Redlynch, Australia
Redlynch, Australia

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Deudorix democles democles (Miskin), Ypthima arctoa arctoa (Fabricius), Euploea darchia niveata (Butler) and Euchrysops cnejus cnidus Waterhouse & Lyell are newly recorded from Kowanyama, Cape York Peninsula, and Zizina labradus (Godart) is newly recorded from Weipa. Specimens of D. democles from Kowanyama are discussed and illustrated.

Dorji T.,Tibet University | Fox J.L.,University of Tromsø | Richard C.,P.O. Box 188 | Dhondup K.,Tibet Academy of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry science
Rangeland Ecology and Management | Year: 2010

An assessment of nonequilibrium rangeland dynamics was conducted in the Aru basin, a semiarid site located in the very dry northwest part of the Chang Tang Nature Reserve, Tibet, China. A grazing gradient approach was used to examine the effects of different livestock grazing intensities on vegetation, providing data to determine if plantherbivore interaction has been a major structuring force of the plant community and thus to indicate what type of dynamic might apply in the study area. No significant differences were found between a highly grazed site and a lightly grazed site in vegetation cover, standing biomass, and ShannonWiener species diversity index of total, graminoid, forb, and tomtza (Oxytropis glacialis Benth. ex Bunge) functional groups, with the exception that tomtza coverage was significantly higher at the highly grazed (1.04) than at the lightly grazed site (0.02). Grazing intensity alone did not explain a significant amount of variation in the plant species data. These results indicate that a dominance of nonequilibrium dynamics appears to be the case in the basin, probably one of the least-arid sites in the northwest Chang Tang region of the Tibetan Plateau. Thus, opportunistic livestock management strategies adapted to variable vegetation production from year to year, rather than the setting of a rigid stocking rate that assumes a stable carrying capacity, is probably the most plausible approach for managing livestock and its relationship to biodiversity values in this region. © 2010 Society for Range Management.

All life history stages of the Green Triangle butterfly, Graphium macfarlanei macfarlanei (Butler), are described and illustrated from observations made in Cairns, Queensland. Development times for each stage are given. Use of the cultivated custard apple Annona reticulata as a food plant is confirmed and four new food plants (three native and one introduced) are recorded, all Annonaceae. Use of the introduced Indian Mast Tree, Polyalthia longifolia pendula, as a larval host has increased abundance of the butterfly in the Cairns region.

Castleman B.,PO Box 188
Environmental Health: A Global Access Science Source | Year: 2016

In the 1970s, there were many reports of toxic hazards at corporate subsidiaries in the developing world that were no longer tolerated in the corporations' "home" countries. Following the chemical disaster in Bhopal, India, in 1984, leading corporations then announced that they applied uniform standards of worker and environmental protection worldwide. With globalization, corporations should also be obliged to take responsibility for their separate supplier, contractor and distributor companies, and licensees of their technology. The asbestos industry today consists of national corporations. Individual countries must overcome the influence of the asbestos-exporting countries and asbestos companies and stop building with asbestos, as recommended by WHO, ILO, and World Bank. WHO precautions for limiting governmental interaction with the tobacco industry should be applied in dealing with the asbestos industry. © 2016 Castleman.

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