Russo M.,Policlinico Universitario Of Messina |
Mazzeo A.,Policlinico Universitario Of Messina |
Stancanelli C.,Policlinico Universitario Of Messina |
Di Leo R.,Policlinico Universitario Of Messina |
And 4 more authors.
Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System | Year: 2012
Transthyretin-related familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (TTR-FAP) usually presents itself as a progressive sensorimotor polyneuropathy with severe autonomic dysfunction and cardiomyopathy. Eighteen patients carrying the Leu64 mutation underwent a series of regular follow-ups, including: neurological examination, electroneurography, electromyography, electrocardiography and echocardiography, blood analysis, a questionnaire on autonomic symptoms, cardiovascular autonomic tests and a 99mTc-DPD examination study. A late onset of a slowly progressive disease which reached its terminal stage after about 10 years was observed. The onset was mainly a length-dependent sensory neuropathy, although a focal onset with carpal tunnel syndrome was detected in three patients. At the onset of the disease, autonomic dysfunction was present in a small number of patients, but, within a few years, this had manifested in all members of the sample group. The only extra-neurological manifestations were cardiac related. It is reasonable to consider Southern Italy as an endemic focus of TTR-FAP. An underestimation of disease prevalence could be caused by a late onset of FAP, which can manifest in patients up to their late 70s. Follow-up of asymptomatic individuals may permit the early detection of symptoms and signs, allowing a detailed record of the natural history of the disease from the beginning and facilitating prompt treatment. © 2012 Peripheral Nerve Society.
Wasniewska M.,Policlinico Universitario Of Messina |
Corrias A.,University of Turin |
Salerno M.,University of Naples Federico II |
Mussa A.,University of Turin |
And 6 more authors.
Hormone Research in Paediatrics | Year: 2012
Background: There are few studies investigating the factors which may affect different biochemical presentations of Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and these are frequently based on limited pediatric populations. Aims: (1) To assess the frequency of thyroid function patterns at HT diagnosis in 608 children and adolescents, and (2) to analyze the factors that affect thyroid status at diagnosis. Results: At presentation, test results showed euthyroidism in 52.1% of patients (subgroup A), overt or subclinical hypothyroidism in 41.4%, and overt or subclinical hyperthyroidism in 6.5%. The mean age of patients with thyroid dysfunctions (subgroup B) was significantly lower than that of subgroup A, and the rate of children below 10 years of age was significantly greater in subgroup B. Other variables related to thyroid function patterns were prepubertal status; association with either Down or Turner syndromes, which correlated with increased risk of thyroid dysfunctions, and association with other autoimmune diseases, which correlated with decreased risk of thyroid dysfunctions. None of the remaining factors analyzed were associated with increased risk of thyroid dysfunctions. Conclusions: Biochemical thyroid function patterns at HT presentation in childhood and adolescence are mainly conditioned by patients' age. © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Costa S.,Policlinico Universitario Of Messina |
Nibali R.C.,Scuola di Specializzazione in Pediatria
Quaderni ACP | Year: 2012
Acute Otitis Media (AOM) is among the leading causes of use of antibiotics in childhood. The majority of episodes of AOM tends to resolve spontaneously; for this reason the wait and see strategy before starting antibiotics is a long established practice, which allows significant sparing in drugs. In January 2011 two RCTs were published in the NEJM about the early use of amoxicillin-clavulanate in the treatment of AOM; conclusions indicated an advantage in the early use of antibiotics. In this article we evaluate the methods and conclusions of the two RCTs. We believe that the applicability to current practice is distorted by the selection of patients with more severe disease, the use of instrumental ascertained outcomes that are not easily applicable, the difficulty of interpretation due to the complex or multiple outcomes considered; actually the efficacy of antibiotics does not appear greater than that reported in previous studies. We show that the NNH is comparable to the NNT.
Ehrenkranz J.,Intermountain Central Laboratory |
Ehrenkranz J.,Intermountain Medical Center |
Bach P.R.,Central Laboratory |
Snow G.L.,Statistical Data Center |
And 5 more authors.
