PMC-Sierra | Date: 2013-03-12
A system for redundancy in Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs) facilitates fast recovery from failure (less than 50 msec), path redundancy of the fiber optic network, and location redundancy of the OLTs. An optical networking unit (ONU) in a normal state monitors input communications, and when the input communications are quiet for a predetermined minimum length of time, the ONU transitions to a lenient state in which: the ONU accepts old and new security keys; upon receiving a packet: the ONU updates an ONU timestamp based on the packets timestamp; and the ONU transitions to the normal state of operation. While the ONU is in the lenient state if a packet is not received for a predetermined given length of time the ONU transitions to a deregistered state. In this system, main and standby OLTs do not require synchronization of security parameters or synchronization for differences in fiber lengths.
PMC-Sierra | Date: 2014-01-30
A random noise generation module for generating noisy LLRs for testing an error correction circuit of a nonvolatile memory storage module. The random noise generation module includes a coefficient generator for generating one or a plurality of coefficients, each of the plurality of coefficients associated with one region of a plurality of regions defining a linear space proportionately divided according to an area under a probability distribution curve for a nonvolatile memory storage module. The random noise generation module further includes a linear random number generator for generating a linear random number and a comparator for comparing the linear random number to one or more of the plurality of coefficients to identify the region of the plurality of regions of the probability distribution curve in which the linear random number belongs to generate a noisy LLR for testing an error correction circuit of a nonvolatile memory storage module.
PMC-Sierra | Date: 2014-03-13
A nonvolatile memory storage controller is provided for delivering log likelihood ratios (LLRs) to a low-density parity check (LDPC) decoder for use in the decoding of an LDPC encoded codeword. The controller includes read circuitry for reading an LDPC encoded codeword stored in a nonvolatile memory storage module using a plurality of soft-decision reference voltages to provide a plurality of soft-decision bits representative of the codeword. The controller further includes a plurality of neighboring cell contribution LLR look-up tables representative of the contribution of the neighboring cells to threshold voltage distribution of the memory storage module. The controller provides the LLRs from the appropriate LLR look-up table to an LDPC decoder for the subsequent decoding of the codeword.
PMC-Sierra | Date: 2014-01-27
A nonvolatile memory storage controller for delivering log likelihood ratios (LLRs) to a low-density parity check (LDPC) decoder for use in the decoding of an LDPC encoded codeword. The controller includes partitioning circuitry for identifying a set of soft-decision reference voltages having the smallest calculated introduced error value based upon the estimated BER of the nonvolatile memory. The controller further includes read circuitry for reading an LDPC encoded codeword stored in a nonvolatile memory storage module using the set of soft-decision reference voltages having the smallest calculated LLR introduced error value to provide a plurality of soft-decision bits representative of the codeword. The controller further includes an LLR look-up table accessible by the read circuitry to provide LLRs to the LDPC decoder for the subsequent decoding of the codeword.
PMC-Sierra | Date: 2014-03-14
A system and method reading, accumulating and processing soft information for use in LDPC decoding. In accordance with the present invention, an LDPC decoder includes accumulation circuitry to receive soft reads of a cell of the nonvolatile memory storage module and to produce an accumulated soft read that can be used to identify an appropriate LLR for the cell. The accumulation circuitry of the present invention may include, an accumulation RAM, an arithmetic logic unit (ALU) and a soft accumulation control and sequencing module for accumulating and processing soft information for use in LDPC decoding.
PMC-Sierra | Date: 2014-01-16
An unrolled decision feedback equalizer (DFE) as disclosed herein has a reduced number of compensation factors while keeping a suitable performance level for a given application. The K^(N )possible DFE correction levels are reduced or compressed into fewer levels (R), merging together the levels that are the closest together where K represents the number of possible symbols in each baud, or the number of bits encoded into each baud, and N represents the DFE depth in number of bauds. A mapping function is then provided to convert the K^(N )combinations of previous history bits into R sampler selections.
PMC-Sierra | Date: 2014-09-03
A nonvolatile memory system and a method for using programming time to reduce bit errors in the nonvolatile memory system are disclosed. The method includes programming a plurality of memory cells of a nonvolatile memory device, identifying weak cells using programming time and preventing subsequent programming to the identified weak cells.
PMC-Sierra | Date: 2015-09-04
A SAS (Serial Attached SCSI or Serial Attached Small Computer System Interface) switch includes a master SAS expander and a multitude of slave expanders connected to the master SAS expander. Each slave expander has a distinct SAS address. The slave expanders are not directly connected to one another and communicate through the master expander. The SAS switch has a pair of SAS wide ports each having a multitude of SAS links each associated with one of the slave expanders. The slave expanders are configured to route SAS traffic in accordance with routing tables established by the master SAS expander. The master SAS expander is not directly connected to either of the SAS wide ports.
PMC-Sierra | Date: 2014-07-07
A system and method for memory block pool wear leveling in a nonvolatile memory device. An improved bit error rate for the nonvolatile memory system is attained by identifying a plurality of memory block pools of the nonvolatile memory system, identifying a relaxation time delay for each of the plurality of memory block pools and executing a predetermined number of program/erase cycles for each of the plurality of memory block pools based upon the relaxation time delay of the memory block pools.
PMC-Sierra | Date: 2015-10-29
A processor-implemented method and integrated circuit package are provided. According to an implementation, a method of producing a chip package includes de-populating solder balls at selected locations in a fine pitch package, and providing test pads at the de-populated solder ball locations. In an example implementation, the method comprises receiving and modifying a package design. In an implementation, a row of test pads in an integrated circuit package is provided in a plurality of concentric annular rows, the row of test pads being adjacent an outer row of via-connected solder balls and adjacent an inner row of via-connected solder balls. In an implementation, test pads are located on a PCB-facing surface of the package at a subset of locations opposing at least one via position on a package-facing surface of the PCB. The test pads maintain a large number of signal pins and do not interfere with the via.