Solecki L.,Polish Institute of Agricultural Medicine
Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine | Year: 2010
The objective of the study was evaluation of an annual exposure of private farmers to whole body mechanical vibration on selected family farms of plant production profile. The study covered 15 family farms, using arable land of the size of 10-50 ha (22.3 ha on average), engaged mainly in plant production, and equipped with tractors, tractormounted agricultural machinery, with a partial contribution of self-propelled machines. The scope of the study covered the carrying out of time schedules of agricultural activities, and measurements of effective values (RMS) for vibration acceleration (equivalent), frequency corrected, on the seats of farm vehicles in 3 spatial directions of vibration (X, Y, Z). The measurements were made while performing various basic field and transport work activities during the period of the whole year. The study showed (plant production) that the degree of whole body mechanical vibration load among farmers during the whole year depends on the vibration level and duration of exposure to this factor. The highest values of the total vibration dose (d) occur both during summer-autumn months (August, September, October and November), and in spring (April, May). The mean equivalent of daily vibration acceleration shows the highest values during 4 months of the year: April and May (0.52 m/s2), and in August and September (0.56-0.57 m/s2); the average value of this parameter, for the whole year, reaches the level of 0.45 m/s2. Considering the fact of the occurrence of mechanical shocks in agricultural vehicles (high maximum accelerations values registered: 0.81-1.01 m/s2; standard exceeding), and exceeding of the daily exposure action value, proper steps should be undertaken with respect to the protection of private farmers against risk resulting from exposure to mechanical vibration while performing work activities.
Lemieszek M.,Polish Institute of Agricultural Medicine |
Rzeski W.,Polish Institute of Agricultural Medicine
Wspolczesna Onkologia | Year: 2012
Basidiomycete mushrooms represent a valuable source of biologically active compounds with anticancer properties. This feature is primarily attributed to polysaccharides and their derivatives. The anticancer potential of polysaccharides is linked to their origin, composition and chemical structure, solubility and method of isolation. Moreover, their activity can be significantly increased by chemical modifications. Anticancer effects of polysaccharides can be expressed indirectly (immunostimulation) or directly (cell proliferation inhibition and/or apoptosis induction). Among the wide range of polysaccharides with documented anticancer properties, lentinan, polysaccharide-K (PSK) and schizophyllan deserve special attention. These polysaccharides for many years have been successfully applied in cancer treatment and their mechanism of action is the best known.
Lemieszek M.K.,Polish Institute of Agricultural Medicine
Food & function | Year: 2013
The use of biologically active compounds isolated from edible mushrooms against cancer raises global interest. Anticancer properties are mainly attributed to biopolymers including mainly polysaccharides, polysaccharopeptides, polysaccharide proteins, glycoproteins and proteins. In spite of the fact that Boletus edulis is one of the widely occurring and most consumed edible mushrooms, antitumor biopolymers isolated from it have not been exactly defined and studied so far. The present study is an attempt to extend this knowledge on molecular mechanisms of their anticancer action. The mushroom biopolymers (polysaccharides and glycoproteins) were extracted with hot water and purified by anion-exchange chromatography. The antiproliferative activity in human colon adenocarcinoma cells (LS180) was screened by means of MTT and BrdU assays. At the same time fractions' cytotoxicity was examined on the human colon epithelial cells (CCD 841 CoTr) by means of the LDH assay. Flow cytometry and Western blotting were applied to cell cycle analysis and protein expression involved in anticancer activity of the selected biopolymer fraction. In vitro studies have shown that fractions isolated from Boletus edulis were not toxic against normal colon epithelial cells and in the same concentration range elicited a very prominent antiproliferative effect in colon cancer cells. The best results were obtained in the case of the fraction designated as BE3. The tested compound inhibited cancer cell proliferation which was accompanied by cell cycle arrest in the G0/G1-phase. Growth inhibition was associated with modulation of the p16/cyclin D1/CDK4-6/pRb pathway, an aberration of which is a critical step in the development of many human cancers including colon cancer. Our results indicate that a biopolymer BE3 from Boletus edulis possesses anticancer potential and may provide a new therapeutic/preventive option in colon cancer chemoprevention.
Bojar I.,Polish Institute of Agricultural Medicine |
Szymanska J.,Medical University of Lublin
Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine | Year: 2010
Infection with T. gondii is particularly dangerous for pregnant women as it may lead to the transplacental passage of the parasite. Currently, congenital toxoplasmosis is the second most frequent intrauterine infection. The risk of transmission of T. gondii to the foetus varies throughout the world and ranges from 0.6-1.7/1,000 of pregnant women. The consequences of congenital toxoplasmosis are multifarious. On the basis of current literature review, the authors discuss the epidemiological and clinical aspects of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women, the influence of climatic and environmental factors that may lead to an increase in T. gondii infections in humans, particularly in pregnant women, and the principles of prophylactics against T. gondii infections in those women.
