, the envisaged research explores whether and how CEE development strategies can shift towards an innovation-driven process of development, vital for sustainable growth (and cohesion) in the current global and European context. The project will cover in depth the international context, innovation and entrepreneurship, skills and labour market inclusion, social policy tasks, territorial cohesion, institutional changes, and the shape of a consistent cohesion policy framework at regional, national and EU levels. The project will also use a comprehensive macro-regional model (MASST) to develop scenarios up to the year 2020.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2010-1.1.29 | Award Amount: 8.13M | Year: 2011
VISIONAIR is a project of creation of a European infrastructure that should be a unique, visible and attractive entry towards high level visualisation facilities. These facilities must be open to the access of a wide set of research communities. By integrating existing facilities, it will create a world-class research infrastructure enabling to conduct frontier research. This integration will provide a significant attractiveness and visibility of the European Research Area. Current scientific challenges concern climate evolution, environmental risks, health, energy, etc. and require the management of more and more complex information. The development of information technologies, the increasing complexity of the information to be handled and analysed, along with the increasing capacities in scientific and engineering simulations, call for the development of increasingly powerful visualisation tools and methods. The Europe Research Area must be able to compete with other big Research Areas when addressing the previously defined challenges. By integrating visualisation facilities with the VISIONAIR project, ERA will be able to answer integrated challenges out of the scope of usually disseminated research teams. Both, physical access and virtual services, will be provided by the infrastructure. A full access to visualisation dedicated software will be organised, while physical access on high level platforms, will be partially (about 20% of global usage) open for other scientists for free on behalf of excellence of submitted projects. The partners of this project propose to build a common infrastructure that would grant access to high level visualisation facilities and resources to researchers. Indeed, researchers from Europe and from around the world will be welcome to carry out research projects using the visualisation facilities provided by the infrastructure. Visibility and attractiveness of ERA will be increased by the invitation of external projects.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME-AG | Phase: SME-2012-2 | Award Amount: 2.78M | Year: 2012
The current design practice of precast buildings is based on a frame model where the peripheral cladding panels enter only as masses without any stiffness. The panels are then connected to the structure with fastenings dimensioned with a local calculation on the base of their mass for anchorage forces orthogonal to the plane of the panels. This design approach does not work, as it was recently dramatically shown by several recent violent shakes, like LAquila in 2009 and Grenada in 2010. The panels, fixed in this way to the structure, come to be integral part of the resisting system conditioning its seismic response. The high stiffness of this resisting system leads to forces much higher than those calculated from the frame model. These forces are related to the global mass of the floors and are primarily directed in the plane of the walls. Furthermore, the seismic force reduction in the type of precast structures of concern relies on energy dissipation in plastic hinges formed in the columns. Very large drifts of the columns are needed to activate this energy dissipation foreseen in design. However, typically the capacity of the connections between cladding and structure is exhausted well before such large drifts can develop. Therefore, the design of these connections cannot rely on the seismic reduction factor used for design of the bare structure. New technological solutions for connectors with proper design approaches are urgently required. The research project SAFECLADDING is thus aimed to investigate, by means of a balanced combination of experimental and analytical activity, the seismic behaviour of precast structures with cladding wall panels and to develop innovative connection devices and novel design approaches for a correct conception and dimensioning of the fastening system to guarantee good seismic performance of the structure throughout its service life.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2012-1.1.25. | Award Amount: 10.98M | Year: 2013
Optical-infrared astronomy in Europe is in a state of transition and opportunity, with the goal of a viable structured European scale community in sight. A strong astronomical community requires access to state of the art infrastructures (telescopes), equipped with the best possible instrumentation, and with that access being open to all on a basis of competitive excellence. Further, the community needs training in optimal use of those facilities to be available to all, Critically, it needs a viable operational model, with long-term support from the national agencies, to operate those infrastructures. The most important need for most astronomers is to have open access to a viable set of medium aperture telescopes, with excellent facilities, complemented by superb instrumentation on the extant large telescopes, while working towards next generation instrumentation on the future flagship, the European Extremely Large Telescope. OPTICON has made a substantial contribution to preparing the realisation of that ambition. OPTICON supported R&D has, and is developing critical next-generation technology, to enhance future instrumentation on all telescopes. The big immediate challenge is to retain a viable set of well-equipped medium aperture telescopes. The present project is to make the proof of principle that such a situation is possible - a situation developed by OPTICON under its previous contracts, in collaboration with the EC supported strategy network ASTRONET - and set the stage for the step to full implementation.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: SST.2008.2.7.6. | Award Amount: 2.75M | Year: 2009
2DECIDE addresses one of the most important ITS (Intelligent Transport Systems and Services) deployment related challenges on European level: Support and speed up consistent decision making related to ITS deployment for road and public transport (timely, cost-effective, interoperable, positive impact to urban and interurban mobility, positive cost/ benefit ration). A number of EU-documents have addressed the fact that slow and uncoordinated decision making for ITS deployment on urban, regional and national level is the most urgent problem to be solved in order to utilise the benefits ITS deployment can gain for a sustainable European transportation system. 2DECIDE has formed a consortium representing an outstanding knowledge in the state of the art of ITS applications, services and technologies as well as ITS evaluation, administrational decision making, European ITS policy and tool development as well as in the area of existing ITS deployment deficits throughout Europe. As lack on easy and efficient access to a wide spread ITS knowledge as well as decision making for the deployment are recognised as the key factors for slow down investment on ITS on administration level, a single entry approach for a new ITS toolkit for better decision making has been selected as the most appropriate solution. Key ambition of 2DECIDE is to support both EU ITS policy goals as well as national ITS deployments strategies to gain the utmost benefit of ITS deployment and the related investments for a sustainable road and public transportation system. In this respect 2DECIDE takes also care for an post project operation and maintenance strategy within the form of EASYWAY (TEN-MAP: 2007- 2013).
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.3.1 | Award Amount: 5.46M | Year: 2008
NANOSIL Network of Excellence aims to integrate at the European level the excellent European research laboratories and capabilities in order to strengthen scientific and technological excellence in the field of nanoelectronic materials and devices for terascale integrated circuits (ICs) and disseminate the results in a wide scientific and industrial community.NANOSIL will explore and assess the science and technological aspects of nanodevices and operational regimes relevant to n\4 technology node and beyond. It will provide a forward-look for the industry, enabling informed decisions to be taken on technology development in order to speed up technological innovation. It will encompass flagship projects on nanoscale CMOS and post-CMOS. The activities will thus be centred on the More Moore and Beyond-CMOS domains but natural links will also been established with the other ENIAC areas. Within the Network there are all the critical facilities and expertise to occupy and transcend this space. We will propose innovative concepts, technologies and device architectures- with fabrication down to the finest features, and utilising a wide spectrum of advanced deposition and processing capabilities, extensive characterisation and world leading device modelling. This work will be carried out through a network of joint processing, characterisation and modelling platforms. The consortium will work closely with and take steering from European industry. It will feed back data and know-how on materials and devices that deliver the required performance. This critical interaction will strengthen European integration in nanoelectronics, help in decision-making by industry and ensure that Europe remains at the forefront of nanoelectronics for the next 2 3 decades.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: FoF-ICT-2013.7.2 | Award Amount: 1.38M | Year: 2013
The main aim of ManuSkills is to study the use of enhanced ICT-based technologies and training methodologies to facilitate an increase of young talent interest in manufacturing and to support their training of new manufacturing skills.\nThe project will experiment with a wide range of innovative delivery mechanisms such as serious games and teaching factory, supported by the use of social media augmented by gamification and leveraging the distribution channels preferred by young talent. In addition, the project will explore the pedagogical frameworks best suited to the personalization of individual learning needs taking into account the industrial demand. ManuSkills will address all three stages of the young talent pipeline (i.e. children, teenagers, young people), where in the early stages the focus will be to make manufacturing education more attractive to young talent, whilst in the later stages the focus will be to facilitate transformative deep learning of individuals, with reduced time-to-competence.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.1.1 | Award Amount: 4.75M | Year: 2008
The BONE-proposal builds on the foundations laid out by the ePhoton/ONe projects in the previous Framework Programme. This Network of Excellence has brought together over several years the research activities within Europe in the field of Optical Networks and the BONE-project intends to validate this effort by stimulating a more intensified collaboration, exchange of researchers and building on Virtual Centres of Excellence that can serve to European industry with education and training, research tools and testlabs and pave the way to new technologies and architectures.\nThe Network of the Future, which is the central theme of this Call, will have to cope with a wide variety of applications running on a wide variety of terminals and with an increasing number of connected devices and increasing speed and data-loads. The BONE-proposal does not look into issues as convergence between mobile and fixed networks, nor does it consider issues regarding the optimised broadband access in the last mile using a wide variety of technologies such as DSL, cable, WiMAX, WiFi, PLC,... The BONE-proposal looks further into the future and takes as the final Network of the Future:\n- a high capacity, flexible, reconfigurable and self-healing optical Core and Metro network which supports the transport of massive amounts of data\n- a FTTx solution in which the x is as close as possible to the home, at the home, or even in the home. From this point the user is connected using terminal-specific technologies (wireless to handheld devices, fiber to home cinema, wireless to laptop, fixed connection to desktop,...)\nBONE clearly identifies the existence of the current technologies and also recognizes the fact that users also require the mobility of wireless access, but this mobile connection ends at a gateway or access points and from there a fixed connection is required and this fixed connection will finally be an optical link.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: NMP-2008-3.2-3 | Award Amount: 2.86M | Year: 2009
IMS2020 aims at strengthening international co-operation and supporting global European-centric research under the IMS initiative, providing an effective interface to ongoing European roadmapping activities (such as European Technology Platform, etc.) and creating research synergies at international level through establishment of inter-regional manufacturing communities in the five Key Areas of Activity of IMS. Thanks to the coordination action the following IMS2020 Objectives will be achieved: 1. To prepare a coherent roadmap for future (2020) manufacturing research in the five IMS Key Areas 2. To identify new schemes & frameworks to support IMS research by enhancing and favouring inter-regional cooperation projects 3. To identify specific SME-focused measures to increase SMEs participation in international R&D co-operative projects, within IMS initiative 4. To establish and consolidate international and inter-regional communities in the Key Areas of Activity of IMS, with effective exchange of results and knowledge 5. To prepare the ground for new IMS proposals, both paving the way for the legislation and creating a knowledge network, to discuss and inform about manufacturing projects The first objective will be achieved by mid of 2009, delivering the roadmap, structured into specific sections that address individually the five IMS Key Areas and addressing specific IMS level research topics. The IMS2020 Consortium combines together industries, industrial associations, research centres and universities coming from all IMS Regions (EU, Switzerland, USA, Korea, Japan). The IMS2020 project will benefit from the heritage of the successful initiative IMS NoE, coordinated by Politecnico di Milano.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT-2007-4.4-01 | Award Amount: 65.12M | Year: 2008
Even though composite materials are more and more used in modern airframes, many significant improvements are still achievable. Firstly, the substitution of the assembly of many small composite parts by a single one-shot large part provides additional weight reduction. Secondly, the final assembly line process must be adapted to composite properties (lack of ductility, stiffness). Thirdly, if the appropriate level of confidence and cycle time was available, Simulation-based design would provide a faster and less expensive path to find the optimal structures than the current development process, which relies on physical tests. Lastly, more conductive composites are necessary to avoid additional weight for system protection. The aim of MAAXIMUS (More Affordable Aircraft structure through eXtended, Integrated, & Mature nUmerical Sizing) is to demonstrate the fast development and right-first-time validation of a highly-optimised composite airframe. The MAAXIMUS objectives related to the highly-optimised composite airframe are: 50% reduction of the assembly time of large composite sections; 10% reduction of manufacturing & assembly recurring costs; 10% reduction of the structural weight. The MAAXIMUS objective related to a faster development is to reduce by 20% the current development timeframe of aircraft structures and by 10% the corresponding cost. The MAAXIMUS objective related to the right-first-time structure is to additionally reduce the airframe development costs by 5% through the delivery of a predictive virtual test capability for large composite structures with a quantified level of confidence, to avoid late and costly changes This will be achieved through coordinated developments on a physical platform, to develop and validate the appropriate composite technologies for low weight aircraft and a virtual structure development platform, to identify faster and validate earlier the best solutions through major improvements in airframe Simulation-base design.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: INFRA-2007-3.0-06 | Award Amount: 2.53M | Year: 2008
LASERLAB-EUROPE, an Integrated Infrastructure Initiative (I3) in FP6, combines the majority of the largest national laboratories in the area of laser-based inter-disciplinary research at the European level. Together they represent a comprehensive collection of modern laser technologies and laser research, and pursue applications in sciences and life sciences through in-house research and services to the relevant communities. They are complemented within the Consortium by selected laboratories with special expertise and equipment which are crucial for the further development of the field. LASERLAB-EUROPE combines 17 laser infrastructures from 9 European countries, including new EU member states. The present Continuation Project will be called LASERLAB-EUROPE CONTINUATION (LLEC). It is in its composition and goals largely identical with LASERLAB-EUROPE. The overall concept of LLEC is the continuation of the activities defined under the Integrated Infrastructure Initiative (I3) activity of FP6, using the methods and objectives described below, and aiming at the integration of national laser infrastructures to form a powerful and effective virtual infrastructure of Pan-European dimension. Objectives Networking and Integration: The integration process among the participating European Laser Infrastructures will be strengthened and continued during the continuation period of LLEC, using the functionalities of the present internet platform as well as other means. Networking activities include management, publicity and dissemination of results, equipment and staff development strategies, User relations, and strategic foresight activities. Trans-National Access: The LLEC Consortium will continue to engage in the trans-national Access Programme in a highly co-ordinated fashion, providing essential services to the community. Specifically, it will provide more than 700 days of Access during the project period.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: Fission-2007-1.2-01 | Award Amount: 23.78M | Year: 2008
Actinide recycling by separation and transmutation is considered worldwide and particularly in several European countries as one of the most promising strategies to reduce the inventory of radioactive waste, thus contributing to make nuclear energy sustainable. Consistently with potentially viable recycling strategies, the Collaborative Project ACSEPT will provide a structured R&D framework to develop chemical separation processes compatible with fuel fabrication techniques, with a view to their future demonstration at the pilot level. Considering technically mature aqueous separation processes, ACSEPT will optimise and select the most promising ones dedicated to actinide partitioning and those featuring a group separation. These developments will be appropriately balanced with an exploratory research focused on the design of new molecules. In parallel, promising group actinide separation pyro-processes will be developed beyond the current state-of-the-art, as an alternative option, for a longer term. ACSEPT will also pave the way towards more integration between Partitioning and Transmutation by carrying dissolution as well as actinide conversion studies. All experimental results will be integrated by carrying out engineering and systems studies on aqueous and dry (pyro) processes to prepare for future demonstration at a pilot level. A training and education programme will also be implemented to share the knowledge among partitioning community and present and future generations of researchers. The challenging objectives of ACSEPT will be addressed by a multi-disciplinary consortium composed of European universities, nuclear research bodies and major industrial players. This consortium will generate fundamental improvements for a future design of an Advanced Processing Pilot Unit. ACSEPT will thus be an essential contribution to the demonstration, in the long term, of the potential benefits of actinide recycling to minimise the burden on the geological repositories.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: EE-09-2014 | Award Amount: 1.18M | Year: 2015
The general objective of the project is to empower private stakeholders and public authorities in adapting and enforcing EU and national energy efficiency policies in the sector of professional cold products. A specific objective is to ensure more energy efficient professional cold products enter the EU market and increase their market shares, thereby contributing to the EUs energy efficiency goals and policies. The product groups concerned relate to products cooling, refrigerating or freezing foodstuff and drinks in professional premises from public buildings, to hotels, retailers, and canteens. These represent significant energy consumption, important differences exist between various models of the same product category, but, due to lack of clear regulation and lack of information, the potential for more energy efficient models remains untapped. The specific legislation concerned is the one regulating the minimum energy performance standards (Ecodesign) and energy labelling, as well as public procurement activities. The project benefits from ideal timing, since a number of the above mentioned product groups do not have an energy efficiency regulation in place, but these are planned to be developed and the project would therefore contribute to the knowledge of public authorities and policy makers on the specific performance characteristics of these product groups, based on which an effective legislation could be implemented and monitored. Target groups of this project are threefold: empowering public authorities in implementing effective policies on energy efficiency of professional cold products; motivating product manufacturers and suppliers in delivering more efficient models to the market; and working with the food industry, retailers, building operators and other stakeholders in demanding and procuring more efficient professional cold products.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: GV-7-2014 | Award Amount: 27.80M | Year: 2015
The overall objective of HDGAS is to provide breakthroughs in LNG vehicle fuel systems, natural gas and dual fuel engine technologies as well as aftertreatment systems. The developed components and technologies will be integrated in up to three demonstration vehicles that are representative for long haul heavy duty vehicles in the 40 ton ranges. The demonstration vehicles will: a) comply with the Euro VI emission regulations b) meet at minimum 10% CO2 reduction compared to state of the art technology c) show a range before fueling of at least 800 km on natural gas; d) be competitive in terms of performance, engine life, cost of ownership, safety and comfort to 2013 best in class vehicles. Three HDGAS engine concepts/technology routes will be developed: - A low pressure direct injection spark ignited engine with a highly efficient EGR system, variable valve timing comprising a corona ignition system. With this engine a stoichiometric as well as a lean burn combustion approach will be developed. Target is to achieve 10% higher fuel-efficiency compared with state of the art technology - A low pressure port injected dual fuel engine, a combination of diffusive and Partially Premixed Compression Ignition (PPCI) combustion, variable lambda close loop control and active catalyst management. Target is to achieve > 10% GHG emissions reduction compared with state of the art technology at a Euro VI emission level, with peak substitution rates that are > 80%; - A high pressure gas direct injection diesel pilot ignition gas engine, that is based on a novel injector technology with a substitution rate > 90% of the diesel fuel. Target is to achieve same equivalent fuel consumption (< 215g/kWh) and 20% lower GHG emissions than the corresponding diesel engine. HDGAS will develop all key technologies up to TRL6 and TRL7 and HDGAS will also prepare a plan for a credible path to deliver the innovations to the market.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2014 | Award Amount: 450.00K | Year: 2015
SoThe project will examine the potential of Total Value and Cost of Ownership (TVO, TCO) for supporting the design and through-life management of industrial assets. Until now, some leading companies that are aware of all the costs throughout the asset life cycle use TCO to support procurement, operations and maintenance decisions. The benefit of using TCO is that a decision maker could be incentivised to go beyond the consideration of capital expenditure, and think of the potential whole-life cost arising through the use of their assets. In this regard, TCO helps achieving a cost-efficient life cycle management of the assets owned by the company. But TCO models are still poorly practiced in industry, in spite of their advantages. Further on, the flavour of the day in the industrial and academic world is to encourage innovative thinking to extract the maximum value from the assets, instead of thinking only about cost. Value can be tangible or intangible, and is determined by the organization and its stakeholders, thus TVO extends cost-based decisions. Although the importance of value maximisation in physical asset management is currently accepted, there are few works clarifying what value means, how to identify and quantify value, how to base decisions on it. The purpose of the project is to study the evolution of TVO and TCO as used in industry and understood by academics, with the aim to develop a framework for understanding, quantifying, and using TVO / TCO for decision-making. Overall, we aim at studying how asset life cycle management is possible thanks to TVO / TCO, providing the asset owner the capability to develop a sustainable factory according to the economic, social and environmental requirements of the local industry.Cross-fertilization of research and industry will be achieved through knowledge sharing between academics and industrial experts involved through interviews and workshops. Publications will provide outputs to promote knowledge sharing.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: LCE-03-2014 | Award Amount: 17.79M | Year: 2015
Predictability and flexibility are key enablers to increase CSP penetration in the energy mix by a) increasing dispatchability b) making CSP less/not reliant on subsidies c) supporting stable grid operation d) enabling operators to access new revenue streams (electricity trading, ancillary services). Today CSP plants with molten salt storage only partly achieve these objectives. Key enabling technologies to be demonstrated and introduced in the market are 1) design and operation of molten salt once-through steam generator This will allow fully flexible plant operation; 2) design and implementation of integrated weather forecasting and dispatch optimization This will allow optimal management of the energy storage to maximize revenues while respecting constraints/commitments (e.g. to the grid). Towards 1), an innovative design approach is proposed, integrating process and equipment design with dynamic simulation of the system. Proven technologies in separate fields (molten salt ; once-through steam generator ; optimum control) will be for the first time integrated and demonstrated. Towards 2), different approaches to DNI forecasting (direct; mesoscale models) will be integrated to extend geographical coverage and improve reliability. Dispatch optimization under conditions of uncertainty (weather forecast) and perturbations (e.g. grid support requests) will be developed. Furthermore, automatic plant performance characterization by machine learning will be implemented to ensure a real optimum is achieved. For succesfull market introduction, a down-scale pilot will be realized. Here, integrated operation of once-through steam generator, weather forecast and dispatch optimization will be demonstrated. CSP will undergo large growth in developing markets, where grid constraints and market liberalization will play a role. Developint these key-enabling technologies will put european industries in the position to compete at the forefront in the market worldwide.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: MG-4.1-2014 | Award Amount: 25.11M | Year: 2015
The project HERCULES-2 is targeting at a fuel-flexible large marine engine, optimally adaptive to its operating environment. The objectives of the HERCULES-2 project are associated to 4 areas of engine integrated R&D: Improving fuel flexibility for seamless switching between different fuel types, including non-conventional fuels. Formulating new materials to support high temperature component applications. Developing adaptive control methodologies to retain performance over the powerplant lifetime. Achieving near-zero emissions, via combined integrated aftertreatment of exhaust gases. The HERCULES-2 is the next phase of the R&D programme HERCULES on large engine technologies, which was initiated in 2004 as a joint vision by the two major European engine manufacturer groups MAN and WARTSILA. Three consecutive projects namely HERCULES - A, -B, -C spanned the years 2004-2014. These three projects produced exceptional results and received worldwide acclaim. The targets of HERCULES-2 build upon and surpass the targets of the previous HERCULES projects, going beyond the limits set by the regulatory authorities. By combining cutting-edge technologies, the Project overall aims at significant fuel consumption and emission reduction targets using integrated solutions, which can quickly mature into commercially available products. Focusing on the applications, the project includes several full-scale prototypes and shipboard demonstrators. The project HERCULES-2 comprises 4 R&D Work Package Groups (WPG): - WPG I: Fuel flexible engine - WPG II: New Materials (Applications in engines) - WPG III: Adaptive Powerplant for Lifetime Performance - WPG IV: Near-Zero Emissions Engine The consortium comprises 32 partners of which 30% are Industrial and 70% are Universities / Research Institutes. The Budget share is 63% Industry and 37% Universities. The HERCULES-2 proposal covers with authority and in full the Work Programme scope B1 of MG.4.1-2014.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: EEB-03-2016 | Award Amount: 7.93M | Year: 2016
Heat4Cool proposes an innovative, efficient and cost-effective solution to optimize the integration of a set of rehabilitation systems in order to meet the net-zero energy standards. The project develops, integrates and demonstrates an easy to install and highly energy efficient solution for building retrofitting that begins from the Heat4Cool advanced decision-making tool (which addresses the building and district characteristics) and leads to the optimal solution combining (1) gas and solar thermally driven adsorption heat pumps, which permits the full integration with existing natural gas boilers to ensure efficient use of current equipment , (2) solar PV assisted DC powered heat pump connected to an advanced modular PCM heat and cold storage system, and (3) energy recovery from sewage water with high performance heat exchangers. This retrofitting solution together with a closer interaction between building monitoring, demand/respond supply match, weather forecast and HVAC activation/control through a Self-Correcting Intelligent Building Energy Management Systems (SCI-BEMS) will save at least 10% of energy consumption. The project will implement four benchmark retrofitting projects in four different European climates to achieve a reduction of at least 20% in energy consumption in a technically, socially, and financially feasible manner and demonstrate a return on investment of 8 years. The Heat4Cool consortium will ensure the maximum replication potential of the Heat4Cool solution by a continuous monitoring of technical and economic barriers during the development and validation phases in order to present the building owners and investors with clear energy and economic evidence of the value of implementing Heat4Cool solution. A detailed business plan will be developed in the beginning of the project to strengthen the exploitation plan of the retrofitting package and set the basis for a massive replication of the demonstrated concept across Europe.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-17-2015 | Award Amount: 9.63M | Year: 2016
The share of renewable energy is growing rapidly driven by the objective to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The amount of electric power which can be supplied to the grid depends on the time of the day and weather conditions. A conventional fleet of thermal power plants is required to compensate for these fluctuations before large scale energy storage technologies will be mature and economically viable. All power market projections expect this to be the case for the next 50 years at least. For a strong expansion of renewables, this fleet has to operate flexibly at competitive cost. Current power plants cannot fill this role immediately without impeding their efficiency and engine lifetime through increased wear and damage induced by the higher number of (shorter) operating/loading cycles. New technologies need to be introduced to balance demand peaks with renewable output fluctuations at minimal fuel consumption and emissions without negative effects on cycling operation. The FLEXTURBINE partners have developed a medium to long term technology roadmap addressing future and existing power plants. The FLEXTURBINE project presented hereafter is the first step in such technology roadmap and consists of: (1) new solutions for extended operating ranges to predict and control flutter, (2) improved sealing and bearing designs to increase turbine lifetime and efficiency by reducing degradation/damages, and (3) an improved lifecycle management through better control and prediction of critical parts to improve competitive costs by more flexible service intervals and planned downtime, and by reducing unplanned outages. In all areas, individual technologies will be developed from TRL 3 to TRL 4-6. FLEXTURBINE brings together the main European turbine manufacturers, renowned research institutes and universities. It involves plant and transmission system operators to include user feedback and to prepare the take-up of the FLEXTURBINE technologies in power plants world-wide.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2012.1.1-3. | Award Amount: 5.94M | Year: 2013
In order to achieve the greening of the European air transport with the deployment of low emission and low noise propulsion systems the reduction of core noise plays an important role. The ability to design low core noise aero-engines requires the development of reliable prediction tools. This development demands extensive research with dedicated experimental test cases and sophisticated numerical and analytical modelling work to broaden the physical understanding of core noise generation mechanisms. This objective is only reachable with an extensive cooperation on the European level. In this proposal Research on Core Noise Reduction (RECORD) the major aero-engine manufacturers of five different European countries collaborate to enable the design of low core noise aero-engines. In RECORD the fundamental understanding of core noise generation and how can it be reduced will be achieved by combining the research competence of all European experts in universities and research organizations working in this field of core noise. This concept of the RECORD project is completed by the technology development of small and medium size enterprises distributed in Europe. RECORD will promote the understanding of noise generating mechanism and its propagation taking the interaction of combustor and turbine into account. The importance of direct and indirect noise will be quantified. Through carefully designed experiments and extensive numerical calculations, the numerical methods and assumptions will be validated and extended. As a result, low-order models will provide a quick approach for the noise design of combustors and subsequent turbine stages while the more time-consuming and expensive LES calculation will provide a more detailed picture of the flow physics. Finally, RECORD will develop means and methods for core noise reduction.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-10-2015 | Award Amount: 2.00M | Year: 2016
The project aims at shows the potential of open data to citizens, by creating open playgrounds where citizens, students, experts, start up companies, academia and public institutions can collaborate to generate meaningful applications. Thus, applications that meet citizens needs and desires and contribute to their everyday life. The playground is a virtual and physical place where citizens, interest groups, movements can find a reference to generate new solutions. Likewise fablabs, which are disclosing new opportunities for bottom-up production by manipulating materials, the O4C playgrounds disclose new opportunities in re-using open data. The playgrounds are defined through a series of hackathons involving several stakeholders, including citizens, communities, grassroots groups, students, start-up companies and representatives from public institutions or service providers. Together they work on hackathon cycles, to co-create new solutions for existing or future services based on the use of data. These include but are not limited to the data coming from the existing networks of devices, sensors and microcomputers part of our city infrastructures, and the user-generated data deriving from the citizens voluntary publication of information, positioning data or other personal data. The outcome of the project is therefore the conceptual definition and methodological underpinnings of the O4C playground, and a proof of concept consisting of the innovative solutions generated in the hackathons. The O4C playground is not just a place (the O4C lab) or an event (the hackathon), but an integrated system of engagement, participation and co-design tools that will support the cooperation between the various stakeholders. The social impact of this project does not just lay on the individual solutions developed at the hackathons, but also in the reduced distance between open data and citizens: increasingly data are available and more citizens are empowered to use them.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-19-2015 | Award Amount: 3.18M | Year: 2016
The SPARK project aims at realizing a responsive and intuitive ICT platform that exploit the potential of Spatial Augmented Reality (SAR) to show designers and customers real-like solutions in the form of mixed prototypes (partially virtual and partially physical) during brainstorming sessions. The SPARK platform allows designers and customers to freely work together within the paradigm of open-innovation so as to support and foster creative thinking with an enriched flow of ideas in the design process. The platform, by means of adequate content management and real-like interaction with the mixed prototype, will enhance the innovation capabilities of creative industries through the facilitation of brainstorming and the early assessment of design solutions in a Co-Design environment. It will enable designers and customers to cooperate since the very beginning to create the most suitable solutions according to the prompt evaluation of customers. The SPARK platform addresses the need of the creative industries of the consortium to reduce the effects of poor communication with their customers and the inefficiencies due to the asynchronous process of ideation and validation, which results in longer design cycles and a slower pace for time-to-market. The platform will be validated, against an appropriate metrics, with control groups in relevant operational and real life environments, where creativity plays a paramount role. The groups will include also customers and other user communities. The tests will aim at demonstrating the effectiveness of the platform in: (1) reducing the time needed for generating ideas, (2) reducing the amount of creative SMEs human resources on a single project (so as to allow them to manage more projects), (3) reducing the workload of the people involved in the brainstorming sessions and (4) increasing the efficiency of the whole design process, by enhancing the direct feedback by the customers on the solution of the design task.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: PROTEC-1-2015 | Award Amount: 3.23M | Year: 2016
ReDSHIFT will address barriers to compliance for spacecraft manufacturers and operators presented now and in the future by requirements and technologies for de-orbiting and disposal of space objects. This will be achieved through a holistic approach that considers from the outset opposing and challenging constraints for the safety of the human population when these objects re-enter the atmosphere, designed for demise, and for their survivability in the harsh space environment while on orbit. Ensuring robustness into the future, ReDSHIFT will take advantage of disruptive opportunities offered by 3D printing to develop highly innovative, low-cost spacecraft solutions, exploiting synergies with electric propulsion, atmospheric and solar radiation pressure drag, and astro-dynamical highways, to meet de-orbit and disposal needs, but which are also designed for demise. Inherent to these solutions will be structures to enhance spacecraft protection, by fracture along intended breakup planes, and re-entry demise characteristics. These structures will be subjected to functional tests as well as specific hypervelocity impact tests and material demise wind tunnel tests to demonstrate the capabilities of the 3D printed structures. At the same time, novel and complex technical, economic and legal issues of adapting the technologies to different vehicles, and implementing them widely across low Earth orbit will be tackled through the development of a hierarchical, web-based tool aimed at a variety of space actors. This will provide a complete debris mitigation analysis of a mission, using existing debris evolution models and lessons learned from theoretical and experimental work. It will output safe, scalable and cost-effective satellite and mission designs in response to operational constraints. Through its activities, ReDSHIFT will recommend new space debris mitigation guidelines taking into account novel spacecraft designs, materials, manufacturing and mission solutions.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EO-3-2016 | Award Amount: 1.85M | Year: 2016
E2mC aims at demonstrating the technical and operational feasibility of the integration of social media analysis and crowdsourced information within both the Mapping and Early Warning Components of Copernicus Emergency Management Service (EMS). The Project will develop a prototype of a new EMS Service Component (Copernicus Witness), designed to exploit social media analysis and crowdsourcing capabilities to generate a new Product of the EMS Portfolio. The purpose of the new Copernicus Witness Service Component is to improve the timeliness and accuracy of geo-spatial information provided to Civil Protection authorities, on a 24/7 basis, during the overall crisis management cycle and, particularly, in the first hours immediately after the event. This will result in an early confirmation of alerts from running Early Warning Systems as well as first rapid impact assessment from the field. The technological enabler of the Copernicus Witness is the innovative and scalable Social&Crowd (S&C) Platform, developed by E2mC. Heterogeneous social media data streams (Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, and different data: text, image, video, ) will be analysed and sparse crowdsourcing communities will be federated (crisis specific as Tomnod, HOT, SBTF and generic as Crowdcrafting, EpiCollect,). Two demonstration loops will validate the usefulness of Copernicus Witness and the S&C Platform suitability to allow EC to evaluate possible Copernicus EMS evolution options. E2mC will perform demonstrations within realistic and operational scenarios designed by the Users involved within the Project (Civil Protection Authorities and Humanitarian Aid operators, including their volunteer teams) and by the current Copernicus EMS Operational Service Providers that are part of the E2mC Consortium. The involvement of social media and crowdsourcing communities will foster the engagement of a large number of people in supporting crisis management; many more citizens will become aware of Copernicus.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: INFRAIA-01-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 10.01M | Year: 2017
