Schupfen, Switzerland
Schupfen, Switzerland

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Hesser F.,Market Analysis and Innovation Research Team | Wohner B.,University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna | Meints T.,Plus MAT | Stern T.,I-Systems | Windsperger A.,Institute for Industrial Ecology
International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment | Year: 2016

Purpose: Improving technical properties and the durability of wood-based products by modification in various processing technologies is subject to recent research and development activities. This study aimed at integrating environmental considerations during the research and development phase of a novel modification process for a multilayer wood parquet. Due to expected challenges when applying Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) in this phase, the eco-profile of the modified multilayer wood parquet was referred to the original multilayer parquet by estimating payback period and identifying other payback options. Methods: An LCA was conducted during the research and development phase of the modification process at laboratory scale and is characterized as ex ante environmental screening of a newly developed technology. The environmental assessment of new products and manufacturing processes during the research and development phase, however, faces multifarious challenges, such as the definition of a functional unit and the service life length. In order to overcome these challenges, the idea was to answer the question under which circumstances the modification process pays back from the perspective of non-renewable energy use and global-warming potential. Aside from investigation of payback period, the feasibility of other payback options was systematically searched. Results and discussion: The extra resource input and the resulting increase in environmental burden of the modification of the multilayer parquet can be justified with the extension of service life length by 10 to 20 %, referring to global warming potential and non-renewable energy use, respectively. Other payback options found were adjusting chemical loading during modification, making renovations superfluous, or reducing transport effort. Other than transportation and renovation, which are user-dependent, only the modification lies within the scope of the parquet producer. Conclusions: The payback concept is found suitable for comparative estimations on the magnitude of change in environmental performance of product variants during research and development. By investigating on multiple payback options, it was enabled to frame the change in environmental performance, which is essential in order to define the scope of further research and development in a target-oriented way. The possibility of using LCA for an environmental technology valuation at an early stage in product and process development is demonstrated in this study. © 2016 The Author(s)


Hand A.,Plus MAT | Raghallaigh C.N.,Scoil Chiarain | Cuppage J.,Plus MAT | Coyle S.,National Educational Psychological Service | Sharry J.,Plus MAT
Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry | Year: 2013

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the parent training, Parents Plus Children's Programme (PPCP) as an intervention for parents of children with mild intellectual disabilities. Participants were parents of children, aged six to 12, attending a special school for children with mild general learning disability (n = 29). Minor programme adaptations were made. Pre and post-assessment included the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, the Parenting Stress Index, the Kansas Parent Satisfaction Scale and parent identified personal and child-related goals. A significant reduction in clinical range scores for treatment group participants (n = 16) was observed. Conversely, clinical range scores for control group participants (n = 13) increased, or remained elevated. These preliminary results suggest that PPCP may be successfully delivered as a routine community-based intervention and aid to prevent and reduce behavioural problems, reduce parent stress and increase parent confidence and satisfaction. Further investigation of programme effectiveness for parents of children with developmental disability is warranted. © The Author(s) 2012.


Saud P.S.,Plus MAT | Pant B.,Plus MAT | Alam A.-M.,Plus MAT | Alam A.-M.,Chonbuk National University | And 3 more authors.
Ceramics International | Year: 2015

Carbon quantum dots/titanium dioxide (CQDs/TiO2) composite nanofibers were prepared via a facile one step hydrothermal method. Characterization of the samples was carried out by Field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Photoluminescence (PL), and Fourier transformed infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. Our study revealed that the photocatalytic efficiency (photodegradation of methylene blue) under visible light irradiation and antibacterial properties (against Escherichia coli) of as prepared composite nanofibers (CQDs/TiO2) are higher than pristine TiO2 nanofibers. The anchored CQDs can both enhance the light absorption and suppress photogenerated electron-hole's recombination which results in the enhancement of catalytic and antibacterial properties. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.


Nitsch E.,University of Limerick | Hannon G.,Plus MAT | Rickard E.,Plus MAT | Houghton S.,University of Limerick | Sharry J.,Plus MAT
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health | Year: 2015

