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To meet these market demands, power and functionality needs to improve hugely, while being cost effective, driving demand for nanomaterials that will allow for novel architectures, new types of energy harvesting and sensor integration. As well as allowing for greater power, improved performance and bandwith, decreased size and cost, improved flexibility and better thermal management, the exploitation of nanomaterials allows for new device designs, new package architectures, new network architectures and new manufacturing processes. This will lead to greater device integration and density, and reduced time to market. Semiconducting inorganic nanowires (NWs), carbon nanotubes, nanofibers, nanofibers, quantum dots, graphene and other 2D materials have been extensively explored in recent years as potential building blocks for nanoscale electronics, optoelectronics and photonics components, coatings and devices. The electronics industry will witness significant change and growth in the next decade driven by: - Scaling - Growth of mobile wireless devices - Huge growth in the Internet of Things (IoT) - Data, logic and applications moving to the Cloud - Ubiquitous electronics 1 Executive Summary 1.1 Scaling 1.2 Growth of mobile wireless devices 1.3 Internet of things (IoT) 1.4 Data, logic and applications moving to the Cloud 1.5 Ubiquitous electronic 1.6 Growth in automotive interior electronics 1.7 Nanomaterials for new device design and architectures 1.8 Carbon and 2D nanomaterials 1.9 Industrial collaborations 1.10 Nanotechnology and smart textile & wearable technology 1.11 Growth in the wearable electronics marke 1.11.1 Recent growth 1.11.2 Future growth 1.11.3 Nanotechnology as a market driver 1.12 Growth in remote health monitoring and diagnostics 1.13 From rigid to flexible and stretchable 4 Nanomaterials In Electronics 4.1 Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube 4.1.1 Properties 4.1.1.1 Single-chirality 4.1.2 Applications in nanoelectronics 4.2 Graphene 4.2.1 Properties 4.2.2 Applications in nanoelectronics 4.2.2.1 Electronic paper 4.2.2.2 Wearable electronics 4.2.2.3 Integrated circuits 4.2.2.4 Transistors 4.2.2.5 Graphene Radio Frequency (RF) circuits 4.2.2.6 Graphene spintronics 4.2.2.7 Memory devices 4.3 Nanocellulose 4.3.1 Properties 4.3.2 Applications in nanoelectronics 4.3.3 Nanopaper 4.3.4 Flexible electronics 4.3.4.1 Paper memory 4.3.5 Wearable electronics 4.3.6 Flexible energy storage 4.3.7 Conductive inks 4.4 Nanofibers 4.4.1 Properties 4.4.2 Applications in nanoelectronics 4.5 Quantum Dots 4.5.1 Properties 4.5.2 Applications in nanoelectronics 4.5.2.1 Cadmium Selenide, Cadmium Sulfide and other materials 4.5.2.2 Cadmium free quantum dots 4.6 Silver Nanowires 4.6.1 Properties 4.6.2 Applications in nanoelectronics 4.7 Other Nanomaterials In Electronics 4.7.1 Metal oxide nanoparticles 4.7.1.1 Properties and applications 4.7.2 Graphene quantum dots 4.7.2.1 Applications 4.7.3 Black phosphorus/Phosphorene 4.7.3.1 Properties 4.7.3.2 Applications in electronics 4.7.4 C2N 4.7.4.1 Properties 4.7.4.2 Applications in electronics 4.7.5 Double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNT) 4.7.6 Fullerenes 4.7.6.1 Properties 4.7.6.2 Applications in electronics 4.7.7 Germanene 4.7.7.1 Properties 4.7.7.2 Applications in electronics 4.7.8 Graphdiyne 4.7.8.1 Properties 4.7.8.2 Applications in electronics 4.7.9 Graphane 4.7.9.1 Properties 4.7.9.2 Applications in electronic 4.7.10 Hexagonal boron-nitride 4.7.10.1 Properties 4.7.10.2 Applications in electronics 4.7.11 Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) 4.7.11.1 Properties 4.7.11.2 Applications in electronics 4.7.12 Nanodiamonds 4.7.12.1 Properties 4.7.12.2 Applications in electronics 4.7.13 Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2) 4.7.13.1 Properties 4.7.13.2 Applications in electronics 4.7.14 Silicene 4.7.14.1 Properties 4.7.14.2 Applications in electronics 4.7.15 Stanene/tinene 4.7.15.1 Properties 4.7.15.2 Applications in electronics 4.7.16 Tungsten diselenide 4.7.16.1 Properties 4.7.16.2 Applications in electronics 5 Transparent Conductive Films 5.1 Market Drivers 5.2 Applications 5.2.1 Transparent electrodes in flexible electronics 5.2.1.1 Single-walled carbon nanotubes 5.2.1.2 Double-walled carbon nanotubes 5.2.1.3 Graphene 5.2.1.4 Silver nanowires 5.2.1.5 Copper nanowires 5.3 Global Market Size And Opportunity 5.4 Product Developers (32 Company Profiles) 5.4.33 Market Challenges 5.4.33.1 Competing materials 5.4.33.2 Cost in comparison to ITO 5.4.33.3 Fabricating SWNT devices 5.4.33.4 Fabricating graphene devices 5.4.33.5 Problems with transfer and growth 5.4.33.6 Improving sheet resistance 5.4.33.7 High surface roughness of silver nanowires 5.4.33.8 Electrical properties 5.4.33.9 Difficulties in display panel integration 6 Displays-HDTV & Monitors 6.1 Market Drivers 6.1.1 Improved performance with less power 6.1.2 Lower cost compared to OLED 6.2 Applications 6.2.1 LCDS vs. OLEDs vs. QD-LCDs 6.2.2 