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PubMed | PMNM Dental College and Hospital and Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College And Hospital
Type: | Journal: Brazilian oral research | Year: 2016

Interleukin 17(IL-17) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine produced mainly by Th17 cells. The present study was undertaken to investigate a possible association between IL-17 A genetic polymorphism at (-197A/G) and susceptibility to chronic and localized aggressive periodontitis (LAgP) in an Indian population. The study was carried out on 105 subjects, which included 35 LAgP patients, 35 chronic periodontitis patients and 35 healthy controls. Blood samples were drawn from the subjects and analyzed for IL-17 genetic polymorphism at (-197A/G), by using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. A statistically significant difference was seen in the genotype distribution among chronic periodontitis patients, LAgP patients and healthy subjects. There was a significant difference in the distribution of alleles among chronic periodontitis patients, LAgP patients and healthy subjects. The odds ratio for A allele versus G allele was 5.1 between chronic periodontitis patients and healthy controls, and 5.1 between LAgp patients and healthy controls. Our study concluded that IL-17 A gene polymorphism at (-197A/G) is linked to chronic periodontitis and LAgP in Indian population. The presence of allele A in the IL-17 gene polymorphism (-197A/G) can be considered a risk factor for chronic periodontitis and LAgP.


Nayak M.T.,Vyas Dental College and Hospital | Singh A.,Vyas Dental College and Hospital | Desai R.S.,Nair Hospital Dental College | Vanaki S.S.,PMNM Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Cancer Epidemiology | Year: 2013

Background. Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF), a precancerous condition, is characterized by abnormal accumulation of collagen fibers in oral submucosa. Vimentin is a Class 2 intermediate filament (IF) and primarily expressed in cells of mesenchymal origin. Vimentin is also found to be involved in cell growth, cell cycling, and tumour differentiation. Objective. The purpose of the study was to compare the expression of vimentin in various histological grades of OSF. Materials and Methods. To assess the immunohistochemical expression of vimentin in 20 mild cases of OSF, 20 severe cases of OSF, and ten cases of normal oral buccal mucosa. Results. The overall staining intensity of vimentin significantly increased statistically (P<0.01) in OSF cases over normal control. A significant increase in the staining intensity of vimentin was also noted in the fibroblasts of severe cases of OSF (P=0.03). Conclusion. Considering the marked vimentin expression in the present study, future studies should include cytoskeleton IF and other filaments in the fibroblasts of OSF. © 2013 Meghanand T. Nayak et al.


PubMed | ITS Dental College, PMNM Dental College and Hospital, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Kannur Dental College and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry | Year: 2016

Satisfactory composite restoration depends upon its smooth finish, quality of polishing agents, type of composite material used, and its composition. The present study evaluated the effect of different polishing systems on the surface roughness of composite resin.Forty discs of composite were prepared and equally subjected to different finishing and polishing procedures; (i) unpolished control group, (ii) sof-lex discs, (iii) diamond tips, and (iv) Astrobrush groups. Later, the surface roughness for the entire specimen was evaluated using Profilomotor. Data were tabulated and statistically analyzed using analysis of variance and Tukeys test at significance level of 0.001.Composite surface roughness after polishing was statistically significant between the groups. Sof-lex group produced lesser surface roughness compared to control, Astrobrush, and diamond group.The present study indicated that diamond tips can be used to remove rough surface whereas sof-lex can be used for final finish and polish of the composite restoration.


Vaz A.C.,PMNM Dental College and Hospital | Bai P.M.,Hitech Dental College and Hospital
Indian Journal of Dental Research | Year: 2015

Context: Tongue-tie (more formally known as ankyloglossia) is a congenital anomaly characterized by an abnormally short lingual frenulum, which may restrict mobility of the tongue tip impairing its ability to fulfill its functions. The clinical significance of ankyloglossia is varied; rarely symptomatic to a host of problems including infant feeding difficulties, speech disorders, malocclusions, and others. Aims: The need of this study was to evaluate the occurrence and severity of tongue-tie and its association with the type of malocclusions in two populations and also to correlate the various malocclusion traits with the grades of tongue-tie. Subjects and Methods: A total of 700 school children in the age group of 9-17 years were examined for the presence of tongue-tie, 350 from regular schools and 350 from special schools. The presence was evaluated, measured, and graded into Grades I-V according to Kotlow′s method. The malocclusion was assessed according to Angle′s classification. Severity of crowding was assessed by Little′s irregularity index in each case. Various other malocclusion traits were visually assessed, in relation to the positions of the teeth. Statistical Analysis Used: Spearman′s rank correlation method was used to test the relationship between type of malocclusions, grades of tongue-tie and severity of crowding. Significance was considered at the (P < 0.05) level. Results: Statistically significant differences were seen between grades of tongue-tie and Angle′s types of malocclusion and Spearman′s correlation between them showed negative correlation. The Spearman′s correlation showed a negative correlation between tongue-tie grades and severity of crowding. Conclusions: As the grade of tongue-tie increased, its association with Classes I and II malocclusion decreased. The lower grades of tongue-tie are associated with increased lower incisor crowding. Shorter, tight frenulums are more associated with maxillary constriction, anterior open bite, and spacing of the lower anteriors. © 2015 Indian Journal of Dental Research | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow.