Europe has become a global leader in optical-near infrared astronomy through excellence in space and ground-based experimental and theoretical research. While the major infrastructures are delivered through major national and multi-national agencies (ESO, ESA) their continuing scientific competitiveness requires a strong community of scientists and technologists distributed across Europes nations. OPTICON has a proven record supporting European astrophysical excellence through development of new technologies, through training of new people, through delivering open access to the best infrastructures, and through strategic planning for future requirements in technology, innovative research methodologies, and trans-national coordination. Europes scientific excellence depends on continuing effort developing and supporting the distributed expertise across Europe - this is essential to develop and implement new technologies and ensure instrumentation and infrastructures remain cutting edge. Excellence depends on continuing effort to strengthen and broaden the community, through networking initiatives to include and then consolidate European communities with more limited science expertise. Excellence builds on training actions to qualify scientists from European communities which lack national access to state of the art research infrastructures to compete successfully for use of the best available facilities. Excellence depends on access programmes which enable all European scientists to access the best infrastructures needs-blind, purely on competitive merit. Global competitiveness and the future of the community require early planning of long-term sustainability, awareness of potentially disruptive technologies, and new approaches to the use of national-scale infrastructures under remote or robotic control. OPTICON will continue to promote this excellence, global competitiveness and long-term strategic planning.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.3.4 | Award Amount: 4.24M | Year: 2013
The increasing availability of different kinds of processing resources in Heterogeneous System Architectures (HSA) associated with todays fast-changing, unpredictable workloads (e. g. of mobile or cloud-computing contexts), has propelled an interest towards self-adaptive systems that dynamically reorganise system resources to optimise for a given goal (e.g., performance, energy, reliability, resource utilisation). Hardware-assisted virtualisation is a key enabling technology for such HSAs; however it is available only for general-purpose CPUs, while heterogeneous resources, e.g. GPUs or FPGA-based dataflow engines (DFEs), currently do not support it. Thus, the performance/energy- efficiency benefits of these accelerators cannot be exploited in a self-adaptive HSAs that relies on virtualisation. The SAVE (Self-Adaptive Virtualisation-Aware High-Performance/Low-Energy Heterogeneous System Architectures) project will develop a stack of hardware, software and OS components that allow for deciding at run-time to execute tasks on the appropriate type of resource, based on the current system status/environment/application requirements. This objective is supported by two main innovations:\n1. novel runtime OS components to manage the HSA by migrating task (or virtual machine) execution among CPUs, GPUs and DFEs, and\n2. hardware-assisted virtualisation support for GPUs and DFEs.\nThe project outcome will be an improved HSA with self-adaptation providing not only runtime reaction to changes, but also the means to dynamically achieve optimisation goals based on the current context. To this end, SAVE brings together experts from HPC and ES to benefit from high performance, power-efficient solutions, as well as self- adaptive fine-tuning of heterogeneous resources. SAVE technology will be demonstrated on development platforms that consist of state-of-the-art processor, network-on-chip, GPU, and DFE components using applications across both domains.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-24-2015 | Award Amount: 2.50M | Year: 2016
The FP7 coordination action RockEU has been extremely successful in building a strong European robotics community, leading to the creation of euRobotics aisbl - the private partner of the SPARC PPP and development of the Strategic Research Agenda and the Multi-Annual Roadmap, which are the main guidelines for shaping European robotics R&D&I. RockEU2 builds on and extends this successful community integration by providing analysis of innovation and skills and by developing major outreach activities. This extension is achieved by intensifying and strengthening collaboration within the community and by taking a leading role in the development of strategy. This includes activities in market observation, technology watch, innovation support, analysis of funded proposals, regulations assessment, and standardisation support. RockEU2 aims to Intensifying cooperation with international funding agencies (e.g. for joint calls), policy makers, and end-users as key enablers in the R&D&I process that contribute to the outreach and innovation themes. Outreach to the cognitive science community is another key part of this proposal. Improving the uptake of cognitive sciences results by the robotics community is an important target, leading to more innovative robotics products and applications, boosting innovation. Integration of activities started by the FP7-funded CAs euRathlon and RoCKIn on using robot competitions to foster research and innovation has great potential for improved public awareness of European robotics. Participation in robot competitions is attractive for young researchers and develops excellent engineering skills. The impact of robot competitions both for public awareness as well as for industry will be analysed and its results will influence the roadmap for future European robot competitions and outreach campaigns. The consortium consists of partners playing key roles in their respective communities and contributing unique competences to the consortium
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2011.1.6 | Award Amount: 5.99M | Year: 2011
The goal of EINS is coordinating and integrating European research aimed at achieving a deeper multidisciplinary understanding of the development of the Internet as a societal and technological artefact, whose evolution is increasingly interwined with that of human societies. Its main objective is to allow an open and productive dialogue between all the disciplines which study Internet systems under any technological or humanistic perspective, and which in turn are being transformed by the continuous advances in Internet functionalities and applications. EINS will bring together research institutions focusing on network engineering, computation, complexity, security, trust, mathematics, physics, sociology, game theory, economics, political sciences, humanities, law, energy, transport, artistic expression, and any other relevant social and life sciences.\nThis multidisciplinary bridging of the different disciplines may also be seen as the starting point for a new Internet Science, the theoretical and empirical foundation for an holistic understanding of the complex techno-social interactions related to the Internet. It is supposed to inform the future technological, social, political choices concerning Internet technologies, infrastructures and policies made by the various public and private stakeholders, for example as for the far-ended possible consequences of architectural choices on social, economic, environmental or political aspects, and ultimately on quality of life at large.\nThe individual contributing disciplines will themselves benefit from a more holistic understanding of the Internet principles and in particular of the network effect. The unprecedented connectivity offered by the Internet plays a role often underappreciated in most of them; whereas the Internet provides both an operational development platform and a concrete empirical and experimental model. These multi- and inter-disciplinary investigations will improve the design of elements of Future Internet, enhance the understanding of its evolving and emerging implications at societal level, and possibly identify universal principles for understanding the Internet-based world that will be fed back to the participating disciplines. EINS will:\nCoordinate the investigation, from a multi-disciplinary perspective, of specific topics at the intersection between humanistic and technological sciences, such as privacy & identity, reputation, virtual communities, security & resilience, network neutrality\nLay the foundations for an Internet Science, based i.a. on Network Science and Web Science, aiming at understanding the impact of the network effect on human societies & organisations, as for technological, economic, social & environmental aspects\nProvide concrete incentives for academic institutions and individual researchers to conduct studies across multiple disciplines, in the form of online journals, conferences, workshops, PhD courses, schools, contests, and open calls
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-FCH | Phase: SP1-JTI-FCH.2013.3.3 | Award Amount: 3.20M | Year: 2014
The potential for fuel CHP units in Europe as a large market in the future is in general well recognised. Although the size of this market is large and is undisputed when the cost targets of m-CHP units is reached, it is often overlooked that it is a very segmented market. All micro-CHP units, as new heating appliances, will have to be certified against the Gas Appliance Directive (90/396/CE). The latest legislation in Europe and some specific countries, which is expected will be adopted by other countries will lead to a broader range of natural gas specifications per country with larger differences of natural gas qualities. - And last and most important: the gas quality is allowed to change more rapidly in time. In future, more oxygen will be present in natural gas. Now, in Europe actions are taken (regulatory actions) to allow even more fluctuations of the gas composition in time over a day. This means that not only the fuel processor should be efficient in reforming NG to hydrogen, but should be also very robust and flexible, reducing the possibility of hot spots and low selectivity when the oxygen content increases. Within FERRET, we will design the reactor, balance of plant and revise the controls to allow the sudden change of natural gas specification that can be expected in the field in the coming years. According to the problems mentioned above, FERRET project will: Design a flexible reformer in terms of catalyst, membranes and control for different natural gas compositions. Use hydrogen membranes to separate pure hydrogen and help shifting all the possible H2 production reactions towards the products, thus reducing side reactions. Scale up the new H2 selective membranes and catalysts production Introduce ways to improve the recyclability of the membranes. Integrate the novel reforming in a CHP system Optimize of the BoP for the novel reforming CHP system Simulate and optimize of the reformer integration with the entire system.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: ENV.2008.4.2.3.2. | Award Amount: 1.81M | Year: 2009
The issue of concern of the AWARE project is the anthropogenic deterioration of water ecosystems, in particular in coastal areas. The new approach proposed by the AWARE project to enhance connectivity between research and policy-making exploit the concept of integrated adaptive ecosystem management, engaging scientists, policy makers and the public (the latter including both stakeholders and lay citizens/water users) into comparable case studies of participatory scenario-building. The emphasis given to the role of the public enlarges the concept of organisational learning to the wider concept of social learning. The specific objectives and WPs of the AWARE project will include therefore: WP1: to design and prepare the pilot experiments of participatory scenario-building; WP2: to perform three case studies of participatory-scenario building in different coastal regions of Europe; WP3: to make an evaluation and assessment of the pilot case studies and of the proposed approach; WP4: to foster networking between science institutions, policy authorities and stakeholders in the case study areas and at EU level, and disseminate the approach elsewhere in Europe. The AWARE consortium includes 14 partners of complementary expertise in the field of aquatic ecosystems studies (UU, UPMC, ULB, UNIPR), social sciences (ADELPHI, ICCR, Missions Publiques), system analysis (ISIS, JRC-IES, UNISI) and integrated water management (BIOFORSK, POLIEDRA), plus the Environmental Service from the Provincial Administration of Ferrara and the Baltic Environmental Forum (BEF). The consortium will be complemented by an advisory group of 10 policy makers and stakeholders.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-07-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 4.93M | Year: 2016
Current practice in wind turbines operation is that every turbine has its own controller that optimizes its own performance in terms of energy capture and loading. This way of operating wind farms means that each wind turbine operates based only on the available information on its own measurements. This gets the wind farm to operate in a non-optimum way, since wind turbines are not operating as players of a major system. The major reasons for this non-optimum approach of wind farms operation are based on the lack of knowledge and tools which can model the dynamics of the flow inside the wind farm, how wind turbines modifies this flow, and how the wind turbines are affected by the perturbed flow. In addition, this lack of tools deals to also a lack of advanced control solutions, because there are not any available tool which can help on developing and testing virtually advanced control concepts for wind farms. CL-WINDCON will bring up with new innovative solutions based on wind farm open and closed loop advanced control algorithms which will enable to treat the entire wind farm as a unique integrated optimization problem. This will be possible thanks to the development of appropriate dynamic tools for wind farm simulation, at a reasonable computing effort. These tools for wind farm dynamic modelling of wind farm models will be fully open source at the end of the project, while control algorithms will be extensively validated simulations, in wind tunnel tests. Some open loop validations will be performed at wind farm level tests. Proposed control algorithms, useful for future but also for already existing wind farms. Then these will improve the LCOE, as well as the O&M costs will decrease, and improves in terms of reliability the wind turbine and wind farm. These performance improvements will be evaluated for both, wind turbine operation and wind farm operation.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: EE-07-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 2.41M | Year: 2016
The overall aim of MOBISTYLE is to raise consumer awareness and awareness of ownership, thus empowering consumers and providing confidence of choosing the right thing, by providing attractive tailor-made combined knowledge services on energy use, indoor environment, health and lifestyle, by ICT-based solutions. This awareness will support and motivate end-users to well informed pro-active behavior towards energy use, energy efficiency and health. The objectives are: 1. To make energy use and energy efficiency understandable and easy to handle in an attractive way by unlocking and translating large data sets using data science from energy monitoring for consumers. a. To transform big data into smart data, i.e. giving meanings to data, making data understandable and findable. b. To develop easy to use, desirable ICT-based tools which will make energy monitoring a well-accepted and attractive daily activity for end-users as well as for professionals (building managers). 2. To provide understandable information to consumers on health and life style in relation to energy use by combining energy monitoring with monitoring indoor environmental and behavior parameters a. To combine the several low-cost, non-intrusive devices and monitoring with the energy monitoring. b. To offer the end user transparency on energy use/efficiency, indoor environment, health and lifestyle. 3. To motivate behavioral change of consumers/energy end-users by combined modular information on energy use, health and lifestyle: To transform this information into knowledge for raising awareness on energy use and behavior, thus motivating and supporting to come to a behavioral consciousness and change of lifestyle concerning energy and health. 4. To foster new business models and applications 5. To deploy and validate the developed solutions and services in different building types and user types, demonstrating a significant reduction of final energy use, prompted by these solutions.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: GC.SST.2011.7-7.;GC.NMP.2011-1 | Award Amount: 8.54M | Year: 2011
GREENLION is a Large Scale Collaborative Project with the FP7 (topic GC.NMP.2011-1) leading to the manufacturing of greener and cheaper Li-Ion batteries for electric vehicle applications via the use of water soluble, fluorine-free, high thermally stable binders, which would eliminate the use of VOCs and reduce the cell assembly cost. GREENLION has 6 key objectives: (i) development of new active and inactive battery materials viable for water processes (green chemistry); (ii) development of innovative processes (coating from aqueous slurries) capable of reducing electrode production cost and avoid environmental pollution; (iii) development of new assembly procedures (including laser cutting and high temperature pre-treatment) capable of substantially reduce the time and the cost of cell fabrication; (iv) lighter battery modules with air cooling and easier disassembly through eco-designed bonding techniques (v) waste reduction, which, by making use of the water solubility of the binder, allows the extensive recovery of the active and inactive battery materials; and (vi) construction of fully integrated battery module for electric vehicle applications with optimized cells, modules, and other ancillaries. Accordingly, GREENLION aims to overcome the limitations of present Li-ion manufacturing technology for electric vehicle batteries with the goal to: 1- perform breakthrough work to position Europe as a leader in the manufacturing of high energy and environmentally benign batteries; 2- develop highly effective eco-designed processes; 3- develop automotive battery module systems with: A) specific energy higher than 100 Wh/kg and specific power higher than 500 W/kg with respect to the overall weight of the system; B) coulombic efficiency on average higher than 99.95% during cycling; C) cycle life of 1,000 cycles with 20% maximum loss of capacity upon cycling between 100% and 0% SOC; and D) evaluate their integration in electric cars and renewable energy systems.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-2.2-2014 | Award Amount: 12.03M | Year: 2015
The ITRAIL -Information Technologies for Shift to rail proposal, first step towards the long term IP4 -IT for an Attractive Railway SHIFTRAIL Innovation Programme, aims at providing a new seamless travel experience, giving access to a complete multimodal travel offer which connects the first and last mile to long distance journeys. This is achieved through the introduction of a ground breaking Technical Enabler based on two concepts: the traveler is placed at the heart of innovative solutions, accessing all multimodal travel services (shopping, ticketing, and tracking) through its travel-companion. An open published framework is providing full interoperability whilst limiting impacts on existing systems, without prerequisites for centralized standardization. This Technical Enabler will be completely settled in the context of the SHIFTRAIL IP4, and ITRAIL is proposing a reduced approach to the scale of a specified use case without weakening any of the key concepts of IP4, such as the usage of Semantic Web technologies, meta planning on distributed data, travel companion with a protected and secured personal wallet stored in the cloud and including the rights to travel. The use case will be defined as a specific instantiation of our open concepts, and will benefit from a completely scalable architecture fully instantiated in IP4. This approach is addressing all the key challenges of the work program, supporting a complete door-to- door intermodal travel offer and proposing a seamless integration of the very diverse existing and future services for planning, one-stop-shop ticketing, and real-time re-accommodation. Moreover, thanks to an Interoperability framework which insulates travel applications from the standards fragmentation in multimodal transport, ITRAIL liberates business-model innovations in the market-place, guaranteeing the economic self-sustainability of these e-services in the long-term.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: FoF.NMP.2013-9 | Award Amount: 5.11M | Year: 2013
Competitive manufacturing industry must be able to react to change and to understand the balance of possible options when making decisions on complex multi-faceted problems. Understanding how best to configure and re-configure a global production network, set against rapidly changing product-service requirements is one such complex problem area. This project aims to provide services that support the design and provision of flexible interoperable networks of production systems that can rapidly and accurately be re-configured. The metaphor employed is to start with an new business idea in the morning and have all required data and networks understood by the afternoon To achieve this FLEXINET takes the view that new product-service global production network modelling methods and models are needed that can model business cases and identify the critical network relations and knowledge that underlies the business operation. In addition, FLEXINET takes the fundamental view that complex manufacturing systems which involve multiple partners and multiple complex network constraints, require a semantically rigorous formal foundation upon which to base the flexible re-configuration of global production networks. Based on the exploitation of these technologies, FLEXINET will deliver a set of configuration services for flexible network design, applicable to both OEMs and SMEs, that will enable what-if comparisons of costs, risks, configuration evaluations and product-service compliance requirements for alternative production network designs. FLEXINET will achieve this aim by working with its industrial partners from the industrial pump, white goods and food sectors and exploiting the world leading expertise of its partners in business modelling, business evaluation methods, risk management, manufacturing semantics, manufacturing knowledge sharing, manufacturing eco-systems, product-service systems, SME collaboration, SOA, Interoperability and standardisation.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-FCH | Phase: SP1-JTI-FCH.2013.3.5 | Award Amount: 10.52M | Year: 2015
The project DEMCOPEM-2MW is to design, construct and demonstrate an economical combined heat and power PEM fuel cell power plant (2 MW electrical power and 1.5 MW heat) and integration into a chlor-alkali (CA) production plant. A chlor-alkali production plant produces chlorine and caustic soda (lye) and high purity hydrogen. The hydrogen contains almost 45% of the energy that is consumed in the plant. In many cases this hydrogen is vented. The project will demonstrate the PEM Power Plant technology for converting the hydrogen into electricity, heat and water for use in the chlor-alkali production process, lowering its electricity consumption by 20%. The partners have relevant experience in long life high efficient PEM power plant systems in hazardous environments like a chlor-alkali plant. The PEM power plant will be fully integrated into the chlorine production unit and will also be remotely controlled. The water produced by the oxidation of hydrogen is also used. To reduce the (maintenance) cost of the integrated plant special emphasis is put on the longevity of the fuel cells (especially membranes, electrodes and catalyst) and to lower the manufacturing costs. The design is optimized for minimal energy loss. Extensive diagnostics and data acquisition are incorporated to monitor the performance. The demonstration will take place in China as this is the ideal starting point for the market introduction. High electricity prices (up to 2 times higher than in Europe), 50% of the chlor-alkali world production and rationing of electricity all contribute to the business case. A successful demonstration will pave the way for the roll out of the technology, staged cost efficiencies and further self-sustained market and technology developments.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SEC-2011.4.2-3 | Award Amount: 9.01M | Year: 2012
Humanitarian organisations like the Red Cross have sleeping emergency response units (ERU), which start acting immediately after disaster strikes. Each ERU has a specific function, e.g. medical care, sanitation, energy provision, or water supply. Current equipment solutions will be scanned and bottlenecks with respect to large volumes and/or heavy weight will be identified. Then, novel materials and concepts will be developed to drastically reduce the volume and weight for transportation. Examples of targeted innovations: lightweight but durable and thermally isolating tent materials, novel concepts for energy supply (biogas from sanitation), textile to line pit latrines, light weight textiles to store and distribute water and smart packaging of materials (matryoshka doll principle, i.e. smaller units in medium ones in larger ones, the smallest transportable by single persons). Settlement kit modules will be developed that can be used for debris recuperation and re-use of damaged facilities. This is crucial as the recent trend in emergency aid is to stimulate as early as possible the self-repair. These kits can be inserted in an affected area (affected city, improvised camp, rural region) to regain as quickly as possible a temporary economic and social life. For reaching the ambitious goals, the project team consists of carefully selected partners. The project will be guided by a humanitarian actor (Red Cross). Further, key partners, experts in material and structural engineering, industrial design and architecture, are added for the design of shelters and their materials and for packaging and logistics. This project will provide kits that can be pre-positioned and mobilized very quickly and easily, that are modular and adaptable, low cost, high-tech in their conception but low-tech in use. These anticipated kits can literally improve the lives of millions of peoples the first hours, days and weeks after a major disaster and this for years to come.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: HEALTH-2007-1.2-2 | Award Amount: 7.53M | Year: 2008
The proposal aims at the development and clinical validation of advanced non-invasive optical methodologies for in-vivo diagnosis, monitoring, and prognosis of major neurological diseases (stroke, epilepsy, ischemia), based on diffuse optical imaging by pulsed near infrared light. Established diagnostic imaging modalities (e.g. X-ray Computed Tomography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Positron Emission Tomography) provide 3D anatomical, functional or pathological information with spatial resolution in the millimetre range. However, these methods cannot be applied continuously or at the bedside. Diffuse optical imaging is expected to provide a valuable complementing tool to assess perfusion and blood oxygenation in brain tissue and their time evolution in a continuous or quasi-continuous manner. The devices will be portable and comparably inexpensive and can be applied in adults and in children. Time-domain techniques are acknowledged as offering superior information content and sensitivity compared to other optical methods, allowing for separation between contributions of surface tissues (skin and skull) and brain tissue. Time-domain imaging can also differentiate between the effects of scatter and those of absorption.The consortium plans major developments in technology and data analysis that will enhance time-domain diffuse optical imaging with respect to spatial resolution, sensitivity, robustness of quantification as well as performance of related instruments in clinical diagnosis and monitoring. The diagnostic value of time-domain diffuse optical imaging will be assessed by clinical pilot studies addressing specific neurological disorders, in comparison with established neurophysiological and neuroimaging techniques. Perspectives regarding clinical application of time-domain diffuse optical brain imaging will be estimated and a reliable basis for a potential commercialisation of this novel technique by European system manufacturers will be created.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2008-1.1.1 | Award Amount: 13.23M | Year: 2009
The Optical Infrared Coordination Network for astronomy brings together all the national and international agencies and organisations which fund, support, develop and operate Europes facilities for optical and infrared astronomy, both night-time - callsical astronomy- and daytime - solar astronomy. Opticon provides a framework allowing joint action to improve the quality of Europes infrastructures, to train new astronomers, especially those from Central Europe, in modern new research methods, to develop innovative technologies to enhance research quality, to plan for future developments, and to work towards a strategic plan for Europes future research infrastructures.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-ITN | Award Amount: 3.50M | Year: 2013
OILTEBIA (Optical Imaging and Laser TEchniques for BIomedical Applications) is an Initial Training Network (ITN) that seeks to train researchers in a multidisciplinary environment where pulsed laser technology, sensor and signal processing techniques meet in the biomedical environment to achieve novel optical imaging technologies from bench to bedside, spanning from basic research and drug discovery to preclinical imaging and clinical translation. Our particular focus is the development of novel probes and tomographic techniques using the broad range of information obtained from scattered light, diffuse light, the optoacoustic effect and fluorescence of targeted tracers. This will be accomplished by advances in new imaging modalities that allow non-invasive or minimally invasive interrogations of function and gene-expression in living subjects on different scales from tissue samples to vertebrae laboratory animal models to humans. The trainees will take advantage of the unique combination of physics, bioengineering, biology and medical training. Their careers will be opened up to multiple paths within academia, research laboratories and industry. The activities of the network will be closely followed by industry, represented in OILTEBIA by leading industry full partners (VERMON, SACHER and PHILIPS) and several associated industrial partners. OILTEBIA has set-up a sophisticated and well coordinated programme in Optical Biomedical Imaging at a European Level. The programme training activities include on-site courses, joint laboratory training platforms, common training courses at summer schools as well as short courses. Since the cooperation between academia and industry is the priority of OILTEBIA, Vermon, Sacher and Philips and the associated partners will actively participate in the training activities to give the students a complete view of the industrial environment and it needs.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CS | Phase: JTI-CS-2013-1-GRA-02-022 | Award Amount: 2.32M | Year: 2014
The aim of Gust Load Alleviation techcniques assessment on wind tUnnel MOdel of advanced Regional aircraft (GLAMOUR) proposal is a technological optimisation and experimental validation through an aero-servo-elastic innovative WT model of gust load alleviation control systems for advanced Green Regional Aircraft. The expected benefits of such technologies are mainly the mitigation of gust load responses, the reduction of peak stresses so to potentially decrease sizing loads and consequently increase the weight saving. Most generally, the capability to control the load distribution spanwise could contribute to other global targets such as fatigue lifetime as well aeroelastic and aerodynamic performances. GLAMOUR project has these main objectives: - Validate the Load Alleviation techniques based on control architectures defined by ITD member - Develop of alternative control schemes - Design and manufacturing of a wind tunnel model representing half GRA aircraft dynamically scaled so to be used for experimental validation purpose. The model will be equipped with active split ailerons and elevator to be used for active control - Perform wind tunnel test with and without LA controls to validate both the proposed control schemes and the new ones developed by the consortium. To this aim, the wind tunnel proposed for experimental activity will be equipped with an ad hoc developed gust generator so to inspect the whole flight envelope and frequency bandwidth typical of the considered aircraft - Draw a final assessment on the global benefits achievable using LA technologies in both design and off-design flight conditions. Apart from the Project management workpackage (WP0), that includes exploitation and dissemination, the tasks to be done inside of the project are included in six workpackages.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2013.5.1.2 | Award Amount: 9.22M | Year: 2014
ASCENT will provide a robust proof-of-concept of three related high temperature processes; each will lead to a step-change in efficiency of carbon removal in three types of pre-combustion capture, producing the hydrogen needed for highly efficient low-carbon power production. The project brings together five small and medium enterprises preparing to launch these concepts with the support of leading research institutes, universities and industrial partners. The essential feature linking the three technologies is the use of a high temperature solid sorbent for the simultaneous separation of CO2 during conversion of other carbon containing gases (CO and CH4) into H2. Each technology provides a step-change in efficiency because they all separate the CO2 at elevated temperatures (>300C) providing for more efficient heat integration options not available in technologies where the separation occurs at lower temperatures. Each process matches both endothermic and exothermic heat requirements of associated reactions and sorbent regeneration in an integrated in situ approach. The synergies between the three technologies are strong, allowing both multiple interactions between the different work packages and allowing a consistent framework for cross-cutting activities across all the technologies. Each technology will be proven under industrially relevant conditions of pressure and temperature, at a scale that allows the use of industrially relevant materials that can be manufactured at a scale needed for real implementation. This represents a necessary step to be taken for each of the technologies before setting out on the route to future demonstration level activities. ASCENT, Advanced Solid Cycles with Efficient Novel Technologies, addresses the need for original ideas to reduce the energy penalty associated with capturing carbon dioxide during power generation, and create a sustainable market for low carbon emission power with low associated energy penalties
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT-2007-1.4.01 | Award Amount: 39.99M | Year: 2008
Since the publication of the ACARE goals, the commercial and political pressure to reduce CO2 has increased considerably. DREAM is the response of the aero-engine community to this pressure. The first major DREAM objective is to design, integrate and validate new engine concepts based on open rotor contra-rotating architectures to reduce fuel consumption and CO2 emissions 7% beyond the ACARE 2020 objectives. Open rotors are noisier than equivalent high bypass ratio turbofan engines, therefore it is necessary to provide solutions that will meet noise ICAO certification standards. The second major DREAM objective is a 3dB noise emission reduction per operation point for the engine alone compared to the Year 2000 engine reference. These breakthroughs will be achieved by designing and rig testing: Innovative engine concepts a geared and a direct drive contra-rotating open rotor (unducted propulsion system) Enabling architectures with novel active and passive engine systems to reduce vibrations These technologies will support the development of future open rotor engines but also more traditional ducted turbofan engines. DREAM will also develop specifications for alternative fuels for aero-engines and then characterise, assess and test several potential fuels. This will be followed by a demonstration that the selected fuels can be used in aero-engines. The DREAM technologies will then be integrated and the engine concepts together with alternative fuels usage assessed through an enhanced version of the TERA tool developed in VITAL and NEWAC. DREAM is led by Rolls-Royce and is made of 47 partners from 13 countries, providing the best expertise and capability from the EU aeronautics industry and Russia. DREAM will mature technologies that offer the potential to go beyond the ACARE objectives for SFC, achieving a TRL of 4-5. These technologies are candidates to be brought to a higher TRL level within the scope of the CLEAN SKY JTI.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: EeB.NMP.2011-3 | Award Amount: 7.68M | Year: 2012
EASEE aims at developing a tool-kit for energy efficient envelope retrofitting of existing multi-storey and multi-owner buildings which combines novel design and assessment strategies, modular prefabricated elements, advanced insulating materials and new scaffolding-free installation approaches, to reduce energy demand, minimising the impact on occupants while preserving the faade original appearance. Particularly, the project will target residential buildings with cavity walls built before 70s. These buildings require faade retrofitting for technical reasons or improvements in the insulation and energy efficiency to reduce the energy demand, while the conservation of the building appearance is necessary. EASEE will focus on the 3 main components of the envelope that influence the energy performance of multi-storey building, namely the outer faade, the cavity walls and the interior envelope, by developing innovative and easy to implement solutions. A new range of specific solutions will be developed within the project, that will be combined according to the characteristics of the building to be retrofitted as well as to other non technical parameters as for example cost and location of the building, also within the district. The proposed approach will allow for an overall retrofitting cost over the whole life cycle and for a total cost of ownership up to 120 Euro/m2 allowing a return on investment below 7 years. EASEE will reduce overall retrofitting duration and optimise the worksite in general with direct benefits for the workers and the occupants, while creating new business opportunities worth 4 BEuro in energy efficient retrofitting of existing buildings by the 5th year after project completion, mobilising new cooperation schemes between Les and local SMEs through licensing mechanisms. This is fully in line with the expected impact in the call and with the overall goal of the EeB PPP under the recovery plan.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH-2010-2.1-2 | Award Amount: 3.48M | Year: 2011
The aim of this project is to analyse how local welfare provision affects the labour market participation of women, and how female employment in turn affects the life-course (of women and men), structures of inequality, social cohesion and hence the sustainability of the European social model. Two types of welfare provision have been singled out to be of major importance for female employment: care (both for children and elderly care) and human capital investments (vocational training and life-long learning). The coverage and quality of services, the welfare mix (public, private and in between), partnerships, and governance structures most favourable for the employment of women and social cohesion will be identified based on a comparison of eleven cities in eleven European countries. The project will analyse the political autonomy of local political actors vis--vis national and EU policy making, including culture as an important explanatory variable. Culture is included in two dimensions: First, womens disposition to participate on the labour market is seen as culturally embedded, while cultural ideals and values play an important role in how policies are perceived and rendered practically useful by women (thus definitions of the good mother vary socially and geographically, whereby some mothers, for instance, would prefer not to use day-care facilities but instead take care of their children themselves). Second, local cultural values and belief systems condition creativity among political actors and stakeholders, and thus impact on local policies, which may divert from national or international intentions. The project will thus provide a basis for understanding how culture may constrain the transferability of best practices from one country/locality to another. Overall this project will pave the way for evidence based urban policy recommendations for local welfare system improvement in order to enhance economic growth, female employment and social cohesio
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2010.6.1-1 | Award Amount: 8.19M | Year: 2011
DemoCLOCK aims to demonstrate the technical, economic and environmental feasibility for implementing packed bed based high temperature high pressure Chemical Looping Combustion (CLC) in large-scale power plants. A medium sized (500 kW) fixed bed reactor will be designed, build and operated integrated in an existing Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) power plant at Elcogas. The packed bed CLC will be used to convert gasified solid hydrocarbons (raw syngas) to energy. In this way the packed bed reactor technology opens possibilities of using multiple fuels (e.g. coal, petcoke biomass). It will deliver power production with a reduced energy penalty for CO2 avoidance in a cost effective way, as compared to currently available techniques. The DemoCLOCK project is set up to use the experience from design, operation and optimisation of the medium scale reactor to start building a pilot plant, within 1 year after this project. DemoCLOCK consists of 7 technical work packages. All tasks are related to proof of feasibility: the medium scale demonstration of a 500kW reactor, which will take place in WP4 Commissioning & demonstration. In WP1 VITO, SINTEF, Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e) and ECN fully test and characterize the two selected natural, inexpensive minerals; one of them will be selected for the demonstration unit and fabricated into a selected shape in large scale by Cramiques Techniques et Industrielles. SINTEF and TU/e will design and optimise the up-scaled reactor (WP2), after which Array Industries will build it and install it at the existing IGCC power plant (WP3 and 4). During development and operation of the 500 kW reactor, information from WP1 to WP4 will be fed into the Technology Implementation Plan, WP5, led by Politecnico di Milano and in collaboration with Foster Wheeler Italiana, an E&C company, that will confirm the industrial and commercial feasibility of the proposed configuration. To ensure that all health, safety and environmental aspects are taken into account, while designing and building the reactor, IEIA, SINTEF and VITO perform an environmental impact and waste management assessment in WP6. In WP7, led by Foster Wheeler, all partners will work together towards the commercialisation of the technology. Before the end of the project, a business plan, comprising choices on how to exploit the IPR, will be established and the techno-economic aspects of a full-scale CLC power plant will be evaluated before the end of the project. Dissemination of the knowledge will be a natural task in WP8.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FoF-05-2014 | Award Amount: 5.10M | Year: 2015
The undergoing transformation in our current socio-economic models, led by the advent of emerging technologies, has changed the relation of customers to products and services. Customers play no longer a passive role in the product and service development process as they express their product and service experiences and opinions through several channels such as discussion forums, blogs, chat, idea voting, and more. In addition, sensor systems in combination with products incorporated in the Internet of Things (IoT), are becoming increasingly common. The potential endless amounts of available information offer a rich ground for value creation in the product-service innovation chain. In this context FALCON envisions to provide a framework to enable the realization of new products and value-adding services, resulting from user-experiences and product and related services usage; undertaken with the principles of sustainability and social responsibility. FALCON will create impact through the following objectives: First the project will address product-service information collection through collaborative intelligence and Product Embedded Information Devices. Second, it will enable new mechanisms for product-service knowledge representation, exploitation, openness and diffusion. Third, it will strengthen collaboration and new product-service development through new feedback and feed forward mechanisms in the product life-cycle. Fourth, FALCON will explore manufacturing intelligence to support innovative product-services design and finally FALCON will improve product-service lifecycle assessment approaches through the real-time collection of product-service usage information and related experiences. The project is driven by a consortium of highly recognized researchers (BIBA, EPFL, TU Delft ), experienced solution providers (UBITECH, Holonix, Softeco, i-Deal) and industrial companies (Arcelik, Philipps, Dena Cashmere, DATAPIXEL, Vinci Consulting).
