Policlinico University Hospital

Modena, Italy

Policlinico University Hospital

Modena, Italy
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Bursi F.,Policlinico University Hospital | Barbieri A.,Policlinico University Hospital | Grigioni F.,University of Bologna | Reggianini L.,Policlinico University Hospital | And 6 more authors.
European Journal of Heart Failure | Year: 2010

AimsTo examine the independent prognostic role of functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) and its impact across the severity of chronic heart failure (CHF) in a large population of outpatients with systolic CHF followed at two multidisciplinary clinics.Methods and resultsEchocardiography was performed upon enrolment in 469 CHF patients. Follow-up for death and heart transplant was updated on January 2007. Five-year transplant-free survival was 82.7 in patients with no or Grade I FMR, 64.4 in Grade II, 58.5 in Grade III, and 46.5 in Grade IV (P < 0.0001). There was a strong graded association between FMR and the long-term risk of death and heart transplant, which remained significant after multivariable adjustment (P = 0.0003). The association between FMR and events was strong and independent in patients with less severe symptoms and in those at lower overall risk based on a propensity score analysis, while it was not significant in patients with more advanced CHF or in the high-risk subgroup (P < 0.0001 for interactions).ConclusionThis study clarifies previous apparently discrepant results by demonstrating that FMR is an independent determinant of death and heart transplantation only in less severe CHF and in patients with a lower risk profile. This finding indicates that FMR plays a major role in the early phase of CHF, suggesting that this should be the focus of strategies attempting to reduce it. © The Author 2010.


Monopoli D.E.,Policlinico University Hospital | Politi L.,Policlinico University Hospital | Sangiorgi G.M.,Policlinico University Hospital | Modena M.G.,Policlinico University Hospital
Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine | Year: 2010

An 85-year-old male patient, with long-standing hypertension, was admitted to our hospital for a late inferior myocardial infarction. An elective coronary angiogram was performed, but due to severe iliac artery tortuosity, thoracic aortic dilatation, high left coronary artery take-off, and separated origin of the left descending coronary artery and circumflex, selective cannulation with different catheter shapes was not possible. Thus, we decided to utilize a modified mother-child technique by cutting the first 10 cm from the hub of a conventional 7 F Judkins left 4 guiding catheter and inserting it into a 7 F valved sheath. Then, we introduced a conventional 6 F Amplatz Left 2 diagnostic catheter inside it. In this way, we were able to easily reach both separate ostia and to perform complete left coronary angiography. The technique we described herewith could represent a valid solution to allow utilization of standard coronary catheters with different shapes commercially available in cases of complex coronary artery origin. © 2010 Italian Federation of Cardiology.


Politi L.,Policlinico University Hospital | Iaccarino D.,Policlinico University Hospital | Sangiorgi G.M.,Policlinico University Hospital | Modena M.G.,Policlinico University Hospital
Journal of cardiovascular medicine (Hagerstown, Md.) | Year: 2015

During percutaneous coronary intervention, coronary perforation is one of the most feared life-threatening complications, as it may cause cardiac tamponade or acute myocardial infarction. The incidence of this serious complication in recent years has increased from 0.2 to 0.6%, most likely due to the increase of complex procedures. However, the management of coronary perforation has not been established yet. We report the first case of coronary perforation successfully managed with intracoronary injection of hydrogel microspheres.


Richeldi L.,Policlinico University Hospital
European Respiratory Review | Year: 2012

The magnitude of treatment effect can be assessed by a number of methods. One method of collectively analysing data is that used by the Cochrane Collaboration. Their systematic reviews identify, analyse and present research-based evidence in an accessible format. These reviews may contain meta-analyses combining data from multiple studies to provide robust evaluations of overall treatment effects. In 2003, Cochrane reviews of data for treatment with corticosteroids in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) found no evidence supporting their use; similarly, reviews of immunomodulatory agents found very little evidence to support their use. A recent update of these Cochrane reviews failed to identify any evidence supporting the use of corticosteroids in IPF; however, a review of non-steroid agents in the treatment of IPF identified 15 clinical trials suitable for analysis. Two trials of interferon-c-1b were combined, and no treatment effect was observed in terms of survival. Two Japanese trials of treatment with pirfenidone were combined, and a positive effect of pirfenidone on pulmonary function decline was observed. Metaanalysis of three phase III studies suggested that pirfenidone significantly increased progressionfree survival by 30%. The findings of this systematic review, although not presenting new original data, together with an acceptable safety profile, suggest that pirfenidone may have a role in IPF treatment. © ERS 2012.