QD-LCD TVs 6.2.3 Integration into LCDs 6.2.3.1 On-edge (edge optic) 6.2.3.2 On-surface (film) 6.2.3.3 On-chip 6.2.4 Quantum rods 6.2.5 Quantum converters with red phosphors 6.3 Global Market Size And Opportunity 6.4 Product Developers (13 company profiles) 7 Wearable Sensors And Electronic Textiles 7.1 Market Drivers 7.1.1 Growth in the wearable electronics market 7.1.2 ITO replacement for flexible electronics 7.1.3 Energy needs of wearable devices 7.1.4 Increased power and performance of sensors with reduced cost 7.1.5 Growth in the printed sensors market 7.1.6 Growth in the home diagnostics and point of care market 7.2 Applications 7.2.1 Wearable electronics 7.2.1.1 Current state of the art 7.2.1.2 Nanotechnology solutions 7.2.1.3 Conductive inks 7.2.2 Wearable sensors 7.2.2.1 Current stage of the art 7.2.2.2 Nanotechnology solutions 7.2.2.3 Wearable gas sensors 7.2.2.4 Wearable strain sensors 7.2.2.5 Wearable tactile sensors 7.3 Global Market Size And Opportunity 7.4 Product Developers (28 company profiles) 8 Medical And Healthcare Wearables 8.1 Market Drivers 8.1.1 Universal to individualized medicine 8.1.2 Growth in the wearable monitoring market 8.1.3 Need for new materials for continuous health monitoring and adaptability 8.2 Applications 8.2.1 Current state of the art 8.2.2 Nanotechnology solutions 8.2.2.1 Flexible/stretchable health monitors 8.2.2.2 Patch-type skin sensors 8.3 Global Market Size And Opportunity 8.4 Product Developers (6 company profiles) 9 Smart Clothing And Apparel Including Sportswear 9.1 Market Drivers 9.1.1 Reduction in size, appearance and cost of sensors 9.1.2 Increasing demand for smart fitness clothing 9.1.3 Improved medical analysis 9.1.4 Smart workwear for improved worker safety 9.2 Applications 9.2.1 Current state of the art 9.2.2 Nanotechnology solutions 9.3 Global Market Size And Opportunity 9.4 Product Developers (8 company profiles) 10 Wearable Energy Storage And Harvesting Devices 10.1 Market Drivers 10.1.1 Inadequacies of current battery technology for wearables 10.1.2 Need for flexible power sources 10.1.3 Energy harvesting for disappearables 10.2 Applications 10.2.1 Current state of the art 10.2.2 Nanotechnology solutions 10.2.2.1 Flexible and stretchable batteries 10.2.2.2 Flexible and stretchable supercapacitors 10.2.2.3 Solar energy harvesting textiles 10.3 Global Market Size And Opportunity 10.4 Product Developers (6 company profiles) 12 Transistors, Integrated Circuits And Other Components 12.1 Market Drivers And Trends 12.2 Applications 12.2.1 Nanowires 12.2.2 Carbon nanotubes 12.2.3 Graphene 12.2.3.1 Integrated circuits 12.2.3.2 Transistors 12.2.3.3 Graphene Radio Frequency (RF) circuits 12.2.3.4 Graphene spintronics 12.3 Global Market Size And Opportunity 12.4 Market Challenges 12.4.1 Device complexity 12.4.2 Competition from other materials 12.4.3 Lack of band gap 12.4.4 Transfer and integration 12.5 Product Developers (20 company profiles) 13 Memory Devices 13.1 Market Drivers 13.2 Applications 13.2.1 Carbon nanotubes 13.2.2 Graphene and other 2D materials 13.2.2.1 Properties 13.2.2.2 ReRAM memory 13.2.2.3 Magnetic nanoparticles 13.3 Global Market Size And Opportunity 13.4 Market Challenges 13.5 Product Developers (10 company profiles) 14 Electronics Coatings 14.1 Market Drivers 14.1.1 Demand for multi-functional, active coatings 14.1.2 Waterproofing and permeability 14.1.3 Improved aesthetics and reduced maintenance 14.1.4 Proliferation of touch panels 14.1.5 Need for efficient moisture and oxygen protection in flexible and organic electronics 14.1.6 Electronics packaging 14.1.7 Growth in the optical and optoelectronic devices market 14.1.8 Improved performance and cost over traditional AR coatings 14.1.9 Growth in the solar energy market 14.2 Applications 14.2.1 Waterproof nanocoatings 14.2.1.1 Barrier films 14.2.1.2 Hydrophobic coatings 14.2.2 Anti-fingerprint nanocoatings 14.2.3 Anti-reflection nanocoatings 14.3 Global Market Size And Opportunity 14.3.1 Anti-fingerprint nanocoatings 14.3.2 Anti-reflective nanocoatings 14.3.3 Waterproof nanocoatings 14.4 Market Challenges 14.4.1 Durability 14.4.2 Dispersion 14.4.3 Cost 14.5 Product Developers (22 company profiles) 15 Photonics 15.1 Market Drivers And Trends 15.2 Applications 15.2.1 Si photonics versus graphene 15.2.2 Optical modulators 15.2.3 Photodetectors 15.2.4 Saturable absorbers 15.2.5 Plasmonics 15.2.6 Fiber lasers 15.2.6.1 Graphene and 2D materials 15.2.6.2 Quantum dots 15.2.7 Global Market Size And Opportunity 15.3 Market Challenges 15.3.1 Need to design devices that harness graphene's properties 15.3.2 Problems with transfer 15.3.3 THz absorbance and nonlinearity 15.3.4 Stability and sensitivity 15.4 Product Developers (11 company profiles) For more information about this report visit http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/lhhk4g/the_global_market To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/global-2017-market-report-for-nanoelectronics-nanotechnology-in-electronics---research-and-markets-300461228.html