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-15-2014 | Award Amount: 12.99M | Year: 2015
STEPWISE is a solid sorption technology for CO2 capture from fuel gases in combination with water-gas shift and acid gas removal. The main objectives of the proposed STEPWISE project is to scale up the technology for the CO2 capture from Blast Furnace Gases (BFG) with three overall demonstration goals in comparison to state-of-the-art amine-based technologies: Higher carbon capture rate i.e. lower carbon intensity, 85% reduction Higher energy efficiency i.e. lower energy consumption for capture (SPECCA ), 60% reduction Better economy i.e. lower cost of CO2 avoided, 25% reduction The STEPWISE project will achieve this by the construction and the operation of a pilot test installation at a blast furnace site enabling the technology to reach TRL6 as the next step in the research, development and demonstration trajectory. Hence further reducing the risk of scaling up the technology. The STEPWISE project has the potential to decrease CO2 emissions worldwide by 2.1Gt/yr based on current emission levels. The conservative estimate is that by 2050, a potential cost saving of 750 times the research costs for this project will be realized each year every year, with a much larger potential. The overall objective is to secure jobs in the highly competitive European steel industry, a sector employing 360 thousand skilled people with an annual turnover of 170 billion.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2008-1.1.1 | Award Amount: 11.85M | Year: 2009
LASERLAB-EUROPE II is a Consortium of Laser Research Infrastructures from the majority of the European member states, forming a FP7 Integrated Infrastructure Initiative. Given the importance of lasers and their applications in all areas of sciences, life sciences and technologies, the main objectives of the Consortium are: - To form a competitive, inter-disciplinary network of European national laser laboratories; - To strengthen the European leading role in laser research through Joint Research Activities (JRA), pushing the laser concept into new directions and opening up new applications of key importance; - To engage in the Transnational Access Programme in a co-ordinated fashion for the benefit of the European research community. - To increase the European basis in laser research and applications by reaching out to neighboring scientific communities and by assisting the development of Laser Research Infrastructures on both the national and the European level.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2008.5.1.1. | Award Amount: 4.85M | Year: 2009
The environmental, societal, and economic drivers of an efficient urban transport system are well acknowledged and are reflected in the local transport plans of all major urban areas. The overall concept of the project is to facilitate the achievement of this goal by generating solutions to currently identified barriers that form the project imperatives, which have been established through close consultation with operators, maintainers and suppliers. In particular, the project is focussed on adoption and further development of novel inspection and sensor technologies. The project will develop an intelligent image acquisition and analysis system to enable more comprehensive and objective inspection of the track without the need for the increasingly unsafe and subjective track walking inspection. The project will also develop track sub-components with self monitoring capabilities to promote timely and knowledge based intervention for maintenance and renewal, while giving greater visibility of residual life and the need for future investments. These innovative developments are directed towards increasing the effective availability of the track infrastructure, increasing the life of new or renovated asset, reducing the cost of maintenance by timely intervention based on objective measurement of degradation and thereby provide a high quality reliable service to the end user. The project has two key drivers; firstly to contribute towards the realisation of a 24 x 7 railway by minimising the disruption caused by activities such as inspection, remedial and reactive maintenance, and track renewal. Secondly, the introduction of novel sensor and inspection technologies that focuses more on the monitoring of degradation through the measurement of deviation from identified benchmark data known as a signature tune. Both these drivers promote the use of urban transport, and tramways in particular, which contributes to lowering congestion and the impact on the environment.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.2.1 | Award Amount: 7.62M | Year: 2011
The ACTIVE project exploits ICT and other engineering methods and technologies for the design and development of an integrated redundant robotic platform for neurosurgery. A light and agile redundant robotic cell with 20 degrees-of-freedom (DoFs) and an advanced processing unit for pre- and intra-operative control will operate both autonomously and cooperatively with surgical staff on the brain, a loosely structured environment. As the patient will not be considered rigidly fixed to the operating table and/or to the robot, the system will push the boundaries of the state of the art in the fields of robotics and control for the accuracy and bandwidth required by the challenging and complex surgical scenario.\n\nTwo cooperating robots will interact with the brain that will deform for the tool contact, blood pressure, breathing and deliquoration. Human factors are considered by allowing easy interaction with the users through a novel haptic interface for tele-manipulation and by a collaborative control mode (hands-on). Force and video feedback signals will be provided to surgeons. Active constraints will limit and direct tool tip position, force and speed preventing damage to eloquent areas, defined on realistic tissue models updated on-the-field through sensors information. The active constraints will be updated (displaced) in real time in response to the feedback from tool-tissue interactions and any additional constraints arising from a complex shared workspace. The overarching control architecture of ACTIVE will negotiate the requirements and references of the two slave robots.\n\nThe operative room represents the epitome of a dynamic and unstructured volatile environment, crowded with people and instruments. The workspace will thus be monitored by environmental cameras, and machine learning techniques will be used for the safe workspace sharing. Decisions about collision avoidance and downgrading to a safe state will be taken autonomously, the movement of the head of the patient will be filtered by a bespoke active head frame, while fast and unpredictable patient motion will be compensated by a real-time cooperative control system. Cognitive skills will help to identify the target location in the brain and constrain robotic motions by means of on-field observations.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT.2012.1.4-2. | Award Amount: 30.14M | Year: 2012
Future aero engines will need to be more efficient and contribute to the reduction on environmental impact of air transportation. They must reach some standards of performance by reducing emissions and creating some savings on operation costs. EIMG consortium has launched since several years some initiatives to develop future engines in the frame of the European Committee research programmes. Within different project such as DREAM, VITAL, NEWAC or LEMCOTEC, EIMG is ensuring the development of innovative technologies in order to further reduce the fuel burn, emissions and noise. In order to ensure the technological breakthrough, future aero-engines will have higher overall pressure ratios (OPR) to increase thermal efficiency and will have higher bypass ratios (BPR) to increase propulsive efficiency. These lead to smaller and hotter high pressure cores. As core engine technologies have been addressed in the previous project, E-BREAK project will ensure the mandatory evolution of sub-systems. It is indeed required for enabling integration of engine with new core technologies to develop adequate technologies for sub-systems. E-BREAK will aim to adapt sub-systems to new constraints of temperature and pressure. The overall picture of these initiatives bring all technology bricks to a TRL level ensuring the possibility to integrate them in a new aero engines generation before 2020. In its 2020 vision, ACARE aims to reduce by 50% per passenger kilometer CO2 emissions with an engine contribution targeting a decrease by 15 to 20% of the SFC. NOX emissions would have to be reduced by 80 % and efforts need to be made on other emissions. E-BREAK will be an enabler of the future UHOPR integrated engine development, completing efforts done in previous or in on-going Level 2 programs.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.4.2 | Award Amount: 10.68M | Year: 2008
Current Semantic Web reasoning systems do not scale to the requirements of their hottest\napplications, such as analyzing data from millions of mobile devices, dealing with terabytes of\nscientific data, and content management in enterprises with thousands of knowledge workers.\nWe will build the Large Knowledge Collider (LarKC, for short, pronounced lark), a platform\nfor massive distributed incomplete reasoning that will remove these scalability barriers. This\nwill be achieved by:\n- Enriching the current logic-based Semantic Web reasoning methods with methods\nfrom information retrieval, machine learning, information theory, databases and\nprobabilistic reasoning,\n- Employing cognitively inspired approaches and techniques such as spreading activation,\nfocus of attention, reinforcement, habituation, relevance reasoning, and bounded\nrationality.\n- Building a distributed reasoning platform and realising it both on a high-performance\ncomputing cluster and via computing at home.\nThe consortium is an interdisciplinary team of engineers and researchers in Computing Science,\nWeb Science and Cognitive Science, well qualified to realize this ambitious vision. The Large\nKnowledge Collider will be an open architecture. Researchers and practitioners from outside the\nconsortium will be encouraged to develop and plug in their own components to drive parts of the\nsystem. This will make the Large Knowledge Collider a generic platform, and not just a single\nreasoning engine.\nThe success of the Large Knowledge Collider will be demonstrated in three end-user case\nstudies. The first case study is from the telecom sector. It aims at real-time aggregation and\nanalysis of location data obtained from mobile phones carried by the population of a city, in order\nto regulate city infrastructure functions such as public transport and to provide context-sensitive\nnavigation information. The other two case studies are in the life-sciences domain, related\nrespectively to dr
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.2.2 | Award Amount: 25.84M | Year: 2009
The European robotics industry plays a key role in maintaining our continents industrial base. The robotics industry is strong, but fragmented and dispersed. In the future, cutting-edge technology resulting from top-level research will be the decisive factor for success. Europe not only has a powerful robotics industry, but can also boast superb research. By drawing on these resources, ECHORD aims at producing new knowledge through advancing the state of the art in selected research foci and developing novel technology from which new products can be derived. Within ECHORD, opportunities for knowledge advancement and technology transfer between academia and industry will be created across the whole continent. This will be achieved through the solicitation of focused, small-size RTD projects, so-called experiments, which can be rapidly negotiated, funded and executed. Via these experiments, ECHORD will bring about a large-scale introduction of robotic equipment into research institutions. This is expected to result in both tangible and measurable out-comes in terms of the accelerated development of technologies, as well as the deployment of robotics technology into new scenarios for the direct application of research results. For ECHORD, three such scenarios have been defined: human-robot co-working, hyper flexible cells, and cognitive factories. The foremost purpose of the scenarios is to define an environment that is both scientifically challenging to research institutions and commercially relevant to robot manufacturers.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2011.4.1-3. | Award Amount: 4.88M | Year: 2011
D-RAIL will focus on freight traffic, identifying root causes of derailment of particular significance to freight vehicles, which have a wider range of operating parameters (as a result of the huge range in loads, speeds and maintenance quality) than passenger vehicles. One key question that will be studied is how independent minor faults (e.g., a slight track twist and a failing bearing) could combine to cause a derailment. D-RAIL will extend this study to include the expected demands on the rail freight system forecast for 2050, such as heavier axle loads, faster freight vehicle speeds for time-sensitive low volume high value high speed services (LVHVHS) goods, radically new vehicle designs, or longer train consists. A set of alarm limits will be specified which can be selected as appropriate by infrastructure managers, depending on local conditions. In tandem with the above analysis, current monitoring systems (both wayside and vehicle-mounted) and developing technologies will be assessed with respect to their ability to identify developing faults and potential dangers. Where current systems are shown to be deficient, the requirements for future monitoring systems will be specified. D-RAIL will also examine vehicle identification technologies, such as the standards- and interoperability-focussed RFID system being implemented by GS1 and Trafikverket. Integration of alarm limits, monitoring systems and vehicles across national borders and network boundaries will be examined and a deployment plan set out based on RAMS and LCC analyses. Procedures for applying speed limits to faulty vehicles, or taking them out of service, will be set out; this will include communication with the parties responsible for the transport of the freight and for maintenance of the vehicle. This will input to standards, regulations and international contracts. For field testing and validation, D-RAIL will have access to VUZs test track in the Czech Republic.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: NMP.2013.4.0-4 | Award Amount: 1.53M | Year: 2013
The European Manufacturing Industry competitiveness and sustainability strongly depends on Innovation, targeting new consumer needs and societal challenges. This calls for significant public and private investments in R&D, but also a growing capability to transform the created knowledge into new products, processes, services and business models. Many of these challenges are multi-sectorial as the technologies needed to address them, especially in the area of Production Technologies. The EC has supported the development of such horizontal technologies through its R&D programmes, creating a very rich knowledge portfolio over time. However, its exploitation is recognised to be far from its maximum potential, due to many and complex factors including lack of information dissemination, competences, market access, resources, or simply because their cross fertilisation with other sectors is not evaluated. The main goal of EXPLORE is to unleash the full potential of this accumulated knowledge, by promoting its use in developing advanced products and services to address manufacturing industries challenges and needs. EXPLORE will promote and support the exploitation of R&D results, mainly by gathering resources to disseminate (models, case studies, demonstrators) and prepare commercial exploitation; cross-fertilisation, education and standardisation. Such challenges call for the involvement of different stakeholders, gathering complementary knowledge, competences and resources, as: exploitable results of European R&D projects; sectorial challenges and needs; national/regional, private/public funding sources; and a broad European network of partners. The most relevant results and impact are expected to be: higher exploitation rate of results; broader European coverage and impact of R&D\I investments; better alignment and coordination between European and national/regional funding; and a more competitive and sustainable European Manufacturing Industry and society.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-16-2014 | Award Amount: 2.94M | Year: 2015
FrakRisk further develops the knowledge base for understanding, preventing and mitigating the potential impact of the exploration and exploitation of shale gas reserves found throughout Europe. This will include international experience, state of the art process understanding, state of the art modelling techniques and the further development of fully accepted risk assessment tools for site screening, selection and management specifically for shale gas exploitation. FracRisk focuses on key knowledge gaps identified from the literature, research and industrial experience. Central to the project is the modelling of six exemplary scenarios selected to represent the highest risk environmental impact scenarios identified as generally of most concern. The modelling of the scenarios is directed by the aim to reduce the uncertainty and assess the risk of different events during shale gas exploration and exploitation. Using an iterative modelling and risk reduction approach, cost effective data density requirements to limit uncertainty will be evaluated. The modelled scenarios will be validated against existing data from several sites within the EU and in the USA. Effective monitoring procedures and applicable mitigation techniques will be determined and evaluated. Scientific recommendations will be formulated and legislative refinement suggested. Public concerns about the management of risk related to fracking operations will be addressed. A firm scientific basis and demonstrable data to validate recommendations will be provided. The technological readiness level from a number of multidisciplinary approaches and applications will be noticeably improved. FrakRisk will lead to a more focused, coherent and scientifically founded approach that can be useful to member states willing to enable and regulate the shale gas industry.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: MG-1.6-2014 | Award Amount: 673.32K | Year: 2014
The proposed action is expected to contribute to better meeting the needs of the aerospace sector for highly skilled workforce and to enhance the mobility of aerospace students and professionals across Europe. Taking into consideration the complex skills needed by the aerospace sector, the action will develop the required learning outcomes and competence profiles for aero-engineering curricula and propose the aerospace specific accreditation criteria that would complement the existing European, national or regional accreditation systems for engineering education. The action will be developed in three distinct phases. The first phase is a conception phase. The learning outcomes and procedures will be defined looking at current practices and involving the main stakeholders of the higher education chain, from Universities to Industries and Research Establishments. The result should be a staged accreditation system, thereby gradually enhancing the quality level of the higher education degrees. The second phase is an implementation phase. The identified processes are tested on 6 aerospace curricula, from different EU countries. The third phase is a refinement phase. The results of the testing phase are compared to the expectations and the processes are updated taking into consideration the lessons learned from the testing phase. Suggestions for harmonizing the curricula and simultaneously developing knowledge and emerging technologies as well as facilitating students exchanges across the EU will be proposed. In parallel to the three phases, a dissemination and outreach activity is implemented to diffuse the culture of best practices among the EU higher education courses in the area of aerospace engineering and attract talented students to such studies. The consortium members include representatives of aerospace industry, research establishments and education institutions, participating in the major existing EU networks such as PEGASUS, EASN, ENAEE, EREA and EACP.
News Article | October 23, 2015
Dennis Whyte, the head of the Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering, announced today the appointment of Professor Jacopo Buongiorno as associate department head, effective immediately. Buongiorno is an international leader in fission energy systems, with expertise in multiphase flow and heat transfer; advanced reactor design; and reactor thermal-hydraulics and safety. His recent research has produced several innovations in fission energy, including the use of nanofluids in nuclear applications and insights into the fundamentals of boiling, surface effects on boiling heat transfer, and the design of an offshore floating nuclear power plant. Buongiorno earned his BS and PhD in nuclear engineering from the Polytechnic of Milan and MIT, respectively. He has won numerous awards, most recently, MIT's MacVicar Faculty Award, in 2014, and the American Nuclear Society's Landis Young Member Engineering Achievement Award, in 2011. As associate department head, Buongiorno will broadly focus on academic organization and oversight. He will work closely with the department’s undergraduate and graduate committees, as well as the student body, in assuring a consistent and excellent educational program. In addition to his role as associate department head, Buongiorno is serving as acting director of the Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems at MIT.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2007-3.1-3 | Award Amount: 19.08M | Year: 2008
iNTeg-Risk is a large-scale integrating project aimed at improving the management of emerging risks in the innovative industry. This will be achieved by building a new risk management paradigm for emerging risks, which is a set of principles supported by a common language, commonly agreed tools & methods and Key Performance Indicators integrated into a single framework. As main impact, it will reduce time-to-market for the lead market EU technologies and promote safety, security, environmental friendliness and social responsibility as a trade-mark of the advanced EU technologies. The project will improve early recognition and monitoring of emerging risks, seek to reduce accidents caused by them (estimated 75 B/year EU27) and decrease reaction times if major accidents involving emerging risks happen. iNTeg-risk will reach its goals by promoting a EU-wide cross-sectorial life-cycle-based integration across all major disciplines, methods and tools as well as through integration of all relevant stakeholders. The project will be initiated from an empirical basis of 17 individual emerging risk issues (Emerging Risk Representative industrial Applications), and generalize their solutions addressing new technologies, products/materials, production and policies. The solutions will be validated in a second application cycle, and the overall solution made available to stakeholders in the form of the iNTeg-Risk platform: a one-stop shop for EU solutions addressing emerging risks. It will feature issues of early recognition and monitoring of emerging risks, communication, governance, pre-standardization, education & training, dissemination, as well as new tools such as Safetypedia, Atlas of Emerging Risks, Reference Library... The project has a solid industry leadership and involves the leading EU R&D institutions. It is coordinated by the European Virtual Institute for Integrated Risk Management, the EEIG guaranteeing the sustainability of the results after the project.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: FI.ICT-2011.1.8 | Award Amount: 17.96M | Year: 2013
According to the 2010 EC Competitiveness Report, Manufacturing is still the driving force of Europes economy, contributing over 6553 billion in GDP and providing more than 30 million jobs. It covers more than 25 different industrial sectors, largely dominated by SMEs, and generates annually over 1535 billion (42%) worth of value added services.\nThe mission of the FITMAN (Future Internet Technologies for MANufacturing industries) project is to provide the FI PPP with a set of industry-led use case trials in the Smart, Digital and Virtual Factories of the Future domains, in order to test and assess the suitability, openness and flexibility of FI-WARE Generic Enablers, this way contributing to the social-technological-economical-environmental-political sustainability of EU Manufacturing Industries.\nIn order to accomplish the mission statement, the FITMAN project will deliver:\n One FITMAN Generic Platform for Manufacturing Industries, as a collection of several Generic Enablers Implementations belonging to most of the identified technological Chapters of FI-WARE project;\n One generic and flexible Trials Verification and Validation Framework, encompassing concepts, methods and tools for a technical and business assessment of the eleven Trials\n One open-to-all FITMAN Phase III Package, to support FI-WARE PPP Phase III objective 1.8, Expansion of Use Cases, by providing access to FITMAN Reports and Prototypes for Phase III preparation and implementation\n Three FITMAN Specific Platforms for Smart, Digital and Virtual Factories, as a collection of several Specific Enablers Implementations belonging to the background of FITMAN beneficiaries and specifically derived from previous RTD projects in the Factories of the Future and Future Internet Enterprise Systems research\n Eleven FITMAN Trials Platforms as instantiation of the selected Generic and Specific Enablers for 11 industry-driven multi-sectorial Trials\n Eleven FITMAN Trial Experimentations by deploying the FITMAN Trials Platforms in realistic Smart-Digital-Virtual Factories IT and business cases, as well as assess and evaluate the achieved results:\ni. Smart Factories Trials: TRW (LE) automotive supplier Safe & Healthy Workplace, PIACENZA (SME) textile/clothing Cloud Manufacturing, COMPLUS (SME) LED smart lighting Collaborative Production, WHIRLPOOL (LE) white goods manufacturer Mobile workforce.\nii. Digital Factories Trials: VOLKSWAGEN (LE) automotive manufacturer PLM ramp-up for reduced Time to Market , AGUSTAWESTLAND (LE) aeronautics manufacturer Training services for blue collar workers, CONSULGAL (SME) construction As-designed vs. As-built Interoperability, AIDIMA (SME) furniture Mass Customised Production.\niii. Virtual Factories Trials: APR (SME) plastic industry Collaboration valorisation, TANet (SME) manufacturing resource management Networked Business Innovation, GEOLOC (SME) Machinery for wood industry Project-based Collaboration.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: ICT-35-2014 | Award Amount: 1.56M | Year: 2015
CREA aims to promote ICT development and creativity as new drivers able to produce specific structural changes and arrangements in the European entrepreneurial base, to influence the future paths of social change and innovation to a large extent. CREA project wants to validate a new European Model of Summer Academy for students who wants to develop business ideas focus on creativity and ICT and able to explore innovation in advanced fields: new products for new markets, social innovation, meaning drive innovation in old sectors, service innovation, technology driven innovation etc. CREA will test 2 edition of Summer Academy simultaneously organized in 6 European Cities (Milan, Stuttgart, Ljubljana, Newcastle, Tallin, Utrecht), which will end with an international event (CREA ICT Business Idea Contest) for the presentation of results to international investors and the awarding of a prize. The project includes training courses, mentoring activities and the incubation program for start up companies that will be able to use the opportunities of ICT and Creativity to propose new business model with a European vision. The general objectives of CREA project are: - To create European wide system of Summer Academies for university and last year high school students entirely focused on ICT entrepreneurship; - To create a model of Summer Academy action oriented with a strong focus on ICT and entrepreneurial skills development and a rich offer of mentoring, support for business planning, matchmaking opportunities and generation of ICT related business idea; - To stimulate the development of new start up business ideas boosting on ICT and creativity; - To complement and extend similar existing Summer Academy program while strongly focusing on ICT and creativity entrepreneurship; - To organize and promote ICT Business Idea Contests.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH-2010-2.1-2 | Award Amount: 3.06M | Year: 2010
The effort to strengthen social cohesion and lower social inequalities is among Europes main policy challenges. It means that local welfare systems are at the forefront of the struggle to address this challenge and they are far from winning. While the statistics show some positive signs, the overall picture still shows sharp and sometimes rising inequalities, a loss of social cohesion and failing policies of integration. But, contrary to what is sometimes thought, a lack of bottom-up innovation is not the issue in itself. European cities are teeming with new ideas, initiated by citizens, professionals and policymakers. The problem is, rather, that innovations taking place in the city are not effectively disseminated because they are not sufficiently understood. Many innovations are not picked up, because their relevance is not recognised or they fail after they have been introduced, because they were not suitable to the different conditions in another city in another country. In this project, we will look into this missing link between innovations at the local level and their successful transfer and implementation to other settings. We will examine innovation in cities, not as a disconnected phenomenon, but as an element in a tradition of welfare that is part of particular socio-economic models and the result of specific national and local cultures. By contextualising innovations in local welfare, will be more effective in understanding how they could work in other cities, for the benefit of other citizens. In short, the aim of the project is to examine, through cross-national comparative research, how local welfare systems affect social inequalities and how they favour social cohesion and sustainability. The results will be used, through strong interaction with stakeholders and urban policy recommendations, to link immediately to the needs of practitioners.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-2.1-2014 | Award Amount: 18.00M | Year: 2015
IN2RAIL is to set the foundations for a resilient, consistent, cost-efficient, high capacity European network by delivering important building blocks that unlock the innovation potential that exists in SHIFT2RAIL: innovative technologies will be explored and resulting concepts embedded in a systems framework where infrastructure, information management, maintenance techniques, energy, and engineering are integrated, optimised, shared and exploited. IN2RAIL will make advances towards SHIFT2RAIL objectives: enhancing the existing capacity fulfilling user demand; increasing the reliability delivering better and consistent quality of service; reducing the LCC increasing competitiveness of the EU rail system. To achieve the above, a holistic approach covering Smart Infrastructures, Intelligent Mobility Management (I2M)and Rail Power Supply and Energy Management will be applied. Smart Infrastructure addresses the fundamental design of critical assets - switches and crossings and tracks. It will research components capable of meeting future railway demands and will utilise modern technologies in the process. Risk and condition-based LEAN approaches to optimise RAMS and LCC in asset maintenance activities will be created to tackle the root causes of degradation. I2M researches automated, interoperable and inter-connected advanced traffic management systems; scalable and upgradable systems, utilising standardised products and interfaces, enabling easy migration from legacy systems; the wealth of data and information on assets and traffic status; information management systems adding the capability of nowcasting and forecasting of critical asset statuses. Rail Power Supply and Energy Management create solutions to improve the energy performance of the railway system. Research on new power systems characterised by reduced losses and capable of balancing energy demands, along with innovative energy management systems enabling accurate and precise estimates of energy flows.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2008.2.5.1 | Award Amount: 5.55M | Year: 2009
The certification of a rail vehicle according to European regulations, Technical Specifications for Interoperability, European Standards and national safety rules represents a significant element of both vehicle cost and time to market. Indeed, a large part of vehicle certification mandates testing for safety, performance and infrastructure compatibility. The new EN standards together with the CR/HS RST and INS TSI define test conditions and limit values for tests for acceptance of running safety parameters. DYNOTRAIN will contribute to the practical implementation of interoperability of railways systems across Europe by checking for inconsistencies and open points in the existing acceptance criteria and by proposing revisions of acceptance criteria in European standards and resolutions to close relevant open points in the TSI. The project aims at decreasing the costs associated with certification without reducing the safety level to enhance the competitiveness of rail traffic. The project is part of the TRIO-TRAIN cluster (Total Regulatory Acceptance for the Interoperable Network) which comprises 3 related projects dealing with key railway interoperability issues: Aerodynamics (AEROTRAIN), Railway Dynamics and Track Interaction (DYNOTRAIN) and Pantograph/Catenary Interaction (PANTOTRAIN) all submitted under the 2nd Call of the FP7. The objective of these projects is to propose an innovative methodology via a computer simulation/virtual homologation that will allow multi-system network and route approval in Europe to become a faster, cheaper and better process for all involved stakeholders. Therefore the success of the TRIOTRAIN cluster will lead to a time reduction for relevant parts of the certification process from 24 to 6 months; an 80% saving in effort for the acceptance of a new vehicle already accepted in an other country and an estimated financial saving of 20-50 Million/year.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SST.2010.5.2-2. | Award Amount: 9.35M | Year: 2011
A sustainable and efficient freight transport in Europe plays a vital role in having a successful and competitive economy. Freight transport is expected to grow by some 50 % (in tonne-kilometres) by 2020. However rail has, in many areas, been displaced from a dominant position as road transport services have grown and developed in capability and levels of sophistication that have not been matched by rail service providers. SUSTRAIL aims to contribute to the rail freight system to allow it to regain position and market and the proposed solution is based on a combined improvement in both freight vehicle and track components in a holistic approach aimed at achieving a higher reliability and increased performance of the rail freight system as a whole and profitability for all the stakeholders. The SUSTRAIL integrated approach is based on innovations in rolling stock and freight vehicles (with a targeted increased in speed and axle-load) combined with innovations in the track components (for higher reliability and reduced maintenance), whose benefits to freight and passenger users (since mixed routes are considered) are quantified through the development of an appropriate business case with estimation of cost savings on a life cycle basis. In fact, a holistic approach to vehicle and track sustainability has to be taken, since improvements in track design and materials alone are not enough as demands on the rail system increase. Contributions from the different topic areas (vehicles, track, operations) will be demonstrated on real routes, offering geographic dispersion as well as differences in type, speed, and frequency of traffic. A strong multidisciplinary consortium committed to concrete actions aligned toward a common outcome has been grouped for the achievement of the challenging objectives of the project with a balanced combination of Infrastructure managers, freight operators and Industry, including Large and Small enterprises, with support from Academia.
Gatti D.,TU Darmstadt |
Quadrio M.,Polytechnic of Milan
Physics of Fluids | Year: 2013
A fundamental problem in the field of turbulent skin-friction drag reduction is to determine the performance of the available control techniques at high values of the Reynolds number Re. We consider active, predetermined strategies based on spanwise forcing (oscillating wall and streamwise-traveling waves applied to a plane channel flow), and explore via Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) up to Reτ = 2100 the rate at which their performance deteriorates as Re is increased. To be able to carry out a comprehensive parameter study, we limit the computational cost of the simulations by adjusting the size of the computational domain in the homogeneous directions, compromising between faster computations and the increased need of time-averaging the fluctuating space-mean wall shear-stress. Our results, corroborated by a few full-scale DNS, suggest a scenario where drag reduction degrades with Re at a rate that varies according to the parameters of the wall forcing. In agreement with already available information, keeping them at their low-Re optimal value produces a relatively quick decrease of drag reduction. However, at higher Re the optimal parameters shift towards other regions of the parameter space, and these regions turn out to be much less sensitive to Re. Once this shift is accounted for, drag reduction decreases with Re at a markedly slower rate. If the slightly favorable trend of the energy required to create the forcing is considered, a chance emerges for positive net energy savings also at large values of the Reynolds number. © 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.
Pandolfi A.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Vasta M.,University of Chieti Pescara
Mechanics of Materials | Year: 2012
In view of a more realistic description of the spatial distribution of the collagen fibers in soft biological tissues, for example the human cornea, we propose a material model alternative to the one based on generalized structure tensors, proposed by Gasser et al. (2006). We assume that the strain energy function depends on the mean value and on the variance of the pseudo-invariant I 4 of the distribution of the fibers. Indeed, the mean value was the only term considered in the original generalized structure tensor model. We derive the expression of the stress and of the consistent tangent stiffness of the new model and compare its mechanical response with the one of the original model for standard uniaxial, shear and biaxial tests. The comparisons are made with reference to the response of the exact fiber dispersed model, based on the direct integration of the contribution of the fibers. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Colombo C.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Vergani L.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Burman M.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Composite Structures | Year: 2012
Basalt reinforced composites are recently developed materials. These mineral amorphous fibres are a valid alternative to carbon fibres for their lower cost, and to glass fibres for their strength. In order to use basalt reinforced composites for structural applications, it is necessary to perform a mechanical characterisation. With this aim in the present work experimental results of several static and fatigue tests are described. Two polymeric matrices are taken into account, vinylester and epoxy, to assess their influence on the evaluated parameters. In parallel to these mechanical tests, also the thermal answer of the specimens to mechanical loads is evaluated by means of thermography. This experimental technique allows defining the composite local heating during the application of mechanical loads and its behaviour in details. Final discussion on obtained results is proposed focussing the attention on basalt fibre composite behaviour, and comparing mechanical properties of BFRP with other composite materials in glass and carbon fibres. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Musso G.,Polytechnic University of Turin |
Romero E.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia |
della Vecchia G.,Polytechnic of Milan
Geotechnique | Year: 2013
This work presents an insight into double-structure effects on the coupled chemo-hydro-mechanical behaviour of a compacted active clay. In the first part, selected pore size distribution curves are introduced, to highlight the influence of solute concentration on the evolution of the microstructure of compacted samples. An aggregated structure with dual-pore network is induced by compaction even at relatively high water contents. This structural arrangement is enhanced by salinisation, and has a notable influence on transient volume change behaviour - that is, the occurrence of different stages of swelling upon pore water dilution and higher volume change rates upon salinisation. A coupled chemo-hydro-mechanical model, taking into consideration double-structural features from a chemo-mechanical viewpoint, is described and then used to interpret these behavioural responses and present complementary information on local transient processes. The model is designed to identify an intra-aggregate and an inter-aggregate domain, and assigns different values of hydraulic pressure and osmotic suction to each domain. Distinct constitutive laws for both domains are formulated, and the flow of salt and water between the two domains is accounted for by a physically based mass exchange term. The model is used to simulate salt diffusion tests run in an oedometer at constant vertical stress. Parameters used in the formulation are calibrated based on separate experimental evidence, both through direct test results and through back-analyses of laboratory experiments. © 2013 Thomas Telford Ltd.
