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Östermalm, Sweden

Edsman K.,Q Med AB | Hjelm R.,Q Med AB | Larkner H.,Q Med AB | Nord L.I.,Q Med AB | And 6 more authors.

Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the intra-articular duration of Durolane™ in a rabbit model to allow comparison between Durolane™ residence time and data reported for other hyaluronic acid products as well as native hyaluronic acid. Design: 14C-labeled Durolane™ was manufactured by labeling the cross-linker used for stabilization. A single injection of approximately 0.3 mL 14 C-labeled Durolane™ was administered intra-articularly in both knee joints of male New Zealand White rabbits. At days 1, 2, 3, 7, 28, 60, 96, and 120 after injection, the knee joints of 4 animals were collected, and the radioactivity of the remaining gel was measured. The obtained data were fitted by exponential models to calculate the half-life of the gel. Two additional rabbits were used for histology of the joint 127 days after the injection. Results: The elimination of 14C-labeled Durolane™ followed first-order kinetics with an apparent half-life of approximately 32 days. Histology showed no morphological changes in the knee joints. Conclusions: This study shows that Durolane™ has a half-life of 32 days in the rabbit knee joint, which is much longer compared to literature data on hyaluronic acid and other modified hyaluronic acid products. © The Author(s) 2011. Source

A mixed metal complex of a compound of Formula I, or a salt thereof, wherein the mixed metals comprise a Group III-XII transition metal and a Group II metal: (Formula I) (I) wherein X, R

Pledpharma Ab | Date: 2013-10-31

Methods for treatment of cancer selected from lung cancer, ovarian cancer, squamous cell carcinoma, pancreas exocrine cancer, malignant melanoma, gastric cancer, esophageal cancer, a metastases thereof, and leukemia, in a human or non-human body, comprise administrating to the body a cancer-inhibiting amount of a first compound of Formula (I): or a physiologically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X, R

Kurz T.,Linkoping University | Grant D.,General Electric | Andersson R.G.G.,Linkoping University | De Cesare M.,Fondazione Istituto Nazionale Tumori di Milan | And 2 more authors.
Translational Oncology

Oxidative stress participates in doxorubicin (Dx)-induced cardiotoxicity. The metal complex MnDPDP and its metabolite MnPLED possess SOD-mimetic activity, DPDP and PLED have, in addition, high affinity for iron. Mice were injected intravenously with MnDPDP, DPDP, or dexrazoxane (ICRF-187). Thirty minutes later, mice were killed, the left atria were hung in organ baths and electrically stimulated, saline or Dx was added, and the contractility was measured for 60 minutes. In parallel experiments, 10 μM MnDPDP or MnPLED was added directly into the organ bath. The effect of MnDPDP on antitumor activity of Dx against two human tumor xenografts (MX-1 and A2780) was investigated. The in vitro cytotoxic activity was studied by co-incubating A2780 cells with MnDPDP, DPDP, and/or Dx. Dx caused a marked reduction in contractile force. In vivo treatment with MnDPDP and ICRF-187 attenuated the negative effect of Dx. When added directly into the bath, MnDPDP did not protect, whereas MnPLED attenuated the Dx effect by approximately 50%. MnDPDP or ICRF-187 did not interfere negatively with the anti-tumor activity of Dx, either in vivo or in vitro. Micromolar concentrations of DPDP but not MnDPDP displayed an in vitro cytotoxic activity against A2780 cells. The present results show that MnDPDP, after being metabolized to MnPLED, protects against acute Dx cardiotoxicity. Both in vivo and in vitro experiments show that cardioprotection takes place without interfering negatively with the anticancer activity of Dx. Furthermore, the results suggest that the previously described cytotoxic in vivo activity of MnDPDP is an inherent property of DPDP. © 2012 Nennlasia Press. Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Karlsson J.O.G.,Linkoping University | Karlsson J.O.G.,PledPharma AB | Adolfsson K.,Oncology Clinic | Thelin B.,Oncology Clinic | And 4 more authors.
Translational Oncology

Preclinical research suggests that the clinically approved magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent mangafodipirmay protect against adverse events (AEs) caused by chemotherapy, without interfering negatively with the anticancer efficacy. The present translational study tested if pretreatment with mangafodipir lowers AEs during curative (adjuvant) FOLFOX6 chemotherapy in stage III colon cancer (Dukes' C). The study was originally scheduled to include 20 patients, but because of the unforeseen withdrawal of mangafodipir from the market, the study had to be closed after 14 patients had been included. The withdrawal of mangafodipir was purely based on commercial considerations from the producer and not on any safety concerns. The patients were treated throughout the first 3 of 12 scheduled cycles. Patients were randomized to a 5-minute infusion of either mangafodipir or placebo (7 in each group). AEs were evaluated according to the National Cancer Institute's (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events and the Sanofi-NCI criteria. The primary end points were neutropenia and neurosensory toxicity. There were four AEs of grade 3 (severe) and one AE of grade 4 (life threatening) in four patients in the placebo group, whereas there were none in the mangafodipir group (P <.05). Of the grade 3 and 4 events, two were neutropenia and one was neurosensory toxicity. Furthermore, white blood cell count was statistically, significantly higher in the mangafodipir group than in the placebo group (P <.01) after treatment with FOLFOX. This small feasibility study seems to confirm what has been demonstrated preclinically, namely, that pretreatment with mangafodipir lowers AEs during adjuvant 5-fluorouracil plus oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy in colon cancer patients. © 2012 Neoplasia Press, Inc. All rights reserved. Source

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