PO Box 27

Helsinki, Finland

PO Box 27

Helsinki, Finland

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Chiarle A.,Museo Regionale di Science Naturali di Turin | Kovarik F.,P.O. Box 27 | Levi L.,Museo Regionale di Science Naturali di Turin | Gavetti E.,Museo Regionale di Science Naturali di Turin
Arachnologische Mitteilungen | Year: 2012

Data and considerations about the history and contents of the scorpion collection housed in the Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali of Turin (MRSN) are reported. Information on type material and important historical specimens are provided, as well as biographical notes about the major zoologists of the museum.


Barua S.K.,P.O. Box 27 | Uusivuori J.,Finnish Forest Research Institute | Kuuluvainen J.,P.O. Box 27
Ecological Economics | Year: 2012

The impacts of carbon payments and income taxes on curbing tropical forest loss are analyzed under a market equilibrium framework. The supply of cleared forest land was derived by using a two-period utility maximization model when the carbon sequestration of a private forestholder is credited. The land demand was derived from the profit maximization problem of a cash-crop farmer. The model was applied to data from the humid Chaco eco-region of Paraguay. The results indicate that taxes on cash-crop and forestry incomes may in fact be ineffective in curbing forest loss. Carbon payments, however, would effectively reduce forest clearing. In the context studied, a carbon payment of€30 per ton of carbon would limit deforestation to 10% of existing forest cover. A reversible carbon crediting system, in which a forestholder can redeem a credited forest, seems to substantially increase, at least in the short run, the effectiveness of carbon payments. Carbon payments could also complement the tax on cash-crop income in curbing tropical forest loss. An effective policy to combat tropical deforestation should, therefore, jointly consider forestry and cash-crop sectors. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.


Pakarinen A.,PO Box 27 | Maijala P.,PO Box 27 | Stoddard F.L.,PO Box 27 | Santanen A.,PO Box 27 | And 3 more authors.
Biomass and Bioenergy | Year: 2011

Three annual plant species, maize, hemp and faba bean were tested for suitability as dedicated biomass crops in Boreal conditions. Biomass yields were 10-15 t ha-1. The crops were analyzed for their composition and tested as raw materials for conversion to methane and to fermentable sugars. The methane yield was 379 ± 16 Ndm3 kg-1 VS-1 from maize, 387 ± 20 Ndm3 kg-1 VS-1 from faba bean and 239 ± 9 Ndm3 kg-1 VS-1 from hemp. Based on the yield per hectare, maize proved to be the most potential raw material source for methane production. Analogous to methane production, maize was the most productive raw material also in standard hydrolysis tests, with a conversion yield of about 80% of the theoretical sugars. Based on the amount of carbohydrates, the highest theoretical yield per hectare was obtained with hemp. However, considering all parameters, including the need for weeding and fertilizers, all three crops studied proved to be attractive options for cultivation in boreal conditions as well as being used as energy crops in boreal climate. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.


Stiles W.B.,P.O. Box 27
Psychotherapy | Year: 2013

In this journal's first article, Strupp (1963) pointed to problems specifying independent and dependent variables as a source of slow progress in psychotherapy outcome research. This commentary agrees, shows how the concept of variable loses its meaning in psychotherapy research because of participants' responsiveness, and notes an alternative research strategy that does not depend on variables. © 2013 American Psychological Association.


Mirshamsi O.,Ferdowsi University of Mashhad | Azghadi S.,Ferdowsi University of Mashhad | Navidpour S.,Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research | Aliabadian M.,Ferdowsi University of Mashhad | Kovarik F.,P.O. Box 27
Zootaxa | Year: 2013

A new species of scorpions in the genus Odontobuthus (Scorpiones, Buthidae) is described from Khorasan Province, Iran. Currently, Odontobuthus includes two species in Iran, Odontobuthus doriae Thorell, 1876, which is restricted to high el-evations of the central Iranian Plateau and Odontobuthus bidentatus Lourenço & Pezier, 2002 from the Zagros Mountains. The results of morphological comparisons, univariate and multivariate statistical analyses and phylogenetic analysis of COI sequence data clearly confirm a deep split between populations from the eastern Iranian Plateau and O. bidentatus Lourenço & Pezier, 2002 and O. doriae Thorell, 1876. Therefore, according to comparative morphological and molecular analyses, a new species, Odontobuthus tigari sp. nov. (♀♂) was described from eastern Iran. This addition represents the third species of this genus from Iran. © 2013 Magnolia Press.


Donnelly A.,P.O. Box 27
Australian Field Ornithology | Year: 2014

In the early 20th century, Stubble Quail Coturnix pectoralis were common in Tasmania, more so than the Brown Quail C. ypsilophora. By the mid 20th century, the Stubble Quail had almost disappeared and was granted full protection, although this decline largely has been forgotten. It is possible that Stubble Quail became extinct in Tasmania, and the rare sightings now are of stragglers from either the Australian mainland or King Island. There have been recent observations around Cressy, in northern Tasmania, that may be of a resident population. The decline of the Stubble Quail has been overlooked by current workers and has clouded its conservation status. It may deserve listing as an endangered species in Tasmania.


PubMed | Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute and P.O. Box 27
Type: | Journal: Zootaxa | Year: 2014

A new species of scorpions in the genus Odontobuthus (Scorpiones, Buthidae) is described from Khorasan Province, Iran. Currently, Odontobuthus includes two species in Iran, Odontobuthus doriae Thorell, 1876, which is restricted to high elevations of the central Iranian Plateau and Odontobuthus bidentatus Loureno & Pezier, 2002 from the Zagros Mountains. The results of morphological comparisons, univariate and multivariate statistical analyses and phylogenetic analysis of COI sequence data clearly confirm a deep split between populations from the eastern Iranian Plateau and O. bidentatus Loureno & Pezier, 2002 and O. doriae Thorell, 1876. Therefore, according to comparative morphological and molecular analyses, a new species, Odontobuthus tigari sp. nov. () was described from eastern Iran. This addition represents the third species of this genus from Iran.

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