Romero E.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia |
Della Vecchia G.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Jommi C.,Polytechnic of Milan
Geotechnique | Year: 2011
Experimental data from different testing methodologies on different compacted clayey soils, with dominant bimodal pore size distribution, are presented and analysed, to provide a comprehensive picture of the evolution of the aggregated fabric along hydraulic and mechanical paths. Fabric changes are analysed both from the porous network viewpoint, by means of careful mercury intrusion porosimetry investigation, and from the soil skeleton viewpoint, by quantifying swelling and shrinkage of the aggregates in an environmental scanning electron microscopy study. The consequences of the aggregated fabric evolution on the water retention properties of compacted soils are analysed and discussed. A new model for water retention domain is proposed, which introduces a dependence of the intra-aggregate pore volume on water content. The model succeeds in tracking correctly the evolution of the hydraulic state of the different soils investigated along generalised hydromechanical paths. The proposed approach brings to light coupling between intra-aggregate and inter-aggregate pores in the retention properties of compacted clayey soils. Dependence of the air entry and the air occlusion values on swelling and shrinking of aggregates, besides void ratio, is introduced and discussed.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-02-2014 | Award Amount: 7.27M | Year: 2015
The focus of the project will be on floating wind turbines installed at water depths from 50m to about 200m. The consortium partners have chosen to focus on large wind turbines (in the region of 10MW), which are seen as the most effective way of reducing the Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE). The objective of the proposed project is two-fold: 1. Optimize and qualify, to a TRL5 level, two (2) substructure concepts for 10MW turbines. The chosen concepts will be taken from an existing list of four (4) TRL>4 candidates currently supporting turbines in the region of 5MW. The selection of the two concepts will be made based on technical, economical, and industrial criteria. An existing reference 10MW wind turbine design will be used throughout the project. 2. More generally, develop a streamlined and KPI-based methodology for the design and qualification process, focusing on technical, economical, and industrial aspects. This methodology will be supported by existing numerical tools, and targeted development and experimental work. It is expected that resulting guidelines/recommended practices will facilitate innovation and competition in the industry, reduce risks, and indirectly this time, contribute to a lower LCOE. End users for the project deliverables will be developers, designers and manufacturers, but also decision makers who need to evaluate a concept based on given constraints. The proposed project is expected to have a broad impact since it is not led by single group of existing business partners, focusing on one concept only. On the contrary, it will involve a strong consortium reflecting the value chain for offshore wind turbines: researchers, designers, classification societies, manufacturers, utilities. This will ensure that the projects outcomes suit the concrete requirements imposed by end-users.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-ITN | Award Amount: 3.42M | Year: 2012
DESMA is a training network including 4 leading universities, 4 design consultancies and 4 product and service organizations in the area of Design Management - an area of research and practice that is concerned with the dynamic intersection of design and management. The great potential of design as a driver of innovation and competitiveness is increasingly celebrated in the popular and scholarly management press, by European policy makers as well as manufacturing and service companies. However, the marriage between design and management is not always easy. The two fields have different historical roots, educational traditions and research foci. A divergence reflected in professional cultures and skills of practising designers, engineers and business graduates. In order to fully exploit the exciting potential of design as driver of innovation and competitiveness, we need researchers who can who can bridge the design and management divide within industry as well as academia. This entails being able to work at the intersection of the two fields, with a deep understanding of their respective languages, epistemologies, and practices, as well as the different perspectives of academia and practice. The overall objective of this programme is to create and support a new generation of design management researchers with this capability. The project is based on close collaboration among the partners through courses, conferences and other common activities, as well as through the research projects. While the consortium represents leading actors in the field of design management today, we have adopted an open strategy aiming to include and collaborate with other universities, companies and interest groups in Europe. The aim is to create a common platform for progressing design management research in Europe that will live long after the end of this project.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.2 | Award Amount: 3.80M | Year: 2011
With the recent introduction of MEMS in consumer applications (mobile phone, gaming...) the market for low cost and low power consumption multi-axis inertial sensors has boomed over the last five years. These sensors have generated huge business opportunities, with $M.1900 revenues in 2009 at the MEMS level. Beyond consumer applications, there are many other growing mass market applications like IPTV remote control, sport or eHealth. For these domains, lower consumption, miniaturization, integration and ultimately lower cost of production are essential to address and dominate this market. The same applies for high end niche markets such as implantable sensors in medical field.\nTo address these needs, NIRVANA project aims to develop a very low cost and very low power consumption 9-axis inertial sensor based on a new concept and technology using nano-scale detection means. The idea is to take advantage of the very high sensitivity and low impedance of silicon nano-wire gauge to optimize the dimensions and the integration of the sensor and to reduce the overall power consumption.\nAt this end, innovative sensor designs, disruptive technology (mixing MEMS and NEMS technologies, and including packaging with TSV), and new electronics architectures will be developed in this project. The targeted goal is to validate the integration of 9-axis sensor based on nano-wire gauge detection, having a surface and cost 2 to 4 times less than the current commercial components and with power consumption 3 to 5 times lower. Special emphasis will also be put on the characterization and reliability of these sensors.\nTo ensure the success of this ambitious project, a consortium has been established, with leading research groups (LETI, POLIMI, FhF-IIS) and key industrials partners: Two end-users (MEDEL and MOVEA), and the inertial MEMS manufacturer world leader in the consumer segment (STM), will guarantee the real and prompt exploitation of the developments and results of the NIRVANA project
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.6.3 | Award Amount: 3.61M | Year: 2014
Urban water use is highly dynamic, variable over time and space, and is expected to constantly increase in the coming years both in Europe and worldwide. Expanding existing infrastructures to access farther or deeper water resources might be one option, but the economic and energy costs could be unsustainably high. There is a need for water demand management strategies (incentives, water pricing, awareness campaigns) to be efficient and sustainable technically, economically, and socially. Yet, individual and collective behavioural response to specific water conservation policies might significantly vary with economic drivers as well as socio-psychological determinants within the same urban context.The SmartH2O project aims at providing water utilities, the municipalities, and citizens, with an ICT enabled platform to design, develop and implement better water demand management policies, which are based on a shared understanding and motivation by the water users, thus leading to a reduction in water consumption, while not compromising the quality of life.SmartH2O builds a bi-directional communication stream between citizens and the water utility: in one direction, user behavioural data are collected through smart meters and an online social participation application (social game); in the other, awareness campaigns and price signals are delivered through the same app to inform the users on how to save water and money.SmartH2O will be tested in two real world cases: in the United Kingdom (in the London area), and in Switzerland (in Canton Ticino). In these two exemplary cases, the SmartH2O project will enable a constructive and continuous interaction between citizens and water utilities in the management of our most precious resource: water.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: EeB.NMP.2012-4 | Award Amount: 4.22M | Year: 2012
The NANO-HVAC project concept aims at developing an innovative approach for ducts insulation while introducing new cleaning and maintenance technologies, all enabled by cost-effective application of nanotechnology. The main concepts are: 1. Safe, high insulating HVAC-ducts enabling minimization of heat/cool losses: cost-effective, safe and extremely thin insulating duct layers that can be applied both to circular ducts (wet-spray solutions) and to square ducts (pre-cast panel). Insulation will be obtained using sprayable aeroclay-based insulating foams that can be automatically applied during manufacturing of ducts, avoiding manual operation needed for conventional materials. Such technologies, coupled with advanced maintenance systems (objective 2) will guarantee a 50% energy saving compared with conventional ducts. 2. Cost-effective pathogen and allergenic removal during operation and maintenance to reduce microbial growth: (a) development of anti-microbial, sprayable and self-adhesive photocatalytic coating, based on titanium oxide nanoparticles, for HVAC filters. (b) Development of an injectable liquid polymer matrix (epoxy resins with polyamine derived crosslinking catalyst) containing antimicrobial nanoparticles (silver oxides) for air ducts in situ maintenance activities. The liquid polymer will polymerize in situ creating a coating of thickness < 20m which will cover the surface trapping dirt, debris and microorganisms, thus regenerating the duct inner layer. The procedure may be repeated over time without affecting HVAC energy performance. Scientific and technological objectives within NANO-HVAC project can be organised in four areas: (1) high efficient and cost-effective insulation solutions for HVAC ducts (2) inhibition and removal of pathogens and allergenics (3) integration and lab scale characterization, (4) demonstration and validation. The project duration is estimated to be 36 months, with tasks organized in 9 Work Packages.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: LCE-02-2016 | Award Amount: 15.84M | Year: 2017
inteGRIDy aims to integrate cutting-edge technologies, solutions and mechanisms in a scalable Cross-Functional Platform connecting energy networks with diverse stakeholders, facilitating optimal and dynamic operation of the Distribution Grid (DG), fostering the stability and coordination of distributed energy resources and enabling collaborative storage schemes within an increasing share of renewables. inteGRIDy will: a) Integrate innovative smart grid technologies, enabling optimal and dynamic operation of the distribution systems assets within high grid reliability and stability standards b) Validate innovative Demand Response technologies and relevant business models c) Utilize storage technologies and their capabilities to relieve the DG and enable significant avoidance of RES curtailment, enhancing self-consumption and net metering d) Enable interconnection with transport and heat networks, forming Virtual Energy Network synergies ensuring energy security e) Provide modelling & profiling extraction for network topology representation, innovative DR mechanisms and Storage characterization, facilitating decision making in DGs operations f) Provide predictive, forecasting tools & scenario-based simulation, facilitating an innovative Operation Analysis Framework g) Develop new business and services to create value for distribution domain stakeholders and end users/prosumers in an emerging electricity market. inteGRIDy will impact on: a) operations by reconfigurable topology control & supervision b) market by providing new services c) customer by enhanced engagement through DR mechanisms d) transmission by novel forecasting scenarios for the MV/LV areas e) part of the production incorporating innovative storage targeting the optimum use of RES f) environment by CO2 reduction inteGRIDy approach will be deployed and validated in 6 large-scale and 4 small-scale real-life demonstration covering different climatic zones and markets with different maturity.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-26-2016 | Award Amount: 3.99M | Year: 2017
Robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery (RAMIS) offers many advantages when compared to traditional MIS, including improved vision, precision and dexterity. While the popularity of RAMIS is steadily increasing, the potential for improving patient outcomes and penetrating into many procedures is not fully realised, largely because of serious limitations in the current instrumentation, control and feedback to the surgeon. Specifically, restricted access, lack of force feedback, and use of rigid tools in confined spaces filled with organs pose challenges to full adoption. We aim to develop novel technology to overcome barriers to expansion of RAMIS to more procedures, focusing on real-world surgical scenarios of urology, vascular surgery, and soft tissue orthopaedic surgery. A team of highly experienced clinical, academic, and industrial partners will collaborate to develop: i) dexterous anthropomorphic instruments with minimal cognitive demand ii) a range of bespoke end-effectors with embedded surgical tools using additive manufacturing methods for rapid prototyping and testing utilizing a user-centred approach, iii) wearable multi-sensory master for tele-operation to optimise perception and action and iv) wearable smart glasses for augmented reality guidance of the surgeon based on real-time 3D reconstruction of the surgical field, utilising dynamic active constraints and restricting the instruments to safe regions. The demonstration platform will be based on commercial robotic manipulators enhanced with the SMARTsurg advanced hardware and software features. Testing will be performed on laboratory phantoms with surgeons to bring the technology closer to exploitation and to validate acceptance by clinicians. The study will benefit patients, surgeons and health providers, by promoting safety and ergonomics as well as reducing costs. Furthermore, there is a potential to improve complex remote handling procedures in other domains beyond RAMIS.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: CO-CREATION-09-2016 | Award Amount: 2.00M | Year: 2017
KNOWMAK project aims at developing a web-based tool, which provides interactive visualisations and state-of-the-art indicators on knowledge co-creation in the European Research Area (ERA). It is structured around three integrative elements: Research topics, by developing ontologies around Societal Grand Challenges and Key Enabling Technologies. Actors, with a focus on the quadruple helix and the involvement of societal actors in knowledge co-creation. Geographical spaces, with a focus on multiple level metropolitan, regional, national and European spaces and their interconnectedness. The tool combines three main data sources: established indicators of scientific and technological knowledge production based on scientific publications and patents; information on knowledge in the making derived from research projects descriptions; information on social innovation projects and user attention to knowledge production derived from the Internet and from social media. The integrative elements (topics, actors, space) allow for the interlinking of data items, to produce a characterisation of different dimensions of knowledge in the making. KNOWMAK will be tailored to the needs of specific user groups with a focus on four groups: policy-makers, regional actors and representatives of the civil society, business sector, and managers of public research organisations and universities. User groups will be involved in the design of the system, the specification of the indicators and of the visualisations to be provided. This user-centred approach will ensure responsiveness of the tool to (changing) needs of relevant stakeholders in the ERA. Moving beyond the existing approaches to S&T indicators, the project will design and implement a consistent infrastructure where different types of data sources are interlinked and mobilized to produce a rich set of indicators and visualisations responding to the needs of specific user groups, thanks to experienced consortium.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FoF-08-2015 | Award Amount: 4.65M | Year: 2015
MAYA aims at developing simulation methodologies and multidisciplinary tools for the design, engineering and management of CPS-based (Cyber Physical Systems) Factories, in order to strategically support production-related activities during all the phases of the factory life-cycle, from the integrated design of the product-process- production system, through the optimization of the running factory, till the dismissal/reconfiguration phase. The concurrence and the cross-combination of the Cyber and the Physical dimensions with the Simulation domain is considered as cornerstone in MAYA innovations, to successfully address a new generation of smart factories for future industry responsiveness. MAYA finds complete validation in one of the most competitive, advanced and complex industrial sector in Europe, the automotive, where it will accomplish reduced time to production & reduced time to optimization within two use-cases (Volkswagen and FinnPower). In order to realize such a vision, MAYA addresses actual technological constraints through research and development activities focusing on the following three high level objectives: - MAYA for Digital Continuity; - MAYA for the Synchronization of the Digital and Real Factory; - MAYA for Multidisciplinary integrated simulation and modelling. MAYAs concept and motivation have been born within the framework set by the Pathfinder initiative, and represent a concrete first step to empower the vision there drafted, and consolidated thanks to the contribution of several academic experts and industrial key-players (http://www.pathfinderproject.eu/contributors.asp).
Polytechnic of Milan and L.E.S.S. | Date: 2010-07-02
A process for filtering interferograms obtained from SAR images, acquired on the same area by synthetic aperture radars, comprising the following steps: a) acquiring a series of N radar images (Al . . . AN) by means of a SAR sensor on a same area with acquisition geometries such as to allow re-sampling of the data on a common grid; b) after re-sampling on a common grid, selecting a pixel from the common grid; c) calculating the coherence matrix of the selected pixel, that is estimating the complex coherence values for each possible pair of available images; d) maximizing, with respect of the source vector , here an unknown element, the functional: (formula) being R the operator which extracts the real part of a complex number, _(nm )the modulus of the element (n,m) of the coherence matrix, k a positive real number, _(nm )the phase of the element (n,m) of the coherence matrix, n and m the elements n and m of the unknown vector . Given that only phase differences appear in the functional T, the values of the unknown factor are estimated less an additive constant, which can be fixed by setting for example _(1)=0, and the phase values _(n )thus obtained constitute the vector of the filtered phase values.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-IRSES | Award Amount: 197.40K | Year: 2012
The proposed Research Programme is intended at investigating the physical, chemical and mechanical performance of concretes made out of recycled components. This subject is of topical interest in the fields of both buildings technology and structural engineering. Thus, it is clearly multi-disciplinary in nature and can be better approached by settling a Partnership which gather researchers with different and complementary scientific backgrounds. Six Research Units (RUs) are involved in this IRSES-Partnership. Although several possible solutions to improve both environmental compatibility and sustainability of concrete production in building industry have been already proposed, further research is still needed for addressing various issues related to the compatibility of recycled materials with the traditional ones employed in the common concrete production. In particular, this collaborative research project focuses on the three following objectives: Objective 1) investigating the physical and mechanical performance of concrete with recycled aggregates; Objective 2) investigating the possible contribution of recycled fibers on concretes with recycled concrete aggregates; Objective 3) investingating the feasibility and the possible applications of concrete with natural fibers. This research is characterised by a huge potential impact on both the building industry and the management of wastes in urban areas and industrial districts. Moreover, some of the relevant market drivers demanding innovative solutions for buildings and waste management are briefly listed below: - strong demand for residential and commercial buildings as a result of both demographic changes and urbanisation processes currently ongoing worldwide; - demand for sustainable buildings, renewable materials and reduced CO2 emissions; - emerging need for optimising the disposal procedures of wastes deriving by both the building technology and other industrial processes.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP-2007-1.1-1 | Award Amount: 4.95M | Year: 2008
EXCELL is a novel innovative approach to explore interaction mechanisms between biological materials and systems/nanostructures. It involves a forward-looking cross-disciplinary and design-based research to generate an integrated, biologically inspired technological platform of high complexity, able to monitor cell dynamics at nano-scale. Expertise in cellular and molecular biology, nanosciences, material engineering, biophysics, biotechnology, modelling, and analytical chemistry, are combined to address the targeted goals, which go beyond the state of the art methods used in traditional biotechnology and systems biology. EXCELL will provide a complete Lab-in-a-Cell (LIC) sensor and actuator platform, which is capable of: (1) studying single cells in their natural environment surrounded by other cells or a complex mixture of different cells/tissue, (2) following the dynamics and interdependence of single cell processes from gene, protein, metabolite to compound secretion, exocytosis and cell-to-cell communication, (3) testing how and where various stimuli affect the different levels of the molecular machinery and finally (4) programming cells to be able to differentiate into a particular phenotype. A major task is the design of suitable biocompatible nano/bio interfaces that ensures a sustainable cellular environment. EXCELL provides a unique opportunity for developing advanced, novel experimental tools to address fundamental problems of stem cell research and poses a potential for possible diversification and modulation of developmental programs of stem cells to differentiate them into specific phenotypes. EXCELL has the capacity to drive new discoveries having a significant impact not only in the field of stem cell research and clinical use, but also on molecular engineering, nanosciences, sensor development, diagnostics, therapeutics, biotechnology and industry (smart materials, medical diagnostics, pharmaceutical companies, start-ups)
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: EeB.NMP.2011-2 | Award Amount: 9.10M | Year: 2011
Residential buildings represent 60% of the building stock and the area where most of the potential to drastically reduce energy use and CO2 emissions lies. New directives push for deep retrofitting efforts, in order to achieve energy efficiency and RES adoption targets for 2020 and beyond. These require acting both on envelope and on energy use systems, mainly heating and DHW equipment that representing 51% of energy use in this sector. Frequently the upgrade of the envelope insulation is subject to constraints (i.e. historical centres, availability of space, need to relocate the tenants, costs and time issues) and acting on the heating plant is the only viable option. Currently solutions are not always suitable or cost effective in existing buildings (radiators, DHW, solar radiation in winter). Therefore to accelerate the improvement in energy efficiency and in the use of renewable energy in the residential building, a specifically designed solution needs to be made available. HEAT4U is an Industry led project whose main objective is to develop a Gas Absorption Heat Pump (GAHP) solution with efficiency on primary energy of 165% (EN12309) to allow a cost-effective use of renewable energy in existing residential building for heating and DHW services. The project is conceived to overcome a number of technological and non-technological barriers which currently prevent GAHP application in single family houses or small multi-storey buildings. HEAT4U main objectives are: -i) Development of Appliance with specifications suitable for the residential market (10 25 kW); ii) integration of the technology in existing heating and DHW architectures; iii) Development of a decision support system, enabling the optimal design in different building operating conditions; iv) Dissemination activity to promote the awareness of the benefits of the GAHP technology. The results will be demonstrated in 5 real cases
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-ITN | Award Amount: 3.63M | Year: 2011
The aims of InnHF project are to offer a multidisciplinary training in the field of risk assessment and maintenance management integrated with human factors, in tight contact with companies and universities within this consortium; to strengthen and structure initial training of researchers in system engineering at European level; to attract students to scientific careers; to provide trained researchers with the necessary skills to work in industry; and to improve career perspectives by broad skills development. The INNHF scientific main objective is thus to formalize an approach and make it possible to integrate the current and developing assessment methods recommended or required by recognized industrial standards and methodologies, with an easy to use but complete human factors and system health management approach, the following goals will be achieved: 1) Review of the applicability of most recent generation standards that are not yet fully acquired by different industries and verification of their effectiveness in safety assessment. 2) Devising a method to account qualitatively and quantitatively for the human factor in the wider applied risk assessment methodologies. Verifying how a proper account of the impact of human and organizational factors (H&OF) in the operational phase may provide a sensitive change in the results of the assessments. 3) Reviewing the methods to account qualitatively and quantitatively for maintenance effectiveness, taking also into account HOFs, verifying how a proper account of the maintenance strategy may provide a sensitive change in the results of the assessments. 4) To translate the results of the analysis performed through the novel approach in a factual design improvement initiative for new or existing plant or machinery able to provide leverage for competitive advantage (maximum availability, minimum unscheduled shutdowns of production, economic maintenance, minimum incident incident and accident).
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.1.2 | Award Amount: 2.99M | Year: 2013
Clouds reduces time-to-market and provides on-demand scalability at a low cost. Many private and public Clouds have emerged during the last years, offering a range of different technologies each suited for particular types of applications. SeaClouds tackles the problem of deploying and managing, in an efficient and adaptive way, complex multi-services applications over technologically heterogeneous Clouds. This allows organisations to embrace Cloud solutions and avoid risks of unreliability and vendor lock-in\nSeaClouds provides an answer to questions such as:\n- How can complex applications be deployed, managed and monitored over multiple Clouds, distributing its modules according to the deployment requirements and the strong and weak points of each offering?\n- How can complex applicatiosn be reconfigured if run-time problems are detected?\nSeaClouds approach is based on the concept of cloud-based services orchestration. Orchestration means the automated arrangement, coordination and management of multiple services as a single aggregated complex application, without the need to modify the code of the services. Orchestration can be formally designed to fulfil properties such as QoS of the whole application. Application reconfiguration is also performed by changing the orchestration of the services, when the monitoring detects that certain properties such as QoS are not respected.\nThe objectives of SeaClouds are therefore:\n- Orchestration, adaptation, and verification of services distributed over different Clouds\n- Monitoring and runtime reconfiguration of services distributed over different Clouds\n- Provision of a unified Cloud-independent mechanism to manage services distributed over different Clouds.\n- Alignment of SeaCloudss architecture with major standards for cloud interoperability, particularly OASIS CAMP and TOSCA, promoting them in research and industrial communities\nSeaClouds aims to support developers and application managers; for these target groups SeaClouds will provide:\n- In the design phase:\no\tA new approach based on TOSCA to express how each component of the application should interact with the others\no\tA language to specify requirements in terms of QoS for each components and for the application as a whole\n- In the deployment phase:\no\tTool for searching among existing Clouds in order to find those that best match the developers requirements expressed at design time\no\tTools to deploy the application on the selected Clouds\n- In the runtime phase:\no\tTools to monitor and analyse the performances of each components across different providers\no\tTools to assess whether and which components should be redeployed on different Cloud providers, in case of non-satisfactory performances\no\ttools to redeploy the underperforming components on different Clouds and to adapt the orchestration to the new configuration\nSuch tools will be organized in a framework, which will be available either as software to install on premises or as SaaS, or both
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-ITN-2008 | Award Amount: 4.31M | Year: 2009
The MULTIMOD Training Network will have duration of 48 months and will bring together 8 academic research groups with 5 industrial partners from 8 European countries to undertake innovative research and scientific research training in Multi-Scale Computational Modeling of Chemical and Biochemical Systems. The network will provide unique cross- and multi-disciplinary training opportunities for 19 ESRs (each for 3 years) with background in chemistry, chemical engineering, physics, biology and applied mathematics. The MULTIMOD training network will address the objectives of a) equipping young researchers at the start of their careers with the knowledge and skills required for Europes knowledge-based economy and society and b) overcoming the fragmentation that exists across the European chemical/biochemical research sector. MULTIMOD will intend to raise the efficiency of the chemical/biochemical research sector and improve Europes attractiveness for researchers by (a) concentrating on advances in process modeling and simulation and (b) offering decisive training and transfer of knowledge opportunities. The operation and scope of the training network will be in accordance with the objective identified in the SusChem report Vision for 2025 and Beyond as the urgent need to train the next generation of individuals able to work across the boundaries of chemistry, biology, chemical and biochemical engineering.
SOMATCH - Support IT solution for creative fashion designers by integrated software systems to collect, define and visualize textile and clothing trends through innovative image analysis from open data
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: ICT-18-2014 | Award Amount: 1.22M | Year: 2015
The objective of the SOMATCH is to improve the competitiveness of EU SMEs in Textile and Clothing (T&C) and design focused sectors by the collection, definition and visualization by ad hoc interfaces of fashion trends. SOMATCH will provide creative designers with detailed and reliable trends estimations and forecasts of user acceptance. Its goal will be achieved by the creation of an innovative tool for the mining and visualization of large sets of unstructured data, related to the use and preferences of fashion products by consumers, supporting T&C companies quick reaction to the market dynamics and better adaptation of design to real consumers demand. SOMATCH faces this complex and challenging deal by the combined development and application of SoA advanced image analysis technology, unexploited and innovative in clothing and fashion, combined with social network analysis. Its results will be presented to interested end users by dedicated interfaces and instruments: mobile devices as well as ad hoc visualization tools will be explored for this purpose. The visualisation of the generated data will be performed from off-line statistics, generated after data processing, and by new real-time instruments for image collection and evaluation of designs. They will be targeted also by the integration of the systems with new SoA mobile and wearable (for ex. Google Glass) devices to collect information and to visualise trend interpretation. This approach will open a vast field of new approaches for the fashion designers, supporting final users involvement into the whole trend evaluation and a close interaction with them. To reach this purpose Somatch consortium includes research centres expert in image and content analysis (TUM, UPC), software providers experts in data management, platform development and fashion tools (Holonix. Sparsity, Ideal), end users from SME textile industry and retail (DENA) and social networking and e-commerce (Weblogs, NJAL).
