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News Article | May 4, 2017

Pacific Medical Buildings and Sawtooth Development Group Break Ground on a new 60,000-Square-Foot Medical Office Building as Part of the Downtown Superior 157-acre mixed-use project. -- Pacific Medical Buildings (PMB) and Sawtooth Development Group, LLC have broken ground on a four-story, 60,000-square-foot medical office building in downtown Superior, Colorado. The new development, Superior Medical Center, includes a four-story, 229 space parking structure that connects to the medical office building by a pedestrian bridge. The Superior Medical Center will be built at a cost of $18.5 million and is projected to be completed by early 2018. Littleton-based Intergroup Architects is the architect for the project and Denver-based DSP Builders, Inc. will serve as the general contractor.Superior Medical Center is a component of Downtown Superior, formerly called Superior Town Center, located at the southeast corner of U.S. Highway 36 and McCaslin Boulevard. Downtown Superior is a 157-acre mixed-use project in various stages of development. Downtown Superior is a master-planned community providing an active downtown experience that Coloradoans desire, including exciting dining options, sporting events, outdoor recreation, and live entertainment. Plans call for 440,000 square feet of commercial and retail space, a 150,000-square-foot sports center, two hotels combining up to 500 rooms, and 1,400 residential units."We're excited about the opportunity to be part of the Downtown Superior project as it represents the continued evolution of the principles of consumerism in healthcare delivery.  Superior Medical Center will provide a variety of ambulatory uses in a community–focused mixed-use master plan," said Jake RohePartner and Senior Vice President, Development, PMB.Shane Felker, CEO, Sawtooth Development added, "There is a lot of talk about 'synergies' today, but this exciting new medical office building sets the gold standard for synergy by incorporating cutting-edge medical providers alongside the incredibly impressive sports training, competition, and rehabilitation facility known as 'The Stable' in Superior."Superior Medical Center is already 50 percent leased. Tenants include Boulder Community Health (BCH), Touchstone Imaging and Cornerstone Orthopedics & Sports Medicine. BCH will offer urgent and family-care services. Touchstone Imaging will bring X-ray, MRI and CT imaging services. Cornerstone Orthopedics & Sports Medicine, Superior Medical Center's first user, has created a sports rehab and orthopedic center of excellence. John Gustafson of Newmark Grubb Knight Frank is overseeing leasing for the building. For leasing inquiries contact John Gustafson at 303-260-4258."In partnership with local ancillary healthcare providers, the Superior Medical Center is an asset to the greater Boulder County community by delivering urgent care, imaging and world-class orthopedic services," said Ben Rosenfeld, Development Manager, PMB.- Pacific Medical Buildings (PMB) is an integrated medical office building developer, investor and a healthcare real estate partner for health systems, hospitals, medical groups and universities. It specializes in developing, leasing and managing medical office buildings, ambulatory care centers, clinics, academic medical facilities and parking structures. For more than 40 years, PMB's executives have led the industry in the development and management of medical care buildings, with 90 medical projects constructed to date, representing 4.6 million square feet. The firm currently owns and manages 55 facilities totaling more than 3.4 million square feet with more than 7,000 structured parking stalls, and has numerous other projects under development. The San Diego-based company also has offices in Austin, Texas; Chicago; Las Vegas; Los Angeles; Nashville, Tenn.; Orange, Calif.; Phoenix; Portland, Ore.; San Francisco; and Vancouver, Wash. For more information regarding PMB, please visit - Sawtooth Development Group, LLC was formed in 2000 by its current managing partners Shane Felker and Clay Sammis. They have a proven track record of successfully designing, developing, managing, and selling or leasing residential, mixed-use, office, medical office, university, retail, and industrial projects throughout the western United States. Sawtooth Development constantly strives to execute projects on time, on budget, and always-exceeding expectations. "Building Better Environments"isn't just a mantra for Sawtooth Development Group, LLC, it's what they've been doing for the past 16 years. For more information regarding Sawtooth Development, please visit Based in Littleton, CO, Intergroup Architects has completed over 10,000 projects over the past 40 years. Their methods define criteria for project success and target areas of greatest need. Intergroup's approach is holistic, and provides project direction for decisions that impact project outcomes, future flexibility, and long-term exit strategy. With their wealth of knowledge and expertise, Intergroup Architects can deliver exactly what a client both needs and wants.Based in Denver, CO,DSP Builders, Inc. has extensive general contracting experience dating back over 50 years with their first successful project in 1948. Since then, they've completed work from modest tenant remodels to substantially technical projects including multi-story office, commercial, industrial, retail, health care, education facilities, maintenance facilities, municipal and tenant improvements.