Stepkowski T.M.,Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology of Poland |
Kruszewski M.K.,Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology of Poland |
Kruszewski M.K.,Polish Institute of Agricultural Medicine
Free Radical Biology and Medicine | Year: 2011
Oxidative stress, perturbations in the cellular thiol level and redox balance, affects many cellular functions, including signaling pathways. This, in turn, may cause the induction of autophagy or apoptosis. The NRF2/KEAP1 signaling pathway is the main pathway responsible for cell defense against oxidative stress and maintaining the cellular redox balance at physiological levels. The relation between NRF2/KEAP1 signaling and regulation of apoptosis and autophagy is not well understood. In this hypothesis article we discuss how KEAP1 protein and its direct interactants (such as PGAM5, prothymosin α, FAC1 (BPTF), and p62) provide a molecular foundation for a possible cross-talk between NRF2/KEAP1, apoptosis, and autophagy pathways. We present a hypothesis for how NRF2/KEAP1 may interfere with the cellular apoptosis-regulatory machinery through activation of the ASK1 kinase by a KEAP1 binding partner-PGAM5. Based on very recent experimental evidence, new hypotheses for a cross-talk between NF-κB and the NRF2/KEAP1 pathway in the context of autophagy-related "molecular hub" protein p62 are also presented. The roles of KEAP1 molecular binding partners in apoptosis regulation during carcinogenesis and in neurodegenerative diseases are also discussed. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Stepkowski T.M.,Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology of Poland |
Brzoska K.,Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology of Poland |
Kruszewski M.,Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology of Poland |
Kruszewski M.,Polish Institute of Agricultural Medicine
Toxicology in Vitro | Year: 2014
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are widely used in industry and medicine but the recent evidence for their cytotoxicity rise a concern about the safety of their use. We have previously shown that human A549 cells are resistant to AgNPs cytotoxicity, as compared with similarly treated HepG2 cells. In order to check for the role of the NF-κB signaling pathway in response of A549 and HepG2 cell lines to the treatment with 20. nm and 200. nm AgNps, we analyzed the expression of 84 key genes related to the functionality of the NF-κB signaling pathway. We observed considerable alternations in gene expression in HepG2 cells treated with 20. nm AgNPs, and minor changes when exposed to 200. nm AgNPs. Surprisingly, no changes in gene expression were observed in A549 cells treated with both size AgNPs. Using the NF-κB luciferase reporter system, we further tested the basal activity and inducibility of the NF-κB pathway in both cell lines and found that the inducibility of NF-κB signaling in A549 cells is approximately 5 times lower than this of HepG2 cells, but the basal activity is approximately 3.5 times higher. In accordance, the NF-κB activation after AgNPs treatment was observed in HepG2 but not in A549. Altogether indicate that NF-kB mediated cellular response to AgNPs is cell type specific and related to the basal activity of NF-κB. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Langner E.,Polish Institute of Agricultural Medicine |
Langner E.,Medical University of Lublin |
Rzeski W.,Polish Institute of Agricultural Medicine |
Rzeski W.,Maria Curie Sklodowska University
International Journal of Food Properties | Year: 2014
Melanoidins are brown, high molecular weight products of Maillard reaction, which takes place during thermal processing of food. They are formed in a multistage reaction between reducing sugars and compounds possessing free amino groups and found in roasted coffee, bakery products, cooked meat, beer, honey, sweet wine, processed tomatoes, and fiber. Nowadays, melanoidins have attracted a lot of attention, not only as a functional food ingredient, but also as a potential pro-healthy dietary supplement. In this field, their antioxidant, antimicrobial, anticancer, and detoxifying activity have been described. Based on recent research developments, an overview of the biological properties of melanoidins with implications for human health is presented. © 2014 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Nieoczym D.,Maria Curie Sklodowska University |
Socala K.,Maria Curie Sklodowska University |
Raszewski G.,Polish Institute of Agricultural Medicine |
Wla P.,Maria Curie Sklodowska University
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry | Year: 2014