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: FoF.NMP.2011-1 | Award Amount: 12.44M | Year: 2011
According to the International Energy Agency, the Manufacturing sector is at worldwide level responsible for approximately 37% of primary energy consumption being, in most of the developed countries, it is the largest energy consumer and CO2 producer. In this new competitive scenario, European manufacturers have to rethink the current ideas of manufacturing and factories, to be prepared for the new resource and energy efficient, sustainable factories of the future. The EMC-Factory project will develop a radically new paradigm for cost-effective, highly productive, energy-efficient and sustainable production systems, by using a breakthrough approach in: defining economically and ecologically oriented requirements for processes, equipment and management strategies, and provide system solutions to meet these requirements; definining enabling technologies to provide resource and emission reduction in manufacturing systems; providing integration technology reference models enabling and supporting new sustainable production; devising new factory design tools aimed at increasing overall energy/resource efficiency; providing standards for economically and environmentally sound factory infrastructures. The Project will improve and develop new technologies and processes, combining existing tools and methods in an overall integrated framework, in order to achieve the highest impact in terms of environmental sustainability of manufacturing systems. It will focus on main energy intensive processes within the most relevant industrial sectors in Europe (automotive, rail and aerospace), developing tangible and industry relevant results to be easily implemented in manufacturing environments. The project results will therefore lead to a sustainable green factory framework, oriented towards a highly resource and energy efficient production, as well as economically profitable. The new established paradigm will become a permanent reference point in European Manufacturing.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: FoF.NMP.2013-2 | Award Amount: 9.65M | Year: 2013
The young optoelectronic industry has critical mass and already impacts for more than the 10% on the European economy, employing 290 000 people and guarantees a stable double digit growth in current and coming years. Europe is playing a leading role in R&D (>1,000 research organization active) and is still able to face Far East and American competitors in manufacturing. whiteR is a necessary action to translate this R&D excellence into future leadership in manufacturing high value added optoelectronic devices. whiteR production island aims to make a move away from the manual assembly processes that have characterized the industry for decades to high-accuracy, high-yield, automated methods. The new manufacturing concept is based on the combination of fully automated, self contained, white room modules whose components - robots, end effectors, transport, handling and tooling systems - are conceived as Plug&Produce mechatronic sub-modules properly configured coherently with the production requirements. The technical objectives of whiteR system are: 50% reduction of cost compared to current productions system; 30% set-up and ramp-up time reduction by self adaptive reconfigurability; All components of the production system reusable re-assembled and upgraded in a new different system; Creation of a EU/International standard for optoelectronic package configuration. The achievement of the objectives will be demonstrated by 2 different demonstrators where the same whiteR island will be reconfigured to be used in two different real industrial environments related to the laser processing (Prima Power) and the solar energy systems (NSL). whiteR team forms a lean and efficient organization linking together 3 academic and research institutions to 10 industrial partners from 5 different countries, including both system development companies and industrial end users.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: ICT-21-2016 | Award Amount: 1.35M | Year: 2017
The objective of Morpheos is to create in EU a centralized open ecosystem based on consumer morphology where creative enterprises can have access to knowledge about customers expectations and need (customization knowledge in the following) to enhance their creativity and design processes. It will address the needs of EU creative SME manufacturers, consumers and creative web developers and entrepreneurs. Based on the analysis of actual solutions limits, Morpheos offers a different disruptive approach, exploiting actually available KET (smart mobile, 4G broadband), open ecosystem approach and social interaction not possible in the past. Specific objectives are: deployment of MORPHEOS PLATFORM for item suggestion based on unique identification of the customer and morphotype DB, in form of plug&play addons for major e-commerce platforms (Wordpress, Joomla, Magento, Prestashop) to be affordable, accessible to SMEs and fit for high design goods produced in EU; SMARTHPONE AND MOBILE MEASURE COLLECTION exploiting in commercial environment mobile camera potential to collect consumer measures, fully integrated with the addons; refinement, validation and implementation of the self-learning MATCHER algorithm for item personalized indication; DEMO AND SCALE-UP use in operational environment, paving the way to commercial exploitation; creation of a standardized unique BIG DATA of morphotypes of all geographical groups of on-line world consumers and products; the MORPHEOS ECOSYSTEM ready for third party additional solutions and apps by web entrepreneurs to exploit the potential of the sw with new functionalities and to expand its use to other sectors. The final objective is to realize a beta version of the platform and of add-ons for the major ecommerce platforms, validated in real business environment by SME vendor end users and consumers in fashion and interior design sectors, to prove the validity of the solution in 2 major creative EU manufacturing sectors.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: SCC-01-2015 | Award Amount: 28.05M | Year: 2016
Sharing Cities has four key objectives. 1) To achieve scale in the European smart cities market by proving that properly designed smart city solutions, based around common needs, can be integrated in complex urban environments. This will be done in a way that exhibits their true potential and allows for the significant scale-up and consequent increase in social, economic and environmental value. 2) Adopt a digital first approach which proves the extent to which ICT integration can improve and connect up existing infrastructure, as well as the design and running of new city infrastructure. This will also allow for the creation of a new set of next stage digital services which will help citizens make better and beneficial choices around energy efficiency and mobility, which when scaled up will enhance the citys ability to hit key targets for mobility, housing, energy efficiency and resilience, and economic development. 3) Accelerate the market to understand, develop and trial business, investment and governance models, essential for the true aggregation and replication (through collaboration) of smart city solutions in cities of different sizes and maturities. In doing this, we intend to accelerate the pace by which we make transformative improvements, and enhance sustainability in communities. 4) Share and collaborate for society: to respond to increasing demand for participation; to enhance mechanisms for citizens engagement; to improve local governments capacity for policy making and service delivery through collaboration and co-design; resulting in outcomes that are better for citizens, businesses and visitors. These will be delivered by a range of expert partners across 8 work packages.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-26-2016 | Award Amount: 5.93M | Year: 2017
MoveCare develops and field tests an innovative multi-actor platform that supports the independent living of the elder at home by monitoring, assist and promoting activities to counteract decline and social exclusion. It comprises 3 hierarchical layers: 1) A service layer provides monitoring and intervention. It endows objects of everyday use with advanced processing capabilities and integrates them in a distributed pervasive monitoring system to derive degradation indexes linked to decline. 2) A context-aware Virtual Caregiver, embodied into a service robot, is the core layer. It uses artificial intelligence and machine learning to propose to the elder a personalized mix of physical/cognitive/social activities as exergames. It evaluates the elder status, detects risky conditions, sends alerts and assists in critical tasks, in therapy and diet adherence. 3) The users community strongly promotes socialization acting as a bridge towards the elders ecosystem: other elders, clinicians, caregivers and family. Gamification glues together monitoring, lifestyle, activities and assistance inside a motivating and rewarding experience. Off-the-shelf components are assembled in a robust and reliable way to get a low-cost multi-actor IP-domotic platform that can be massively deployed at elders home. The use of software/hardware standards assures interoperability and makes MoveCare adaptable to utmost novel components. Full configurability, personalization, adaptation to elder needs applies to all components to maximize elder compliance, even when computer illiterate. On-field testing starting early in the project assures an implementation iterative approach involving all actors. MoveCare identifies functional and technical metrics to characterize and evaluate the system by means of improvement in its abilities as described by the Multi-Annual Roadmap. The metrics lead to the definition of an evaluation framework transferrable to other fields
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2013.4-4. | Award Amount: 5.59M | Year: 2013
CORSAIR project is a wide investigation concerning the capabilities of Cold Spray Technology for maintenance and repair of aeronautic frames and components. Today, deep and systematic investigation in Cold Spray is required to better understand the capabilities and fully validate the technology in aeronautics. In this scenario, the activities planned in CORSAIR project are (1) Explore the real capabilities of Cold Spray in several practical examples of aeronautic repair applications; real components to be repaired will be selected by aeronautic companies and cold spray repair protocols defined during the project. A condensed list of the parts and repairs considered during the project includes the Repairs of New Parts: castings and machined parts exhibiting different kind of defects; and the Restoration of Serviced Parts and components. The Base and deposition Materials are Light Alloys such as Al, Ti and Mg alloys. Homogeneous Repair (repair where the deposited material is the same of the base material) and Heterogeneous Repair (repair where the deposited material is different with respect to the base material) will be considered. (2) deep investigate the coating and repair characteristics (mechanical, microstructural, thermal and chemical properties) in order to finely tune and define where Cold Spray could be further applied for maintenance and repair in aeronautics. (3) deep investigate the effect and the characteristics of feedstock materials required for deposition (4) to give the required reliability to the coating deposition and repair processes to validate the technology for aeronautic industry. (5) To surpass the actual technological limitations of line-in-sight Cold Spray deposition process developing new nozzles for out-of-view surfaces. (6) To develop a New Industrial Portable Cold Spray Unit to extend the capabilities of in situ maintenance and repair applications. CORSARI has been previously submitted to AAT-2012-RTD-1 obtaining a score of 13/15.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-ITN | Award Amount: 3.92M | Year: 2012
ARDENT is a multi-site ITN that will provide training for 15 ESRs in the field of advanced instrumentation for radiation dosimetry. This training initiative is founded on actions aiming to strengthen and enrich international cooperation amongst all partners involved (7 Full and 5 Associate), promoting the technological transfer of the research results to industry through the active involvement of four industrial partners (3 Full and 1 Associate). The project focuses on three main technologies: gas detectors (gas electron multipliers and tissue equivalent proportional counters), solid state detectors (Medipix and silicon microdosimeters) and track detectors (CR-39 and nanodosimeters). It addresses the development of these types of instruments for mixed-field dosimetry, microdosimetry, spectrometry, beam monitoring. The applications range from the characterization of mixed radiation fields around particle accelerators, in particular accelerators for cancer therapy with electron, proton and carbon ions, on board commercial flights and in space, to the measurement of the secondary dose to patients undergoing radiation therapy, and can equally be employed for measurement of the properties of clinical hadron beams. The overall goal of ARDENT is to train young researchers in a sector that is very important for the future of European research, at the same time fostering the development of the European private sector. Some of the institutes involved in ARDENT have a long-standing bilateral collaboration but at present there is no global collaboration amongst all partners involved in this ITN. ARDENT therefore also represents an excellent opportunity to strengthen existing links and to create a new network among all partners. A series of network-wide activities, in terms of both training and collaborative research, and a strong programme of secondments are an essential part of this ITN. Several outreach activities complete the ARDENT programme.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.5.1 | Award Amount: 21.96M | Year: 2008
Each year Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) causes over 1.9 million deaths in the EU, causing direct health costs of 105 billion. Coronary Heart Disease (CHD), half of all CVD deaths, is the single most cause of death in Europe. Heart Failure (HF) a CHD being the most frequent cause of hospitalization for people over 65 has 10 million patients in the EU. Current treatment of HF entails recommendations from clinicians on medication, diet and lifestyle. Patients only receive feedback at doctors visits, or when facing symptoms. Daily monitoring, close follow up, and help on treatment routine is lacking. Non-adherence to the treatment regime is a major cause of suboptimal clinical benefit.HeartCycle will provide a closed-loop disease management solution to serve both HF and CHD patients, including hypertension, diabetes and arrhythmias as possible co-morbidities. This will be achieved by multi-parametric monitoring of vital signs, analysing the data and providing automated decision support, to derive therapy recommendations.The system will contain a patient loop interacting directly with the patient to support the daily treatment. It will show the health development, including treatment adherence and effectiveness. Being motivated, compliance will increase, and health will improve. The system will also contain a professional loop involving medical professionals, e.g. alerting to revisit the care plan. The patient loop is connected with hospital information systems, to ensure optimal and personalised care.Europes health system is undergoing radical changes due to an aging population. Its moving from reactive towards preventative care, and from hospital care to care at home. Tomorrows patients will become more empowered to take their health into their own hands. New ICT is required to enable this paradigm shift.HeartCycle, coordinated by Philips leading in electronics and health care , includes experts on textiles, ICT, decision support and user interaction.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-SoU | Phase: EEB.ENERGY.2012.8.8.3 | Award Amount: 30.14M | Year: 2013
The EU-GUGLE project mobilises public / private resources to build showcases of totally around 226,000 m2 of cost-efficient urban Zero Carbon Building Renovation models in AT, FI, DE, IT, SK & ES - together with associated cities in SE&TR. EU-GUGLE is designed to respond to the needs of an effective take-off of the Smart City initiative within the EU SET-plan and in particular by demonstrating different sustainable energy technologies and techniques integrated in an intelligent way within lighthouse buildings. Although the individual demonstration projects are independent from each other, being designed to fulfil local building-user needs and utilising local resources perfectly integrated in these smart objects, there are many similarities between them. The foreseen implementation plan is a symbiosis of integrating activities, such as Sharing latest research results especially of retrofitting technologies & smart RES integration into buildings Demonstrating appropriate energy solutions in order to reach energy savings of 25.6 GWh/a for heating and DHW and 2.5 GWh/a for electricity in terms of primary energy Establishing adequate business environment favourable for Smart City demonstrations Serving as benchmark for sustainable buildings&districts and spreading best-practice Implementing innovative retrofitting technologies & techniques validated in six partner cities Developing a transparent EU-GUGLE model for immediate replication in three associated cities and abroad. Connecting social needs of building-users with innovative market actors. By deploying an interdisciplinary approach, an innovative / cost-efficient mix of actions, a set of sustainability oriented solutions will be pointed out and transferred to and among the identified target groups of EU-GUGLE. The outcomes and related benefits will be fully exploited by an effective range of actions generating local activities with high visibility character together with the major stakeholders.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2013-1 | Award Amount: 1.29M | Year: 2013
The release of the iPhone on June 29, 2007 marked the advent of the mobile-dominated post-PC era in IT, which accelerated in 2010 after the introduction of the iPad. In the next few years, this mobile-centric model will further increase, with smartphones and tablets expecting to triple from 2012 to 2015. Users will see a new era of increasingly context-aware, multichannel user experiences and software development organizations will have new business opportunities through direct sales in app stores and delivery of B2E and B2B solutions. But the mobile revolution also brings perils, because a more complex client environment is necessary, spanning mobile devices (e.g. smartphones and tablets) through the desktop and based on a client/cloud model. Enterprises will need to address consumers, citizens, and employees through multiple channels with innovative device capabilities and interactive experiences that will change their core products and services. The AUTOMOBILE project aims at designing and bringing to the market innovative methodologies, software tools, and vertical applications for the cost-effective implementation of cross-platform, multi-device mobile applications, i.e. business applications that can be accessed by users on a variety of devices and operating systems, including PC, cellular / smart phones and tablets. Cross-platform and multi-device design, implementation and deployment is a barrier for todays IT solution providers, especially SME providers, due to the high cost and technical complexity of targeting development to a wide spectrum of devices, which differ in format, interaction paradigm, and software architecture. AUTOMOBILE will exploit the modern paradigm of Model-Driven Engineering and code generation to dramatically simplify multi-device development, reducing substantially cost and development times, so as to increase the profit of SME solution providers and at the same time reduce the price and total cost of ownership for end-customers.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP-2010-3.1-1 | Award Amount: 4.02M | Year: 2011
The increasing demands for sustainability have created new challenges and emerging opportunities for society and for business. To be successful manufacturers must be pro-active and creative in thinking about the opportunities that the sustainable economy will present to develop new products and markets and optimize their value networks according to the new sustainability criteria. The overall goal of SustainValue is to develop industrial models, solutions and performance standards for new sustainable and more performing production and service networks. The project will develop governance and business models, a new methodology to support sustainable life cycle decisions and sustainability assurance performance standards for complex business processes in integrated production and service networks. SustainValue results aim 1) to enhance governance and business models that enable active integration of dynamic and complex production systems towards cooperative and sustainable value adding business networks, 2) to simplify the adoption of sustainable approaches, business models and solutions providing sustainability and performance KPIs together with guidelines of implementation, 3) to deliver a new methodology that supports sustainable, competitive and customer oriented life cycle decisions on products and services in complex production systems, 4) to support compliance verification processes for continuous improvement by developing sustainability assurance performance standards for complex business processes in integrated production and service networks.
L.E.S.S. and Polytechnic of Milan | Date: 2014-11-20
A method is described for determining multiplicative faults of a sensor installed in a system comprising a plurality of sensors, comprising the steps of:detecting an effective target signal (s) from a target sensor, representative of a target quantity of the system;detecting one or more auxiliary signals respectively from one or more auxiliary sensors of the system besides the target sensor, representative of auxiliary quantities of the system;determining an estimated target signal (s*) representative of the target quantity from the one or more auxiliary signals;determining a first quadratic difference (r+) between the effective target signal (s) multiplied by a multiplicative positive factor (cr+) greater than 1, and the estimated target signal (s*);determining a second quadratic difference (r) between the effective target signal (s) and estimated target signal (s*);determining a third quadratic difference (r) between the effective target signal (s) multiplied by a positive multiplicative factor (c) smaller than 1, and the estimated target signal (s*);determining a first ratio (r/r+) between the second (r) and lirst quadratic differences (r+);determining a second ratio (r/r) between the second (r) and third quadratic differences (r);comparing the first (r/r+) and second ratios (r/r) with a first comparison factor (Kf);determining the square of the effective target signal (s); determining the square of the estimated target signal (s*); comparing the square of the effective target signal (s) and square of estimated target signatl (s*) with a second comparison factor (Ke); establishing the presence of multiplicative faults of target sensor if at least one between the first (r/r+) and second ratios (r/r) is greater than the first comparison factor (Kf), and at least one between the square of the effective target signal (s) and square of the estimated target signal (s*) is greater than said second comparison factor (Ke).
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-31-2014 | Award Amount: 2.08M | Year: 2015
Digital do it yourself (DiDIY) is a new socio-technological phenomenon in which the widespread availability of digital devices supporting the convergence of physical and informational components and the growing accessibility of knowledge and data through open online communities presage scenarios in which the distinction between users and producers of physical artefacts is fuzzy and new opportunities and threats emerge. DiDIY-related technologies and social practices amplify the creativity and skills of individuals who affordably develop digitally self-made objects, e.g., unique-by-design objects designed by 3D modelling software and generated by 3D printers or networked smart objects equipped with microcontrollers dealing with context information via sensors and actuators. Two network effects catalyse DiDIY: what is custom produced by an individual could be the outcome of contributions from a world-wide community of developers sharing their interest towards open innovation, thus operating as knowledge multiplier; what is made available here and now by a smart object could be the aggregation of signals from a set of sources in the network, thus operating as information extender. In this (presumed) industrial revolution the project aims at: * setting a conceptual framework to explore the impact of DiDIY, * producing information, models and guidelines to support education and policy making on DiDIY that, while enabled by technology, should be driven by social and cultural strategies. The project will study how DiDIY is * reshaping organization and work, education and research, * impacting on social and legal systems * changing creative design and ethics. The development of a systemic interpretation is the challenge for the multidisciplinary project team, which will collaboratively explore a complex phenomenon with implications on identity, privacy, reputation, responsibility and safety and will offer a roadmap fostering a DiDIY-based human-centric European development.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2009.5.1.1 | Award Amount: 5.16M | Year: 2010
Membranes for oxygen and hydrogen separation play a key-role in the development of CO2 emission-free coal or natural gas power plants. In addition, cost-effective oxygen and hydrogen production processes are urgently needed in gas supply industry. Today existing membranes, however, are not able to meet the requirements for an economical use because of the high costs in combination with limited permeability values and long-term stability in the operating environment. The objective of this project is, therefore, the development of thin mixed conducting membranes for O2 and H2 separation by using a new deposition technique Low Pressure Plasma Spraying Thin Film (LPPS-TF) in combination with nanoporous, highly catalytic layers. TF-LPPS is a technique based on a combination of thermal spray and Physical Vapour Deposition technology. It allows the cost-effective production of thin, dense coatings on large areas at low substrate temperatures and has already successfully been used for the deposition of membranes for the solid oxide fuel cells. In this project both ceramic and metallic substrates will be used for deposition. It is expected that, by using the LPPS-TF process a dense, stable deposit with thickness lower than 20 micron can be obtained. This would allow to increase membrane performances while decreasing their manufacturing costs. Catalytic layers will be also applied to enhance the surface reactions becoming rate limiting for thin membranes. Membrane performances will be assessed in pilot loops in order to meet specific targets in terms of permeability and stability at temperature. A modelling study concerning the integration of the developed membranes in power and hydrogen production plants will be also performed. This will provide inputs for process scale-up and cost evaluation in the selected plant configurations in order to approach zero CO2 emission and a CO2 capture cost of 15 /ton.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: FoF.NMP.2013-9 | Award Amount: 4.67M | Year: 2013
The RobustPlaNet project aims at developing an innovative technology-based business approach that will drastically change the current rigid supply chain mechanisms and the current product-based business models into collaborative and robust production networks able to timely deliver innovative product-services in very dynamic and unpredictable, global environments. This technology-based business approach will allow distributed supply networks to efficiently deliver innovative product-services to customers with extremely high service levels (at least 95%) in global markets characterized by demand and variant turbulence, thus particularly exposed to worldwide disruptive (mainly economic) events. The development of this new business approach is based on four major pillars, namely (i) innovative supply services, (ii) innovative product-services enabled by ICT, (iii) innovative methodologies for decision-making integrating the plant and the supply network level and (iv) innovative business and assessment models for value creation based on partnership. The innovative services will include mechanisms for supply network coordination by production-related information- and risk-sharing contracts and predictive maintenance and equipment reconfiguration services for reliable plants. These services are provided by the equipment suppliers to the OEMs and component suppliers, whereas remanufacturing services are provided by the OEM and component supplier in the aftermarket. With the aim of developing a universal approach that can be integrated into different application domains, the feasibility will be demonstrated at machining and assembly processes in both inter- and intra-enterprise environments. In RobustPlaNet the demonstrations will apply the Navigation & Simulation Cockpit, the tool supporting decision makers on different levels of the plants and networks to react quickly and effectively to disturbances and uncertainties and keep the robustness of the overall network.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.3.2 | Award Amount: 5.41M | Year: 2009
This proposal addresses Objective ICT-2009.3.2: Design of Semiconductor Components and Electronic Based Miniaturized Systems by development of methods and tools to cope with the design challenges in the next generations of technologies and focuses on the objective design for manufacturability taking into account increased variability of new processes. The project described in this proposal targets the optimization of manufacturability and the reduction of systematic variations in nanometer technologies through exploitation of regularity at the architectural, structural, and geometrical levels. We propose the creation of a methodology and associated suite of design tools which extract regularity at the architectural and structural level and automate the creation of regular compound cells which implement the functionality of the extracted templates. The cell creation will employ Restricted Design Rules (RDRs) and other regularity techniques at the geometrical level to maximize manufacturability and reduce systematic variations. Since the majority of designs in the nanometer regime employ some form of SRAM the project will include a study of the effects of RDRs on SRAM in terms of performance and manufacturability and the subsequent definition of a set of RDRs which allow manufacturability optimization for logic functions while remaining compatible with SRAM technologies. To this end we have assembled a consortium of European academic, research and industrial experts with world class experience in regularity approaches at the various levels. In order to ensure the successful commercialization and deployment of the resulting tool suite the consortium includes a European EDA vendor with significant expertise in the field of design optimization through automated cell creation. This project will enable European industry to play a leading role in the definition of next generation design methodologies and challenge the US domination in the area of design automation.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2010-8 | Award Amount: 12.29M | Year: 2011
ASTUTE aims at defining reference architecture for the development of HMIs, targeting proactive information retrieval and delivery based on situational context, as well influenced by information content and services, and user state information. This architecture will support the user intentions, optimizing the choices available to the user, while keeping the user in control of the situation. Verified by demonstrators, the architecture will allow for multiple instantiations for different domains such as avionics, automotive and emergency management. The ultimate goal is to develop a platform for building embedded products that capture and act upon user intentions thereby taking into account the users context (i.e. user environment and all the factors which will influence the user performance) and state (i.e. aspects determining the ability of the user to perform in a given situation). The challenge is to seamlessly access relevant multimodal information in a context-sensitive way. For instance, in the aviation domain, this architecture will be used in novel design of the flight deck alerting and notification system. Pilots will receive alerts and notifications via a multimodal interface which selects the appropriate modality on the basis of the context and the user state. In the automotive domain, the system will integrate information from various sources (camera, physiological parameters, etc.) to proactively present decision support information, at the right level of detail according to the context, by discarding annoying or distracting low level information. The ASTUTE approach will be validated with demonstrators proposed by large industrial organizations (Honeywell, BMW, ST-Italy, Akhela, Luciad): 1) Smart embedded alert and notification system for flight deck (avionics); 2) Embedded driver safety assistance system (automotive) 3) Embedded driver infotainment system (automotive); 4) Smart embedded emergency dispatching system (emergency management).
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2011.2.1 | Award Amount: 1.06M | Year: 2011
Computer and Robot Assisted Surgery (CRAS) is an area receiving broad attention world wide, because of its strong potential to achieve new levels of healthcare. In Europe, the robotics and the cognitive science communities have been independently pursuing research in this field, making significant, but fragmented contributions. Furthermore, strong manufacturers of surgical instruments are present in Europe. Thus, the objective of this project is to develop an integration methodology for the efforts of all research and manufacturing players in CRAS. The goal of this methodology is to facilitate the development of new products and their integration into surgical robots endowed with cognitive capabilities, thus establishing the new field of Cognitive Robotic Surgery.\nTo achieve this objective, the EuRoSurge project will develop a conceptual framework that will: simplify communication among the surgical, engineering and manufacturing communities; facilitate the integration of results of research and development into complex systems; simplify technology transfer from research to products; identify research synergies and thus maximize the impact of funding. EuRoSurge will provide a framework for continued and effective cooperation and instruments that will facilitate the integration of research from different European Laboratories.\nEuRoSurge goals will be achieved by the implementation of the following actions:\n1.\tIdentification of all the research laboratories and companies involved\\active in robotics and cognitive science carrying out work in CRAS.\n2.\tDevelopment of a map of the current activities in CRAS in Europe\n3.\tIdentification of the main integration elements of Cognitive Surgical Robotics:\na.\tDefinition of common language and conceptual structure;\nb.\tDefinition of modular architecture;\nc.\tDefinition of performance validation and compatibility tests;\nd.\tIdentification of potential non-technical roadblocks.\n4.\tProposing actions leading to the integration of European efforts in CRAS, resulting in:\na.\tAn action plan for extending these activities on a longer/broader range,\nb.\tA recommendation/proposal to the European Commission for a supported activity,\nc.\tAn action plan for a community-driven open-source activity.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH.2012.1.1-2 | Award Amount: 3.22M | Year: 2013
Creativity is a fundamental transformative mechanism of the European economy. To study this mechanism, this project brings together 11 of Europes leading innovation research centres, and is structured around six themes: 1. Mapping and measuring the creative-cultural industries and their impacts; 2. Understanding and modelling creativity and design; 3. Entrepreneurship and industrial dynamics in the creative-cultural industries; 4. Digital ecosystems, user participation and the blurring of production and consumption; 5. Intellectual property, IP rights and innovation in creative-cultural activities, and, 6. Policy issues and recommendations. Together, and through nearly 25 person years of research, we will make substantial progress in methodologies and provide fresh and integrated approaches in the study of creativity and innovation, as well as in the dynamics of these industries. This will result in new data sets, policy briefs and tools, as well as academic articles and books. Above all, the project will substantially enhance the state of knowledge and understanding of the nature and characteristics of creativity and innovation, the cultural-creative industries, and their role in shaping the future European economy and society. It will also provide important and reliable evidence regarding the emergence, promotion and stimulation of creativity in relation to innovation in Europe, and how creativity-based entrepreneurship contributes to economic growth and wellbeing. The project will also be a highly valuable and original source of knowledge and understanding for the research, business and policymaking communities at both the EU and national / regional levels. The project will also help build a European research community focused on creativity and innovation, and will contribute to building research capacity by providing opportunities for early career researchers. It will also seek to advance the role of women researchers and research managers in Europe.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP-2008-3.3-1 | Award Amount: 4.56M | Year: 2009
Non-hierarchical production networks are a common environment of todays manufacturing companies. Each company is facing multiple and dynamic relationships within several networks. This complex situation causes permanent delivery delays. Delayed supplies lead to wasteful turbulences in the entire network and to expensive compensations. For the European manufacturing industry the loss of efficiency is estimated to be 1 billion Euros per year. Besides the costs the missing delivery reliability leads to poor customer satisfaction and increased lead times. The key objective of inTime is to improve delivery reliability in each customer-supplier relationship balancing production in the overall network. In order to foster delivery reliability each supply has to be rewarded according to his delivery performance. Today only a minority of supplies is successfully secured by manual negotiated delivery penalties. Due to the high variation of supplies manual levelling of incentives is a time consuming process. Therefore a fair share of risk between customer and supplier is not transparent. inTime will reach transparency by developing a market based negotiation mechanism rewarding delivery reliability at minimum transaction costs. Key innovation of the project is to establish an electronic market for trading reliability incentives. Besides the development of the market mechanism, the integration into the entire order process requires several novelties which have to be developed simultaneously: - The negotiation mechanism supports a new kind of order prioritisation. To realise this potential new planning and sequencing algorithms are needed. - In order to gain transparency on the criticality of each supply, functions analysing the internal risk and related costs of the required parts have to be developed. - Enabler for inTime is an automated order data communication. To avoid redundant developments inTime will apply the existing communication platform myOpenFactory.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: FoF-ICT-2011.7.4 | Award Amount: 6.68M | Year: 2012
RLW Navigator aims to develop an innovative Process Navigator to configure, integrate, test and validate applications of Remote Laser Welding (RLW) in automotive assembly addressing todays critical needs for frequently changing operating conditions and product-mix provisions. Thus, RLW Navigator will crucially serve as an enabler for future energy efficient smart factories. RLW is emerging as a promising joining technology for sheet metal assembly due to benefits on several fronts including reduced processing time, (50-75%) and decreased factory floor footprint (50%), reduced environmental impact through energy use reduction (60%), and providing a flexible process base for future model introduction or product change. Currently, RLW systems are limited in their applicability due to an acute lack of systematic ICT-based simulation methodologies to navigate their efficient application in automotive manufacturing processes. The project aims to address this by developing a Process Navigator simulation system that will deal with three key challenges thereby allowing manufacturers to utilize the advantages of the RLW system.\nFirstly, the most critical obstacle that currently prevents the successful implementation of RLW is the need for tight dimensional control of part-to-part gap during joining operations, essential to ensure the quality of the stitch.\nSecondly, the existing assembly system architecture must be reconfigured to provide the opportunity to evaluate the RLW system in terms of its feasibility to perform all required assembly tasks. This will provide crucial information about the most advantageous workstation/cell reconfiguration, which will serve as the basis for optimal robot path planning to reduce joining process time and workstation level efficiency assessment.\nFinally the project will develop systematic evaluation and learning methods to assess and improve the overall performance, cost-effectiveness and eco-efficiency of the RLW system.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2012-1.1.2. | Award Amount: 7.12M | Year: 2014
The RISIS project aims at creating a distributed research infrastructure to support and advance science and innovation studies. This will give the field a strong scientific push forward, and at the same time, provide a radically improved evidence base for research and innovation policies, for research evaluation, and for the quality of policy relevant indicators. The field of science and innovation studies is interdisciplinary, and is related to political sciences, sociology, management and economics. It has a strong quantitative core - with specialties such as scientometrics, technometrics and more widely indicators design - but for many important questions data were lacking or small scale only. This has made the field too much dependent on a few pre-existing datasets. However, during the last decade important efforts have been undertaken to develop new datasets on burning issues such as industrial R&D globalisation, patenting activities of firms, university performance, Europeanisation through joint programming, or the dynamics of nano S&T. Another new characteristic of the field is the development together with computer scientists of software platforms for collecting, integrating and analysing ever more data. Data and platforms are currently owned and/or located at many different organizations, such as individual research groups, companies, and public organizations with very restricted access to others. Through deploying various networking and access strategies, and through joint research, RISIS will decisively open, harmonize, integrate, improve, and extend their availability, quality and use.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: Fission-2012-2.3.1 | Award Amount: 10.27M | Year: 2013
Nuclear power plays a key role in limiting EUs greenhouse gases emissions, and makes an important contribution to improve European Unions independence, security and diversity of energy supply. However, its social acceptance is closely linked to an enhanced safety in the management of long-lived radioactive waste contributing to resource efficiency and cost-effectiveness of this energy and ensuring a robust and socially acceptable system of protection of man and environment. Among the different strategies, partitioning and transmutation (P&T) allows a reduction of the amount, the radiotoxicity and the thermal power of these wastes, leading to an optimal use of geological repository sites. In line with the Strategic Research Agenda of SNE-TP, the SACSESS collaborative project will provide a structured framework to enhance the fuel cycle safety associated to P&T. In addition, safety studies will be performed for each selected process to identify weak points to be studied further. These data will be integrated to optimise flowsheets and process operation conditions. A training and education programme will be implemented in close collaboration with other European initiatives, addressing safety issues of nuclear energy industry. The multidisciplinary consortium composed of European universities, nuclear research bodies, TSOs and industrial stakeholders will generate fundamental safety improvements on the future design of an Advanced Processing Unit. SACSESS will thus be an essential contribution to the demonstration of the potential benefits of actinide partitioning to the global safety of the long-lived waste management.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-1 | Award Amount: 1.49M | Year: 2009
Hydraulic power transmission with oil as power transmission fluid is widely applied in industrial applications. The main consumer of hydraulic fluids are heavy duty hydraulic machines such surface and underground mining equipment, drilling rigs and earth-moving machines. Petroleum-based hydraulic fluids and lubricants are persistent and toxic. They need to be disposed at the end of life in order to minimize the dispersion in the environment, and the are carcinogen and have resulted in almost 10,000 workers developing malignant tumours, resulting in more than 5,600 reported deaths/year in the EU. Additionally the use of oil-based hydraulic machines poses severe fire and safety concern in harsh industrial environment (i.e. high temperature). The inevitable trends in the construction industry and legislation show very clearly that the oil in the hydraulics should be replaced with less pollutant media. Biodegradable synthetic oils show lower performance, poor lubrication, higher costs, greater wear, seal compatibility problems, and long-term stability concerns. Substitution of oil by water is the best solution for an environmental, safety, health and cost perspective. However in the high-pressure fluid applications, the requirements for the substrate/coating systems are extremely severe, because wear resistance, friction and corrosion aspects must be addressed. Nowadays no application of water hydraulics in the machines for construction and mining, which represents the biggest market for hydraulic components and the largest consumers of oil, exist. HYDRO-COAT project is aimed at developing the knowledge and the technology to produce a new range of environmental friendly machines for construction using water as hydraulic fluid, addressing the technical barriers imposed by the use of water instead of oil. This objective will be reach by integration innovative coating solutions with optimal design of hydraulic components for use with high-pressure water.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH-2007-1.2-03 | Award Amount: 1.86M | Year: 2008
The aim of the VICO project is to assess the impact of Venture Capital and Private Equity (VC/PE) financing on the economic performance of European innovative entrepreneurial ventures as they are reflected by their innovation output, employment, growth, and competitiveness, and the role VC/PE investors play in helping these firms bridge their resource and competence gap beyond the provision of financing. Particular attention will be devoted to the institutional variety of VC/PE investors in Europe. We will consider factors affecting both the demand for and the supply of VC/PE financing, at micro and macro level. In particular, we will analyze how the effects of VC/PE financing on the economic performance of portfolio companies are moderated by i) the characteristics of the investor, ii) the characteristics of invested firms, and iii) the characteristics of the business and institutional environment in which firms operate. In addition, we will examine specific open issues that play a crucial role for the development of the VC/PE sector in Europe, namely: i) the design of a mix of multi-level policy schemes targeting seed and pre-seed capital; ii) exit mechanisms for VC/PE investors; and iii) the European integration of the VC/PE sector and the internationalization of VC/PE investors. The project will benefit from a unique combination of qualitative (survey analyses and case studies) and quantitative empirical methodologies. As to these latter, the project will build and use a micro¯o cross-country panel type dataset with a rather long longitudinal dimension and wide coverage of EU countries so as to overcome some of the key weaknesses of the extant empirical literature. The consortium is a blend of well known scientists from different disciplines (i.e. finance, innovation economics, entrepreneurship, management, policy science). Several of them have already collaborated in EU promoted research projects (such as the VCFUN project promoted by the PRIME NoE).
