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Schmitt P.,University Hospital Maison Blanche | Dalar L.,Yedikule Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Training and Research Hospital | Jouneau S.,University of Rennes 1 | Toublanc B.,University Hospital Sud dAmiens | And 10 more authors.
Respiration | Year: 2016

Background: Mounier-Kuhn syndrome (MKS) is a rare disorder characterized by enlargement of the trachea and main bronchi and associated with recurrent respiratory tract infections. Objective: This multicenter, retrospective study was carried out to describe respiratory conditions associated with tracheobronchomegaly. Methods: Nine institutions involved in the 'Groupe d'Endoscopie de Langue Française' (GELF) participated in this study. A standard form was used to record patient characteristics, treatments and follow-up from medical charts. Results: Seventeen patients, 53% male, aged 58 ± 18 years at diagnosis were included. Recurrent infections revealed MKS in 88% of cases. Main comorbid conditions were diffuse bronchiectasis in 88% of patients and tracheobronchomalacia in 67% of cases. The exacerbation rate was 1.5 exacerbations/patient/year. The main non-respiratory morbid condition was gastroesophageal reflux disease in 29% of cases. Interventional bronchoscopy was performed in seven patients (41%), consisting of laser (n = 2) and tracheal stenting (n = 5). Complications related to stents were observed in 80% of cases with a mean stent duration of 8 months. Four deaths, including three due to respiratory causes, occurred during follow-up. Conclusions: This is the largest series of MKS reported in the literature, showing that bronchiectasis and tracheobronchomalacia are the main associated morbid conditions that constitute a challenge for treatment. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Astoul P.,Pleural Diseases and Interventional Pulmonology | Astoul P.,Aix - Marseille University | Roca E.,Pleural Diseases and Interventional Pulmonology | Galateau-Salle F.,Caen University Hospital Center | And 3 more authors.
Respiration | Year: 2012

Optimal management of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), which is mainly based on patient characteristics and clinical stage, is not clearly defined yet, although detailed, practical guidelines for these patients have been proposed by some scientific societies. Translational research, in the field of this disease, is currently in progress and different molecular oncogenic pathways leading to the growth and progression of MPM have been characterized with recent pharmaceutical developments. However, further in-depth analysis still needs to be done for a more advanced deciphering of the step-by-step process leading from early increased mesothelial cell proliferation to invasive mesothelioma, from which we are expecting the development of definitively effective therapy. Thus, this review is an overview of the recent advances in the biology of MPM and their potential therapeutic applications in the field of MPM diagnosis and treatment. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG.

Vandemoortele T.,Pleural Diseases and Interventional Pulmonology | Vandemoortele T.,Center Hospitalier Of Luniversite Of Montreal | Laroumagne S.,Pleural Diseases and Interventional Pulmonology | Laroumagne S.,Aix - Marseille University | And 6 more authors.
Respiration | Year: 2014

The FDG-PET (fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography) scan is used with increasing frequency to investigate pleural abnormalities and to determine the possibility of neoplastic invasion. However, false-positive findings are not uncommon and talc pleurodesis has been reported to cause hypermetabolic pleural thickenings up to 5 years after the procedure. We report the cases of 3 patients (2 of whom had a history of asbestos exposure) requiring talc pleurodesis for recurrent pneumothoraces between 1988 and 1990, who were investigated in 2011 for pleural abnormalities. Avid pleural thickening on FDG-PET scan mimicking pleural cancer was found, but this was deemed secondary to the pleurodesis. Talc pleurodesis generates inflammation which promotes pleural adhesions. This inflammatory reaction could decrease with time, as in other inflammatory processes. Since talc is not metabolized by the body, the FDG-PET scan can remain positive, most likely because of a foreign-body granulomatous reaction, even 20 years later. It is important to be aware of this possibility and to question patients with pleural abnormalities about past procedures and mention such procedures to the colleagues who are responsible for interpreting metabolic imaging. Follow-up of hypermetabolic pleural lesions attributed to talc pleurodesis is important for the detection of new pleural lesions or neoplastic evolution. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Pinelli V.,Hospital S. Bartolomeo | Roca E.,Pleural Diseases and Interventional Pulmonology | Lucchini S.,Spedali Civili | Laroumagne S.,Pleural Diseases and Interventional Pulmonology | And 4 more authors.
Respiration | Year: 2015

Background: Careful clinical staging in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is fundamental in management planning. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is increasingly recognized as an important staging modality. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess whether the metabolic activity of the pleural tumor detected with PET/CT correlates with specific endoscopic features and pleural distribution of the lesions as assessed by medical thoracoscopy. Methods: Consecutive patients with MPM and available PET/CT performed before thoracoscopy were separated into 2 groups, according to their standardized uptake value (SUV). Kaplan-Meier-analysis for survival was performed on groups with low and high SUV. Agreement between PET/CT and thoracoscopy evaluation was analyzed using Cohen's kappa coefficient. The Wilcoxon test was used to compare the median SUV, and the χ2 test was used to evaluate differences in endoscopic findings. Results: A total of 32 patients were included. The median maximum SUV (SUV max) was 6.1 and patients were separated into 2 groups based on this cutoff. Patients with SUV max <6.1 had a better survival than those with SUV max ≥6.1 (p = 0.005). The comparison between PET/CT and thoracoscopy showed a fair agreement for visceral and diaphragmatic pleural involvement and moderate agreement for the presence of nodular lesions. There was a statistically significant association between median SUV max and visceral pleural involvement; nodular lesions and visceral pleural involvement were more common in the high-SUV group than in the low-SUV group (p = 0.0012 and p = 0.03, respectively). Conclusions: PET/CT data may be predictive of thoracoscopic features of MPM associated with prognosis and staging, but the correlation is moderate at best. A degree of disagreement exists between these two modalities, which supports thoracoscopy as the gold standard for assessment of local invasion in MPM. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Roca E.,Aix - Marseille University | Roca E.,University of Brescia | Lacroix R.,Aix - Marseille University | Lacroix R.,Marseille University Hospital Center | And 16 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2016

Pleural biomarkers allowing to mini-invasively discriminate benign from malignant pleural effusions are needed. Among potential candidates, microparticles (MPs) are extracellular vesicles that vectorize antigen derived from the parent cell. We hypothesized that tumor-derived MPs could be present in the pleural liquid and help to identify patients with malignant pleural effusions. Using highly sensitive flow cytometry and cryo-electron microscopy, we showed that large amounts of MPs from hematopoïetic and vascular origin could be detectable in pleural fluids. Their level did not differ between benign (n = 14) and malignant (n = 71) pleural effusions. Analysis of selected tumoral associated antigens (podoplanin, mucin 1 and EpCAM, epithelial-cell-adhesion-molecule) evidenced for the first time the presence of tumorderived MPs expressing EpCAM in malignant pleural fluids only (Specificity = 93%, Sensitivity = 49% and 45% for flow cytometry and ELISA, respectively). The detection of EpCAM-positive-MPs (EpCAM+ MPs) by flow cytometry showed a better specificity and sensitivity than ELISA to distinguish between pleural carcinoma and the others malignant pleural effusions (MPE; Sp: 96% vs 89%; Se: 79% vs 66%). Combining EpCAM+ MPs and cytology improved the diagnosis of MPE compared to cytology alone. This study establishes the basis for using EpCAM+ MPs as a promising new biomarker that could be added to the armamentarium to mini-invasively identify patients with malignant pleural effusions.

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