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Menai, Australia

Healey G.K.,Qaujigiartiit Health Research Center | Magner K.M.,University of Toronto | Ritter R.,Nunavut Arctic College | Kamookak R.,Gjoa Haven Health Center | And 6 more authors.
Arctic | Year: 2011

The purpose of this study was to explore community perspectives on the most important ways that climate change is affecting the health of northern peoples. The study was conducted in Iqaluit, Nunavut, using a participatory action approach and the photovoice research method. Participants identified themes and patterns in the data and developed a visual model of the relationships between the themes identified. Five themes emerged from the data: the direct impacts of climate change on the health of individuals and communities, the transition from past climates to future climates, necessary adaptation to the changing climate in the North, the call to action (individual, regional, and national), and reflection on the past and changing knowledge systems. A climate change and health model was developed to illustrate the relationships between the themes. Participants in this study conceptualized health and climate change broadly. Participants believed that by engaging in a process of ongoing reflection, and by continually incorporating new knowledge and experiences into traditional knowledge systems, communities may be better able to adapt and cope with the challenges to health posed by climate change. © The Arctic Institute of North America. Source

Price G.,PO Box 57
Accreditation and Quality Assurance | Year: 2010

This discussion puts a case of advocatus diaboli: that the Treaty of the Metre, its associated administrative apparatus and the International System of measurement units (SI) has basically failed for chemical measurement and is largely irrelevant to modern analysis, much of practical measurement in modern economies and much of recent technology. The practical use of the chemical unit termed the mole, the introduction to the SI units of the thermodynamic mole and the invention of a new physical quantity called "amount of substance" are each reviewed with the conclusion that the current means of expressing the results of chemical measurements are unsatisfactory in both practice and theory and are imposing large and readily avoidable costs on all advanced economies. © 2010 Springer-Verlag. Source

Price G.,PO Box 57
Accreditation and Quality Assurance | Year: 2010

Between 1998 and 2007, the governing body of the Treaty of the Metre conducted three strategic reviews of future global measurement needs. This critical review examines those reports with a view to determine whether or not this institution is capable of resolving the impasse, discussed in Part 1, that has existed for many decades in the manner of communicating the results of chemical measurements. Examining both the main substantial recommendation and the explicitly stated common presuppositions of the three reports leads to the regretful conclusion that the institution can neither resolve the impasse nor meet significant future global measurement needs. Therefore, the onus is on chemistry itself to consider carefully the units with which the results of chemical measurements may be communicated clearly and concisely to their users without the semantic confusions inherent in the International System (SI) of measurement units discussed in Part 1. At the larger level, the institutional failure of the Treaty to fully grasp the dynamism of 21st century science, technology and industry raises concerns for world trade and global economic coordination. © 2010 Springer-Verlag. Source

Price G.,PO Box 57
Accreditation and Quality Assurance | Year: 2011

Proposals in draft form have been circulated for new Système International (SI) measurement units that are expected to be official instruments of the Treaty of the Metre by 2015. This review outlines the substance of the proposals and examines some of the consequences of the continuing evolution of the SI toward inter-dependence of base units and quantities since its introduction in 1960. The proposals in question fix at an exact value a number of inter-related fundamental natural constants such as the speed of light, the Planck constant, the elementary charge and Boltzmann's constant. All SI units are then so defined that their magnitude is set by those fixed values. Notably, the ongoing confusions about chemical measurements and the thermodynamic 'mole' are exacerbated. On the big principles of the basic purpose of the SI to facilitate communication and the fixing of fundamental physical constants of nature, there are significant problems and unanswered questions. They risk: damage to the enterprise of science; wide economic loss including increased transaction costs and barriers to global trade; barriers to new technologies and to improvements in measurement accuracy; loss of measurement compatibility or consistency; and a circular global measurement system vulnerable to undetectable systematic errors with serious adverse consequences for environmental decision making among many other vital human activities. The New SI requires frank and open discussion throughout science, technology, industry, trade, and global policy well before irreversible decisions are made. © 2010 Springer-Verlag. Source

Price G.,PO Box 57
Accreditation and Quality Assurance | Year: 2012

A recent discussion by Martin Milton in the November issue of this journal was critical of many published objections to the proposed new International System (SI) measurement units (and in particular the definition of the mole) on the grounds that many objectors had proposed new terms in attempts to clarify thinking and that it is impractical to achieve consensus on such proposals. This discussion in response argues that those criticisms miss the point of the objectors' arguments and are perhaps more appropriately directed at both the current and the new SI itself. A primary example of a neologism in the SI is the term "amount of substance." The many substantive problems with the new SI remain unaddressed by its proponents. Many important consequences of exactly fixing multiple inter-dependent fundamental physical constants as the basis of the world's measurements would appear not to have been considered by the global institutions responsible for the world's measurement units. © 2011 Springer-Verlag. Source

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