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: ERC-STG | Phase: ERC-StG-2014 | Award Amount: 1.50M | Year: 2015
Mid-infrared (mid-IR) spectroscopy is a nearly universal way to identify chemical and biological substances, as most of the molecules have their vibrational and rotational resonances in the mid-IR wavelength range. Commercially available mid-IR systems are based on bulky and expensive equipment, while lots of efforts are now devoted to the reduction of their size down to chip-scale dimensions. The demonstration of mid-IR photonic circuits on silicon chips will benefit from reliable and high-volume fabrication to offer high performance, low cost, compact, low weight and power consumption photonic circuits, which is particularly interesting for mid-IR spectroscopic sensing systems that need to be portable and low cost. In this context, the INsPIRE project will address a new route towards key advances in the development of chip-scale integrated circuits on silicon for the mid-IR wavelength range. The original idea is to use nonlinear optical properties in Ge/SiGe quantum well (QW) active devices combined with Ge-rich-SiGe waveguides. The objectives of the INsPIRE project are far beyond the state of the art, by targeting the monolithic integration of passive and active devices for operation in the 3 to 15 m wavelength range. As a main cornerstone we will demonstrate an optical photonic circuit based on Ge/SiGe QWs relying on a mid-IR light emitter combined with a mid-IR spectrometer and a detector array. The integration will be performed using Ge-rich-SiGe waveguides allowing the extension of the wavelength range up to 15 m. Such demonstration, which will constitute a breakthrough for establishing chip-scale circuits for the mid-IR photonics, requires a deep knowledge and understanding of Ge/SiGe optical properties. In particular, second- and third-order nonlinear optical properties of Ge/SiGe QW structures will be investigated in a wide spectral range from 3 to 15 m.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-15-2014 | Award Amount: 10.03M | Year: 2015
The European cement industry has committed itself to contributing to climate protection measures and therefore to curbing its CO2 emissions. CO2 capture technologies, although an essential part of all CO2 reduction scenarios, are not yet ready for large-scale deployment in the cement industry. Hence, the primary objective of CEMCAP is To prepare the ground for large-scale implementation of CO2 capture in the European cement industry To achieve this objective, CEMCAP will - Leverage to TRL 6 for cement plants the oxyfuel capture technology and three fundamentally different post combustion capture technologies, all of them with a targeted capture rate of 90%. - Identify the CO2 capture technologies with the greatest potential to be retrofitted to existing cement plants in a cost- and resource-effective manner, maintaining product quality and environmental compatibility. - Formulate a techno-economic decision-basis for CO2 capture implementation in the cement industry, where the current uncertainty regarding CO2 capture cost is reduced by at least 50%. For successful large-scale deployment of CO2 capture in the cement industry, technologies must be developed beyond the current state of the art. In order to bring the most high-potential retrofittable CO2 capture technologies to a higher TRL level and closer to implementation, CEMCAP will - Describe the routes for the development required to close technology gaps for CO2 capture from cement and assist technology suppliers along the related innovation chains. - Identify and follow up minimum five potential innovations springing from CEMCAP research. Technologies suitable for CO2 capture retrofit are focused on in CEMCAP, because cement plants typically have a lifetime of as long as 30-50 years. However, the results from CEMCAP will enable looking beyond this horizon. Therefore, CEMCAP will - Create pathways for the low to near-zero CO2 emission cement production of the future.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2009.3.2.1.1 | Award Amount: 3.52M | Year: 2010
The project tackles the problem of earthquake-impact on Cultural Heritage assets starting from basic consideration that efficient protection, with substantial guarantee of compatibility and low-intrusivity, can only be achieved with minimum intervention approach. This requires that potentialities of existing materials and components are as much as possible exploited in terms of strength and energy dissipation, and candidate interventions are validated and optimized on specific, real application conditions. At the project start, earthquake-induced failure mechanisms, construction types and materials, intervention and assessment techniques will be cross-correlated with the aim of developing new integrated methodologies with a systemic approach. Traditional materials will be enhanced by innovative industrial processes (e.g., nano-limes or micro-silica for injection), and new high-performance (e.g. dissipative) elements will be developed. Novel collaborative combinations of them will be tested on structural components (walls, pillars, floors, vaults) and on structural connections (wall-, floor- and roof-to-wall), which converge the behaviour of single strengthened elements into the global structural response. The envisaged techniques will be also validated on model buildings and substructures. Advanced numerical studies will allow parameterizing the results and deriving simple and optimized design procedures. Early warning techniques for intelligent interventions and advanced monitoring techniques for knowledge based assessment and progressive implementation of interventions will be also developed. This bottom-up approach will bring to new integrated materials, technologies and tools for systemic improvement of seismic behaviour of CH assets. The new solutions will be condensed into guidelines for end-users. The large participation of research centres, SME, and end-user from various countries, including ICPC and MPC, ensures increased impact of the research.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: FoF.NMP.2011-5 | Award Amount: 7.99M | Year: 2011
This project aims at developing an innovative Quality Control System that will drastically change the current concept of End Of Line quality control, going beyond currently established methodologies such as Six-sigma and SPC. It will prevent the generation of defects within the process at single stage and the propagation of defects between processes at multi-stage system level. This Quality Control System will be proactive, offering three different solution strategies to avoid End of Line defects: (i) elimination of the predicted defect through adjustment of process characteristics by proactively intervening on the inputs to the process (process parameters, etc.), (ii) on-line reworking of the product in order to eliminate the defect, (iii) on-line workpiece repair through defect elimination at consecutive process stages. Technological developments will be based on the design and development of new hardware technologies, techniques and software solutions that in turn are based on real-time multi-data gathering by the integration of new sensor and inspection equipment, development of intelligent actuators and the of new monitoring and prognosis knowledge-based models. To develop a universal system able to be integrated into different production processes, its feasibility will be demonstrated in machining and assembly processes at both macro and micro product scales. The integration of the in-process Quality Control system into the production chain will minimize the amount of defective part production, reaching process capability values of more than 2.0 in mass production, and equivalent reduction of defect amount in small-lots and customized product manufacturing. Application domains will include emerging strategic European sectors such as the production of electrical engines for sustainable mobility, large-part manufacturing for the wind power sector and the production of customized micro-intravascular catheters as high value medical products for the aging society.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 3.87M | Year: 2013
The growth of advanced composites in construction in recent years has been spectacular, doubling in size in the last 10 years. This expansion has been largely due to the use of Fibre Reinforced Polymer reinforcement in structural applications and, although the current economic climate has seen a slowdown of the general construction market, the demand of composite products within the European construction market is estimated to grow and reach 3.1 billion by 2013. The on-going requirement for more durable structures and more efficient rehabilitation solutions is the key driving force behind the introduction of FRPs in the construction industry as reinforcing or strengthening material for concrete and masonry structures. In Europe alone, the annual cost of repair and maintenance of the infrastructure is estimated to be about 50% of the construction budget. Composite materials are readily used in a large number of applications and yet, a set of accepted design guidelines does not exist and most construction professionals are unaware of what composites are and rely on specialists who often use their own standards and guidelines. Moreover, little interaction exists between academia and industry and practical applications are time and again a reflection of a design approach instructed by conservative guidelines, which hinder innovation. The aim of the Network is to train researchers in the use of advanced composites for construction so as to develop and maintain a critical mass of research groups that will address the main scientific challenges in the field, enable the development of advanced material standards and design guidelines, co-ordinate European research, and offer a link between academia and industry. The Network will strengthen the European Research Area on composite reinforcements and will contribute to increase the competitiveness of the European construction industry worldwide.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.3.5 | Award Amount: 7.07M | Year: 2010
IMC-AESOP will investigate a Service-oriented Architecture approach for monitoring and control of Process Control applications (batch and continuous process). Large process industry systems are a complex set of multi-disciplinary, connected, heterogeneous systems that function as a complex system of which the components are themselves systems. They link many components from individual groups of sensors to e.g. whole control, monitoring, supervisory control systems, performing SCADA and DCS functions.\nThe future Perfect Plant will enable monitoring and control information flow in a cross-layer way. Components can be dynamically added or removed and dynamic discovery enables the on-demand information combination and collaboration. All systems will collaborate in an enterprise-wide system of systems, dynamically evolving based on business needs.\nIMC-AESOP deals with several key challenges that arise such as real-time web services, interoperability, plug and play, self-adaptation, reliability, cost-effectiveness, energy-awareness, high-level cross-layer integration and cooperation, event propagation, aggregation and management. Using SOA we will go to complex infrastructures linked in a cross-layer way from devices to enterprise systems. Transition from legacy systems will be studied for existing ones. The SOA-based approach proposed by IMC-AESOP will simplify the integration of monitoring and control systems on application layer.\nIMC-AESOP will demonstrate the application feasibility in pilots. The use cases provided from several end-users will be demonstrated in pilot applications. Engineering tools, application modelling and methodologies will be investigated and highlights on the future of the domain will be provided by research and academic partners. The IMC-AESOP partnership among important ICT players / stakeholders of the industrial value chain is a key aspect of the proposal that allows to foresee important contributions to relevant standardization bodies.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-1 | Award Amount: 1.06M | Year: 2010
With increasing demands from customers and public authorities on using environmentally acceptable processes there is a great need for SMEs within the metal surface painting industry to change pre treatment process. Todays pre treatment system, zinc phosphating, is a chemical process with high consumption of water and energy and with use of potentially toxic chemicals like nickel and zinc. The need to substitute zinc phosphating is also related to pretreatment of light weight material e.g. aluminum and magnesium. These substrates cause sludge formation and quality problems. New environmentally acceptable pre treatment processes based on non dangerous chemicals, free from heavy metals, causing no sludge formation, and requiring less process control have been developed during the last 10 years. The project addresses the problem to replace the standard pre-treatment process for out-door use, zinc phosphating with a new process. This is the only way to meet the increasing demands from customers and authorities. The magnitude of the problem can be understood by the fact that the process in use has 40 years of experience and the new processes have a completely different way of protecting the product. The SMEP will considerably improve their competitive position by being in the lead with the new silane/zirconium based processes. That is if the process for change will be successful regarding selection, adaption and running the process and if the dissemination will succeed. The strategic objective of the project is hand-on- knowledge to the SMEs packaged in a Tool box for successful implementation of new pretreatment systems. The toolbox will contain procedures for how to evaluate, adapt and implement the new pretreatment systems and how to control the new pretreatment processes. The research performed in the project will result in improved and verified test procedures; quality assured corrosion protection and process control.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2007-3.1-1 | Award Amount: 7.44M | Year: 2009
The proposal is addressing the need of European manufacturing companies of a new model that go beyond lean manufacturing to ensure the transformation of the enterprise into lean environment. This is to response to the customers and market demands of value creation incorporating sustainability, culture and customisation. A significant change in enterprise performance can come from the adoption of lean thinking throughout the entire product life cycle. The aim is to develop a new model based on lean thinking that will consider entire product life cycle, providing a knowledge based environment to support value creation to the customers in term of innovation and customisation, quality as well as sustainable and affordable products. This will be called Lean Product and Process Development (LeanPPD) paradigm. The required knowledge for value creation in LeanPPD model will be developed based on the European standard and open architecture to ensure data and knowledge integrity and to provide a lean environment across the product life cycle and the supply chain. The project proposes to develop novel set-based lean design tools that ensure the concurrent consideration and development of lean product design as well as it associated lean manufacturing system. The user driven approach will be ensured by the six business cases (BC) provided by the end-users from different sectors in the consortium. These BCs will serve to derive requirements upon the tools, methodology and models being developed , to test the solutions developed and will serve as industrial demonstrators of the proposed concept.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.2.1 | Award Amount: 4.00M | Year: 2011
The emergence of networked embedded systems and sensor/actuator networks has made possible the collection of large amount of real-time data about a monitored environment. Depending on the application, such data may have different characteristics: multidimensional, multi-scale, spatially distributed, time series. Moreover, the data values may be influenced by controlled variables, as well as by external environmental factors. However, in many cases the collected data may be incomplete, or it may not make sense for various reasons, thus compromising the sensor-environment interaction and possibly affecting the ability to manage and control key variables of the environment. Such problems are generally the result of some fault in the sensor/actuator system itself or an abnormality in the monitored environment, which may be either permanent or temporary, developing abruptly or incipiently. These problems become more pronounced as sensing/actuation systems get older. The main objective of this project is to develop intelligent methods for analyzing and interpreting the data such that faults are detected, isolated and identified as soon as possible, and accommodated for in future decisions or actuator actions. The problem becomes more challenging when these sensing/actuation systems are used in a wide range of environments which are not known a priori and, as a result, it is unrealistic to assume the existence of an accurate model for the behavior of various components in the monitored environment. Therefore, this project will focus on cognitive system approaches that can learn characteristics or system dynamics of the monitored environment and can adapt their behavior and predict missing or inconsistent data to achieve fault tolerant monitoring and control.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENV.2013.6.3-2 | Award Amount: 3.10M | Year: 2014
This proposal outlines a range of activities that will help efficient gas-free magnetic cooling move from being a laboratory scale technology to being a high-volume marketable product. This project specifically focuses on the application of magnetic cooling technology to the domestic refrigeration market. This is a technology being developed by SMEs but which will eventually be used by global appliance manufacturers. This proposal aims to enhance the collaboration between SMEs (such as Camfridge, PSUtec, Re-gent and IIR), global appliance manufacturers (such as Whirlpool) and draw on the expertise found in Universities and Research Centres (Politecnico di Milano and S.C.I.R.E.) Magnetic refrigeration uses solid refrigerants and so is gas free; in Europe this will remove iso-butane with a GWP of 3.3, but which is flammable; outside Europe it will remove HFCs with a GWP of 1000 or more. Magnetic cooling is intended to be a cost effective solution for enabling the A\\\ appliance; and when combined with the latest insulation it will enable the A\\\\ appliance, not yet defined in the EU standard.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: FoF-11-2015 | Award Amount: 6.80M | Year: 2015
The requirements on production systems are continuously being shifted towards higher flexibility and adaptability. The ReCaM-project will demonstrate at TRL 7 a set of integrated tools for the rapid and autonomous reconfiguration of agile production systems, both at operational as well as managerial levels, integrated with the existing production planning and scheduling tools (MES). This approach is based on intelligent plug-and-produce capable self-describing mechatronic objects, which are able to auto-program and self-adjust to the required task by utilizing parametric capabilities. These next generation flexible production systems and the proposed set of enabling ICT tools will allow a rapid and cost-efficient reaction to dynamic market changes, also in small-lot production contexts, reducing the efforts needed to switch between product types and production quantities. ReCaM-solutions are expected to allow increasing the amount of variants and decreasing the lot sizes by 50% in an economically feasible way. Also, at least 30% reduction in set-up and changeover times and costs are expected. The integrated planning tool will take into consideration the energy consumption of the specific resources and try to minimize it by smart production scheduling, utilization of integrated operating-point switching of mechatronic objects, and reconfiguration. Thus, at least 5% reduction in energy consumption is anticipated. The project will ground on existing de-facto standards and specifications regarding reconfigurable system architectures, resource data models, control architectures and interfaces, and will provide and supplement new specifications for the missing aspects. The ReCaM consortium sees strong involvement of SMEs to RTD and demonstration activities and two end-users from major EU sectors, thus enabling proper exploitation of the demonstrated results worldwide.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CS2-IA | Phase: JTI-CS2-2014-CFP01-ENG-01-01 | Award Amount: 5.21M | Year: 2016
Our consortium is applying for the Engine Mounts System (EMS) of the Ultra High Propulsive Efficiency. Our 3 objectives are: 1. Assist the Engine Manufacturer & the Airframer in the evaluation & selection of the most promising & suitable Engine Mounts System (EMS) configuration. Criteria for evaluation: weight, cost, dynamic performance, certification, impact on engine & aircraft assembly. 2. Design, build, & test the selected concept for the Ground Test (GT) that is planned to validate study predictions & performances. Our intent is to develop solutions & technologies to minimize weight, reduce manufacturing process complexity, improve system dynamic performance, increase reliability, & provide continuous monitoring of system health & usage & measure in-flight EMS conditions & loads. The plan includes new solutions & technologies with a min. TRL 4 at CDR in order to advance to TRL 5, 6 at GT incl. EMS overall configuration validation & component optimization. 3. To develop & insert new solutions for ground test with lower TRLs than 4 at CDR as parallel activities. These lower TRL solutions selected on their potential to provide a significant leap in the performance, manufacturing, & assembly. Our consortium consists of 1. international company with global reach & renown experience in the EMS industry, LORD Corp 2. a German SME, excelling in manufacturing of aerospace structures, HEGGEMANN 3. an Italian consulting SME in the field of structural mechanics, Vicoter 4. an Italian University, one of the leading science & technology universities in Europe, Politecnico di Milano This consortium set up a Work Plan starting in 3Q 2015 for a duration of 72 months, which is divided into 7 Work Packages: WP1: Management & reporting WP2: Concept Studies & EMS Specification definition WP3: GT Design & Development WP4: GT Manufacturing & Delivery WP5: GT Qualification & Testing WP6: Support for Engine GT WP7: Innovation & new Technologies development
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2015-ETN | Award Amount: 3.45M | Year: 2015
The continuous trend towards miniaturization and multi-functionality embedded in products and processes calls for an ever increasing innovation, research and development within the European manufacturing sector. A necessary condition for the European productive sector to be at the global forefront of technology, ensuring job creation and sustainable growth, is to have access to innovative, entrepreneurial, highly skilled research engineers in the fields of micro manufacturing and micro product/process development. The MICROMAN ITN will provide world excellent research training to 13 ESR in the field of micro manufacturing proposing: (1) innovative technological solutions for high quality and high throughput micro production (micro manufacturing process fingerprint, zero-defect net-shape micro manufacturing) for the micro manufacturing industry; (2) cutting edge inter-disciplinary training in different domains (-polymer moulding, -metal forming, -extrusion, -tooling technologies, -product metrology, -manufacturing process metrology); (3) validation of different micro manufacturing processes by integration into process chains for the production of micro component for the bio-medical, health-care, machine tool, pharmaceutical, quality control sectors. The training strategy is based on the 50-30-20 principle, in which each single ESR will develop a core technical competence, a complementary technical competence, and a general technical competence in all domains addressed by the project with a research effort proportional to the 50%-30%-20% of the total effort. An all-round, comprehensive yet specialized, training in micro manufacturing will be ensured. Specific training on project engineering research management and entrepreneurship completes the training and provides the ESR the required skills to effectively contribute to the competitiveness of the European micro manufacturing industry, and in turn to job creation and well-being of the European society.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: FCT-04-2015 | Award Amount: 3.80M | Year: 2016
The Internet has become a key piece of any business activity. Criminal activity is not an exception. Some crimes previous to the Internet, such as thefts and scams, have found in the Internet the perfect tool for developing their activities. The Internet allows criminals hiding their real identity and the possibility to purchase specific tools for stealing sensitive data with a very low investment. The overall objective of RAMSES is to design and develop a holistic, intelligent, scalable and modular platform for Law Enforcement Agencies (LEAs) to facilitate digital Forensic Investigations. The system will extract, analyse, link and interpret information extracted from Internet related with financially-motivated malware. Customers, developers and malware victims will be included in order to obtain a better understanding of how and where malware is spread and to get to the source of the threat. To achieve these ambitious objectives, this project will rely on disruptive Big Data technologies to firstly extract and storage, and secondly look for patterns of fraudulent behaviour in enormous amounts of unstructured and structured data. We will focus on 2 case studies: ransomware and banking Trojans. In order to this, RAMSES brings together the latest technologies to develop an intelligent software platform, combining scraping of public and deep web, detecting manipulation and steganalysis for images and videos, tracking malware payments, extraction and analysis of malware samples and Big Data analysis and visualizations tools. Validation pilots will take place in three different EU countries (Portugal, Belgium and Spain) being the first a mono-LEA pilot in each site and the second a collaborative investigation pilot between several LEAs. Commercial potential will be validated during the project supported by a feasibility study to assess determinants for the adoption of the platform and appropriate business models.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-EJD | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-EJD | Award Amount: 3.83M | Year: 2015
Natural Gas (NG) will be one of the key parameters of the EU energy policy for the next decades. EU gas imports are expected to reach over 80% of total consumption by 2030. Thus, the EU is investing heavily in natural gas equipment. Natural gas combustion has two side effects: the production of greenhouse gases and the emission of pollutants. Conventional techniques used to reduce these emissions are post-combustion treatments. Another solution is to act directly on the combustion process, limiting the pollutant formation, while maximizing the efficiency. New processes are using this strategy: regenerative burners, flameless combustion, combustion of highly diluted mixtures or oxy-combustion. These technologies are still poorly understood. It is therefore important to develop studies on these new combustion processes, whose development needs real technological breakthroughs. Reaching these goals requires to investigate the involved phenomena and detailed experiments and modelling of the kinetics and fluidynamics of the combustion processes are of paramount importance. The CLEAN-Gas EJD Programme proposes high-level training for doctoral candidates with the following main objectives: developing and sharing innovative experimental diagnostic techniques; creating and validating detailed chemistry mechanisms of the combustion process; proposing new turbulent combustion models; enhancing high performance computing; encouraging team work and project oriented approach; proposing innovative applications, processes and technologies for NG combustion; participating in the European energy policy. All students will receive a high-level training in the aforementioned domains through their PhD work with a multi-disciplinary vision and a key training for developing professional skills. The PhD candidates will be able to understand and respond to most of the key issues of the natural gas use in the European context.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: FoF-09-2015 | Award Amount: 997.15K | Year: 2015
The ICT Innovation for Manufacturing SMEs (I4MS) initiative was launched by the EC on July 2013 with an initial budget of 77 million Euro. During its first stage, I4MS has shown substantial success and contributed to the progressive development of European SMEs adopting advanced ICT solutions for manufacturing. The initiative has already achieved some of the main goals resulting from the interaction with SMEs through the successful launch of open calls that generated a high participation of SMEs, many of them newcomers to EU R&D funding programs. The actual stage of the projects involved in I4MS brings the need for enhanced support and specific actions towards their exploitation success and towards better leveraging the European Manufacturing Sector through the implementation of ICT solutions within the Manufacturing SMEs. Four additional projects have joined the initiative, these projects will need to integrate in the initiative and have same services of support as the projects included in the first phase of I4MS, such as open calls support, etc For this purpose, I4MS-Growth has designed different strategies that will among others: Renew the I4MS Portal with improved areas for providing information of interest to: regional entities, competence centers, SMEs, etc Enable the interchange of synergies between IPs and IAs involved in the initiative Support the interaction with the I4MS Competence Centre Network; Continue to promote and support the involvement of SMEs in the new launch of open calls for IAs; Reinforce the brand and image of the Competence Centers Network of Excellence as well as their interaction with innovation hubs; Facilitate the dissemination of the experiments for a future replication and implementation of the I4MS scheme within the regions; Position the I4MS initiative as one of the key initiatives in Europe for the Manufacturing and ICT sector. Administrative management of innovation hubs.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SPIRE-04-2016 | Award Amount: 6.88M | Year: 2016
The objective of the project IMPROOF is to drastically improve the energy efficiency of steam cracking furnaces by at least 20%, in a cost effective way, while simultaneously reducing emissions of greenhouse gasses and NOx per ton ethylene produced by at least 25%. One important way to reduce the energy input in steam cracking furnaces is to reduce coke formation on the reactor wall. The use of either advanced coil materials, combined with 3D reactor designs, improved process control, and more uniform heat transfer will increase run lengths, reducing simultaneously CO2 emissions and the lifetime of the furnaces. Biogas and bio-oil will be used as alternative fuels because they are considered renewable, and hence, decrease net CO2 production. Application of high emissivity coatings on the external surface of the radiant coils will further substantially improve the energy consumption. Less firing is required to reach the same process temperatures in the radiant coils. This will reduce fuel gas consumption and CO2 emissions by 10 to 15%. IMPROOF will demonstrate the advantage of combining all these technological innovations with an anticipated increase of the time on stream with a factor 3. To select the correct technologies for sustainable implementation in complex plant-wide and industrial data-intensive process systems, all the technology will be implanted in real-plant conditions at TRL6 in DOW. The strongly industrial oriented consortium is composed of 7 industrial partners, including 2 SME completed by 2 RTO and 2 university. This partnership shows a clear and strong path to the industrial and economical world with the involvement of all actors of the furnaces business. The financial resources mobilized by the partners represent a total grant of 6 878 401,25 with a global effort of 538 person.month.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: ECSEL-IA | Phase: ECSEL-14-2015 | Award Amount: 61.99M | Year: 2016
Addressing European Policies for 2020 and beyond the Power Semiconductor and Electronics Manufacturing 4.0 (SemI40) project responds to the urgent need of increasing the competitiveness of the Semiconductor manufacturing industry in Europe through establishing smart, sustainable, and integrated ECS manufacturing. SemI40 will further pave the way for serving highly innovative electronic markets with products powered by microelectronics Made in Europe. Positioned as an Innovation Action it is the high ambition of SemI40 to implement technical solutions on TRL level 4-8 into the pilot lines of the industry partners. Challenging use cases will be implemented in real manufacturing environment considering also their technical, social and economic impact to the society, future working conditions and skills needed. Applying Industry 4.0, Big Data, and Industrial Internet technologies in the electronics field requires holistic and complex actions. The selected main objectives of SemI40 covered by the MASP2015 are: balancing system security and production flexibility, increase information transparency between fields and enterprise resource planning (ERP), manage critical knowledge for improved decision making and maintenance, improve fab digitalization and virtualization, and enable automation systems for agile distributed production. SemI40s value chain oriented consortium consists of 37 project partners from 5 European countries. SemI40 involves a vertical and horizontal supply chain and spans expertise and partners from raw material research, process and assembly innovation and pilot line, up to various application domains representing enhanced smart systems. Through advancing manufacturing of electronic components and systems, SemI40 contributes to safeguard more than 20.000 jobs of people directly employed in the participating facilities, and in total more than 300.000 jobs of people employed at all industry partners facilities worldwide.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 3.99M | Year: 2017
Sustainable Multi-functional Automated Resilient Transport Infrastructures ETN, will bring together a stimulating platform where the stakeholders of the transport infrastructure sector will work alongside world-wide experts in smartening of systems (developers of high-tech sensors, advanced monitoring equipment, automated structures, etc.,) with direct support from the roads, railways and airports managers. This environment will enable talented graduates to conceive the transport infrastructure network of the future and will provide them with world-wide extended training in each of the four pillars supporting the SMARTI vision: designed to last by maximising recycling and minimizing impact (Sustainable), conceived not for transport purposes only and towards optimisation of land use (Multi-functional), equipped for communicating with managers and users, to allow a more intuitive use and a simplified management (Automated), built to be adaptable to natural and anthropogenic hazards (Resilient). The consortium will combine and share expertise to offer advanced scientific training structured into network-wide thematic taught modules combined with original research supported by secondments that will expose fellows to both academia and industry and will also allow them with the possibility to be award with Doctoratus Europeus. The training programme will be enriched by specific modules to support job creation by enabling the fellows with business, entrepreneurship, communication, project management and other transferrable skills. A tailored Dissemination strategy will evaluate the variety of channels and means appropriate to allow the fellows to be prepared and successful in reaching both scientific and larger public audiences. As a result, SMARTI ETN will create a new generation of highly-skilled and appealing professionals that will be in great demand in this rapidly expanding field and will benefit Europe and developing countries
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: FOF-03-2016 | Award Amount: 7.57M | Year: 2016
Manufacturing companies are continuously facing the challenge of operating their manufacturing processes and systems in order to deliver the required production rates of high quality products of increasing complexity, with limited use and waste of resources. Zero Defect Manufacturing (ZDM) is a recent paradigm aiming at going beyond traditional six-sigma approaches in highly technology intensive and strategic European manufacturing sectors through new knowledge-based approaches. The ZDM paradigm is of key importance to manage production quality targets in advanced manufacturing industries. The implementation of this paradigm in industry requires innovative defect management and control methods, novel technologies for in-line inspection and integration of knowledge management and ICT tools for smart and sustainable decisions in complex industrial scenarios, which are not available in the market. The aim of the ForZDM project is to develop and demonstrate tools to support the rapid deployment of ZDM solutions in industry and design more competitive and robust multi-stage manufacturing systems. The proposed ZDM approach is based on the combined adoption of new knowledge-based data-gathering and root-cause analysis solutions to reduce the generation of defects as well as new on-line defect management and improved production traceability solutions to mitigate the propagation of defects along the production line stages. This will be achieved through the proper integration of innovative enabling technologies, such as cyber-physical systems, selective inspection, advanced analytics and integrated process and part-flow control solutions.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: FoF.NMP.2010-1 | Award Amount: 5.32M | Year: 2010
The European automotive industry and their component manufacturers are facing the biggest shift in their history. The transition from combustion engines to electric drives (e-vehicle) requires pro-duction facilities that can initially deal with low and varying production volumes and can quickly be up-scaled to large numbers at need. LOCOBOT provides a solution to this problem by developing a flexible robotic assistant platform to support manual production processes and increase the produc-tivity and precision of such tasks. LOCOBOT does not only include the robot itself but also the en-gineering tools that are required for quickly building the robot, setting up its control structure and defining its tasks. Facing the demographic change, a further goal of LOCOBOT is the improvement of ergonomics in industrial production processes. A group of key players in the automotive industry, in automation components, advanced robots and engineering software will be supported by a group of excellent researchers to solve the technical and scientific challenges in LOCOBOT. The results will be demonstrated by setting up 3 typical and highly relevant use cases in a pilot production line of Audi AG. The automotive industry will benefit from LOCOBOT by having a robot assistant that can be quick-ly reconfigured in terms of its kinematic structure as well as its tasks. This allows them to make manual production processes much more efficient, to quickly up-scale a production process if re-quired and to improve working conditions by reducing the need to lift heavy objects (such as wheel hub drives for the e-vehicle). This will enable the industry to achieve a leading position in the the e-vehicle market and to keep up with the expected customer demand. The immediate impact (2-5 years) of LOCOBOT will be about 150 MEur in savings due to increased flexibility and efficiency, and will be 10 times as much in the following years depending on how the production numbers of the e-vehicle evolve.
Vecchia G.D.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Jommi C.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Romero E.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia
International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics | Year: 2013
A constitutive model, accounting for multiphase and multiscale coupling, is proposed for the water retention domain and the stress-strain response of compacted clayey soils. The model is based on a conceptual interpretation of the microfabric evolution of compacted soils along generalised hydromechanical paths, detected by means of mercury intrusion porosimeter tests. Multiphase coupling is provided by the mutual interaction between the mechanical and the hydraulic states. Multiscale coupling is introduced by a measure of the size of the aggregates, which influences both the retention and the stress-strain response, in the phenomenological constitutive equations. Model capabilities are verified by comparison with relevant experimental data from laboratory tests on compacted Boom clay and other selected experimental data on different compacted clayey soils. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
BFT SpA and Polytechnic of Milan | Date: 2015-08-12
The invention concerns a method for detecting obstacles to be applied to a gate moving horizontally or pivoting about a vertical axis. Such a gate (1) includes at least one detection means (5) suitable for determining its acceleration. Such a method is characterised in that it uses, for its operation, a combination of conditions on the maximum vertical acceleration, longitudinal acceleration and speed variation values.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FoF-05-2014 | Award Amount: 6.00M | Year: 2015
Product-service solutions are not a novelty for manufacturing domain, in particular for Europe. Services are becoming more and more not just an optional adjunct to products, but they are integral part of manufacturing industries offer, able to differentiate the product value proposition, to take a significant part of the revenue stream and even to substitute the traditional selling of products with more innovative service-oriented business models. There are still 5 main obstacles which are currently preventing service innovation to be pervasively adopted by all EU manufacturing industries, SMEs included: I. Products and Services : How to preserve the specific characteristics of product and services in a value chain, without creating isolated and not interconnected walled gardens? II. Design and Manufacturing: How to reconcile Real World and Digital World in PLM allowing multi-directional interoperability of the digital images of the same product between design-manufacturing? III. Knowledge and Sentiment: How to consider both professional knowledge and crowd sentiments, trying to mediate extreme product-push and market-pull positions? IV. Service-Oriented and Event-Driven: How to create a generic conceptual and implementation framework which could identify and implement the interoperability points between SOA and EDA in PLM value chain systems? V. Business and Innovation: How to reconcile current profitable and competitive product-oriented business models with more intangible, risky, service-oriented and Internet-based businesses? PSYMBIOSYS aims at improving the competitiveness of European Manufacturing industries by developing an innovative product-service engineering environment, symbolized by a five-pointed symbiosis star design-production, product-service, knowledge-sentiment, EDA-SOA, business-innovation and able to dramatically reduce the time-to-market of more attractive and sustainable product-service solutions.
Leva S.,Polytechnic of Milan
Electric Power Systems Research | Year: 2011
A three-phase model of asynchronous machines operating at medium or high frequencies is presented. It can be used to study the propagation of surge waves along the stator windings of induction form wound machines. The model is derived from an analogy with a three-phase transmission line. The use of time-space Clarke vectors allows the introduction of mutual coupling between phases. The analytical expressions for voltage waves are derived by means of the Laplace approach to the solution of hyperbolic partial differential equations. Some applicative examples confirm the model validity and can underline some aspects of the project of three-phase windings. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Grassi F.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Pignari S.A.,Polytechnic of Milan
IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility | Year: 2013
In this paper, common mode (CM) and differential mode (DM) voltages induced by bulk current injection at the terminations of a differential interconnection are predicted and correlated to the degree of unbalance of the terminal units. This is done by extending a previously derived lumped-parameter representation of the injection probe and by combining modal analysis with a multiconductor transmission line theory. Under nonrestrictive assumptions on termination unbalance, it is shown that CM and DM voltages can be readily predicted by two equivalent circuits. The circuit for CM prediction is independent on termination unbalance and directly excited by the injection probe. The circuit for DM prediction does not involve any of the probe model parameters, and is driven by two voltage sources related to the induced CM voltages through the common-mode rejection ratio of each termination. Model accuracy was proven by measurements carried out on a test bench setup according to the BCI Standards. © 2013 IEEE.