Sanda K.A.,P.M.B. | Grema H.A.,University Of Maiduguri | Geidam Y.A.,University Of Maiduguri | Bukar-Kolo Y.M.,University Of Maiduguri
International Journal of Pharmacology | Year: 2011

In recent years, the use of herbal products has been increasing in developing countries such as Nigeria. The common guava tree (Psidium guajava) is a medium sized tree belonging to the family Myrtaceae which is native to tropical and subtropical countries. It is popular in an indigenous system of folk medicine. Traditionally guava is used for the treatment of various ailments like diarrhoea wounds, rheumatism, lung problems, ulcers etc. Psidium guajava L. contains a number of major pharmacologically active ingredients such as flavonoids, guayavolic acid, guavanoic acid, guajadial, guajaverin and so many other active principles. This review summarizes the current knowledge of major pharmacological constituents with major emphasis on traditional and pharmacological activities. This plant reported to display various biological activities like antidiarrhoeal, antimicrobial, antioxidant, hepatoprotective, anti-allergy, anti-plasmodial, anti-spasmodic, cardioactive, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory anti-nociceptive and antitussive activity. In view of its wide pharmacological and biological activities, it seems to be having a great therapeutic potential. © 2011 Asian Network for Scientific Information.

News Article | December 10, 2016

Healthcare Real Estate Insights™ magazine has announced the Winners of the 2016 HREI Insights Awards™, the only national awards totally dedicated to recognizing excellence in the areas of healthcare real estate (HRE) development and executive leadership. The 2016 awards were presented today in nine different categories during the RealShare Healthcare Real Estate Conference in Scottsdale, Ariz. The awards were presented by Healthcare Real Estate Insights™, the first and only national magazine entirely devoted to covering healthcare real estate (HRE) development, financing and investment. HREI™ Publisher Murray Wolf noted, “The HREI Insights Awards™ have honored the best of the best in healthcare real estate since 2013.Yet we never fail to be astounded by the quality of the people and projects that are nominated. The projects that are submitted demonstrate the remarkable persistence and creativity of the development teams behind them. The development process is complicated and fraught with challenges. Yet, year after year, we receive dozens of entries demonstrating the amazing vision, creativity and hard work of the people in the healthcare real estate sector. The same goes for the individual awards. We are proud that this has become a very prestigious program with sought-after awards.” Sponsors of the 2016 HREI Insights Awards are: The 2016 Winners and Finalists will be featured in upcoming editions of Healthcare Real Estate Insights™ magazine, the 2017 HREI Resource Guide™ and on Best New Medical Office Building and Other Outpatient Facilities (Less than 25,000 square feet): Five Star ER, Pflugerville, Texas Developer: Lockard Lockard Emergency Service Partners had identified an optimal site in Pflugerville, an Austin, Texas, suburb, for its next freestanding emergency room under its Five Star ER brand. However, because the overall development plan had not been finalized, the lot needed for the project could not be sold individually. Lockard stepped in and worked directly with the land developer to finalize the development plan and expedite approval of other aspects of the agreement and process. In doing so, the company avoided costly delays. Construction on the 9,960 square foot facility got underway in March 2015 and was completed in October 2015. Best New Medical Office Building and Other Outpatient Facilities (25,000 to 49,999 square feet): Buck Creek Medical Plaza, Avon, Colo. Developer: NexCore Group LLC Colorado Mountain Medical needed to expand its service offerings in a new, centralized location with more parking. In a market with few buildable lots, NexCore found a 2.15-acre site in Avon that fit the bill. But there were challenges to overcome, and NexCore eventually acquired an adjacent lot and swapped parcels with the local fire district. Fast-tracking the project, NexCore opened the 48,300 square foot Buck Creek Medical Plaza in summer 2016. The company recruited Centennial, Colo.