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the Parents Plus Adolescents Programme (PPAP)-a parent training course specifically targeting parents of young adolescents (aged 11-16 years)-when delivered as a preventative programme in community school settings. Methods: A sample of 126 parents (mean age of children = 12.34 years; range = 10-16 years) were randomly assigned to either a treatment (PPAP; n = 82) or a waiting-list control condition (WC; n = 44). Analyses are based on a study-completer sample post-treatment (n = 109 parents: PPAP n = 70; WC n = 39) and sample at 6 month follow up (n = 42 parents). Results: Both post-treatment (between groups) and 6-month follow-up comparisons of study completers (within PPAP group) revealed significant positive effects of the parenting intervention with respect to adolescent behaviour problems and parenting stress. The post treatment comparisons demonstrated large effect sizes on global measures of child difficulties (partial eta squared = 0.15) and self-reported parent stress (partial eta squared = 0.22); there was a moderate effect size on the self-reported parent satisfaction (partial eta squared = 0.13). Conclusions: This study provides preliminary evidence that PPAP may be an effective model of parent-training implemented in a community-based setting. The strengths and limitations of the study are discussed. © 2015 Nitsch et al.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the parent training, Parents Plus Childrens Programme (PPCP) as an intervention for parents of children with mild intellectual disabilities. Participants were parents of children, aged six to 12, attending a special school for children with mild general learning disability (n = 29). Minor programme adaptations were made. Pre and post-assessment included the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, the Parenting Stress Index, the Kansas Parent Satisfaction Scale and parent identified personal and child-related goals. A significant reduction in clinical range scores for treatment group participants (n = 16) was observed. Conversely, clinical range scores for control group participants (n = 13) increased, or remained elevated. These preliminary results suggest that PPCP may be successfully delivered as a routine community-based intervention and aid to prevent and reduce behavioural problems, reduce parent stress and increase parent confidence and satisfaction. Further investigation of programme effectiveness for parents of children with developmental disability is warranted.


The present invention relates to a flame-free thermal oxidation incineration device for dealing with various environmentally harmful substances produced, by way of example, in the process of producing semiconductors, LEDs and displays and in oil refineries, and the aim of the present invention is to provide a flame-free thermal oxidation incineration device wherein NOx production is almost completely absent and the concentration of harmful substances is at the level of a few ppm. According to the present invention, the aim is achieved by filling the inside of an incineration incinerating furnace with a catalyst, pre-heating a reactant inlet through which the harmful substance is supplied, surrounding the entire surface of the incinerating furnace with oxygen-supply channels, and then ensuring the oxygen to be supplied the incinerating furnace floor surface and thereby causing a combustion reaction to proceed at a fast rate and with high efficiency.


Patent
Plus MAT | Date: 2015-05-13

The objective of the present invention is to provide new inlet structure that minimizes the clog phenomena of the inlet for wet type scrubber and that can use the inlet for long term without exchanging. According to the object described above, the present invention includes a second cleanser buffer (400) of hollow pillar shape that also becomes the passage for gas; and includes a first cleanser buffer (250) equipped with cleanser entries (310, 320) on upper part of the second cleanser buffer and with the entries (210, 220) for nitrogen or inert gas, the cleanser entries equipped at the first cleanser buffer are to be installed facing each other including the 2 entries, designed for the cleanser flow down spinning along the wall of the second cleanser buffer after the cleanser is made to enter toward the tangential component against the wall of the second cleanser buffer, and the two of the cleanser entries are facing opposite direction to let the cleanser go out in opposite direction are the characteristics of the inlet of this scrubber. Spinning and the gas curtain of nitrogen and the others can prevent the powder effectively that can be caused by the interaction of the cleanser and the poisonous gas.


PubMed | University of Limerick and Plus MAT
Type: | Journal: Child and adolescent psychiatry and mental health | Year: 2015

The aim of this study was to evaluate the Parents Plus Adolescents Programme (PPAP)-a parent training course specifically targeting parents of young adolescents (aged 11-16years)-when delivered as a preventative programme in community school settings.A sample of 126 parents (mean age of children=12.34years; range=10-16years) were randomly assigned to either a treatment (PPAP; n=82) or a waiting-list control condition (WC; n=44). Analyses are based on a study-completer sample post-treatment (n=109 parents: PPAP n=70; WC n=39) and sample at 6month follow up (n=42 parents).Both post-treatment (between groups) and 6-month follow-up comparisons of study completers (within PPAP group) revealed significant positive effects of the parenting intervention with respect to adolescent behaviour problems and parenting stress. The post treatment comparisons demonstrated large effect sizes on global measures of child difficulties (partial eta squared=0.15) and self-reported parent stress (partial eta squared=0.22); there was a moderate effect size on the self-reported parent satisfaction (partial eta squared=0.13).This study provides preliminary evidence that PPAP may be an effective model of parent-training implemented in a community-based setting. The strengths and limitations of the study are discussed.


Today, the cost of PV-grade Si accounts for ~20% of PV modules. However, at least 40% of Si is lost at present during wafer production process ...


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