Thyroid | Year: 2015
Background: Establishing the reference interval for thyrotropin (TSH) and free thyroxine (T4) is clinically important because a number of disease states have been linked to alterations in TSH and free T4 concentrations that are within the 95% confidence interval for normal thyroid hormone values. Age, sex, time of day, and ethnicity are known to affect circulating levels of TSH and free T4 but have not been used to establish reference intervals. The purpose of this study was to define the reference interval for TSH and free T4 taking into account age, sex, ethnicity, and circadian and circannual variability. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of 465,593 TSH and 112,994 free T4 measurements from subjects ages 1-104 years with no thyroid disease using a single TSH and free T4 immunoassay method. Boundaries for the central 95% of patient values, taking into account hour of day, day of year, sex, and age were calculated. Results: Females had significantly higher TSH and free T4 levels than males; the magnitude of these differences did not exceed 0.1 mIU/L or 0.1 ng/dL respectively. Although the 2.5% TSH reference interval remains constant through the day, date, and age ranges, the upper limit (97.5%) of the TSH reference interval increases from 6.45 to 7.55 mIU/L with age, due primarily to a progressive increase in the amplitude of the nocturnal TSH surge. Additionally, significant ethnic differences in TSH circadian periodicity occur between African American, Pacific Island, and Caucasian populations. Conclusions: The reference interval for TSH varies significantly by age, sex, hour of day, and ethnicity. Time of year does not affect the TSH reference interval, and age, sex, hour of day and time of year do not affect the free T4 reference interval. © Copyright 2015, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Marini C.,University of Florence |
Conti V.,University of Florence |
Mei D.,University of Florence |
Battaglia D.,Catholic University |
And 5 more authors.
Neurology | Year: 2012
Objective: To perform a clinical and genetic study of a family with benign familial infantile seizures (BFIS) and, upon finding a PRRT2 gene mutation, to study a cohort of probands with a similar phenotype. We extended the study to all available family members to find out whether PRRT2 mutations cosegregated with additional symptoms. Methods: We carried out a clinical and genealogic study of a 3-generation family and of 32 additional probands with BFIS (11 families), infantile convulsions and paroxysmal choreoathetosis (ICCA) (9 families), BFIS/generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus (5 families), and sporadic benign neonatal or infantile seizures (7 probands/families). We performed a genetic study consisting of linkage analysis and PRRT2 screening of the 33 probands/families. Results: We obtained a positive linkage in the 16p11.3-q23.1 chromosomal region in the large BFIS family. Mutation analysis of PRRT2 gene revealed a c.649dupC (p.Arg217Profs*8) in all affected individuals. PRRT2 analysis of the 32 additional probands showed mutations in 10, 8 familial and 2 sporadic, probands. Overall we found PRRT2 mutations in 11 probands with a mutation rate of 11 out of 33 (33%). BFIS co-occurred with migraine and febrile seizures in 2 families, with childhood absence epilepsy in one family and with hemiplegic migraine in one family. Conclusion: Our results confirm the predominant role of PRRT2 mutations in BFIS and expand the spectrum of PRRT2-associated phenotypes to include febrile seizures, childhood absence seizures, migraine, and hemiplegic migraine. © 2012 American Academy of Neurology.
PubMed | 5 Intermountain Healthcare, McKee Dee Hospital, Policlinico Universitario Of Messina, 2 Central Laboratory and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association | Year: 2015
Establishing the reference interval for thyrotropin (TSH) and free thyroxine (T4) is clinically important because a number of disease states have been linked to alterations in TSH and free T4 concentrations that are within the 95% confidence interval for normal thyroid hormone values. Age, sex, time of day, and ethnicity are known to affect circulating levels of TSH and free T4 but have not been used to establish reference intervals. The purpose of this study was to define the reference interval for TSH and free T4 taking into account age, sex, ethnicity, and circadian and circannual variability.We performed a retrospective analysis of 465,593 TSH and 112,994 free T4 measurements from subjects ages 1-104 years with no thyroid disease using a single TSH and free T4 immunoassay method. Boundaries for the central 95% of patient values, taking into account hour of day, day of year, sex, and age were calculated.Females had significantly higher TSH and free T4 levels than males; the magnitude of these differences did not exceed 0.1mIU/L or 0.1ng/dL respectively. Although the 2.5% TSH reference interval remains constant through the day, date, and age ranges, the upper limit (97.5%) of the TSH reference interval increases from 6.45 to 7.55mIU/L with age, due primarily to a progressive increase in the amplitude of the nocturnal TSH surge. Additionally, significant ethnic differences in TSH circadian periodicity occur between African American, Pacific Island, and Caucasian populations.The reference interval for TSH varies significantly by age, sex, hour of day, and ethnicity. Time of year does not affect the TSH reference interval, and age, sex, hour of day and time of year do not affect the free T4 reference interval.