-based Centura Health as the emergency care anchor as well as a vibrant mix of providers to bring occupancy to 94 percent at the opening. Best New Medical Office Building and Other Outpatient Facilities (50,000 to 99,999 square feet): Penn Medicine Southern Chester County, West Grove, Penn. Developer: Anchor Health Properties Chester County Hospital wanted to grow its market share in the southernmost portion of its service area in Chester County and to position itself to deliver needed services well into the future. So the hospital sought to consolidate and expand services in a comprehensive new facility. Anchor Health Properties identified and then controlled a strategic, highly visible site and developed a 72,000 square foot “one-stop” healthcare destination. The MOB was fully occupied when it opened in summer 2015. Penn Medicine exceeded patient volume projections by 20 percent in Year 1 and increased outpatient registrations by 40 percent. Best New Medical Office Building and Other Outpatient Facilities (100,000 square feet or more): Hoag Health Center-Irvine-Sand Canyon, Irvine, Calif. Developer: PMB The Hoag Memorial system wanted to develop an outpatient facility adjacent to its Hoag Hospital Irvine to meet the healthcare needs of the rapidly growing area. The development team faced numerous challenges, including high voltage overhead power lines and underground issues, plus they wanted to link the MOB to the hospital with fiber-optic cable installed under a busy six-lane road. The team was able to deliver the 157,200 square foot facility below budget and on schedule. The facility was fully leased upon opening and is expected to achieve LEED Silver designation. Best Renovated or Repurposed Healthcare Facility: Clara Maass Medical Center MOBs, Belleville, N.J. Developer: Rendina Healthcare Real Estate Clara Maass Medical Center (CMMC) needed to significantly improve the condition of three MOBs on its campus and enhance the satisfaction of the tenant physicians. Rendina acquired the three buildings totaling 128,006 square feet and completely modernized and renovated all common areas. They also added new building systems, signage, wayfinding, artwork, furniture and handicap parking improvements. Since Rendina took ownership, occupancy has increased nearly 10 percent, many physician groups have shifted from short-term commitments to long-term leases, and overall satisfaction has increased 7 percent. Hospitals and Other Inpatient Facilities – Best New Ground-Up Development: TriHealth Bethesda Butler Hospital, Hamilton, Ohio Developer: Duke Realty TriHealth wanted to enter a Cincinnati sub-market and employ a physician practice that owned a six-building hospital campus. TriHealth needed to immediately add an ED and lab and in the future additional beds to accommodate its growing patient base. The development team orchestrated a four-phase expansion to minimize disruptions to the hospital’s daily operations. The expanded 90,788 square foot facility has enabled TriHealth to add more services, physicians and staff; treat more patients; and have room for future growth. It’s also helping it be more competitive in the Cincinnati market and serve as a convenient, full-service campus. Finalists Advocate Christ Medical Center, East Patient Tower, Oak Lawn, IL    Advocate Health Care Scripps Networks Tower at E. Tenn. Children’s Hospital, Knoxville, TN    Realty Trust Group Sibley Memorial Hospital New Patient Tower, Washington D.C.    Sibley Memorial Hospital Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center, S.F.    