PubMed | Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Rajarajeshwari Dental College and Hospital, PMNM Dental College and Hospital and Al Badar Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2016

Oral Submucous Fibrosis (OSMF) is a chronic debilitating, potentially malignant disorder of the oral cavity. It is characterized by restricted mouth opening which results due to abnormal accumulation of collagen in the sub-epithelial layers leading to dense fibrous bands in the mouth. The pathogenesis of the disease is believed to be multifactorial. However, literature reports suggest a strong association of OSMF and arecanut chewing habit. The present paper presents a case of OSMF in a 12-year-old boy without arecanut chewing habit, but with a heavy practice of chewing tamarind seeds.


Kalburgi N.B.,PMNM Dental College and Hospital
Journal of oral science | Year: 2010

Recent studies have focused on genetic polymorphism of the interleukin-6 (IL-6) gene, which has led to a better understanding of the intricate interactions between host response, microorganisms, and genetics. Genotype prevalence appears to vary by the race and ethnicity of the population studied. We used a polymerase chain reaction technique to determine the prevalence of single nucleotide polymorphism in IL-6 at position -174 G>C in a population of 30 South Indians. Blood samples were collected from 15 chronic periodontitis patients and 15 healthy controls. The results showed that the G/G genotype was significantly more frequent in the chronic periodontitis group and that the C/C genotype was significantly more frequent in the control group (P = 0.0069 for both). The G allele was more frequent in chronic periodontitis patients (76.67%), whereas the C allele was more frequent in the control group (73.33%). Among chronic periodontitis patients, the odds ratio for having the G allele, as compared with the controls, was 9.04. In this population, the presence of the G/G genotype of IL-6 (-174) might increase susceptibility to chronic periodontitis, whereas the C/C genotype may have a protective effect.


PubMed | Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University and PMNM Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of conservative dentistry : JCD | Year: 2016

The ideal maxillary injection should produce a rapid onset of profound pulpal anesthesia for multiple teeth from a single needle penetration. The main objective is to compare the efficacy of articaine 4% and lidocaine 2% and to compare anterior middle superior alveolar nerve block (AMSANB) and infraorbital nerve block (IONB) for anesthesia of maxillary teeth.Forty patients undergoing root canal treatment of maxillary anteriors and premolars were included and randomly divided into four groups of ten each. Group I: patients receiving AMSANB with articaine, Group II: Patients receiving IONB with articaine, Group III: Patients receiving AMSANB with lidocaine, Group IV: Patients receiving IONB with lidocaine. The scores of onset of anesthesia and pain perception were statistically analyzed.Onset of action was fastest for articaine with AMSANB and slowest for lidocaine with IONB by Tukeys test. A significant change was observed in the electrical pulp test readings at onset and at 30 min by paired Articaine 4% proved to be more efficacious than lidocaine 2%, and AMSANB was more advantageous than IONB in securing anesthesia of maxillary anteriors and premolars.


PubMed | PMNM Dental College and Hospital
Type: | Journal: Case reports in otolaryngology | Year: 2017

Acoustic neuroma (AN), also called vestibular schwannoma, is a tumor composed of Schwann cells that most frequently involve the vestibular division of the VII cranial nerve. The most common symptoms include orofacial pain, facial paralysis, trigeminal neuralgia, tinnitus, hearing loss, and imbalance that result from compression of cranial nerves V-IX. Symptoms of acoustic neuromas can mimic and present as temporomandibular disorder. Therefore, a thorough medical and dental history, radiographic evaluation, and properly conducted diagnostic testing are essential in differentiating odontogenic pain from pain that is nonodontogenic in nature. This article reports a rare case of a young pregnant female patient diagnosed with an acoustic neuroma located in the cerebellopontine angle that was originally treated for musculoskeletal temporomandibular joint disorder.


PubMed | Subbaiah Institute of Dental science and PMNM Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of oral and maxillofacial pathology : JOMFP | Year: 2016

Epidermoid cysts (ECs) are uncommon, benign cystic lesions derived from the entrapment of surface epithelium or more often from the aberrant healing of infundibular epithelium during an episode of follicular inflammation. ECs occur anywhere on the body, particularly along embryonic fusion lines, most commonly on the face, scalp, neck, chest and upper back. Head and neck ECs constitute only about 7%, whereas only 1.6% of ECs are reported in the oral cavity. They comprise <0.01% of all the oral cysts. Floor of the mouth, tongue, lips, palate, jaws, etc., are some of the reported sites of ECs in the oral cavity. Microscopically, ECs are lined with plain stratified squamous epithelium filled with laminated layers of keratin. Here, we report two rare cases of ECs, one occurring in the gingival aspect and other in the lower third of face. The cases are reported due to rarity of ECs in the head and neck region.


PubMed | PMNM Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry | Year: 2016

Dental plaque is considered one of the most important etiological factors for dental caries. Nitrate and Nitrite levels in saliva are considered protective against oral and gastrointestinal disease. Plaque nitric oxide (NO) levels and its role in dental caries has not be explored in the literature.Determine the correlation of the plaque nitric oxide (NO) with dental caries in vivo.75 healthy children between ages of 3-15 years were selected. The age, state of dentition and the level of caries in all individuals were determined by the same examiner, using DMFT/deft index. The plaque samples collected were subjected to nitric oxide estimation, streptococcus mutans count and pH for correlation.SPSS computer based software was used for descriptive data analysis. ANOVA one way analysis and Karl pearsons correlation was carried out.Statistically significant relationship was observed between plaque nitric oxide and dental caries in all age groups. Similarly, significant correlation of nitric oxide was found in relation to plaque streptococcus mutans and plaque pH. Thus concluded, plaque nitric oxide can be considered as a risk assessment tool for prediction of dental caries.

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