Costa S.,Policlinico Universitario Of Messina
Quaderni ACP | Year: 2012
A necrotic lesion of the scalp leads to a not frequent diagnosis: the TIck BOrne LymphAdenitis (TIBOLA) caused by a tick diffused in Sicily.
Pandiyan B.,University of Wisconsin - Whitewater |
Merrill S.J.,Marquette University |
Benvenga S.,Policlinico Universitario Of Messina
Mathematical Medicine and Biology | Year: 2014
The purpose of modelling the negative-feedback control mechanism of the hypothalamus-pituitary- thyroid (HPT) axis in autoimmune (Hashimoto's) thyroiditis is to describe the clinical course of euthyroidism, subclinical hypothyroidism and overt hypothyroidism for patients. Thyroid hormone thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) levels are controlled by negative-feedback control through thyroidstimulating hormone (TSH). T4, like other hormones, can be bound or unbound; the unbound T4 (FT4) is used as a marker for hypothyroidism. Autoimmune thyroiditis is a disease in which the thyroid-infiltrating lymphocytes attack autoantigens in follicle cells, destroying them over a long time. To describe the operation of the feedback control, we developed a mathematical model involving four clinical variables: TSH, FT4, anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies and the thyroid gland's functional size. The first three variables are regularly measured while the last variable is determined through relationships between the other three variables. The problem of two different time scales for circulating hormones and thyroid damage is addressed using singular perturbation theory. Analysis of the mathematical model establishes stability and conditions under which the diseased state can maintain the slow movement toward diseased state equilibrium. Although we have used four variables in modelling the feedback control through the HPT axis, the predicted clinical course given any set of parameters is shown to depend on the steady-state levels of TSH and FT4. This observation makes possible the development of the clinical charts based only on the levels of TSH, time and potential steady-state values. To validate the model predictions, a dataset obtained from a Sicilian adult population has been employed. © The authors 2013.
Raimondo G.,Policlinico Universitario Of Messina |
Pollicino T.,Policlinico Universitario Of Messina |
Romano L.,University of Milan |
Zanetti A.R.,University of Milan
Pathologie Biologie | Year: 2010
Occult hepatitis B virus infection is a challenging issue whose virological and clinical relevance has been a source of long-lasting debate. By definition, OBI is characterized by the persistence of HBV-DNA in the liver tissue (and in some cases also in the serum) in absence of HBsAg. According to the HBV serological profile, OBI may be antibody (anti-HBc alone or together with anti-HBs) positive (seropositive OBI) or antibody negative (seronegative OBI). OBI is a complex biological entity with possible relevant clinical implications, mainly related to the intrahepatic persistence of viral cccDNA and to a strong suppression of viral replication and gene expression. Clinical observations suggest that OBI carriers may be a source of HBV transmission through blood transfusion or orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). The state of suppression of viral replication and gene expression may be discontinued when an immunosuppressive status occurs, leading to typical hepatitis B with severe - and some times - fulminant course. The long-lasting persistence of the virus in the liver may provoke a very mild but continuing necro-inflammation that (if other causes of liver damage cohexist) may contribute over time to the progression of the chronic liver damage towards cirrhosis. In addition, OBI is supposed to be an important risk factor to HCC development since it maintains the pro-oncogenic properties typical of the overt infection. © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS.
PubMed | University of Catania, Policlinico Universitario Of Messina and Messina University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Andrology | Year: 2015
Male infertility is a multifactorial disorder that affects a significant percentage of couples. Its etiology and pathogenesis remain elusive in about one-third of the cases; this is referred to as idiopathic infertility. Inositols mediate the sperm processes involved into oocyte fertilization, such as penetration of the ovum cumulus oophorus, binding with the zona pellucida and the acrosome reaction. The aim of this double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of myoinositol (the most abundant form of inositols present in nature) treatment in men with idiopathic infertility. To accomplish this, we evaluated the effects of myoinositol on sperm parameters and reproductive hormones at baseline and after 3months of treatment in men with idiopathic infertility. No adverse reaction was observed. Myoinositol significantly increased the percentage of acrosome-reacted spermatozoa, sperm concentration, and total count and progressive motility compared to placebo. In addition, myoinositol rebalanced serum luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and inhibin B concentrations. The clinical improvement of idiopathic infertile patients should encourage myoinositol use for the treatment of this disorder, even though its detailed mechanisms at the testicular level remain still unclear.