San Francisco Health Network Post-Acute & Senior Living Facilities – Best New Ground-Up Development: Beach House Assisted Living and Memory Care, Naples, Fla. Developer: Prevarian Companies LP It has taken more than a decade for the site at 1000 Airport Pulling Road S. in Naples to finally be developed after years of delays caused by a long entitlement process and the recession. Making the project a reality was Prevarian, which started pursuing a development on the site just two years prior to opening the 113-unit Beach House Assisted Living and Memory Care community. The company had to make sure the design conformed to a previously approved footprint and site plan, and it received permits within four months of securing the land. Beach House is close to a shopping district and a community hospital. Healthcare Real Estate Executive of the Year: Jason Signor, Caddis Under Jason Signor’s leadership, Caddis has grown from seven employees to 47 and become an industry-leading, full-service developer, owner and property manager of MOBs, ASCs, hospitals and, under its Heartis brand, senior living communities. With offices in Dallas, Atlanta, Houston and Phoenix, the firm has developed and/or acquired more than 40 assets with a total value of more than $700 million spanning 2.7 million square feet of space and 1,500 beds. Caddis has deployed $150 million of equity and manages about 3 million square feet in seven states. During his time with Caddis, Mr. Signor also has spurred the creation of a proprietary, GIS mapping interface used for identifying market opportunities and allowing clients to make informed, evidence-based site selection decisions. Tim Oliver’s legacy includes being involved in the development and consulting engagements for more than 90 facilities totaling 5 million square feet in the past 40-plus years. Mr. Oliver has focused exclusively on medical real estate since 1974 and has cofounded several firms. Tim Oliver and John McWilliams were involved in the formation of Western Skies (WSI) in 1970, and led the company’s development of its first on-campus MOB in 1975. At the time, the concept of on-campus medical office buildings was in its infancy. WSI developed the second on-campus MOB in the Rocky Mountain region for Mercy Hospital. Over the next 16 years, WSI developed 1.5 million square feet of ambulatory facilities and managed over 1 million square feet of healthcare properties. In 1986, Tim was one of the original founders of Integrated Medical Campus, providing strategic planning/development services for over 50 medical projects. In 1987, IMC developed one of the nation’s first “medical mall” or “hospital without beds” projects that featured a freestanding emergency department, ambulatory surgery center, imaging, physical therapy and medical offices. In 2004, Mr. Oliver joined five other founders from The Neenan Company to form the Denver-based NexCore Group. To date, NexCore Group has developed and acquired 6.5 million square feet of real estate, executed leases totaling 3.5 million square feet, and now has 65 employees in seven offices across the United States. Today, Mr. Oliver is actively training the next generation of strategic-thinking development executives at NexCore Group. He has been a thought leader at NexCore, responsible for understanding the legislative and economic environment, best practices in the delivery of care, and population health management/wellness initiatives that affect the development of healthcare real estate. His strategic thinking continues to provide top-of-class service to NexCore’s national healthcare clients. Launched in 2003, HREI was the first and remains the only national magazine entirely dedicated to covering healthcare real estate development, financing and investment. This monthly, national, business-to-business magazine offers sophisticated players the most comprehensive coverage in the industry available anywhere. Introduced in 2008, the HREI Resource Guide was the first and is still the only annual directory of healthcare real estate services. And HREI’s companion website,, has been totally redesigned and vastly expanded with more than 10 years of content, more than 2,000 articles and nearly 2 million words of copy, becoming the new hub for healthcare real estate news and information. For more information on HREI products and services, or to subscribe or advertise, please visit us at

