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Rāwalpindi, Pakistan

Ali A.,NESPAK | Malik Z.I.,Education Management Information System | Riaz N.,NESPAK | Jaffer M.,PMAS AAUR | Usmani K.,Hi Technology University
Souvenir of the 2014 IEEE International Advance Computing Conference, IACC 2014 | Year: 2014

Unified Modeling Language (UML) is a standard modeling language for Object Oriented Modeling. UML in its standard form do not allow modeling the new constructs added by aspects-oriented. Therefore, UML needs to be extended by some mechanism to incorporate aspect related concepts. The two mechanisms available are UML profiling and UML meta-modeling. The mechanism adopted is meta-modeling due to its expression of freedom while introducing new elements. The Meta models presented add new elements needed to model the aspect orientation constructs. The aspect modeling approach presented allows structural as well as behavioural modeling of aspects. Although many Meta models have been proposed earlier for structural modeling but either they are incomplete or need updation to UML 2.0. The work presented is an extension to UML 2.0 and provides complete means for AOM. More over no work is found in Metamodeling of behavioural diagrams. This work not only provides extensions to the class diagram but also to the interactions diagram. Using this approach one can model the static structure and the behavioural structure of crosscutting concerns. © 2014 IEEE.

Rauf C.A.,PMAS AAUR | Naz F.,PMAS AAUR | Ahmad I.,Pakistan Agriculture Research Council | Ul Haque I.,PMAS AAUR | Riaz A.,PMAS AAUR
International Journal of Agriculture and Biology | Year: 2015

The efficacy of soil application with microbial preparations viz. Trichoderma harzianum, effective microbe (EM) culture and biological potassium fertilizer (BPF) was evaluated for the management of soil-borne inoculum of Rhizoctonia solani the cause of black scurf of potato cv. Desiree. Soil application with three dosages of culture suspension of T. harzianum, effective microbe (EM) culture and biological potassium fertilizer (BPF) were applied in the soil to know the efficacy of these treatments in reducing the disease. Soil application with T. harzianum at the time of sowing followed by two and three dosages at 20 days intervals gave significant protection to eyes with EGI of 30.55%, SK 24.07%, SCI 36.10%, StCI 30.60%, BSDI 26.43% and YR of 35.09% against the fungus which ultimately contributed to better crop stand and increased yield as compared to inoculated control and rest of the treatments. © 2015 Friends Science Publishers.

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