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Herth F.J.F.,University of Heidelberg | Noppen M.,University Hospital Brussels | Valipour A.,Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for COPD and Respiratory Epidemiology | Leroy S.,Lille University Hospital Center | And 7 more authors.
European Respiratory Journal | Year: 2012

The Endobronchial Valve for Emphysema Palliation Trial (VENT) was a multi-centre, prospective, randomised, controlled trial conducted to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of unilateral endobronchial valve (EBV) treatment. The purpose of this analysis was to assess outcomes in the previously unreported European VENT study cohort. Patients with advanced emphysema were randomly assigned (2:1) to receive Zephyr1 (Pulmonx Inc., Redwood City, CA, USA) EBV treatment (n=111) or medical management (n=60). At 6 months, EBV patients demonstrated a significant improvement compared with the controls for mean±SD change in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (7±20% versus 0.5±19%; p=0.067), cycle ergometry (2±14 W versus -3±10 W; p=0.04) and St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (-5±14 points versus 0.3±13 points; p=0.047). At 12 months, the magnitude of the difference between groups for change from baseline was of similar magnitude to the differences seen at 6 months. Rates for complications did not differ significantly. EBV patients with computed tomography (CT) scans suggestive of complete fissure and lobar occlusion had a mean±SD lobar volume reduction of -80±30% and >50% met minimal clinical difference thresholds. The degree of emphysema heterogeneity did not preclude excellent outcomes. Unilateral lobar volume reduction using EBV treatment is safe and superior clinical results correlated with CT suggestive of complete fissures and successful lobar occlusion. Emphysema heterogeneity was not critical for determining positive outcomes. Copyright©ERS 2012.

Hebuterne X.,University of Nice Sophia Antipolis | Lemarie E.,Pneumology | Michallet M.,Lyon University Hospital Center | De Montreuil C.B.,Nantes University Hospital Center | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition | Year: 2014

Background and Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate on 1 day the prevalence of malnutrition in different types of cancer and the use of nutrition support in patients with cancer. Methods: A 1-day prevalence survey was carried out in 154 French hospital wards. Malnutrition was defined as a body mass index (BMI) <18.5 in patients <75 years old or <21 in patients ≥75 years old and/or body weight loss >10% since disease onset. Oral food intake was measured using a visual analog scale. Results: Nutrition status was collected for 1903 patients (1109 men and 794 women, 59.3 ± 13.2 years). Cancer was local in 25%, regional in 31%, and metastatic in 44% of patients. Performance status was 0 or 1 in 49.8%, 2 in 23.7%, 3 or 4 in 19.6% and not available in 6.5% of patients. Overall, 39% of patients were malnourished. The prevalence of malnutrition by disease site was as follows: head and neck, 48.9%; leukemia/lymphoma, 34.0%; lung, 45.3%; colon/rectum, 39.3%; esophagus and/or stomach, 60.2%; pancreas, 66.7%; breast, 20.5%; ovaries/uterus, 44.8%; and prostate, 13.9%. Regional cancer (odds ratio, 1.96; 95% confidence interval, 1.42-2.70), metastatic cancer (2.97; 2.14-4.12), previous chemotherapy (1.41; 1.05-1.89), and previous radiotherapy (1.53; 1.21-1.92) were associated with malnutrition. Only 28.4% of non-malnourished patients and 57.6% of malnourished patients received nutrition support. In all, 55% of patients stated that they were eating less than before the cancer, while 41.4% of patients stated that they had received nutrition counseling. Conclusions: The prevalence of malnutrition is high in patients with cancer, and systematic screening for and treatment of malnutrition is necessary. © 2013 American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition.

Revel M.-P.,Radiology | Carette M.-F.,Radiology | Torrent M.,Radiology | Tredaniel J.,Pneumology
Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging | Year: 2014

In the assessment of lung cancer, computed tomography guides the use of bronchoscopy and establishes whether local treatment may be appropriate for the NSCLC or whether it is at an advanced stage. Percutaneous biopsy of a lesion suspected to be a metastasis can provide histological confirmation, allowing staging to be carried out at the same time. The initial presentation depends on the staging and histological type, ranging from an isolated nodule or mass to atelectasis or obstructive pneumonia, isolated lymph node disease or isolated pleural effusion to miliary metastasis in tumors showing EGFR mutation. Tumor (T) status depends on tumor size, distance from the carina, and invasion of the chest wall and mediastinal organs. PET-CT is superior to CT in identifying lymph node invasion (N2 for ipsilateral mediastinal disease and N3 for contralateral or supraclavicular disease). As a general rule, all contraindications for surgery should be confirmed via histological examination, with the exception of cerebral metastases. © 2014 Published by Elsevier Masson SAS on behalf of the Éditions françaises de radiologie.

