Gonzalez Sanchez R.,Hospital Pediatrico Centro Habana |
Llapur Milian R.,Hospital Pediatrico Centro Habana |
Diaz Cuesta M.,Policlinico Wilfredo Santana |
Illa Cos M.R.,Policlinico Wilfredo Santana |
And 2 more authors.
Revista Cubana de Pediatria | Year: 2015
Introduction: inadequate lifestyles represent changeable risk factors for cardiovascular diseases; their detection in a given population is required to carry out interventional strategies. Objectives: to characterize lifestyles and to identify blood hypertension and overweight in adolescents of "Antonio Guiteras" neighborhood in Habana del Este municipality. Methods: cross-sectional and descriptive study of adolescents aged 10-17 years in the period of September 2010 through July 2012 in Habana del Este municipality. Demographic, anthropometric, clinical, food consumption, toxic habits and physical activity variables were studied. The adolescents were interviewed and their blood pressure, weight, height and waist circumference were measured after informed consent. Results: two hundred and seventy six adolescents were studied, being the 10-14 years-old group (59.4 %) and Caucasians (60.9 %) predominant regardless of sex. In this group, 23.2 % were overweighed and obese, 2.9 % hypertensives and 14.5 % pre-hypertensive. Daily sweet (72.8 %) and fried (43.5 %) foodstuff consumption prevailed but vegetable and fruit intake was low. Alcohol consumption was observed in 34.4 % of adolescents —early age of onset— 7.2 % were active and 56.2 % passive smokers; smoking habits of parents and children were closely associated. Conclusions: overweight and blood hypertension values seen in studied adolescents agree with those of other domestic research studies; nutritional habits and physical activity were deficient; and onset of toxic habits occur at early ages. © 2015, Editorial Ciencias Medicas. All rights reserved.