Patent
Plasmonics Inc. and University of Central Florida | Date: 2012-08-24

Infrared metamaterial arrays containing Au elements immersed in a medium of benzocyclobutene (BCB) were fabricated and selectively etched to produce small square flakes with edge dimensions of approximately 20 m. Two unit-cell designs were fabricated: one employed crossed-dipole elements while the other utilized square-loop elements.


Grant
Agency: Department of Defense | Branch: Air Force | Program: STTR | Phase: Phase I | Award Amount: 99.70K | Year: 2011

ABSTRACT: Electromagnetically-resonating infrared metamaterial elements may be used to control the phase of emitted radiation across a planar surface. Such a coated surface can be designed to produce a highly directional emitted wavefront from a large aperture high-angular-resolution array. Active angular control may be achieved using electronically-tunable metamaterial elements. Like all phased-array devices, the spectral response of the metamaterial array is inherently narrow band, but electronic tuning can allow the device to operate at wavelengths across the long-wave or mid-wave infrared. A metamaterial-populated surface is a patterned thin-film coating that adds almost no mass to the application. Such a surface may also be made to be environmentally ruggadized. Furthermore, thermally sensitive materials may be incorporated to direct heat away from hot-spots. BENEFIT: Directional control of thermal emission is of interest to the Air Force for space platforms. Further commercial applications include infrared-energy harvesting and related infrared active optical systems. Infrared energy harvesting has many potential applications, and is especially attractive for applications where low power is required and collection of solar energy is not feasible. Due to their light-weight, electronically-controlled active infrared optical systems have a variety of aerospace applications.


