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Saint-Priest-en-Jarez, France

Introduction: Data concerning the clinical and therapeutic characteristics of patients with schizophrenia treated by antipsychotic in naturalistic conditions are useful. Two national pharmacoepidemiological studies were conducted in France, a retrospective survey RÉALITÉ and a prospective study RÉALITÉ LT, to examine the use of loxapine, first in acute and chronic psychotic states and second in long-term treatment prescribed for patients with schizophrenia. Aim of study: The aim of RÉALITÉ LT is to specify the clinical characteristics of schizophrenic patients treated by loxapine for at least 4 months and the description of the methods of use of this antipsychotic medication during a 6-month follow-up in "real life" conditions. Design of study: RÉALITÉ LT is an epidemiologic, observational, longitudinal, prospective (during a half-year period), multicenter and national study of the prescription of loxapine in routine clinical practice. For this study, 645 patients with schizophrenia treated by loxapine were recruited, assessed by PANSS, CGI, GAF, MeDra-SOC-PT for side effects and Girerd questionnaire for compliance; statistical analysis used SAS 9.2. Results: Six hundred and forty-five adult patients were included and assessed at inclusion, month 3 and 6. These patients were mostly male (69%), with an average age of 41, inactive (68%), lonely with no child (79%), under psychiatric care for more than 5 years (81%), less than one third were inpatients. The subtypes of schizophrenia were paranoid (59%), disorganised (21%), undifferentiated or residual (10%), the outcome of psychotic illness was episodic (50%) or continuous (33%). The daily mean dosage of loxapine was 168,4 mg/d, in antipsychotic loxapine monotherapy (27%) or in combination with other antipsychotics (63%); it was often associated with psychotropic medications (anxiolytic [72%], antidepressant [21%], normothymic [19%]). The stability of the dosage of loxapine during the 6 months follow-up (60%) was associated with strict loxapine monotherapy or antipsychotic monotherapy (loxapine associated with other psychotropic medication). Safety, side effects and compliance were compared with previous studies. Discussion and conclusion: These results are discussed, comparing the two pharmacoepidemiological studies RÉALITÉ and RÉALITÉ LT, loxapine is used in compliance with the two indications (smpc) and French guidelines (HAS, Haute Autorité de santé). © 2011 L'Encéphale, Paris. Source

Correctional psychiatry is a patient-centered medicine, similar to that practiced anywhere else, independent, governed by the same objectives (deliver the highest standard of care) and the same obligations (respect patients' dignity, their Informed consent and the confidentiality they are entitled to). However, it has been a victim of its own success. As correctional psychiatry was expanding, so was the psychiatric morbidity among inmates. Consequently, the initial clinical hypothesis, which was based on the integrative function of correctional psychiatry, created in the early eighties, comes up against the segregating impact of an intramural specialty practice. Source

Mery B.,Institute Of Cancerologie Lucien Neuwirth | Froissart G.-D.,Pole psychiatrie | Vallard A.,Institute Of Cancerologie Lucien Neuwirth | Lallich S.,University Lumiere Lyon 2 | And 14 more authors.
Bulletin du Cancer | Year: 2015

Objective: The aim of our study was to evaluate emotional distress among women with breast cancer treated by radiotherapy, using a Visual Analogue Scale (an adaptation of the "Distress Thermometer" French version) associated with a Needs Scale with several items, in order to identify patients requiring psychological care. Method: Our sample is composed of 277 women treated for breast cancer with radiotherapy. Our psychological evaluation is made of a first enquiry using a visual analogue distress scale and complemented by a Needs Scale with several items. A grade above 3 on the visual analogue distress scale is a reliable indicator; a grade above 4 out of 20 leads us to propose the patient a consultation with a psychologist. Results: Two hundred and sixty-four female patients with a mean age of 61 years are the object of the study. Among them, 59.2% of patients display a disarray of low intensity (psychological suffering graded between 0 and 2) whereas 40% show a grade equal or superior to 3, considered as pathological on a psychological side: 30% of the patients have a grade between 3 et 5 and less than 2% of the patients display a grade reaching 9 or 10. Concerning the Needs Scale, more than 80% of the patients show a total score below 10 out of 20 and we observe a positive correlation between the total score of the Needs Scale with several items and the Visual Analogue Distress Scale score. Conclusion: Our results highlight the difficulty for most of the patients to cope with emotional distress linked to their disease. We discuss the necessity to increase awareness among caregivers on this psychological distress, through the use of simple tools such as a Visual Analogue Scale associated with a Needs Scale, so as to provide a holistic care for women with breast cancer. © 2015 Société Française du Cancer. Source

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