Senny F.,University of Liege | Maury G.,Pneumology | Cambron L.,University of Liege | Leroux A.,University of Liege | And 2 more authors.
Sleep and Breathing | Year: 2012

Purpose: Estimating the total sleep time in home recording devices is necessary to avoid underestimation of the indices reflecting sleep apnea and hypopnea syndrome severity, e. g., the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). A new method to distinguish sleep from wake using jaw movement signal processing is assessed. Methods: In this prospective study, jaw movement signal was recorded using the Somnolter (SMN) portable monitoring device synchronously with polysomnography (PSG) in consecutive patients complaining about a lack of recovery sleep. The automated sleep/wake scoring method is based on frequency and complexity analysis of the jaw movement signal. This computed scoring was compared with the PSG hypnogram, the two total sleep times (TSTPSG and TSTSMN) as well. Results: The mean and standard deviation (in minutes) of TST PSG on the whole dataset (n=124) were 407±95.6, while these statistics were 394.2±99.3 for TST SMN. The Bland and Altman analysis of the difference between the two TST was 12.8±57.3 min. The sensitivity and specificity (in percent) were 85.3 and 65.5 globally. The efficiency decreased slightly when AHI lies between 15 and 30, but remained similar for lower or greater AHI. In the 24 patients with insomnia/depression diagnosis, a mean difference in TST of -3.3 min, a standard deviation of 58.2 min, a sensitivity of 86.3%, and a specificity of 66.2% were found. Conclusions: Mandible movement recording and its dedicated signal processing for sleep/wake recognition improve sleep disorder index accuracy by assessing the total sleep time. Such a feature is welcome in home screening methods. © Springer-Verlag 2011.

Rossi A.,S.G. Moscati Hospital | Chiodini P.,The Second University of Naples | Sun J.-M.,Sungkyunkwan University | O'Brien M.E.R.,Royal Marsden Hospital | And 11 more authors.
The Lancet Oncology | Year: 2014

Background: Platinum-based chemotherapy is the standard first-line treatment for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. However, the optimum number of treatment cycles remains controversial. Therefore, we did a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual patient data to compare the efficacy of six versus fewer planned cycles of platinum-based chemotherapy. Methods: All randomised trials comparing six versus fewer planned cycles of first-line platinum-based chemotherapy for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer were eligible for inclusion in this systematic review and meta-analysis. The primary endpoint was overall survival. Secondary endpoints were progression-free survival, proportion of patients with an objective response, and toxicity. Statistical analyses were by intention-to-treat, stratified by trial. Overall survival and progression-free survival were compared by log-rank test. The proportion of patients with an objective response was compared with a Mantel-Haenszel test. Prespecified analyses explored effect variations by trial and patient characteristics. Findings: Five eligible trials were identified; individual patient data could be collected from four of these trials, which included 1139 patients-568 of whom were assigned to six cycles, and 571 to three cycles (two trials) or four cycles (two trials). Patients received cisplatin (two trials) or carboplatin (two trials). No evidence indicated a benefit of six cycles of chemotherapy on overall survival (median 9·54 months [95% CI 8·98-10·69] in patients assigned to six cycles vs 8·68 months [8·03-9·54] in those assigned to fewer cycles; hazard ratio [HR] 0·94 [95% CI 0·83-1·07], p=0·33) with slight heterogeneity between trials (p=0·076; I2=56%). We recorded no evidence of a treatment interaction with histology, sex, performance status, or age. Median progression-free survival was 6·09 months (95% CI 5·82-6·87) in patients assigned to six cycles and 5·33 months (4·90-5·62) in those assigned to fewer cycles (HR 0·79, 95% CI 0·68-0·90; p=0·0007), and 173 (41·3%) of 419 patients assigned to six cycles and 152 (36·5%) of 416 patients assigned to three or four cycles had an objective response (p=0·16), without heterogeneity between the four trials. Anaemia at grade 3 or higher was slightly more frequent with a longer duration of treatment: 12 (2·9%) of 416 patients assigned to three-to-four cycles and 32 (7·8%) of 411 patients assigned to six cycles had severe anaemia. Interpretation: Six cycles of first-line platinum-based chemotherapy did not improve overall survival compared with three or four courses in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. Our findings suggest that fewer than six planned cycles of chemotherapy is a valid treatment option for these patients. Funding: None. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

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