Vecchiato R.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Roveda C.,Polytechnic of Milan
Research Policy | Year: 2014
Public procurement can be a major source of innovation. The potential benefits of public procurement might be fully exploited through the acquisition not only of appliances which are already available in the market, but also of new appliances which are tailored to the specific needs of the local community and might be exported as well to the international markets. In this way, public procurement might allow to improve the services delivered to the local community and to increase the technological competitiveness of the local industrial and research system. In this context, regional foresight might help identify both long-term societal needs and the patterns of evolution of emerging technologies that can match these needs. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate, trough the recent experience of the regional government of Lombardy, the role of foresight for enhancing public procurement and innovation policy at the regional level. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Spadacini G.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Pignari S.A.,Polytechnic of Milan
IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility | Year: 2013
The influence of twist-pitch nonuniformity on the radiated susceptibility of a twisted-wire pair (TWP) running above ground and illuminated by a plane-wave field is investigated via a transmission-line model. The geometrical representation of the TWP involves a bifilar helix with a variable pitch function, which readily allows for the description of any unwanted/unknown deviations from the ideal twist geometry. Basic examples are used to show that such a deformation plays a fundamental role in the pickup of differential-mode (DM) noise, thus substantiating the need for the proposed prediction model. By describing the pitch random variations as a spatial stochastic process, a realistic representation of the twisting features is obtained (both for TWPs with imperfect uniform twists and for TWPs intentionally manufactured with random nonuniform twists). Repeated runs are used to characterize the sensitivity of the induced DM noise to random nonuniform twisting. Especially, it is shown that the twist-pitch nonuniformity, sometimes intentionally used to reduce pair-to-pair crosstalk in TWP cables, may however lead to a severe decrease of the TWP immunity to external fields. © 2013 IEEE.
Grassi F.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Pignari S.A.,Polytechnic of Milan
IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility | Year: 2013
In this paper, immunity of differential dc power lines, recently considered as the physical layer for power line communications (PLC) onboard spacecraft, is assessed from the theoretical viewpoint. The analysis focuses on conducted immunity of the PLC channel to noise generated by the terminal units of the power line (PL). Particularly, multiconductor transmission line theory and modal decomposition are used to characterize the susceptibility of the PLC link to common mode and differential mode (DM) components of the conducted noise. Closed-form expressions for signal and noise contributions at the receiving modem are derived and used to develop design rules for the involved coupling/decoupling networks. By combining the spectral properties of the PL noise with the propagation properties of the link, it is shown that DM signaling, besides assuring a nearly flat channel frequency response, results to be more immune to the PL noise. Finally, the role that possible unbalance of the power units may play on the system conducted immunity and radiation properties is discussed by deriving analytical expressions of the longitudinal and transversal conversion loss associated with the PL terminal networks. © 1964-2012 IEEE.
Longhi S.,Polytechnic of Milan
Optics Letters | Year: 2010
A photonic realization of the Dirac oscillator (DO), i.e., of the relativistic extension of the quantum harmonic oscillator, is proposed for light propagation in fiber Bragg gratings. Transmission spectra clearly show the existence of electron and positron bound states of the DO, corresponding to resonance modes above and below the Bragg frequency, as well as the asymmetry of the energy spectrum for electron and positron branches. © 2010 Optical Society of America.
Longhi S.,Polytechnic of Milan
Optics Letters | Year: 2010
An optical analog of Zitterbewegung (ZB), i.e., of the trembling motion of Dirac electrons caused by the interference between positive and negative energy states, is proposed for spatial beam propagation in binary waveguide arrays. In this optical system the ZB is simply observable as a quiver spatial oscillatory motion of the beam center of mass around its mean trajectory. © 2010 Optical Society of America.
Bernuzzi C.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Simoncelli M.,University of Pavia
Engineering Structures | Year: 2015
In this paper attention is focused on the uprights, i.e. vertical elements of the skeleton frames of steel storage rack systems. Their response is quite difficult to predict because of the significant influence of the interaction between local, distortional and overall buckling phenomena, owing to the presence of open mono-symmetric thin-walled cold-formed cross-sections. As a consequence, very high engineering competences are necessarily required to guarantee relevant load carrying capacities with structural systems of extremely limited weight and of very modest costs. Design provisions admit few alternatives, leading to different sizes and weight of the racks and, as consequence, to different degrees of economic competitiveness on the market. In the framework of a more general research project on steel storage rack structures, three options of designing the uprights in Europe have been investigated in the present paper. Several cases from practice have been selected, which comprise of uprights differing for cross-section geometry, slenderness and load conditions. A suitable finite element program for academic use characterized by a refined beam formulation capable of capturing key features of uprights has been used to model the elastic buckling interaction between the axial load and the bending moment. Non-negligible differences have been detected for what concerns the admitted design approaches in terms of beam-column load carrying capacity; furthermore, the direct comparison of the research outcomes offers practical indications for an optimal use of the material in accordance with the required safety standards. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.
Lualdi M.,Polytechnic of Milan
Proceedings of the Symposium on the Application of Geophyics to Engineering and Environmental Problems, SAGEEP | Year: 2011
GPR 3D investigations ensure the correct and proper reconstruction of an object within a surveyed space, and the final image is effective and understandable by the end-user. Using GPR, a new positioning system called PSG (Pad System for Georadar) was developed for "true" 3D acquisitions over small areas. The system allows the easy and fast acquisition of a geo-referred, regular and dense matrix of GPR traces that satisfies the Nyquist theory for both in-line and cross-line directions. Two prototype GPR systems were assembled by combining the PSG with a dual-polarization antenna (HH and VV). One prototype was equipped with a bipolar high frequency 2GHz antenna and was tested on a concrete slab to map the rebar and determine how the marble slabs covering the investigated structure were anchored. This prototype acquired the minimum number of GPR traces at regular intervals in both in-line and cross-line directions, thus satisfying the Nyquist theory. Furthermore, all the traces had the same polarization as the grooved tracks of the PSG ensure that the GPR antenna always faces the same direction at every point of the investigated area. The second prototype had two 200MHz antennas assembled perpendicularly to simulate the HH and VV antenna dual-polarization. Also this prototype resulted in the profile acquisitions being taken in only one direction, and the result was a regular, and sufficiently dense, data grid that made it possible to acquire 3D images of linear objects independently of their direction.
Da Forno A.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Bestetti M.,Polytechnic of Milan
Surface and Coatings Technology | Year: 2010
Anodic oxidation in the micro-arc regime is one of the most investigated techniques used to coat magnesium alloys with ceramic coatings for protection from corrosion and wear. The composition of the electrolytic solution affects the anodic oxide layer morphology and composition and its behaviour in aggressive environments. In this paper the influence of the composition of the electrolytic solution on the anodic oxidation process of AM60B magnesium alloy and oxide properties is discussed. Scanning electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction were employed to assess morphology, crystallographic structure and composition of the anodic oxide. Electrochemical polarization tests were performed to evaluate the corrosion resistance behaviour of the coated magnesium alloys. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Decker H.,Polytechnic University of Valencia |
Martinenghi D.,Polytechnic of Milan
IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering | Year: 2011
All methods for efficient integrity checking require all integrity constraints to be totally satisfied, before any update is executed. However, a certain amount of inconsistency is the rule, rather than the exception in databases. In this paper, we close the gap between theory and practice of integrity checking, i.e., between the unrealistic theoretical requirement of total integrity and the practical need for inconsistency tolerance, which we define for integrity checking methods. We show that most of them can still be used to check whether updates preserve integrity, even if the current state is inconsistent. Inconsistency-tolerant integrity checking proves beneficial both for integrity preservation and query answering. Also, we show that it is useful for view updating, repairs, schema evolution, and other applications. © 2006 IEEE.
Romano M.C.,Polytechnic of Milan
Chemical Engineering Science | Year: 2012
The calcium-looping process is a promising technique for CO 2 capture from coal-fired power plants and for reducing GHG emissions from the power generation sector. This paper presents a calculation model of the carbonator, the key reactor of the Ca-looping process, where CO 2 is captured as a result of its reaction with CaO. The model presented is based on the Kunii-Levenspiel theory for circulating fluidized bed and on the recent findings on the properties of CaO as a CO 2 sorbent, while taking into account the effects of coal ash and sulfur species.This model can be used for process optimization and for the prediction of the performance of power plants based on the Ca-looping process. Also presented in this paper are the results of a sensitivity analysis of the primary parameters that influence the performance of the carbonator. These results confirm the feasibility of the Ca-looping process with reactors of reasonable size for industrial applications and highlight the importance of the properties of the Ca-based sorbent as they highly affect the carbonator's performance. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Bellan D.,Polytechnic of Milan
Metrology and Measurement Systems | Year: 2015
This paper deals with the amplitude estimation in the frequency domain of low-level sine waves, i.e. sine waves spanning a small number of quantization steps of an analog-to-digital converter. This is a quite common condition for high-speed low-resolution converters. A digitized sine wave is transformed into the frequency domain through the discrete Fourier transform. The error in the amplitude estimate is treated as a random variable since the offset and the phase of the sine wave are usually unknown. Therefore, the estimate is characterized by its standard deviation. The proposed model evaluates properly such a standard deviation by treating the quantization with a Fourier series approach. On the other hand, it is shown that the conventional noise model of quantization would lead to a large underestimation of the error standard deviation. The effects of measurement parameters, such as the number of samples and a kind of the time window, are also investigated. Finally, a threshold for the additive noise is provided as the boundary for validity of the two quantization models. © 2015 Polish Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Rieutord M.,French National Center for Scientific Research |
Valdettaro L.,Polytechnic of Milan
Journal of Fluid Mechanics | Year: 2010
We investigate the properties of forced inertial modes of a rotating fluid inside a spherical shell. Our forcing is tidal like, but its main property is that it is on the large scales. By numerically solving the linear equations of this problem, including viscosity, we first confirm some analytical results obtained on a two-dimensional model by Ogilvie (J. Fluid Mech., vol. 543, 2005, p. 19); some additional properties of this model are uncovered like the existence of narrow resonances associated with periodic orbits of characteristics. We also note that as the frequency of the forcing varies, the dissipation varies drastically if the Ekman number E is low (as is usually the case). We then investigate the three-dimensional case and compare the results to the foregoing model. The three-dimensional solutions show, like their two-dimensional counterpart, a spiky dissipation curve when the frequency of the forcing is varied; they also display small frequency intervals where the viscous dissipation is independent of viscosity. However, we show that the response of the fluid in these frequency intervals is crucially dominated by the shear layer that is emitted at the critical latitude on the inner sphere. The asymptotic regime, where the dissipation is independent of the viscosity, is reached when an attractor has been excited by this shear layer. This property is not shared by the two-dimensional model where shear layers around attractors are independent of those emitted at the critical latitude. Finally, resonances of the three-dimensional model correspond to some selected least damped eigenmodes. Unlike their two-dimensional counter parts these modes are not associated with simple attractors; instead, they show up in frequency intervals with weakly contracting webs of characteristics. Besides, we show that the inner core is negligible when its relative radius is less than the critical value 0.4E 1/5. For these spherical shells, the full sphere solutions give a good approximation of the flows. © 2009 Cambridge University Press.
Ponzini D.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Rossi U.,University of Cagliari
Urban Studies | Year: 2010
This paper critically explores the 'politics of becoming' in a 'wannabe' creative city in the United States. It shows how, in Baltimore's policy sphere, Richard Florida's theory has served as an 'intellectual technology' aiming at the invention of a new macro-actor (the creative class), while related urban regeneration outcomes and prospects appear to be more problematic. In particular, at the city-wide level, the creative class policy has favoured the interests of local politicians and their closer institutional partners; while, in the described context of a socially deprived neighbourhood, the embraced culture-led policy, albeit successful in redesigning a more attractive urban realm and thus in attaining its stated goals, has proved to be concerned more with real estate revitalisation than with issues of social inclusion and life-chance provision. It is concluded that the prevailing institutional imperative of networking and collaboration, as observed in Baltimore's creative class initiative, overemphasises the importance of the politics of association in contemporary urban regeneration processes, while neglecting the relevance of classic goals of socio-spatial justice. © 2009 Urban Studies Journal Limited.
De Sanctis G.,Queen's University of Belfast |
Sarti A.,Polytechnic of Milan
IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech and Language Processing | Year: 2010
We refer to Virtual Analog (VA) as a wide class of digital implementations that are modeled after nonlinear analog circuits for generating or processing musical sounds. The reference analog system is therefore typically represented by a set of blocks that are connected with each other through electrical ports, and usually exhibits a nonlinear behavior. It therefore seems quite natural to consider Nonlinear Wave Digital modeling as a solid approach for the rapid prototyping of such systems. In this paper, we discuss how nonlinear wave digital modeling can be fruitfully used for this purpose, with particular reference to special blocks and connectors that allow us to overcome the implementational difficulties and potential limitations of such solutions. In particular, we address some issues that are typical of VA and physical modeling, concerning how to accommodate special blocks into WD structures, how to enable the interaction between different WD structures, and how to accommodate structural and topological changes on the fly. © 2006 IEEE.
MacChiarella G.,Polytechnic of Milan
IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters | Year: 2010
In this letter, a simple solution is described for obtaining an accurate evaluation of the coupling matrix and the unloaded Q from the measured scattering parameters of a microwave lossy filter (assuming all the resonators with the same unloaded Q). The Cauchy method is applied in a predistorted frequency domain, where the measured (lossy) parameters refer to a lossless device. In this way, it becomes possible to synthesize a prototype low-pass network using well established techniques, once the topology of the filters has been assigned. With respect to the previous methods available in the literature, the one here proposed allows very accurate results even with filters exhibiting large insertion losses; moreover the computing time is extremely short allowing the use of the method in real time computer-aided tuning procedures for microwave filters. An example of application of the proposed method is reported in the letter for illustrative and validating purposes. © 2010 IEEE.
Sesana M.M.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Salvalai G.,Polytechnic of Milan
Building and Environment | Year: 2013
The recast Directive on the energy performance of buildings (EPBD) stipulates that by 2020 all new buildings constructed within the European Union after 2020 should reach nearly zero-energy levels. This means that in less than one decade, all new buildings will demonstrate very high energy performance and their reduced or very low energy needs will be significantly covered by renewable energy sources. Such change is affecting both the nature of the built environment as well the actual method of designing and constructing a facility. The economic feasibility to realize a sustainable construction need to have a clear support by adequate analyses connected to the energy consumption and consequently to the new target reductions in greenhouse gas emissions for buildings. Life Cycle Methodologies (LCMs) are currently not considered in details on the EPBD recast, but according also to recent researches, they might be important tasks in a future recast. The paper analyses this challenge providing an overview on the main LCMs to individuate principles, limitations and implications of these approaches to design a Nearly Zero Energy Building (nZEB). © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Smerzini C.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Villani M.,Polytechnic of Milan
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America | Year: 2012
A numerical study on the 2009 Mw 6.3 L'Aquila earthquake is here presented using a high-performance spectral element (SE) code to clarify the issues regarding the generation of physics-based deterministic ground-motion scenarios in near-fault conditions and over a broad range of frequencies. Numerical simulations provide reliable ground-motion scenarios up to about 2.5 Hz in the epicentral region of the L'Aquila earthquake, as confirmed by the good agreement between the simulated peak ground velocity (PGV) wave field and the observed distribution of damage. Moreover, the synthetic waveforms fit reasonably well the strong-motion recordings within the town of L'Aquila and the surrounding areas. Nevertheless, some discrepancies are found in the upper Aterno Valley, associated to a considerable extent with the details of the rupture process. Improvements on the source modeling are obtained through the definition of stochastically (but realistically) varying kinematic source parameters that may play a relevant role in propagating high-frequency (HF) components of ground motion, poorly controlled by numerical approaches. Finally, the proposed hybrid scheme to generate broadband (BB) synthetic waveforms, by combining the low-frequency (LF) synthetics from SE simulations (f < 2:5 Hz) with HF stochastic components, appears as a powerful tool to generate ground-shaking scenarios over the whole frequency range of interest for engineering applications.
Farina M.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Ferrari-Trecate G.,University of Pavia |
Scattolini R.,Polytechnic of Milan
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control | Year: 2010
This paper presents a novel distributed estimation algorithm based on the concept of moving horizon estimation. Under weak observability conditions we prove convergence of the state estimates computed by any sensors to the correct state even when constraints on noise and state variables are taken into account in the estimation process. Simulation examples are provided in order to show the main features of the proposed method. © 2006 IEEE.
Gianinetto M.,Polytechnic of Milan
Photogrammetric Record | Year: 2012
In modern remote sensing applications the use of automatic image processing codes is becoming increasingly common. When dealing with satellite time series or multi-source data, image co-registration is a time-consuming, but necessary, pre-processing step. This study shows how a medium resolution satellite multitemporal dataset can be effectively processed using automatic data processing. Results on real and transformed ASTER data showed that, without human interaction, the automatic ground control points extraction (AGE) technique, developed at Politecnico di Milano, is able to obtain accuracies generally sufficient for practical applications and similar to those reported in other studies. © 2012 The Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Society and Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Buzzaccaro S.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Secchi E.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Piazza R.,Polytechnic of Milan
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2013
We describe and test a new approach to particle velocimetry, based on imaging and cross correlating the scattering speckle pattern generated on a near-field plane by flowing tracers with a size far below the diffraction limit, which allows reconstructing the velocity pattern in microfluidic channels without perturbing the flow. As a matter of fact, adding tracers is not even strictly required, provided that the sample displays sufficiently refractive-index fluctuations. For instance, phase separation in liquid mixtures in the presence of shear is suitable to be directly investigated by this "ghost particle velocimetry" technique, which just requires a microscope with standard lamp illumination equipped with a low-cost digital camera. As a further bonus, the peculiar spatial coherence properties of the illuminating source, which displays a finite longitudinal coherence length, allows for a 3D reconstruction of the profile with a resolution of few tenths of microns and makes the technique suitable to investigate turbid samples with negligible multiple scattering effects. © 2013 American Physical Society.
Ciantia M.O.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Hueckel T.,Duke University
Geotechnique | Year: 2013
Long portions of the Apulian coast are steep cliffs in carbonate soft rocks. These, especially the calcarenite, are affected by weathering processes that markedly alter their mechanical properties with time, potentially leading to instability of coastal geomorphological structures. Such alterations are mainly due to chemical reactions between the solid and fluid phases, and are driven by chemical variables, which are internal variables and hence uncontrollable. In a search for the variables that drive the process of rock weakening, recourse is made to the micro scale, at which most of the chemical processes are observed and quantified. Observations using scanning electron microsope, thin sections and X-ray computed tomography analyses appear to be crucial for the understanding, interpretation and definition of the degradation mechanisms of the material. A chemo-mechanical coupled model at the meso scale of the chemically reactive stressed porous system is presented and framed in the context of a multi-scale scenario of an array of coupled phenomena. An analogous model at the macro scale is developed in parallel together with upscaling and identification procedures for meso-scale and macro-scale material constants. The main outcome of the study is a tool for predicting the progress of time-dependent weathering phenomena, potentially allowing the stability of geological structures to be assessed as it evolves with a progressing chemical degradation in a specific configuration and under a specific set of loads.
Malerba P.G.,Polytechnic of Milan
Structure and Infrastructure Engineering | Year: 2014
The concept of life cycle applied to building structures is quite recent. In the past, constructions were built to be everlasting, and the number of massive buildings and bridges still in service apparently confirms the soundness of this approach. When reinforced concrete was introduced, new possibilities were open to engineers, in a time when the end of a structure's life was still considered as an extreme and very remote hypothesis. However, this belief was soon to be faced with the evidence of the deterioration of the concrete surfaces and with the corrosion of steel bars and strands, so that the concept of durability had to be introduced. It therefore became clear that the structures' constructions have to be monitored and periodically maintained, so as to extend their service life as much as possible. This paper gives an account of studies and rehabilitation works carried out on bridges located in the north of Italy, providing some remarks regarding the maintenance of structures of the past and the design of structure for the future. © 2013 Taylor & Francis.
Longhi S.,Polytechnic of Milan
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2011
In recent works, the idea of time-reversed laser oscillation has been proposed and demonstrated to realize a two-channel coherent perfect absorber. Here the time reversal of optical parametric oscillation in a nonlinear χ(2) medium is considered and shown to realize a coherent perfect absorber for colored incident signal and idler fields. A detailed analysis is presented for the time-reversed process of mirrorless optical parametric oscillation in the full nonlinear regime. © 2011 American Physical Society.
Grilli L.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Murtinu S.,Polytechnic of Milan
Research Policy | Year: 2014
Using a new European Union-sponsored firm-level longitudinal dataset, we assess the impact of government-managed (GVC) and independent venture capital (IVC) funds on the sales and employee growth of European high-tech entrepreneurial firms. Our results show that the main statistically robust and economically relevant positive effect is exerted by IVC investors on firm sales growth. Conversely, the impact of GVC alone appears to be negligible. We also find a positive and statistically significant impact of syndicated investments by both types of investors on firm sales growth, but only when led by IVC investors. Our results remain stable after controlling for endogeneity, survivorship bias, reverse causality, anticipation effects, legal and institutional differences across countries and over time and are stable with respect to potential non-linear effects of age and size of entrepreneurial firms. Overall, our analysis casts doubt on the ability of governments to support high-tech entrepreneurial firms through a direct and active involvement in VC markets. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Berzi D.,Polytechnic of Milan
Acta Mechanica | Year: 2014
We apply the extended kinetic theory (EKT) to the dense, simple shear flow of inelastic hard spheres. EKT is a phenomenological extension of kinetic theory which aims at incorporating in the simplest possible way the role of pre-collisional velocity correlations which are likely to occur at a concentration larger than the freezing point. The main effect of that correlation is the decrease in the rate at which fluctuating energy is dissipated in inelastic collisions. We use previously published results of numerical simulations performed using an event-driven algorithm to obtain analytical expressions for the radial distribution function at contact (which diverges at a concentration lower than the value at random close packing for sheared inelastic spheres) and the correlation length (i.e., the decreasing factor of the dissipation rate) at different values of the coefficient of restitution. With those, we show that when the diffusion of fluctuating energy of the particles is negligible, EKT implies that three branches of the analytical relation between the ratio of the shear stress to the pressure and the concentration (granular rheology) exist. Hence, for a certain value of the stress ratio, up to three corresponding values of the concentration are possible, with direct implications on the existence of multiple solutions to steady granular flows. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Wien.
Cercignani C.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Lorenzani S.,Polytechnic of Milan
Physics of Fluids | Year: 2010
The objective of the present paper is to provide an analytic expression for the first- and second-order velocity slip coefficients. Therefore, gas flow rates in microchannels have been rigorously evaluated in the near-continuum limit by means of a variational technique which applies to the integrodifferential form of the Boltzmann equation based on the true linearized collision operator. The diffuse-specular reflection condition of Maxwell's type has been considered in order to take into account the influence of the accommodation coefficient on the slip parameters. The polynomial form of the Knudsen number obtained for the Poiseuille mass flow rate and the values of the velocity slip coefficients, found on the basis of our variational solution of the linearized Boltzmann equation for hard-sphere molecules, are analyzed in the frame of potential applications of classical continuum numerical tools in simulations of microscale flows. © 2010 American Institute of Physics.
Aly A.M.,Polytechnic of Milan
Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings | Year: 2014
The most common device for control of tall buildings under wind loads is the tuned mass damper (TMD). However, during their lifetimes, high-rise and slender buildings may experience natural frequency changes under wind speed, ambient temperatures and relative humidity variations, among other factors, which make the TMD design challenging. In this paper, a proposed approach for the design of robust TMDs is presented and investigated. The approach accounts for structural uncertainties, optimization objectives and input excitation (wind or earthquake). For the use of TMDs in buildings, practical design parameters can be different from the optimum ones. Nevertheless, predetermined optimal parameters for a primary structure with uncertainties are useful to attain design robustness. To illustrate the applicability of the proposed approach, an example of a very slender building with uncertain natural frequencies is presented. The building represents a case study of an engineered design that is instructive. Basically, due to its geometry, the building behaves differently in one lateral direction (cantilever building) than the other (shear building). The proposed approach shows its robustness and effectiveness in reducing the response of tall buildings under multidirectional wind loads. In addition, linear-quadratic Gaussian and fuzzy logic controllers enhanced the performance of the TMD. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Salicone S.,Polytechnic of Milan
IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Magazine | Year: 2013
The concept of measurement uncertainty is quite new. It was proposed for the first time by the International Vocabulary of Metrology (VIM)  in its first edition in 1984, and it was then encompassed by the Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurements (GUM) in 1993, that represents the actual reference document . © 1998-2012 IEEE.
Longhi S.,Polytechnic of Milan
Optics Letters | Year: 2010
Reflectionless transmission of light waves with unitary transmittance is shown to occur in a certain class of gain-grating structures and phase-conjugation mirrors in the unstable (above-threshold) regime. Such structures are synthesized by means of the Darboux method developed in the context of supersymmetric relativistic quantum mechanics. Transparency is associated to superluminal pulse transmission. © 2010 Optical Society of America.
Magnani A.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Norgia M.,Polytechnic of Milan
IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics | Year: 2013
A novel elaboration technique for a self-mixing interferometer is presented. It enables the measurement of speed and direction for a remote target, without using heterodyne detection. The elaboration employs the signal non-linearity for recovering the speed sign directly in the frequency domain. The target speed is measured by the signal frequency, whereas the speed sign is evaluated by the phases of the signal. © 1965-2012 IEEE.
MacChiarella G.,Polytechnic of Milan
IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters | Year: 2013
This letter illustrates a new procedure for evaluating the characteristic polynomials associated to the prototype of a multiband microwave filter. This procedure is based on the Remez algorithm and allows an equiripple response in the assigned filter passbands and stopbands, once the number of poles in each passband and the number of imaginary transmission zeros in each stopband are assigned. Some examples and comparisons are reported to show the effectiveness of the new algorithm which has proved to be significantly faster than a similar one recently published in the literature. © 2001-2012 IEEE.
Pittala G.M.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Monno M.,Polytechnic of Milan
Applied Thermal Engineering | Year: 2011
The machining of titanium alloys is critical because of high temperature reached at the tool nose, the segmentation of chip that causes chipping of the tool. The strategy used in the job shop is to use low cutting speed (50-70 m/min) and high feed rate (0.1-0.2 mm/tooth) in flooding condition in order to reduce the tool temperature and avoiding chipping. The edge preparation and the coating play an important role from thermal point of view. In particular a right compromise between sharp edge and the needs of the coating has to be taken into account. A reliable thermal model of cutting process of titanium alloy is useful in order to design the cutting edge, calculate the optimal quantity of coolant, and analyze the effect of the coatings. In this paper a new methodology to the temperature prediction of milling is proposed. The temperature of the workpiece, during the milling operation, has been measured using infrared camera. During the experiments cutting speed and feed rate have been changed. After data analysis a FEM model of cutting process during milling has been developed. The rheological model is calibrated using different milling tests. The results of the model have been compared with the experimental data, obtaining a good agreement. The approach can be useful to the insert tool designer in order to improve the cutting tool performance. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Ielmini D.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Nardi F.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Cagli C.,Polytechnic of Milan
Applied Physics Letters | Year: 2010
Resistive-switching memory (RRAM) is attracting a considerable interest for the development of high-density nonvolatile memories. However, several scaling and reliability issues still affect the development path of RRAM. This work addresses random telegraph-signal noise (RTN) of the RRAM current, potentially affecting the memory stability. We show a clear resistance dependence of the RTN amplitude, and we propose a physical model describing the interaction of the localized current with a fluctuating defect. By estimating the diameter of the conductive filament, the model quantitatively accounts for the observed RTN amplitude, thus allowing for an analytical prediction of state stability in RRAMs. © 2010 American Institute of Physics.
Donno D.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Donno D.,MINES ParisTech
Geophysics | Year: 2011
The suppression of multiple events is a crucial task in seismic data processing, and the adaptive subtraction of the predicted multiples is recognized as one of the main challenges for the success of the surface-related multiple elimination technique. The traditional least-squares matching approach can affect the primary events because the estimated multiples tend to adapt to the primaries under the minimum energy condition. We investigate two filtering techniques for improving the multiple removal results. In the first proposed method, we combine the advantages of the least-squares and pattern dip-based subtraction methods. Doing so, we exploit the separation of primaries and multiples in the dip domain, and then we apply the least-squares adaptive subtraction in each dip band before recomposing the data to obtain the final subtraction result. As a result of the dip decomposition, the primary-multiple interferences are reduced, allowing for a more reliable least-squares filtering. In the second method, we propose to replace the multiple subtraction step by a separation step using independent component analysis (ICA) methods. We employ the ICA method after least-squares adaptive filtering. Because of the non-Gaussian distributions of the involved signals, primaries and multiples can be separated by computing the optimal rotation between these two signals. We apply the ICA method in local 2D time-space windows to better compensate the space and time variant character of the data. Two-dimensional synthetic and field data examples demonstrate that the multiple subtraction results of both methods are indeed improved with respect to the classical least-squares method. © 2011 Society of Exploration Geophysicists.
Iannini L.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Monti Guarnieri A.,Polytechnic of Milan
IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters | Year: 2011
In this letter, we face one of the main issues in ground-based radar applications, i.e., the evaluation and removal of the atmospheric phase screen (APS). The time-varying delay statistics are assessed by means of both radars and meteo simulated data sets and are critically interpreted with particular reference to the entailed compensation issues. A compensation approach based on the available on-site meteo parameters (pressure, temperature, and humidity) is then investigated. The technique proposes an initial calibration step on humidity which leads to significant improvements in the APS removal. The results of the technique are discussed in the case of a real campaign data set (Bolzano, Italy) that covers a temporal baseline of about one week. © 2010 IEEE.
Atun F.,Polytechnic of Milan
Understanding Complex Systems | Year: 2014
Cities are considered as complex systems which consist of highly heterogeneous and interconnected sub-systems and autonomous entities connected by non-linear, multiple interactions. When such a complex system is struck by a hazard, it stops operating as in normal conditions, due to interrupted interconnections among sub-systems. Which sub-systems and/or their interconnections are vulnerable to disasters and may create disruption to the urban system can be assessed by vulnerability analysis. However, how a disruption in a sub-system could affect the urban system cannot be foreseen in every detail prior to the occurrence of an event. In order to further the understanding of cities during disasters, this paper gives examples of consequences of uncertain interactions between urban systems and unforeseen reactions of humans during disasters such as the 1995 Kobe Earthquake, 2005 Rita and Katrina Hurricanes, and the 2010 volcanic eruption of Eyjafjallajokull. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014.
Napoli R.,Esion |
Piroddi L.,Polytechnic of Milan
IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech and Language Processing | Year: 2010
The extension of active noise control (ANC) techniques to deal with nonlinear effects such as distortion and saturation requires the introduction of suitable nonlinear model classes and adaptive algorithms. Large sized models are typically used, resulting in an increased computational load, delayed convergence (and sometimes even algorithm instability), and other unwanted dynamical effects due to overparametrization. This paper discusses the usage of polynomial Nonlinear AutoRegressive models with eXogenous variables (NARX) models and model selection techniques to reduce the model size and increase its robustness, for more efficient and reliable ANC. An offline procedure is devised to identify the controller model structure, and the controller parameters are successively updated with an adaptive algorithm based on the error gradient and on the residual noise. Simulation experiments show the effectiveness of the proposed approach. A brief analysis of the involved computational complexity is also provided. 1558-7916/$26.00 © 2009 IEEE.
Bocchiola D.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Diolaiuti G.,University of Milan
Theoretical and Applied Climatology | Year: 2013
We investigate here recent (1980-2009) climate variability in the upper Karakoram, Northern Pakistan, of particular interest given the peculiar glacier behavior during the last two decades. Differently from other glacierized regions in the Hindu Kush-Karakoram-Himalaya region, glaciers in the Karakoram display limited ice thinning, and in some cases advancing has been detected. Climate analysis is required to describe recent (i.e., last three decades) variability, to aid highlighting of the factors driving glacier evolution. Starting from monthly data, we analyze seasonal values of total precipitation, number of wet days, maximum (max) and minimum (min) air temperature, max precipitation in 24 h, and cloud cover for 17 weather stations in the upper Karakoram, clustered within three climatic regions as per use of principal components analysis. We detect possible nonstationarity in each of these regions by way of (1) linear regression, (2) moving window average, and (3) Mann-Kendall test, also in progressive form, to detect the onset date of possible trends. We then evaluate linear correlation coefficients between Northern Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) index and climate variables to assess effectiveness of teleconnections, claimed recently to affect climate in this area. Also, we compare temperature within the investigated zone against global temperature anomalies, to evidence enhanced warming within this area. We found mostly nonsignificant changes of total precipitation, unless for few stations displaying increase in Chitral-Hindu Kush region and Northwest Karakoram, or Gilgit area, and decrease in Western Himalaya, Kotli region. Max precipitation is mostly unchanged, unless for slight increase in Chitral and Gilgit areas, and slight decrease in Kotli region. Number of wet days is mostly increasing in Gilgit area, and decreasing in Chitral area, with no clear signal in Kotli region. Min temperatures increase always but during Summer, when decreasing values are detected, especially for Gilgit and Chitral regions. Max temperatures are found to increase everywhere. Cloud cover is significantly increasing in Gilgit area, but decreasing otherwise, especially in Kotli region. Max temperature regime is significantly positively correlated against global thermal anomaly, while min temperature regime is nonsignificantly negatively correlated. Max and min temperatures seem mostly negatively correlated to NAO. Some dependence of trend intensity for the considered variables against altitude is found, different for each region, suggesting that investigation of weather variables at the highest altitudes is warranted to discriminate further climate variability in the area. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Wien.