Battaglia J.,CNRS Magmas and Volcanoes Laboratory | Metaxian J.-P.,University of Savoy | Garaebiti E.,P.M.B
Geophysical Research Letters | Year: 2012

Large earthquakes are often assumed to influence the eruptive activity of volcanoes. A major challenge to better understand the causal relationship between these phenomena is to detect and image, in detail, all induced changes, including subtle, non-eruptive responses. We show that coda wave interferometry can be used to image such earthquake-induced responses, as recorded at Yasur volcano (Vanuatu) following a magnitude 7.3 earthquake which occurred 80km from its summit. We use repeating Long-Period events to show that the earthquake caused a sudden seismic velocity drop, followed by a slow partial recovery process. The spatial distribution of the response amplitude indicates an effect centered on the volcano. Our result demonstrates that, even if no major change in eruptive activity is observed, volcanoes will be affected by the propagation of large amplitude seismic waves through their structure, suggesting that Earthquake-volcano interaction is likely a more common phenomenon than previously believed. © 2012. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

News Article | March 23, 2016

The Institute for Electronics and Nanotechnology (IEN) is one of the founding NSF interdisciplinary academic research centers dedicated to nanotechnology discovery and development. The IEN evolved from its original focus as a NSF Microelectronics Research Center (founded in 1981) at Georgia Tech’s Atlanta campus. In 2009, the name was changed to the Nanotechnology Research Center (NRC) to reflect its physical expansion into the Marcus Nanotechnology Building (MNB) and research expansion into the growing realm of nanotechnologies applications. More recently, as part of Georgia Tech’s (GT) push to consolidate capital-intensive research, the NRC was combined with similarly-themed research centers (including NSF-funded graphene research, the Packaging Research Center, and the Georgia Electronic Design Center) to form an interdisciplinary research hub on campus, the IEN. Over the years, Georgia Tech has used these centers and their associated facilities to become the one of the world leaders in nanoscale science and engineering, with research programs spanning biomedicine, materials, electronics, photonics/optics, and energy. The IEN is comprised of multiple academic electronics and nanotechnology research centers, each offering a unique intellectual focus ranging from basic discovery and innovation to systems integration. The IEN has approximately 115 GT faculty users and more than 500 GT student users as well as nearly 200 users from other academic institutions and industries. Through the NSF’s National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network (NNIN), IEN facilities are accessible to all U.S. academic users at the same price afforded by campus-based faculty. IEN cleanroom, fabrication, and characterization capabilities The IEN runs one of the largest university cleanroom complexes in North America. The IEN’s core mission is to provide exceptionally high value, fee-based open user access to research cleanrooms and laboratories at its core facilities. The IEN cleanroom has two on-campus locations: the Pettit Microelectronics Building (PMB), opened in 1988; and the Marcus Nanotechnology Building (MNB), opened in 2009. Together, these two facilities provide fully integrated electronics/materials cleanrooms; separate biological cleanroom space; a state-of-the-art characterization and microscopy suite housed in a vibrationally and acoustically shielded space; and supporting labs, equipment, and technical expertise. The expanded space enables Georgia Tech faculty, students, and non-GT users from academia, state and federal labs, and industry to carry out pioneering nanoscale research. Both the Pettit and Marcus facilities include significant laboratory space that house faculty research labs immediately proximate to the cleanroom and microscopy facilities. Pettit houses an 8,500 sq. ft. cleanroom (Class 10-100), while the Marcus building includes 10,000 sq. ft. of inorganic fabrication cleanroom space (Class 100) as well as 5,000 sq. ft. of biological cleanroom space (Class 1000), including Biosafety Level 1 and 2 labs. The inorganic and organic cleanrooms are adjacent so that researchers can transfer their samples without exposing them to a non-cleanroom environment. This novel design enables a seamless fusion of traditional, top-down microfabrication approaches (e.g. optical and electronbeam lithography) and various types of bottom-up self assembly approaches (typical biologically-derived) to nanotechnology research at Georgia Tech. The Marcus building also houses a newly-completed 3,300 sq. ft. imaging and characterization suite that offers comprehensive microscopy and imaging services, as well as X-ray and ion-based characterization, for a wide variety of materials and devices. The IEN cleanrooms and labs accommodate over two hundred individual pieces of equipment, which enable users to run an extensive variety of materials growth and fabrication processes in a single facility. These processes include traditional microfabrication processes such as photolithography and mask generation; thin film deposition; plasma etching and wet chemistry; and packaging. Electron beam lithography and nano-imprinting services offer the ability to quickly prototype nanoscale devices on different substrates. Traditional chemical vapor deposition (CVD) materials growth, including atomic layer deposition as well as non-traditional process such as