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Bentebbiche A.H.,University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene | Belmrabet T.,Military Polytechnic Academy
Journal of Applied Fluid Mechanics | Year: 2016

This paper presents a three dimensional numerical simulation of premixed methane-air low swirl stabilized flames. The computational domain has a simple geometry describing a LBS (low swirl burner) with 50mm of nozzle diameter. RANS Standard κ - ε model to treat turbulence coupled with partially premixed combustion model are used. The purpose is to show the applicability limits and their capacities to predict governing flame parameters by varying swirl intensity and CH4 mass fraction at the inlet, which shows the optimum operating area of the burner in terms of generated energy and flame stability with a particular interest to thermal NOx apparitions. This work is compared and validated with experimental and LES numerical simulation works available in the literature. Results offered good similarity for all flame studied parameters. Swirl number was varied from 0.5 to 1.0 to ensure a wide operating range of the burner. From S=0.6, we observed the onset of recirculation zones, while for the inert flow the appearance of recirculation zones was observed for S=0.9. CH4 equivalence ratio was increased from 0.6 to 1.4. That showed apparition of zones with important NOx mass fraction due to the existence of zones with high temperature. Otherwise, the flow field wasn't disturbed in terms of recirculation zones apparitions who remained absent for all cases. Actual investigation works to find equilibrium between the maximum of generated temperature and the minimum of NOx emissions for swirled burners. Used models haven't showed applicability limits, results were clear and precise and offered a significantly gain in computing time and means. Source

Caro R.I.,Military Polytechnic Academy | Bellerby J.M.,Cranfield University
International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion | Year: 2010

Composite rocket propellants with improved insensitive munitions (IM) characteristics can be produced using cross-linked hydroxyl-terminated polyether (HTPE) binders and are potential alternatives to hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene (HTPB) compositions. Some characteristics of propellants based on the HTPE binder have been presented, but there has been no report on the comprehensive chemical characterization of the prepolymer. In this paper we report a preliminary study on the characterization and comparison of two different HTPE prepolymers, one synthesized in our laboratory and the other obtained from a commercial source. Analyses were carried out on the two materials to determine molecular weight, molecular structure, glass transition temperature (Tg), melting temperature (Tm), impurities, and viscosity. These properties were determined using a range of techniques, including size-exclusion chromatography (SEC), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. © 2010 by Begell House, Inc. Source

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