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Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski, Poland

Kalaszczynska I.,Medical University of Warsaw | Kalaszczynska I.,Center for Preclinical Research and Technology | Ferdyn K.,Polish Stem Cell Bank
BioMed Research International | Year: 2015

Around 5 million annual births in EU and 131 million worldwide give a unique opportunity to collect lifesaving Wharton's jelly derived mesenchymal stem cells (WJ-MSC). Evidences that these cells possess therapeutic properties are constantly accumulating. Collection of WJ-MSC is done at the time of delivery and it is easy and devoid of side effects associated with collection of adult stem cells from bone marrow or adipose tissue. Likewise, their rate of proliferation, immune privileged status, lack of ethical concerns, nontumorigenic properties make them ideal for both autologous and allogeneic use in regenerative medicine applications. This review provides an outline of the recent findings related to WJ-MSC therapeutic effects and possible advantage they possess over MSC from other sources. Results of first clinical trials conducted to treat immune disorders are highlighted. © 2015 Ilona Kalaszczynska and Katarzyna Ferdyn. Source

Bobis-Wozowicz S.,Jagiellonian University | Kmiotek K.,Jagiellonian University | Sekula M.,Jagiellonian University | Kedracka-Krok S.,Jagiellonian University | And 11 more authors.
Stem Cells | Year: 2015

Microvesicles (MVs) are membrane-enclosed cytoplasmic fragments released by normal and activated cells that have been described as important mediators of cell-to-cell communication. Although the ability of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) to participate in tissue repair is being increasingly recognized, the use of hiPSC-derived MVs (hiPSC-MVs) in this regard remains unknown. Accordingly, we investigated the ability of hiPSC-MVs to transfer bioactive molecules including mRNA, microRNA (miRNA), and proteins to mature target cells such as cardiac mesenchymal stromal cells (cMSCs), and we next analyzed effects of hiPSC-MVs on fate and behavior of such target cells. The results show that hiPSC-MVs derived from integration-free hiPSCs cultured under serum-free and feeder-free conditions are rich in mRNA, miRNA, and proteins originated from parent cells; however, the levels of expression vary between donor cells and MVs. Importantly, we found that transfer of hiPSC components by hiPSC-MVs impacted on transcriptome and proteomic profiles of target cells as well as exerted proliferative and protective effects on cMSCs, and enhanced their cardiac and endothelial differentiation potential. hiPSC-MVs also transferred exogenous transcripts from genetically modified hiPSCs that opens new perspectives for future strategies to enhance MV content. We conclude that hiPSC-MVs are effective vehicles for transferring iPSC attributes to adult somatic cells, and hiPSC-MV-mediated horizontal transfer of RNAs and proteins to injured tissues may be used for therapeutic tissue repair. In this study, for the first time, we propose a new concept of use of hiPSCs as a source of safe acellular bioactive derivatives for tissue regeneration. © 2015 AlphaMed Press. Source

Kruszewski M.,Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology of Poland | Kruszewski M.,Institute of Rural Health | Iwanenko T.,Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology of Poland | MacHaj E.K.,Center of Oncology of Poland | And 7 more authors.
Mutagenesis | Year: 2012

The comet assay or single cell gel electrophoresis has proven to be a versatile and sensitive method of measuring the induction and repair of DNA damage in individual cells. However, one of the drawbacks of the assay is the bias caused by changes in the ability of cells to repair DNA damage in different cell cycle phases. Whereas the bias seems less important when G0 peripheral blood lymphocytes are studied, it might cause problems when proliferating cells are investigated. In this paper, we validate the assumption that the total comet fluorescence intensity corresponds to the position of the cell in the cell cycle and can be used to assign single cells to specific cell cycle phases. To validate the approach, we used a very homogenous blood mononuclear CD34 + cell population in G0 phase (unstimulated) or stimulated to enter the cell cycle. An analysis of the cell cycle distribution revealed that the 15 comet intensity classes and the 100 comets usually analyzed in a typical comet experiment are sufficient to obtain a reliable cell cycle distribution comparable with the results obtained by the flow cytometry for the same cell population. The effect of the cell cycle position on the results obtained by the comet assay for proliferating and non-proliferating cell populations irradiated with 3 Gy of X-radiation is also discussed. © The Author 2012. Source

Szaraz L.,KRIO Institute Ltd. | Szenasi D.,KRIO Institute Ltd. | Oldak T.,Polish Stem Cell Bank | Balogh I.,KRIO Institute Ltd.
Cryobiology | Year: 2014

Amelioration of the survival parameters of cryopreserved samples after thawing has already been addressed through several techniques including vitrification to avoid the formation of ice cores. However, this approach cannot be followed in the case of samples with higher volumes. Hydrostatic pressure (HP) treatment has been proven to increase some qualifying parameters (e.g., motility, insemination efficiency) of certain biological samples. Accordingly, the preparation of umbilical cord blood (UCB) samples through an active (mechanical) pre-stressing process to increase the survival rate of cryopreserved samples can be regarded as a novel strategy that calls for basic experimental studies. The goal of our study was to assess the effects of HP treatment on the qualifying parameters (DNA fragmentation by agarose gel electrophoresis and capillary electrophoresis, Total Nucleotide Cell (TNC) count, CD34+/CD45+ count, and superoxide dismutase activity (SOD) of human umbilical cord blood (UCB) derived cells). The experimental arrangement was set to provide data for response-surface analysis to take into account the common effects of the individual variables of pressure and time exposure. 3D visualization of experimental data revealed that 50-min long HP treatment at 12.5. MPa can significantly (α=. 0.05) enhance white blood cell (WBC) and CD34+/CD45+ cell counts. However no DNA fragmentation was observed even at higher pressures, SOD activity was triggered over 15.0. MPa. As a conclusion, HP treatment may contribute to the optimal cryopreservation of UCB cells by significantly increasing WBC and CD34+/CD45+ cell counts without adverse effects neither on DNA stability nor on triggering SOD activity. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. Source

Boruczkowski D.,Polish Stem Cell Bank | Gladysz D.,Polish Stem Cell Bank | Demkow U.,Medical University of Warsaw | Pawelec K.,Polish Stem Cell Bank | Pawelec K.,Medical University of Warsaw
Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology | Year: 2015

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a life-threatening autosomal recessive multi-organ disorder with the mean incidence of 0.737 per 10,000 people worldwide. Despite many advances in therapy, patients fail to have a satisfactory quality of life. The end-stage lung disease still accounts for significant mortality and puts patients in the need of lung transplantation. Even though the disease is monogenic, the trials of topical gene transfer into airway epithelial cells have so far been disappointing. It is proven that stem cells can be differentiated into type II alveolar epithelial cells. Wharton’s jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) from non-CF carrier third-party donors could be an effective alternative to bone marrow or embryonic stem cells. The harvesting process is an easy and ethically uncontroversial procedure. The MSC cell should be applied through repetitive infusions due to rapid lung epithelial cell turnover. However, the low stem cell incorporation remains a problem. Pre-clinical studies imply that even 6–10 % of the wild-type cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) expression could be enough to restore chloride secretion. The route of administration, the optimal dose, as well as the intervals between infusions have yet to be determined. This review discusses the clinical potential of mesenchymal stem cell in CF patients. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014. Source

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