Quercetin is one of the most widely occurring flavonoid which is also often present in plants as glycosidic form - rutin. These compounds are ingredients of plant diet and are also present in numerous pharmaceutical preparations and diet supplements which are taken by patients suffering from epilepsy and treating with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Influence of these compounds on central nervous system-related effects was proved both in experimental and clinical studies. Their influence on anxiety, depression, memory processes and convulsant activity was reported. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of quercetin and rutin in some models of seizures, i.e., in the model of psychomotor seizures induced by 6. Hz stimulation, in the maximal electroshock seizure threshold and intravenous pentylenetetrazole tests in mice. We also examined a possible mechanism of anticonvulsant activity of quercetin and its influence on action of two AEDs, i.e., valproic acid and levetiracetam, in the 6. Hz seizure test. Our results revealed only a weak anticonvulsant potential of the studied flavonoids because they showed anticonvulsant action at doses from 10 to 200. mg/kg only in the 6. Hz test and did not change seizure thresholds in the remaining tests. Moreover, anticonvulsant action of the studied flavonoids was short-term, noted only at pretreatment time ranging between 30 and 60. min. The highest anticonvulsant activity of quercetin was correlated with its high plasma and brain concentration, which was revealed in a pharmacokinetic study. We did not note changes in the anticonvulsant action of the used AEDs combined with quercetin in the model of psychomotor seizures in mice. Neither quercetin and rutin nor combinations of quercetin with the studied AEDs produced any significant impairments of motor coordination (assessed in the chimney test), muscular strength (investigated in the grip-strength test) and long-term memory (evaluated in the passive avoidance test) in mice. The results of the present study suggest that quercetin and rutin have only weak and short-term anticonvulsant potential. These flavonoids seem to be safe for patients with epilepsy because they neither changed activity of the studied AEDs nor produced any adverse effects. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.
Luszczki J.J.,Medical University of Lublin |
Luszczki J.J.,Polish Institute of Agricultural Medicine |
Filip D.,Medical University of Lublin |
Florek-Luszczki M.,Polish Institute of Agricultural Medicine
Epilepsy Research | Year: 2012
The aim of this study was to characterize the anticonvulsant effects of pregabalin in combination with four second-generation antiepileptic drugs (i.e., gabapentin, levetiracetam, tiagabine, and vigabatrin) in the mouse maximal electroshock (MES)-induced seizure model by using the type II isobolographic analysis. Tonic hind limb extension (seizure activity) was evoked in adult male albino Swiss mice by a current (sine-wave, 25. mA, 500. V, 50. Hz, 0.2. s stimulus duration) delivered via auricular electrodes. The combination of pregabalin with gabapentin at the fixed-ratio of 1:1 was supra-additive (synergistic) in terms of seizure suppression while the combinations at the fixed-ratios of 2:1 and 4:1 were additive in the mouse MES model. Similarly, the combination of pregabalin with tiagabine at the fixed-ratio of 25:1 was supra-additive, whereas the combinations at the fixed-ratios of 100:1 and 50:1 were additive in the mouse MES model. Pregabalin with levetiracetam and vigabatrin at the fixed-ratios of 1:1, 2:1 and 4:1 were additive in this seizure model. The combinations of pregabalin with gabapentin (1:1) and pregabalin with tiagabine (25:1) appear to be favorable combinations exerting supra-additive interaction in suppressing MES-induced seizures. Pregabalin in combination with levetiracetam and vigabatrin appears to be neutral producing only additivity in the mouse MES model. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Szymanska J.,Medical University of Lublin |
Sitkowska J.,Polish Institute of Agricultural Medicine
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment | Year: 2013
Safety of patients and dental personnel requires the appropriate microbiological water quality in dental units. During treatment, patients and dental workers are exposed both to direct contact with bacteria-contaminated water in the form of splatter and with contaminated water aerosol emitted during work by unit handpieces, including rotating and ultrasonic instruments. The aim of the study was to determine the qualitative and quantitative contamination of water in dental unit reservoirs with aerobic and facultative anaerobic bacteria. The study material included water sampled from 107 dental unit reservoirs located in dental surgeries of public health centres. Conventional microbiological methods were used to identify microorganisms. The study shows that the contamination of water in dental unit reservoirs with aerobic and facultative anaerobic bacteria is commonplace. The mean concentration of mesophile bacteria in dental unit reservoir water exceeded 1.1 × 10 5 cfu/ml. The prevailing species were Gram-negative bacteria of the families Burkholderiaceae, Pseudomonadaceae, Ralstoniaceae and Sphingomonadaceae. The most numerous bacteria were Ralstonia pickettii, constituting 49.33 % of all the identified aerobic and facultative anaerobic bacteria. Among Gram-positive rods, the most numerous were bacteria of the genus Brevibacterium (5.83 %), while the highest percentage shares (13.25 %) of all Gram-positive microorganisms were found for Actinomyces spp. The study confirms the necessity of regular monitoring of microbial contamination of dental unit waterlines (DUWL) and use of various water treatment procedures available to disinfect DWUL. © 2012 The Author(s).