Bocchiola D.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Nana E.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Soncini A.,Polytechnic of Milan
Agricultural Water Management | Year: 2013
We studied the effect of prospective climate change upon crop yield, and related water footprint of maize (Zea mays L.) for a relevant case study area in the Po valley of Northern Italy. To simulate maize production we used a cropping system simulation model CropSyst, which we set up and validated by way of crop yield data during 2001-2010. We then calculated the present water footprint (green, blue) of maize in the area, defined as the absolute and specific (per kg yield) amount of water evapotranspired during growing season, under three irrigation scenarios, namely (i) no irrigation, (ii) manual irrigation at fixed dates, and (iii) automatic irrigation on demand. We then evaluated the effects of prospective climate change upon maize production until mid-century (2045-2054), and we quantified the water footprint therein. We considered climate variations with focus upon temperature, precipitation, and CO2. First, we assessed maize yield and water footprint sensitivity to potential changes of these weather variables. We then fed the maize yield model with properly downscaled climate projections (storyline A2, business as usual) from global circulation models (GCM), included within the board of the Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change, IPCC, and with those from a local scenario LOC, obtained by projecting recently observed local climate trends (1975-2010). Under the worst, more likely future scenarios of increasing temperature and decreasing precipitation, crop yield decreased and water footprint, especially blue, increased, due to increased evapotranspiration, higher irrigation demand, and lower final yield. Increase of CO2, albeit possibly increasing water use efficiency, seemed not to affect the water footprint noticeably. A possible increase of precipitation as projected by some GCMs, may partly make up for the increase of temperature, especially under a no, or little irrigation scenario, further diminishing the blue water footprint. Uncertainty in future precipitation has the greatest impact in scenarios projecting maize yield and water footprint. Our study provides hints as to how one can (i) evaluate the amount of water required to cultivate maize or other crops, and virtually traded when such crops are sold or bought, (ii) evaluate the impact of climate change upon water footprint and virtual water trade, and (iii) benchmark objectively adaptation strategies for agricultural systems with an eye on least water consumption. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Kanyilmaz A.,Polytechnic of Milan
COMPDYN 2015 - 5th ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Computational Methods in Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering | Year: 2015
This paper presents a comparison between two different modeling approaches: Refined FE modeling using volumetric elements, and fiber modeling using beam elements with distributed plasticity. The numerical models calibrated with the experimental result from existing literature, reproduce the behavior of cold formed SHS40, and hot rolled DUPE100 steel elements under inelastic cyclic loading. The hysteresis loops obtained from two models show that the accuracy obtained by simpler fiber-element formulation is quite close to the more refined volumetric model. In terms of computation time, distributed plasticity model is much more efficient, and can be a good option to perform nonlinear analysis of multi-level buildings, which would be quite cumbersome with volumetric modeling approach. This study has been realized thanks to the research fund received from European commission with the contract MEAKADO RFSR-CT-2013-00022.
Fournier M.F.,Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne |
Sauser R.,Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne |
Ambrosi D.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Meister J.-J.,Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne |
Verkhovsky A.B.,Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne
Journal of Cell Biology | Year: 2010
During cell migration, forces generated by the actin cytoskeleton are transmitted through adhesion complexes to the substrate. To investigate the mechanism of force generation and transmission, we analyzed the relationship between actin network velocity and traction forces at the substrate in a model system of persistently migrating fish epidermal keratocytes. Front and lateral sides of the cell exhibited much stronger coupling between actin motion and traction forces than the trailing cell body. Further analysis of the traction - velocity relationship suggested that the force transmission mechanisms were different in different cell regions: at the front, traction was generated by a gripping of the actin network to the substrate, whereas at the sides and back, it was produced by the network's slipping over the substrate. Treatment with inhibitors of the actin - myosin system demonstrated that the cell body translocation could be powered by either of the two different processes, actomyosin contraction or actin assembly, with the former associated with significantly larger traction forces than the latter. © 2010 Fournier et al.
Sauermanna H.,Georgia Institute of Technology |
Franzonib C.,Polytechnic of Milan
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America | Year: 2015
Scientific research performed with the involvement of the broader public (the crowd) attracts increasing attention from scientists and policy makers. A key premise is that project organizers may be able to draw on underused human resources to advance research at relatively low cost. Despite a growing number of examples, systematic research on the effort contributions volunteers are willing to make to crowd science projects is lacking. Analyzing data on seven different projects, we quantify the financial value volunteers can bring by comparing their unpaid contributions with counterfactual costs in traditional or online labor markets. The volume of total contributions is substantial, although some projects are much more successful in attracting effort than others. Moreover, contributions received by projects are very uneven across time-a tendency toward declining activity is interrupted by spikes typically resulting from outreach efforts or media attention. Analyzing user-level data, we find that most contributors participate only once and with little effort, leaving a relatively small share of users who return responsible for most of the work. Although top contributor status is earned primarily through higher levels of effort, top contributors also tend to work faster. This speed advantage develops over multiple sessions, suggesting that it reflects learning rather than inherent differences in skills. Our findings inform recent discussions about potential benefits from crowd science, suggest that involving the crowd may be more effective for some kinds of projects than others, provide guidance for project managers, and raise important questions for future research.
Valente M.,Polytechnic of Milan
Applied Mechanics and Materials | Year: 2012
This study presents a displacement-based design procedure for seismic retrofitting of steel frames using buckling-restrained braces (BRB) to meet a given target displacement in the framework of the capacity spectrum method. The seismic performance of a six-storey steel frame equipped with BRB is investigated. Different storey-wise BRB distribution methods are proposed and the influence on the results of the design procedure is analyzed. Nonlinear dynamic analyses demonstrate the efficacy of the design procedure showing the improvements achieved by the retrofitting intervention using BRB. The maximum top displacement registered for the retrofitted frame under earthquake excitation coincides with the target displacement obtained in accordance with the design procedure. The introduction of buckling-restrained braces enhances the earthquake resistance of the steel frame, providing significant energy dissipation and the stiffness needed to satisfy structural drift limits. © (2012) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.
Gautieri A.,Massachusetts Institute of Technology |
Gautieri A.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Vesentini S.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Redaelli A.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Buehler M.J.,Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Nano Letters | Year: 2011
Collagen constitutes one-third of the human proteome, providing mechanical stability, elasticity, and strength to organisms and is the prime construction material in biology. Collagen is also the dominating material in the extracellular matrix and its stiffness controls cell differentiation, growth, and pathology. However, the origin of the unique mechanical properties of collagenous tissues, and in particular its stiffness, extensibility, and nonlinear mechanical response at large deformation, remains unknown. By using X-ray diffraction data of a collagen fibril (Orgel, J. P. R. O. et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 2006, 103, 9001) here we present an experimentally validated model of the nanomechanics of a collagen microfibril that incorporates the full biochemical details of the amino acid sequence of constituting molecules and the nanoscale molecular arrangement. We demonstrate by direct mechanical testing that hydrated (wet) collagen microfibrils feature a Young's modulus of ≈300 MPa at small, and ≈1.2 GPa at larger deformation in excess of 10% strain, which is in excellent agreement with experimental data. We find that dehydrated (dry) collagen microfibrils show a significantly increased Young's modulus of ≈1.8-2.25 GPa, which is in agreement with experimental measurements and owing to tighter molecular packing. Our results show that the unique mechanical properties of collagen microfibrils arise due to their hierarchical structure at the nanoscale, where key deformation mechanisms are straightening of twisted triple-helical molecules at small strains, followed by axial stretching and eventual molecular uncoiling. The establishment of a model of hierarchical deformation mechanisms explains the striking difference of the elastic modulus of collagen fibrils compared with single molecules, which is found in the range of 4.8 ± 2 GPa, or ≈10-20 times greater. We find that collagen molecules alone are not capable of providing the broad range of mechanical functionality required for physiological function of collagenous tissues. Rather, the existence of an array of deformation mechanisms, derived from the hierarchical makeup of the material, is critical to the material's ability to confer key mechanical properties, specifically large extensibility, strain hardening, and toughness, despite the limitation that collagenous materials are constructed from only few distinct amino acids. The atomistic model of collagen microfibril mechanics now enables the bottom-up elucidation of structure-property relationships in a broader class of collagen materials (e.g., tendon, bone, cornea), including studies of genetic disease where the incorporation of biochemical details is essential. The availability of a molecular-based model of collagen tissues may eventually result in novel nanomedicine approaches to develop treatments for a broad class of collagen diseases and the design of de novo biomaterials for regenerative medicine. © 2011 American Chemical Society.
Bombelli F.B.,University of East Anglia |
Bombelli F.B.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Webster C.A.,University of East Anglia |
Moncrieff M.,Norwich University |
Sherwood V.,University of East Anglia
The Lancet Oncology | Year: 2014
Metastatic melanoma is a highly aggressive malignancy that has traditionally been very difficult to treat. However, after decades of basic research into the signal transduction pathways that promote cancer cell survival, chemoresistance, growth, and crosstalk with the immune system, targeted therapies have now been developed that offer improved survival for patients with metastatic melanoma. Some of the most promising therapies that have been developed include ipilimumab, an anti-cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen 4 antibody that enhances T-cell activity in the tumour, and selective BRAF inhibitors, such as vemurafenib that blocks tumour cell proliferation in patients with activating BRAF mutations. Although these treatments offer substantial hope for patients, they are not without their drawbacks, which include adverse side-effects, drug resistance, and eventual relapse. Nanotherapeutics holds significant promise to circumvent these shortcomings and has the additional advantage of potentially functioning as a diagnostic device. We will discuss the scope of the use of such multimodal nanoparticles for melanoma treatment and ask whether such particles can offer patients with metastatic melanoma improved prognoses for the future. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Giuffrida A.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Romano M.C.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Lozza G.,Polytechnic of Milan
Applied Energy | Year: 2011
This paper analyzes the thermodynamic performance of IGCC power plants based on an air-blown gasifier. A preliminary computational model for a lab-scale gasifier was calibrated on experimental data available in open literature, as a first step for the modeling of a large-scale MHI-type air-blown demonstration gasifier. The latter was analyzed by a parametric analysis, carried out by varying the gasification temperature and the heat transferred to the membrane walls. In agreement with data from MHI, the power balance of the air-blown gasifier suggests that the cold gas efficiency is similar to the one of oxygen-blown gasifiers, even though energy flows are quite different in the two gasification technologies.A complete IGCC power plant based on an air-blown gasifier is then proposed. Its predicted performance is compared to the one of a plant using an oxygen-blown Shell-type gasifier, calculated with coherent assumptions. The same state-of-the-art combustion turbine is selected as topping cycle in both the IGCCs. The overall power plant performance improves with the air-blown technology and the calculated net efficiency is a bit more than 1.5% points higher. Such a result, along with potential savings in terms of investment cost, could possibly determine lower costs of the electricity produced. Sankey diagrams of the energy flows, along with a second-law analysis, are discussed in the paper, to better understand the results provided by similar power cycle configurations, but with very different coal gasification technologies. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Romano M.C.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Lozza G.G.,Polytechnic of Milan
International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control | Year: 2010
These two part papers analyse three plant configurations for high efficiency, near-zero emissions power generation from coal, suitable for long-term installations. In the first part the Zecomix cycle, a novel power plant based on various innovative processes, is presented. Zecomix plant is based on a coal hydrogasification process, using recycled steam and hydrogen as gasifying agents, to produce a CH4 rich syngas. Methane is then converted to an H2/H2O based syngas and CO2 is captured, by reacting in two carbonator reactors with CaO-based solid sorbent. CaCO3 produced in carbonators is thermally regenerated in a calciner. The synthetic fuel is burned with oxygen in a semi-closed high temperature steam cycle, with a supercritical heat recovery. The paper presents a detailed analysis of the thermodynamic aspects of the process, with the scope of assessing its potential performance in terms of efficiency and emissions. Main operating parameters of the chemical island (e.g. hydrogasifier and calciner pressure, steam flow rates to carbonators, syngas recycle fraction) and of the power island (e.g. pressure ratio, turbine inlet temperature and reheat pressure) were varied in order to evaluate their effect on plant performance and to optimize the process. Critical issues are specifically discussed: the calcination process, the calcium oxide utilization in carbonators, the cooling requirement of the high temperature turbine, the presence of incondensable species in the steam cycle. An accurate performance estimation is therefore developed by considering advanced components, as an evolution of today's technology, excluding unproven devices whose feasibility cannot be anticipated. Depending on sorbent utilization, a net plant efficiency of 44-47% with a virtually complete carbon capture was obtained, a very interesting result with respect to other proposed coal-fired power plants with carbon capture. The high complexity of the chemical island and the importance of a good sorbent performance should be however taken into account for a fair comparison with other plant concepts. Further experimental investigations are mandatory to demonstrate the technical and economical feasibility of the Zecomix plant. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Iacchetti M.F.,Polytechnic of Milan
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics | Year: 2011
This paper deals with the adaptive tuning of the stator inductance in a rotor-current-based Model Reference Adaptive System observer for the sensorless control of doubly fed induction machines. At first, the effect of mismatched parameters in this observer is discussed in order to show the considerable influence of the stator inductance on the accuracy of the estimated rotor position. Then, an adaptive tuning of the stator inductance is proposed and a small signal model is deduced in order to design the tuning loop. Moreover, a theoretical sensitivity and stability analysis is performed. Finally, the performances of the proposed scheme are experimentally investigated and validated. © 2011 IEEE.
Faranda R.,Polytechnic of Milan
Electric Power Systems Research | Year: 2010
Supercapacitors are electrical energy storage devices that offer high power density and a high number of charge and discharge cycles. Even though the amount of stored energy they maintain is not comparable that of classical batteries, supercapacitors can offer advantages in several industrial applications. This paper introduces a simplified model, named the "two-branch" model, to characterize the electrical behaviour of double layer capacitors (DLCs). This model is similar to some models in literature from a circuit point of view (e.g. three-branch model), but the parameters identification process is easier and faster. Experimental charge and charge-discharge tests have been executed on supercapacitors of two different makes (Epcos and Maxwell) and for several different sizes (between 110 F and 600 F). Moreover a new identification procedure, for describing short-term behaviour, is proposed for the new simplified two-branch model. This new procedure is simpler than for the other lumped models therefore it can be adopted fruitfully also from them. The experimental results and the performed simulations are reported in order to verify the validity of the new simplified proposed model and of the new parameter identification process. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Tahirovic A.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Magnani G.,Polytechnic of Milan
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control | Year: 2011
This technical note proposes a novel navigation planner for mobile robots based on an adapted version of passivity-based nonlinear model predictive control. The proposed framework extends the convergent dynamic window approach and can be considered a generalized navigation planning technique able to include the high complex models required to describe the dynamics of vehicles moving outdoor on rough terrains. Several case studies are discussed to illustrate the usage of the framework. © 2010 IEEE.
Leva A.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Maggio M.,Polytechnic of Milan
Journal of Process Control | Year: 2011
Tuning an ideal PID and then using its parameters in a real one, can yield undesired results. Nonetheless, many rules conceived for the ideal PID are successfully used in practice, owing to their greater flexibility. A systematic method would thus be useful to extend ideal PID tuning rules to the real PID, so as to preserve said flexibility while synthesising a realistic controller. This manuscript proposes a simple solution, and some examples to witness its validity. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Ricci R.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Pennacchi P.,Polytechnic of Milan
Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing | Year: 2011
Signal processing is an important tool for diagnostics of mechanical systems. Many different techniques are available to process experimental signals, among others: FFT, wavelet transform, cepstrum, demodulation analysis, second order ciclostationarity analysis, etc. However, often hypothesis about data and computational efforts restrict the application of some techniques. In order to overcome these limitations, the empirical mode decomposition has been proposed. The outputs of this adaptive approach are the intrinsic mode functions that are treated with the Hilbert transform in order to obtain the HilbertHuang spectrum. Anyhow, the selection of the intrinsic mode functions used for the calculation of HilbertHuang spectrum is normally done on the basis of user's experience. On the contrary, in the paper a merit index is introduced that allows the automatic selection of the intrinsic mode functions that should be used. The effectiveness of the improvement is proven by the result of the experimental tests presented and performed on a test-rig equipped with a spiral bevel gearbox, whose high contact ratio made difficult to diagnose also serious damages of the gears. This kind of gearbox is normally never employed for benchmarking diagnostics techniques. By using the merit index, the defective gearbox is always univocally identified, also considering transient operating conditions. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.All rights reserved.
Guatteri G.,Polytechnic of Milan
Systems and Control Letters | Year: 2011
In this paper we prove necessary conditions for optimality of a stochastic control problem for a class of stochastic partial differential equations that is controlled through the boundary. This kind of problem can be interpreted as a stochastic control problem for an evolution system in a Hilbert space. The regularity of the solution of the adjoint equation, that is a backward stochastic equation in infinite dimension, plays a crucial role in the formulation of the maximum principle. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Fumagalli A.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Scotti A.,Polytechnic of Milan
Advances in Water Resources | Year: 2013
We propose a novel computational method for the efficient simulation of two-phase flow in fractured porous media. Instead of refining the grid to capture the flow along the faults or fractures, we represent the latter as immersed interfaces, using a reduced model for the flow and suitable coupling conditions. We allow for non matching grids between the porous matrix and the fractures to increase the flexibility of the method in realistic cases. We employ the extended finite element method for the Darcy problem and a finite volume method that is able to handle cut cells and matrix-fracture interactions for the saturation equation. Moreover, we address through numerical experiments the problem of the choice of a suitable numerical flux in the case of a discontinuous flux function at the interface between the fracture and the porous matrix. A wrong approximate solution of the Riemann problem can yield unphysical solutions even in simple cases. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Rampino L.,Polytechnic of Milan
International Journal of Design | Year: 2011
This paper presents an innovation pyramid that categorizes four different kinds of design-driven innovations in the product-design field. This pyramid is the final result of a long-term research process started at Politecnico di Milano in 2006 involving the three key disciplinary areas related to new product development: management, engineering and design. The disciplines were represented by the Indaco (Industrial Design, Art and COmunication) and Mechanical Engineering departments of the Politecnico di Milano, and the Business School of Bocconi University. The first step of the research project attempted to determine how to better demonstrate the contribution design makes to product innovation. In order to answer this, a phenomenological approach was used, i.e. observing product innovation as a phenomenon. From this approach, three possible levers of a design-driven innovation process emerged: form, mode of use, and technology. Additionally, four possible types of results of a design-driven process emerged: aesthetic, mode of use, meaning, and typological innovation. The levers and results are systematized here into an innovation pyramid, which helps to clarify both their similarities and their differences. © 2011 Rampino.
Baggioli A.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Famulari A.,Polytechnic of Milan
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics | Year: 2014
Poly(3-alkylthiophene) is a family of conjugated semicrystalline polymers for organic electronic applications. Crucial for the fine-tuning of such systems is a detailed understanding of the correlation between molecular structure/morphology and electronic properties. However, a series of a priori assumptions is commonly made in order to deduce macromolecular-scale geometric and energetic features from those of rather small homologous molecular systems. Alkyl side chains are routinely shortened (if not systematically removed) during such high-accuracy ab initio calculations in order to reduce their conformational space. We will show through first principles calculations on a monosubstituted bithiophene molecule how a full-length alkyl fragment can influence both side chain energetics and backbone flexibility in alkylthiophene-based polymers and copolymers. Folded side chains, characterized by a gauche arrangement of the second torsion angle from the ring, are found to be substantially favoured over extended ones, thanks to a network of CH-π hydrogen-bond-like interactions with both aromatic rings. Trans-planar (conjugated) arrangements of limit-ordered crystalline models, and cisoid sequences suitable for the investigation of chain-folding phenomena, are also discussed in detail. This journal is © 2014 the Owner Societies.
Marcelli T.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Hiemstra H.,University of Amsterdam
Synthesis | Year: 2010
This article reviews the applications of cinchona alkaloids as asymmetric catalysts. In the last few years, characterized by the resurgence of interest in asymmetric organocatalysis, cinchona derivatives have been shown to catalyze an outstanding array of chemical reactions, often with remarkable stereoselectivity. This work presents an overview of the transformations developed in the period from 2001 through 2009, highlighting applications in the synthesis of bioactive molecules and natural products. 1 Introduction 2 Additions to Carbonyls 3 Additions to Imines 4 Conjugate Additions 5 Additions to Olefins 6 Nucleophilic Substitutions 7 Electrophilic Halogenations 8 Opening of Cyclic Anhydrides 9 Acylations 10 Cycloadditions 11 Rearrangements 12 Decarboxylations 13 Miscellaneous 14 Conclusions and Outlook List of abbreviations: Alloc, allyloxycarbonyl; Boc, tert-butyloxy?carbonyl; Bs, benzenesulfonyl; BTTP, tert-butyliminotri(pyrrolidino)phosphorane; Cbz, benzyloxycarbonyl; DABCO, 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane; DBAD, dibenzyl azodicarboxylate; DBU, 1,8-diazabicycloundec-7-ene; DCE, 1,2-dichloroethane; DFT, density functional theory; DIPEA, N,N-diisopropylethyl?amine; DNP, 2,4-dinitrophenyl; DMB, 3,4-dimethoxybenzoyl; DPM, diphenylmethyl; DTAD, di-tert-butyl azodicarboxylate; EVE, ethyl vinyl ether; EWG, electron-withdrawing group; FBSM, 1-fluorobis(phenylsulfonyl)methane; HFiPA, 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-propyl acrylate; LAH, lithium aluminum hydride; LG, leaving group; Moc, methyloxycarbonyl; MPEG, poly(ethylene glycol) monomethyl ether; MS, molecular sieves; MVK, methyl vinyl ketone; NFSI, N-fluorobenzenesulfonimide; NMR, nuclear magnetic resonance; Ns, p-nitrophenylsulfonyl; PEG, poly(ethylene glycol); PS, proton sponge [1,8-bis(dimethylamino)naphthalene]; rds, rate-determining step; TBAF, tetrabutylammonium fluoride; TCCA, trichloroisocyanuric acid; TFAA, trifluoroacetic anhydride; THF, tetrahydrofuran; TMAF, tetramethylammonium fluoride; TMS, trimethylsilyl; Ts, p-toluenesulfonyl; UNCA, urethane-protected -amino acid N-carboxyanhydrides. © Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York.
Giuliani M.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Castelletti A.,Polytechnic of Milan
Water Resources Research | Year: 2013
Many large-scale water resources systems, especially in transboundary contexts, are characterized by the presence of several and conflicting interests and managed by multiple, institutionally independent decision makers. These systems are often studied adopting a centralized approach based on the assumption of full cooperation and information exchange among the involved parties. Such a perspective is conceptually interesting to quantify the best achievable performance but might have little practical impact given the real political and institutional setting. In this work, we propose a novel decision-analytic framework based on multiagent systems to model and analyze different levels of cooperation and information exchange among multiple decision makers. The Zambezi River basin is used as a case study. According to the proposed agent-based optimization approach, each agent represents a decision maker, whose decisions are defined by an explicit optimization problem considering only the agent's local interests. The economic value of information exchange is estimated comparing a noncooperative setting, where agents act independently, with the first basic level of cooperation, i.e., coordination, characterized by full information exchange. The economic value of cooperation is also estimated by comparison with the ideal, fully cooperative management of the system. Results show that coordination, obtained with complete information exchange, allows the downstream agents to better adapt to the upstream behaviors. The impact of information exchange depends on the objective considered, and we show coordination to be particularly beneficial to environmental interests. © 2013. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
Galelli S.,Singapore University of Technology and Design |
Castelletti A.,Polytechnic of Milan
Water Resources Research | Year: 2013
Input variable selection is an important issue associated with the development of several hydrological applications. Determining the optimal input vector from a large set of candidates to characterize a preselected output might result in a more accurate, parsimonious, and, possibly, physically interpretable model of the natural process. In the hydrological context, the modeled system often exhibits nonlinear dynamics and multiple interrelated variables. Moreover, the number of candidate inputs can be very large and redundant, especially when the model reproduces the spatial variability of the physical process. The ideal input selection algorithm should therefore provide modeling flexibility, computational efficiency in dealing with high dimension data set, scalability with respect to input dimensionality and minimum redundancy. In this paper, we propose the tree-based iterative input variable selection algorithm, a novel hybrid model-based/model-free approach specifically designed to fulfill these four requirements. The algorithm structure provides robustness against redundancy, while the tree-based nature of the underlying model ensures the other key properties. The approach is first tested on a well-known benchmark case study to validate its accuracy and subsequently applied to a real-world streamflow prediction problem in the upper Ticino River Basin (Switzerland). Results indicate that the algorithm is capable of selecting the most significant and nonredundant inputs in different testing conditions, including the real-world large data set characterized by the presence of several redundant variables. This permits one to identify a compact representation of the observational data set, which is key to improving the model performance and assisting with the interpretation of the underlying physical processes. ©2013. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
Camagni R.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Capello R.,Polytechnic of Milan
Growth and Change | Year: 2013
The present debate on regional policy design to fit the Europe 2020 Agenda calls for additional reflections on the way sectoral policies, like innovation policies, can be translated appropriately into a regional setting. The paper enters the debate on smart specialization strategies by stressing the need to overcome the simplistic dichotomy between core and periphery in the Union and between an advanced "research area" (the core) and a "co-application area" of general purpose technologies to local technological specificities (the periphery). The geography of innovation is much more complex than a simple core-periphery model, and the logical pathway toward innovation is much more complex than the linear model of research and development-invention-innovation direct link: the innovation patterns are differentiated among regions according to their regional context conditions. The identification of specific "innovation patterns" is necessary to design "smart innovation" policies. The paper presents a critique to the smart specialization debate, suggests a new taxonomy of European innovative regions based on their innovation patterns, and proposes innovation policies for each regional mode of innovation. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Longhi S.,Polytechnic of Milan
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2010
Light propagation in distributed-feedback optical structures with gain or loss regions is shown to provide an accessible laboratory tool to visualize in optics the spectral properties of the one-dimensional Dirac equation with non-Hermitian interactions. Spectral singularities and PT symmetry breaking of the Dirac Hamiltonian are shown to correspond to simple observable physical quantities and are related to well-known physical phenomena such as resonance narrowing and laser oscillation. © 2010 The American Physical Society.
Pisano F.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Di Prisco C.G.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Lancellotta R.,Polytechnic of Milan
Geotechnique | Year: 2014
The seismic stability analysis of historical towers requires reliable soil-structure interaction (SSI) modelling. To avoid the complexity of non-linear dynamic computations, engineers frequently resort to simplified static approaches, such as the so-called pushover analyses. Their outcomes are deeply affected by the foundation response under horizontal/moment (HM) loading. This paper encompasses a comprehensive SSI modelling process, taking as a reference case study the embedded shallow footing of the Ghirlandina tower in Modena, Italy. First, a finite-element (FE) soil-foundation model is developed with an inhomogeneous distribution of the undrained soil strength, related to the in situ inhomogeneity of the stress state. Total stress FE analyses are then performed to derive the undrained failure locus of the footing and numerical data about its pre-failure performance. This locus is found to exhibit distorted HM cross-sections, depending on the vertical load and hardly reproducible through standard analytical formulae. The FE evidences are then condensed into a simple elasto-plastic HM ME model, reproducing the outcomes of the inhomogeneous FE model, and employable for the pushover seismic analysis of historical towers.
Bellucci M.C.,University of Milan |
Volonterio A.,Polytechnic of Milan
European Journal of Organic Chemistry | Year: 2014
The development of efficient methods for the combinatorial synthesis of N-glycosyl conjugates is vital for many fields of modern synthetic organic chemistry. Herein, we report a multicomponent domino process for the regioselective synthesis of a large array N-glycosyl-Asp-urea conjugates, which could be further functionalized in a chemoselective way, starting from easily accessible reactants such as N-glycosylamines, fumaric acid monoesters, azides, and isocyanates. The process occurs under very mild conditions, does not require the use of strong bases/acids or high temperature, and is highly versatile, working efficiently with a range of protecting groups and substituents. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Colaneri P.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Bolzern P.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Geromel J.C.,University of Campinas
Automatica | Year: 2011
This paper deals with discrete-time switched linear systems and considers the problem of computing an upper bound to the dwell time ensuring a pre-specified root mean square (RMS) gain. As a natural consequence of treating general systems of this class in terms of the order and the number of subsystems, only sufficient conditions are worked out. They depend on the complete separation of the stabilizing and anti-stabilizing solutions of the algebraic Riccati equation associated to each subsystem. Moreover, as positive features, it is shown that the dwell time preserving the specification can be calculated through linear matrix inequalities (LMIs) and line search, being thus numerically solvable in polynomial time, and this allows the treatment of stable switched linear systems which do not admit a common Lyapunov function. The case of a guaranteed RMS gain for arbitrary switching signals is also addressed. A simple academic example constituted by three subsystems of third order is included for illustration. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Gualandi S.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Malucelli F.,Polytechnic of Milan
INFORMS Journal on Computing | Year: 2012
We consider two approaches for solving the classical minimum vertex coloring problem-that is, the problem of coloring the vertices of a graph so that adjacent vertices have different colors and minimizing the number of used colors-namely, constraint programming and column generation. Constraint programming is able to solve very efficiently many of the benchmarks but suffers from a lack of effective bounding methods. On the contrary, column generation provides tight lower bounds by solving the fractional vertex coloring problem exploited in a branch-and-price algorithm, as already proposed in the literature. The column generation approach is here enhanced by using constraint programming to solve the pricing subproblem and to compute heuristic solutions. Moreover, new techniques are introduced to improve the performance of the column generation approach in solving both the linear relaxation and the integer problem. We report extensive computational results applied to the benchmark instances: we are able to prove optimality of 11 new instances and to improve the best-known lower bounds on 17 other instances. Moreover, we extend the solution approaches to a generalization of the problem known as the minimum vertex graph multicoloring problem, where a given number of colors has to be assigned to each vertex. © 2012 INFORMS.
Brenna M.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Foiadelli F.,Polytechnic of Milan
IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid | Year: 2012
This paper considers the interconnections between the new European 2× 25kV-50 Hz high speed/high capacity (HS/HC) railway lines and the existing railways in various countries. The paper is focused on the interconnection between the two different supply systems employed in the Italian railway lines: 25 kV ac and 3 kV dc. The interconnection point was simulated by modeling all appliances in the border region and considering both the ac and dc sides. The goal of this analysis is the evaluation of the interferences between the two systems and of the effectiveness of the measures adopted to mitigate their effects. © 2011 IEEE.
Martinenghi D.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Tagliasacchi M.,Polytechnic of Milan
Proceedings of the VLDB Endowment | Year: 2010
We introduce the proximity rank join problem, where we are given a set of relations whose tuples are equipped with a score and a real-valued feature vector. Given a target feature vector, the goal is to return the K combinations of tuples with high scores that are as close as possible to the target and to each other, according to some notion of distance. The setting closely resembles that of traditional rank join, but the geometry of the vector space plays a distinctive role in the computation of the overall score of a combination. Also, the input relations typically return their results either by distance from the target or by score. Because of these aspects, it turns out that traditional rank join algorithms, such as the well-known HRJN, have shortcomings in solving the proximity rank join problem, as they may read more input than needed. To overcome this weakness, we define a tight bound (used as a stopping criterion) that guarantees instance optimality, i.e., an I/O cost is achieved that is always within a constant factor of optimal. The tight bound can also be used to drive an adaptive pulling strategy, deciding at each step which relation to access next. For practically relevant classes of problems, we show how to compute the tight bound efficiently. An extensive experimental study validates our results and demonstrates significant gains over existing solutions. © 2010 VLDB Endowment.
Rinaldi S.,Polytechnic of Milan
Theoretical Population Biology | Year: 2012
A minimal model for the interactions of trees, insects, and their enemies suggests a simple formula for splitting all forests where insect outbreaks can occur into two categories: where outbreaks are periodic and endogenously generated and where outbreaks are triggered by exogenous factors and are, in general, recurrent but aperiodic. The formula is in full agreement with all field studies in which various phenomena triggering insect outbreaks have been identified. The observed consequences of introductions and removals of insects are also well predicted by the minimal model. But, even more surprisingly, the model allows a simple and explicit condition for the synchronization of outbreaks in spatially extended forests to be derived analytically. This condition is, in general, satisfied when the insect is a so-called pest, that is, when the outbreaks are extreme. The model also predicts the possibility of traveling waves of insect outbreaks. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.
Raimondi M.T.,Polytechnic of Milan
Journal of applied biomaterials & functional materials | Year: 2012