Takeuchi H.,Boston University |
Takeuchi H.,POLA Chemical Industries Inc. |
Runger T.M.,Boston University
Journal of Investigative Dermatology | Year: 2013
Premature aging in Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) is caused by a mutation of the LMNA gene that activates a cryptic splice site. This results in expression of a truncated form of Lamin A, called progerin. Accumulation of progerin in the nuclei of HGPS cells impairs nuclear functions and causes abnormal nuclear morphology. Progerin accumulation has not only been described in HGPS, but also during normal intrinsic aging. We hypothesized that accumulation of progerin with abnormal nuclear shapes may also be accelerated by UV and with that contribute to photoaging of the skin. We exposed neonatal or aged cultured fibroblasts to single or repeated doses of longwave or shortwave UV (UVA or UVB) and found that UVA, but not UVB, induces progerin expression and HGPS-like abnormal nuclear shapes in all cells, but more in aged cells. The induction of progerin is mediated by UVA-induced oxidative damage and subsequent alternative splicing of the LMNA transcript, as progerin induction was suppressed by the singlet oxygen quencher sodium azide, and as mRNA expression of LMNA was not induced by UVA. These data suggest a previously unreported pathway of photoaging and support the concept that photoaging is at least in part a process of damage-accelerated intrinsic aging. © 2013 The Society for Investigative Dermatology.
POLA Chemical Industries Inc. | Date: 2014-08-19
Disclosed is a melanin production inhibitor which has an excellent inhibitory activity on the production of melanin and is highly safe. The melanin production inhibitor is represented by general formula (1) (excluding clotrimazole) and/or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof. In the formula, A1, A2 and A3 are independently selected from a hydrogen atom, an aryl group which may have a substituent, and an aromatic heterocyclic group which may have a substituent. At least one of A1, A2 and A3 is selected from the aryl group and the aromatic heterocyclic group, the total number of carbon atoms contained in A1, A2 and A3 is 6 to 50 and, when at least two of A1, A2 and A3 represent the aryl groups or the aromatic heterocyclic groups, the adjacent two aryl or aromatic heterocyclic groups may be bound to each other via an alkyl chain or an alkenyl chain to form a ring; m represents an integer of 0 to 2; X represents a hetero atom, a hydrogen atom, or a carbon atom; R1 and R2 are independently selected from a hydrogen atom and an oxo group. When one of R1 and R2 is an oxo group, the other is not presen. R3 is selected from a hydrogen atom, and a C
POLA Chemical Industries Inc. | Date: 2012-05-21
A method for adjusting calcium ion in epidermis is described. The method involves applying a material for enhancing skin barrier function to the skin of a subject. Appropriate materials include
POLA Chemical Industries Inc. | Date: 2014-04-03
To provide an external skin agent that prevents onset of atopic skin inflammations and is low irritant to skin, which is characterized by including: 1) clay modified by a compound having a quaternary amino group; and 2) a polymer or copolymer that has a side chain including a structure similar to a biological component.
POLA Chemical Industries Inc. | Date: 2014-07-08
An object is to provide an external preparation for skin preferably usable to prevent or ameliorate pigmentation. The object is achieved by providing a preventing or ameliorating agent for pigmentation, consisting of a compound represented by the following general formula (1), an isomer thereof, and/or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, and an external preparation for skin containing the same as a component: [wherein R