Quality of Life in Oncology Platform

Quality of, France

Quality of Life in Oncology Platform

Quality of, France
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Filleron T.,Institute Claudius Regaud | Bonnetain F.,Quality of Life in Oncology Platform | Bonnetain F.,Besancon University Hospital Center | Bonnetain F.,University of Franche Comte | And 4 more authors.
Contemporary Clinical Trials | Year: 2015

Metastatic breast cancer (MBC) is an incurable disease and represents a complex therapeutic challenge for oncologists. Despite the possibility of prescribing new agents such as tailored therapy, cytotoxic chemotherapy and hormone therapy remain the major treatments for MBC. Several lines of chemotherapy can be proposed for these patients, but beyond the second-line, evidence of effectiveness is lacking and such treatment has important associated toxicity affecting quality of life (QoL). Prospective data on third-line chemotherapy is very poor. There is no recent retrospective data and it mainly includes single-centre experiences. Moreover, prognostic parameters considered in these retrospective studies are limited to clinico-pathological factors. Previous reports don't evaluate prognostic impact of circulating tumour cells (CTC) and baseline QoL. METAL3 METAstatic Line 3 is a prospective, multicentric trial designed to prospectively construct a prognostic score (including selected clinico-pathological factors, CTC and baseline QoL) to identify patients who benefit from third-line chemotherapy for MBC in terms of overall survival (training cohort). Score will then be validated with another cohort (validation cohort). The aim of this paper is to review literature data on third-line chemotherapy for MBC and to describe in detail our prospective study. We hope that this prognostic score could be used by physicians to develop new therapeutic strategies when there will be limited benefit of third-line chemotherapy; this score will also help to improve patient information on their outcome. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

Rotonda C.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Rotonda C.,Nancy University Hospital Center | Rotonda C.,University of Paris Descartes | Guillemin F.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 8 more authors.
Oncologist | Year: 2013

Purpose. Fatigue is one of the most frequent symptoms in patients with cancer. However, the precise determinants of fatigue are still unknown. This study was conducted to investigate factors correlated with cancer-related fatigue before surgery and just before subsequent adjuvant therapy. Methods. Patients completed the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20), the European Organization for Research andTreatmentof Cancer 30-item quality-of-life questionnaire before and after surgery, the Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Life Orientation Test before surgery, and the State Anxiety Inventory before the start of adjuvant therapy. Multiple regression analysis of determinants of change in MFI-20 total score after surgery was conducted. Results. A series of 466 eligible patients with stage I-III breast cancer with planned surgery were recruited. An increase in MFI-20 total score after surgery was significantly correlated with higher preoperative fatigue and lower role functioning before surgery; a decrease in role functioning, physical functioning, and cognitive functioning after surgery; an increase in insomnia after surgery; and a higher state anxiety after surgery. Disease stage, lymph node metastases, surgical procedure, and demographic characteristics (e.g., age, marital status, having children, educational level)werenot correlated with fatigue in multivariate analysis. Conclusion. These results suggest that worsening fatigue after surgery for breast cancer is associated withadecrease in physical functioning and an increase in psychological distress rather than with the cancer characteristics. Therefore, screening measures should be implemented at the time of diagnosis- before starting treatment-to identify psychologically vulnerable patients and to offer them professional support. © AlphaMed Press 2013.

Anota A.,Quality of Life in Oncology Platform | Anota A.,Besancon University Hospital Center | Anota A.,University of Franche Comte | Bascoul-Mollevi C.,Institute Regional du Cancer Montpellier | And 18 more authors.
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes | Year: 2014

Background: The occurrence of response shift (RS) in longitudinal health-related quality of life (HRQoL) studies, reflecting patient adaptation to disease, has already been demonstrated. Several methods have been developed to detect the three different types of response shift (RS), i.e. recalibration RS, 2) reprioritization RS, and 3) reconceptualization RS. We investigated two complementary methods that characterize the occurrence of RS: factor analysis, comprising Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA), and a method of Item Response Theory (IRT). Methods: Breast cancer patients (n = 381) completed the EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC QLQ-BR23 questionnaires at baseline, immediately following surgery, and three and six months after surgery, according to the " then-test/post-test" design. Recalibration was explored using MCA and a model of IRT, called the Linear Logistic Model with Relaxed Assumptions (LLRA) using the then-test method. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was used to explore reconceptualization and reprioritization. Results: MCA highlighted the main profiles of recalibration: patients with high HRQoL level report a slightly worse HRQoL level retrospectively and vice versa. The LLRA model indicated a downward or upward recalibration for each dimension. At six months, the recalibration effect was statistically significant for 11/22 dimensions of the QLQ-C30 and BR23 according to the LLRA model (p ≤ 0.001). Regarding the QLQ-C30, PCA indicated a reprioritization of symptom scales and reconceptualization via an increased correlation between functional scales. Conclusions: Our findings demonstrate the usefulness of these analyses in characterizing the occurrence of RS. MCA and IRT model had convergent results with then-test method to characterize recalibration component of RS. PCA is an indirect method in investigating the reprioritization and reconceptualization components of RS. © 2014 Anota et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Uwer L.,Center Alexis Vautrin | Uwer L.,University of Paris Descartes | Rotonda C.,University of Paris Descartes | Rotonda C.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 14 more authors.
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes | Year: 2011

Background: The aim of this study was to compare the responsiveness of the European Organization for Research and Treatment (EORTC) quality of life questionnaires (QLQ-C30, QLQ-CR38) and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-colorectal version 4 questionnaire (FACT-C).Method: This prospective study included 127 patients with colorectal cancer: 71 undergoing chemotherapy and 56 radiation therapy. Responsiveness statistics included the Standardized Response Mean (SRM) and the Effect Size (ES). The patient's overall assessment of his/her change in state of health status was the reference criterion to evaluate the responsiveness of the QoL questionnaires.Results: 34 patients perceived their health as stable and 17 as improved between the first and the fourth courses of chemotherapy. 21 patients perceived their health as stable and 22 as improved between before and the last week of radiotherapy.The responsiveness of the 3 questionnaires differed according to treatments. The EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire was more responsive in patients receiving chemotherapy, particulary functional scales (SRM > 0.55). The QLQ-CR38 and the FACT-C questionnaires provided little clinically relevant information during chemotherapy or radiotherapy.Conclusion: The EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire appears to be more responsive in patients receiving chemotherapy. © 2011 Uwer et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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