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Plymouth, United Kingdom

Evans K.,Plymouth Hospitals NHS Trust
Clinical medicine (London, England) | Year: 2013

An increasing number of people with type 1 diabetes mellitus are using insulin pump therapy, also known as continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion therapy (CSII). Most patients using pumps are safest remaining on CSII if admitted to hospital, unless incapacitated. This review provides the generalist physician with a framework to guide the management of such patients, although one should always seek specialist diabetes advice where available. Source

Crossingham G.,Plymouth Hospitals NHS Trust
Clinical medicine (London, England) | Year: 2011

Clinical problem solving tests (CPSTs) have been shown to be reliable and valid for recruitment to general practice (GP) training programmes. This article presents the results from a Department of Health-funded pilot into the use of a CPST designed for recruitment to the acute specialties (AS). The pilot paper consisted of 99 items from the validated GP question bank and 40 new items aimed specifically at topics of relevance to AS training. The CPST successfully differentiated between applicants. The overall test and the GP section showed high internal reliability, whereas the AS pilot section performed less well. A detailed item analysis revealed that the AS pilot items were, on average, more difficult and of poorer quality than the GP items. Important issues that need to be addressed in the early development phase of a test used for high stakes selection to specialty training programmes are discussed. Source

Warwick Z.,Plymouth Hospitals NHS Trust
International Journal of STD and AIDS | Year: 2010

A survey of consultants in Plymouth Teaching Hospital was performed to identify barriers to HIV testing in secondary care. Testing practices were compared with those recommended by the UK HIV testing guidelines and barriers to testing described. Source

Akoh J.A.,Plymouth Hospitals NHS Trust
Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia | Year: 2013

Previous reports regarding donation after cardiac death (DCD) have called for caution in extending the age of kidney donors beyond 60 years due to the risk of poor graft function. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of donor age on renal transplantation from DCD in one center. All DCD transplants from 2005 to 2009 were included in the study. Immunosuppression and recipient follow-up were as per unit protocol. Donor and recipient details were entered prospectively into a renal database and analyzed for graft outcome. Of the 147 renal transplants, 102 were from donors <60 years old and 45 were from donors ≥60 years old. The incidence of delayed graft function varied significantly according to donor-recipient age groups (P = 0.01). The mean glomerular filtration rate at 12 months was 50.3 mL/min for transplants from young donors compared with 39.3 mL/min for transplants from old donors (P = 0.001). The cumulative graft survival rates at 1 and 5 years were 88% and 79% for young donors, while for old donors these were 78% and 72%, respectively (P = 0.101). By transplanting kidneys from old DCD donors into elderly patients, their survival is improved compared with dialysis, and organs from younger donors are made available for younger recipients. Source

Sahu A.,Plymouth Hospitals NHS Trust
Hand surgery : an international journal devoted to hand and upper limb surgery and related research : journal of the Asia-Pacific Federation of Societies for Surgery of the Hand | Year: 2012

Little finger metacarpal fractures are the most common type of metacarpal fractures and the treatment is quite variable as it is a multifactorial entity comprised of subcapital, metacarpal shaft and base fractures. These fractures are common presentations in the fracture clinics and the general orthopaedic surgeons treat them until a complex case warrants specific decision making by a hand surgeon. The management of many of these fractures is still a matter of debate and differ widely in the various parts of the United Kingdom. The aim of this study was to investigate the current practice of little finger metacarpal fractures among upper limb surgeons in the UK. We conducted an online survey among 278 upper limb orthopaedic specialist surgeons throughout the UK. Our response rate was 58%. There are various factors which dictate the treatment as suggested by these respondent upper limb consultants. For example, for fifth metacarpal neck fractures, it was generally recognised that 43% of upper limb surgeons prefer neighbour strapping alone for non-operative management of little finger metacarpal fractures. For little finger metacarpal shaft fractures, 39.3% of surgeons suggested that they would contemplate intervention, i.e. manipulation under anaesthesia/surgery if beyond 30° of volar angulation is present. For little finger metacarpal neck fractures, 33.7% would only consider surgical intervention beyond 60° of volar angulation. 91.6% of upper limb specialists agreed that they would operate on little finger metacarpal base fractures only if it was a fracture dislocation, while 71.8% suggested that they would proceed to operate on even a pure dislocation. We have illustrated the various permutations and combinations of these fractures with the results of our survey in this article in detail. The vast majority of metacarpal bone fractures are stable and treated conservatively. The different types of injury patterns must be recognised by the orthopaedic surgeons and appropriate treatment then should be executed to serve the patient optimally in due course. Source

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