Levy M.,McMaster University | Heels-Ansdell D.,McMaster University | Hiralal R.,McMaster University | Bhandari M.,McMaster University | And 18 more authors.
Anesthesiology | Year: 2011

Background: There is uncertainty regarding the prognostic value of troponin and creatine kinase muscle and brain isoenzyme measurements after noncardiac surgery. Methods: The current study undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis. The study used six search strategies and included noncardiac surgery studies that provided data from a multivariable analysis assessing whether a postoperative troponin or creatine kinase muscle and brain isoenzyme measurement was an independent predictor of mortality or a major cardiovascular event. Independent investigators determined study eligibility and abstracted data in duplicate. Results: Fourteen studies, enrolling 3,318 patients and 459 deaths, demonstrated that an increased troponin measurement after surgery was an independent predictor of mortality (odds ratio [OR] 3.4, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.2-5.2), but there was substantial heterogeneity (I = 56%). The independent prognostic capabilities of an increased troponin value after surgery in the 10 studies that assessed intermediate-term (≤ 12 months) mortality was an OR = 6.7 (95% CI 4.1-10.9, I = 0%) and in the 4 studies that assessed long-term (more than 12 months) mortality was an OR = 1.8 (95% CI 1.4-2.3, I = 0%; P < 0.001 for test of interaction). Four studies, including 1,165 patients and 202 deaths, demonstrated an independent association between an increased creatine kinase muscle and brain isoenzyme measurement after surgery and mortality (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.5-4.0, I = 4%). Conclusions: An increased troponin measurement after surgery is an independent predictor of mortality, particularly within the first year; limited data suggest an increased creatine kinase muscle and brain isoenzyme measurement also predicts subsequent mortality. Monitoring troponin measurements after noncardiac surgery may allow physicians to better risk stratify and manage their patients.© 2011, the American Society of Anesthesiologists, Inc. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Politi L.,Policlinico University Hospital | Sgura F.,Policlinico University Hospital | Rossi R.,Policlinico University Hospital | Monopoli D.,Policlinico University Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Heart | Year: 2010

Background: Few reports described outcomes of complete compared with infarct-related artery (IRA)-only revascularisation in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD). Moreover, no studies have compared the simultaneous treatment of non-IRA with the IRA treatment followed by an elective procedure for the other lesions (staged revascularisation). Methods: The outcomes of 214 consecutive patients with STEMI and multivessel CAD undergoing primary angioplasty were studied. Before the first angioplasty patients were randomly assigned to three different strategies: culprit vessel angioplasty-only (COR group); staged revascularisation (SR group) and simultaneous treatment of non-IRA (CR group). Results: During a mean follow-up of 2.5 years, 42 (50.0%) patients in the COR group experienced at least one major adverse cardiac event (MACE), 13 (20.0%) in the SR group and 15 (23.1%) in the CR group, p<0.001. Inhospital death, repeat revascularisation and rehospitalisation occurred more frequently in the COR group (all p<0.05), whereas there was no significant difference in re-infarction among the three groups. Survival free of MACE was significantly reduced in the COR group but was similar in the CR and SR groups. Conclusions: Culprit vessel-only angioplasty was associated with the highest rate of long-term MACE compared with multivessel treatment. Patients scheduled for staged revascularisation experienced a similar rate of MACE to patients undergoing complete simultaneous treatment of non-IRA.


PubMed | Policlinico University Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: European respiratory review : an official journal of the European Respiratory Society | Year: 2012

The magnitude of treatment effect can be assessed by a number of methods. One method of collectively analysing data is that used by the Cochrane Collaboration. Their systematic reviews identify, analyse and present research-based evidence in an accessible format. These reviews may contain meta-analyses combining data from multiple studies to provide robust evaluations of overall treatment effects. In 2003, Cochrane reviews of data for treatment with corticosteroids in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) found no evidence supporting their use; similarly, reviews of immunomodulatory agents found very little evidence to support their use. A recent update of these Cochrane reviews failed to identify any evidence supporting the use of corticosteroids in IPF; however, a review of non-steroid agents in the treatment of IPF identified 15 clinical trials suitable for analysis. Two trials of interferon--1b were combined, and no treatment effect was observed in terms of survival. Two Japanese trials of treatment with pirfenidone were combined, and a positive effect of pirfenidone on pulmonary function decline was observed. Meta-analysis of three phase III studies suggested that pirfenidone significantly increased progression-free survival by 30%. The findings of this systematic review, although not presenting new original data, together with an acceptable safety profile, suggest that pirfenidone may have a role in IPF treatment.


