Viteva E.,Plovdiv University
Epilepsy and Behavior | Year: 2012
No study of stigmatization in patients with epilepsy has thus far been conducted in Bulgaria. Our aim was to assess the perceived stigma of Bulgarian patients with refractory epilepsy (RE) and the factors associated with stigmatization. A study based on questionnaires and a purposeful interview on clinical and social factors were conducted in 94 patients with RE and 70 patients with pharmacosensitive epilepsy (PSE). Stigmatization was found in 43.62% of the participants with RE and in 5.71% of those with PSE. Stigmatization was associated with depression and mental status impairment. In conclusion, stigmatization in Bulgarian patients with RE was confirmed. Stigmatization was frequently severe, especially in cases with concomitant personality and behavioral impairment and depression. The study participants explained the existence of stigmatization as being due to fear of seizures and due to inadequate education on the special features of the disease or on administering first aid during seizures. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.
Manev M.,Plovdiv University
International Journal of Geometric Methods in Modern Physics | Year: 2012
A natural connection with totally skew-symmetric torsion on almost contact manifolds with B-metric is constructed. The class of these manifolds, where the considered connection exists, is determined. Some curvature properties for this connection, when the corresponding curvature tensor has the properties of the curvature tensor for the Levi-Civita connection and the torsion tensor is parallel, are obtained. © 2012 World Scientific Publishing Company.
Viteva E.,Plovdiv University
Seizure | Year: 2013
Purpose: To assess the impact of perceived stigma on the quality of life of Bulgarian patients with refractory epilepsy. Methods: We studied 70 adult patients with refractory epilepsy, without cognitive impairment, progressive somatic, neurological disease or recent seizures, and 70 patients with pharmacosensitive epilepsy. All participants completed a 3-item stigma scale, the patients with refractory epilepsy also completed a Health Related Quality of Life measure (the QOLIE-89). Results: The patients with refractory epilepsy had a mean disease duration 25.1 ± 1.3 years. 40.0% of patients (±5.9) had symptomatic epilepsy. Seventeen patients (24.2% ± 5.1) had partial seizures, 16 (22.8% ± 5.0) had generalized seizures and 37 (52.9 ± 6.0) had a mixture of partial and generalized seizures. Most participants had several seizures per week (45.7%) or month (30.0%) despite the fact that 90% were taking combination antiepileptic drug treatment. We found perceived stigma in 43.6% of patients with refractory epilepsy, and 28.7% self-reported severe stigmatization. Only 4 (5.7%) patients with pharmacosensitive epilepsy reported stigmatization which was mild or moderate in all cases. Perceived stigma had a negative impact on the overall score of the QOLIE-89 (T-score 47.8), as well as on all subscales of QOLIE-89, with the exception of "change in health" and "sexual relations". Patients with refractory epilepsy reporting stigmatization most commonly had very low and low scores on the subscales "health perceptions" (82.9%), "emotional well-being" (71.5%), "memory" (63.4%) and "health discouragement" (62.5%). There was a negative correlation of all QOLIE-89 subscales with perceived stigma severity. Conclusion: All aspects of the quality of life of Bulgarian patients with refractory epilepsy correlate negatively with the severity of perceived stigma. © 2012 British Epilepsy Association.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: SiS.2012.2.2.1-1 | Award Amount: 4.04M | Year: 2013
Over the last decade a sharp decline in interest and participation in science has been identified in young people across Europe. Should this continue, the capacity to innovate both in industry and research will suffer in the long term. A critical issue in addressing this problem is providing young people with relevant contexts and practical experience of scientific concepts through classroom science. Therefore, the development of Inquiry Based Science Education (IBSE) and active teaching and learning approaches has never been more important. The Chain Reaction project aims to capitalise on a previously successful approach to delivering IBSE in the UK in an attempt to embed IBSE practice within European schools. The key aim is to equip teacher educators to train teachers across twelve countries in the use of IBSE materials and techniques. Each country will adapt materials and techniques for use in their own country, addressing issues of different curricula and cultures as necessary. This will ensure that each partner will have ownership of resources and classroom techniques suitable for their own situation and contexts, but based around the proven principles of IBSE and based on materials that have already been tried and tested as part of the original Pupil Researcher Initiative (PRI) project. Chain Reaction will also establish a European teachers network, aimed at providing support to teachers, sharing experiences and expertise between teachers and training experts. This will help develop the work of the project through delivery, and will also contribute to sustainability in the longer term. The network will aid dissemination of the project resources and outcomes, while enabling peer support both within each year of the project, and across the project as a whole. This will ensure sharing, reflection and discussions of experiences and approaches. The teacher training, materials and instruction given will be delivered via a cascade approach within schools.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: MSCA-NIGHT-2014 | Award Amount: 248.65K | Year: 2014
The K-TRIO 2 consortium organized in several years Researchers Night in Bulgaria in different cities making people and especially children and youth aware of researchers profession and the contribution of research to economy and society. The public opinion surveys show that the Researchers Night became a popular event in many Bulgarian cities. People enjoy the variety of activities offered and would like to make the Researchers Night a regular Fall rendez-vous in their city with a lot of fun and interaction with researchers. Taking into account the objectives of the Researchers Night initiative of the EC, and the previous experience of the consortium, the project K-TRIO 2 sets as its main goal to enhance public recognition of researchers and innovators and their role in society and to encourage young people in Bulgaria to embark on research career. In the framework of the Europe 2020 strategy, the project focuses on the need for increasing the number of researchers and innovators in Europe and to foster the interest of the society and the youth, in particular, to research and innovation. For achieving the main goal, the following project objectives are defined: - to disclose to the public the hidden sides of life and work of researchers, and show them as professionals and ordinary people; - to highlight the EU emphasis on its researchers, the role of researchers in the Knowledge triangle and for building the Innovation Union; - to involve citizens in debates on the contribution of researchers to European economy and society, as well as in ideas generation and open innovation; - to foster active citizens position on the policy for growing research talents and making research and innovation attractive for young people. The target audience of the project will be on first place young people children, teen-agers and students, and secondly their parents and the public at large. The project K-TRIO 2 will provide various opportunities to citizens in Bulgaria to meet and entertain with researchers.