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Brussels, Belgium

Ionescu A.,Roosevelt University | Cornut D.,Roosevelt University | Soriano S.,Roosevelt University | Guissart C.,Roosevelt University | And 2 more authors.
Tetrahedron Letters | Year: 2013

A simple and efficient 'one-pot' methodology was developed to generate a new series of tetrahydro-β-carboline (THBC), tetrahydroisoquinoline (THIQ) and tetrahydrothienopyridine (THTP) derivatives. The key step of the methodology is based on a Pictet-Spengler type cyclization of a reactive N-carbamyliminium ion. This methodology was applied to the synthesis of a library of 32 compounds with potential anti-tumoral activity. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Pau-Roblot C.,University of Picardie Jules Verne | Lequart-Pillon M.,University of Picardie Jules Verne | Apanga L.,University of Picardie Jules Verne | Pilard S.,Plate Forme Analytique | And 2 more authors.
Carbohydrate Polymers | Year: 2013

The bacterium Enterobacter ludwigii Ez-185-17, member of the family Enterobacteriaceae, was isolated from the root nodules of plants harvested in the nuclear power region of Chernobyl. Under batch culture conditions, the bacteria produce a high-molecular-mass exopolysaccharide (EPS). After purification, the structure of this EPS was determined using a combinatory approach including monosaccharide composition (GC-FID, HPAEC-PAD) and branching structure determination (GC-MS), as well as 1D/2D NMR (1H, 13C) and ESI-MS (HR, MS/MS) studies of oligosaccharides obtained from mild acid hydrolysis. The EPS was found to be a charged hexasaccharide with a repeating unit composed of d-galactose, d-glucose, l-fucose, d-glucuronic acid (2:1:2:1) and substituted with acyl and pyruvyl groups. The metal-binding properties of the exopolysaccharide were then investigated, and the results seem to indicate that the EPS decreased Cd sequestration in flax seeds. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Pillon M.,University of Picardie Jules Verne | Pau-Roblot C.,University of Picardie Jules Verne | Lequart V.,University of Artois | Pilard S.,Plate Forme Analytique | And 3 more authors.
Carbohydrate Research | Year: 2010

Raoultella terrigena strain Ez-555-6, isolated from a root nodule of Medicago sativa harvested in the Chernobyl exclusion zone, produces a non-referenced high-molecular-mass exopolysaccharide (EPS). The structure of this EPS was determined using a combination approach including monosaccharide composition (GLC-FID, HPAEC-PAD), determination of glycosylation sites (GLC-EIMS) and 1D/2D NMR (1H, 13C) and ESIMS (HR, MS/MS) studies of oligosaccharides obtained from mild acid hydrolysis. The EPS was found to be a charged pentasaccharide with a repeating unit composed of d-galactose, d-glucose, d-mannose and d-glucuronic acid (1:2:1:1). Lactic acid and O-acetyl substituents were localized on galactose and glucose residues, respectively, as presented in the following structure:{A figure is presented}. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Chideh S.,University of Picardie Jules Verne | Chideh S.,University Of Djibouti | Pilard S.,Plate Forme Analytique | Attoumbre J.,S.I.P.R.E Comite Nord | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Separation Science | Year: 2014

Solanum somalense leaves, used in Djibouti for their medicinal properties, were extracted by MeOH. Because of the high polyphenol and flavonoid contents of the extract, respectively, determined at 80.80 ± 2.13 mg gallic acid equivalent/g dry weight and 24.4 ± 1.01 mg quercetin equivalent/g dry weight, the isolation and purification of the main polyphenols were carried out by silica gel column chromatography and centrifugal partition chromatography. Column chromatography led to 11 enriched fractions requiring further purification, while centrifugal partition chromatography allowed the easy recovery of the main compound of the extract. In a solvent system composed of CHCl3/MeOH/H2O (9.5:10:5), 21.8 mg of this compound at 97% purity was obtained leading to a yield of 2.63%. Its structure was established as 5-O-caffeoylshikimic acid by mass spectrometry and NMR spectroscopy. This work shows that S. somalense leaves contain very high level of 5-O-caffeoylshikimic acid (0.74% dry weight), making it a potential source of production of this secondary metabolite that is not commonly found in nature but could be partly responsible of the medicinal properties of S. somalense leaves. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source

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