PubMed | Policlinico University Hospital
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Heart (British Cardiac Society) | Year: 2010

Few reports described outcomes of complete compared with infarct-related artery (IRA)-only revascularisation in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD). Moreover, no studies have compared the simultaneous treatment of non-IRA with the IRA treatment followed by an elective procedure for the other lesions (staged revascularisation).The outcomes of 263 [corrected] consecutive patients with STEMI and multivessel CAD undergoing primary angioplasty were studied. Before the first angioplasty patients were randomly assigned to three different strategies: culprit vessel angioplasty-only (COR group); staged revascularisation (SR group) and simultaneous treatment of non-IRA (CR group).During a mean follow-up of 2.5 years, 42 (50.0%) patients in the COR group experienced at least one major adverse cardiac event (MACE), 13 (20.0%) in the SR group and 15 (23.1%) in the CR group, p<0.001. Inhospital death, repeat revascularisation and re-hospitalisation occurred more frequently in the COR group (all p<0.05), whereas there was no significant difference in re-infarction among the three groups. Survival free of MACE was significantly reduced in the COR group but was similar in the CR and SR groups.Culprit vessel-only angioplasty was associated with the highest rate of long-term MACE compared with multivessel treatment. Patients scheduled for staged revascularisation experienced a similar rate of MACE to patients undergoing complete simultaneous treatment of non-IRA.


PubMed | Policlinico University Hospital, University of Trento, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, University of Florence and Evandro Chagas Institute
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology | Year: 2015

Fourteen mycobacterial strains isolated from pulmonary samples of independent patients in the state of Par (Brazil), and three strains isolated in Italy, were characterized using a polyphasic approach. Thorough genetic investigation, including whole-genome sequencing, demonstrated that the strains belong to the M. simiae complex, being most closely related to Mycobacterium interjectum. For 14 of the strains, evidence emerged supporting their inclusion in a previously unreported species of the genus Mycobacterium, for which the name Mycobacterium paraense sp. nov. is proposed (type strain, IEC26(T)= DSM 46749(T)= CCUG 66121(T)). The novel species is characterized by slow growth, unpigmented or pale yellow scotochromogenic colonies, and a HPLC mycolic acid profile different from other known mycobacteria. In different genetic regions, high sequence microheterogeneity was detected.


PubMed | Policlinico University Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: HIV medicine | Year: 2014

In long-term HIV-infected patients, peripheral lipoatrophy (LA) and central lipohypertrophy (LH) appear to be related to the same insults (virus and antiretroviral drugs), but are likely to be associated with different fat depot physiologies. The objective of this study was to describe the natural history of lipodystrophy assessed using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and computed tomography (CT) in a large HIV out-patients metabolic clinic.An observational retrospective study was carried out including HIV-infected patients recruited at the Metabolic Clinic of Modena, Modena, Italy, who were assessed for lipodystrophy and had at least two anthropometric evaluations using DEXA for leg fat per cent mass and abdominal CT for visceral adipose tissue (VAT). Factors associated with leg fat per cent and VAT changes were analysed using multivariable generalized estimating equation (GEE) regression models.A total of 6789 DEXAs and 7566 CT scans were evaluated in the observation period. A total of 1840 patients were included; the mean age was 45.27.2 (standard deviation) years, 621 (34%) were women, and the median HIV infection duration was 176 (interquartile range 121-232) years. According to the GEE multivariable regression analysis, leg fat per cent evaluated with DEXA appeared to increase over calendar years (=0.92; P<0.001); moreover, a progressive increase in VAT was observed in the cohort (=5.69; P<0.001). No association with antiretroviral drugs was found.In our study, neither LA nor LH appeared to be associated with antiretroviral drug exposure. We observed a progressive increase in LH in HIV-infected patients over calendar years. This anthropometric change, together with loss of appendicular lean mass, could describe a physiological aging process in HIV-infected patients.

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