soft lithography, are also available. IEN cleanroom users come from numerous different academic departments within Georgia Tech’s Colleges of Engineering and Science, as well as the Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI). The mission of the IEN is to maintain these current resources while also growing our capabilities through the acquisition of new high-tech tools; train users on safe and proper operation of the equipment; and provide the highest caliber technical expertise to enable users to achieve their desired results. These facilities, along with a skilled and experienced staff, has enabled Georgia Tech to be the hub of nanotechnology research in the southeast and competitive with the best U.S. national university facilities. The cleanroom as a controlled environment  Fundamentally, having a fully controlled environment is crucial in nanotechnology research and development. Particle levels, temperature, humidity, pressure, light, ultrapure water, and process gases all play important roles in achieving the conditions needed to conduct successful research. One of the challenges of user-centered facilities is that most new users do not have experience working in a cleanroom and lack familiarity with the unique operational conditions that come with this environment. To assist with acclimation, the IEN provides mandatory orientation programs to educate new users about cleanroom operation, safety, regulations, training, and protocols. Before being granted unsupervised access to any specific piece of equipment, users are required to attend training and pass a hands-on check-off test by facility staff. The IEN also offers seminars, workshops, forums, and staff office hours to assist users with process or engineering. Particle contamination is the biggest concern for maintaining a controlled cleanroom environment. Cleanroom suits must be worn at all times to avoid cleanroom users’ skin and hair generating particulate contamination. Every item that users bring into the cleanroom must be cleanroom compatible (especially with regard to particle contamination) and fully decontaminated before entering to maintain the required cleanroom conditions. Non-cleanroom designed paper, notebooks, and cardboard containers are not allowed inside, and any chemical bottles, plastic boxes, or other instruments need to be wiped completely prior to taking inside the cleanroom. Before a new piece of equipment can be installed in the facility, it must be decontaminated multiple times in a dedicated cleaning area. Any particle producing process must be conducted in a well-ventilated area. The cleanroom staff checks particle levels on a regular basis to monitor any changes in airborne contamination. In the Pettit cleanroom, process equipment is located in bays separated by chases which contain supporting items such as pumps, chilled water, gas cabinets, exhaust scrubbers, power supplies, and other support equipment. These supporting systems do not need to be in the highly controlled environment, so isolating them in the chases reduces the amount of expensive cleanroom space one has to construct. In addition, allowable particle levels are controlled separately from bay to bay. For example, the photolithography bay has a Class 10 environment while the metallization bay is Class 1,000. In contrast, the Marcus inorganic cleanroom is a flow-through, ballroom design where all equipment is located within the same 10,000 sq. ft. open area. The challenge of maintaining low particle counts throughout the facility is addressed by maintaining a higher flow rate on the clean air return to those cleanroom sections that require it. With this approach, we have been successful in keeping these low particle count sections of the cleanroom at Class 100 level. Many of the fabrication processes are sensitive not only to particle levels, but also to other environmental parameters such as temperature, humidity, and vibration. The IEN cleanroom has a network of sensors monitoring the variation in these parameters, and the data can be directly read in real time via a web interface, along with historical data covering longer periods of times to identify trends. Many of the warnings and alarms from the sensor network are sent immediately to cleanroom staff on their mobile devices so they can rapidly identify problems and fix them. Ultimately, maintaining the appropriate controlled environment relies upon collaboration between staff and users. Users report to staff any problems or concerns about the cleanroom environment, and they also help staff to identify potential problems, warn other users of improper behavior, and do some routine housekeeping work. Everyone who uses and benefits from the cleanroom has the responsibility of keeping the facility safe. Summary The product of a well-controlled environment is high quality research. Supported by the IEN cleanroom, Georgia Tech faculty, students, and research staff, as well as our research affiliates from other universities and companies, have published journal articles, presented at conferences, and filed patents based on discoveries realized within the IEN facilities. In addition, this research has led to a number of successful startup companies founded by GT faculty and students. Dr. Paul J. Joseph is Principal Research Scientist and Dr. Hang Chen is Research Scientist II at the Georgia Tech Institute for Electronics and Nanotechnology. Drs. Joseph and Chen wish to thank their support team at Georgia Tech for their assistance with this article. This article originally appeared in the January/February 2015 issue of our sister publication, Controlled Environments.

News Article | November 11, 2016

The report Global Bitumen Market Research Report- Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends And Forecast by . It provides the value chain analysis, market attractiveness analysis, and company share analysis along with key player’s complete profiles. Bitumen is a residual product from the fractional distillation of crude oil in petroleum refining. It is an organic compound, which is used as an engineering material. These compounds are very complex combinations of molecules that contain high proportions of hydrocarbons. It is a dark, highly viscous and sticky material in nature. Bitumen is produced according to grade specification tailored to the needs of the consuming industries either by refining or by blending. Specifications are carried to test the safety, solubility, viscoelasticity and durability of this compound. Under varying temperature conditions, these physical properties are designed for optimization in performance. It is often confused with coal-tar pitches / petroleum pitches or natural / lake asphalt. Based on the products, the bitumen market can be segmented as paving bitumen, oxidized bitumen, cutback bitumen, bitumen emulsion, polymer modified bitumen (PMB), and others. This organic compound has various applications like roadways, waterproofing (roofing), adhesives, insulation, and others (decorative, industrial uses). Based on various grade specifications this market is segmented as hard grade, soft grade, and polymer modified bitumen (PMB). Geographically, bitumen market is spread worldwide in the regions of North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America and Middle East and Africa. Asia Pacific is the fastest growing market in terms of demand for bitumen. Growing construction and infrastructure is the major driver for growth in this region. Leading companies in this market are Shell Bitumen, NuStar Energy, ExxonMobil, Marathon Oil Company, Valero Energy Corporation and Nynas AB. Decision Databases is involved in providing research reports and company profiles in the global bitumen market in terms of revenue and output/volume. Market drivers, opportunities and restraints are thoroughly studied which influences the market. This study is further utilized for the overall analysis of the market. The bitumen market is segmented based on the global applications, geographic presence, by products and ingredients. We offer an inclusive category-specific market outlook. We provide access to a comprehensive collection of companies in the industry. The companies can strategize and execute business operations through our competitor analysis. Find the global industry analysis, market size, share, growth, and trends information in our bitumen profiles. 5. BITUMEN MARKET ANALYSIS BY APPLICATIONS Roadways, Waterproofing (Roofing) Adhesives Insulation Others (Including Decorative, Industrial Uses) is a global business research reports provider, enriching decision makers and strategists with qualitative statistics. is proficient in providing syndicated research report, customized research reports, company profiles and industry databases across multiple domains. Our expert research analysts have been trained to map client’s research requirements to the correct research resource leading to a distinctive edge over its competitors. We provide intellectual, precise and meaningful data at a lightning speed.

News Article | November 18, 2016

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Numerical methods of calculating water flow in soils usually rely on solving Richards' equation, which is obtained by combining the equation of continuity with Darcy's law for water fluxes. In this study, the one-dimensional equation of continuity was solved using tables of precomputed steady-state fluxes read from disk. This results in simpler and faster code for applications such as field water balance models, which may use relatively large depth spacings and many repeated calculations. There is no speed penalty for the use of more complex property descriptions. Steady-state flux tables were computed by integration of Darcy's law, which results in the same solution as Richards' equation, but in principle they could be obtained in some other way. The method is much faster and more stable than conventional iterative methods both because it is noniterative and because good estimates of steady-state fluxes allow accurate solutions with larger vertical grid spacings, which in turn allow larger time steps. It is also both faster and simpler than other noniterative methods that provide good flux estimates because the fluxes are already available without the extra code and the time needed to compute them. © Soil Science Society of America 5585 Guilford Rd., Madison, WI 53711 USA. All rights reserved.

Houk P.,Pacific Marine Resources Institute | Raubani J.,PMB
Journal of Oceanography | Year: 2010

This study identifies linkages between regional ocean productivity and the emergence of large Acanthaster planci starfish populations in Vanuatu. Positive correlations were found between wind stress, chlorophyll-a, and upwelling during January-February 2009, corresponding with coral-eating starfish occurrences. Further, temporal associations have existed between monthly wind stress and upwelling since 2000, and were predictors of past starfish events. Links between starfish emergence and oceanographic features are discussed, drawing upon evidence from other asteroid echinoderms. High regional productivity associated with anomalous oceanographic conditions in Vanuatu, and globally, can be used as early warning indicators of probable, future starfish emergence to aid the foundation and success of local management efforts. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Effects of extraction solvent namely ethanol, diethylether-chloroform mixture, morphological matrix namely fruit pericarp seed and three ripening stages namely green, yellow and red on antioxidative activity of S. anguivi fruit were studied. Phytochemical screening and assessment of some antioxidative markers were evaluated. Result showed that all samples were endowed with variable amounts of reductones, phenolics, alkaloids and saponins. Quantitative (mg ascorbic acid activity equivalent/ mg sample) assessment showed that antioxidative activity of ethanolic derived extracts were high in terms of total phenolic content (TPC) (75.00-196.88), relative reducing power (RRP) (165.00-889.29) and radical scavenging activity (RSA, %) (64.00-85.50) in comparison to low antioxidative activity in terms of TPC (2.81-45.00), RRP (18.21-25.71) and RSA (14.10-40.00) of diethyl ether derived extracts. With respect to morphological matrix, antioxidative activity was in the order : seed fruit pericarp. Stage of ripeness conferred no significant increase on antioxidative activity. © All Rights Reserved.

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