Grant
Agency: Department of Defense | Branch: Air Force | Program: STTR | Phase: Phase II | Award Amount: 749.19K | Year: 2013

ABSTRACT: Under the first phase of the program, Plasmonics Inc. and Sandia National Laboratories investigated a range of surfaces that yield non-Lambertian emission profiles in the thermal infrared. The second phase of this program will further maturate the designs developed in the first phase of the program. With the vast majority of the analytical work complete, focus in the second phase will be placed on design fabrication and testing. It is strongly desirable to work with AFRL to target specific design metrics and platforms to focus on development of a practical prototype. The final goal for the second phase will be the deliverable of a directional emission surface for testing. BENEFIT: Thermal management remains a critical challenge for space, air, and terrestrial vehicles. The proposed technology provides a means to minimize surface emission as well as minimize surface loading from external thermal sources. A potential application for these surfaces includes mounting them on a satellite to maintain a high degree of thermal emissivity, but using their absorption directivity to selectively reject heat loading from the sun or earthshine.


Grant
Agency: Department of Defense | Branch: Army | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase I | Award Amount: 99.42K | Year: 2012

The research and development proposed here will examine using sparse-linear-detector-array configurations to lower the power consumption of personnel detection sensors. Plasmonics will design and test a bread board LWIR pyroelectric sensor to show that detector arrays with sufficient sensitivity to meet the application needs can be built. Optical systems that can reliably detect and classify humans out to a range of 300 m will also be designed to establish feasibility. The goal of the project is to create a sparse detector array that can achieve sufficient range and resolution to detect and classify humans without the need for a power consuming ROIC. Packaging of such a detector array will be designed and investigated in Phase I.


Grant
Agency: Department of Defense | Branch: Army | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase II | Award Amount: 940.63K | Year: 2014

In the first phase of this program Plasmonics was able to make a breadboard profile sensor using COTS optics and a pyroelectric-linear-detector array that was able to detect a human by subtending greater than 16 pixels across the target at a range of up to 75 m. Based on work in Phase I, it was concluded that the design of existing COTS linear-detector arrays was insufficient to achieve a range of 300 m in a profile sensor. It was determined that this limitation in the COTS arrays was due to the size of the pixels and the insufficient thermal isolation of the pixels. The existing linear arrays are designed for spectroscopy rather than imaging. A pyroelectric-detector array that overcomes these limitations was designed in Phase I. A sparse-array configuration that uses fewer pixels than COTS arrays, and thus has lower power consumption, was also designed. In Phase II complete prototype sensors using these designs will be built and tested.


Grant
Agency: Department of Defense | Branch: Army | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase II | Award Amount: 713.01K | Year: 2013

Feasibility of the microbolometer detectors using novel thin film materials was proven in Phase I. Phase II will continue these efforts by producing packaged sensors that are designed to function in PFx systems for persistent ISR applications. In order to provide a low unit cost, high sensitivity, sensor component source, Phase II R & D efforts will focus on improving the sensitivity and response time of the microbolometer elements developed in Phase I. At the same time, Plasmonics Inc will continue to provide the Army with regular shipments of packaged sensor elements that may be used in field tests and for PFx prototype units during Phase II. Plasmonics Inc will work with the Army and their contractors to integrate the sensors built in Phase II with existing platforms. Work to improve process yield and volume capabilities will also be made in preparation for Phase III.


Grant
Agency: Department of Defense | Branch: Army | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase I | Award Amount: 99.55K | Year: 2015

We propose to use metamaterial films to produce flakes for aerosolized obscurants which can have narrow-band transmission windows. We will focus our initial efforts on the visible and SWIR range, but the technique can be extended into out to the LWIR as needed. This effort will proceed with the analytical and computational design of the metamaterial structures which can provide extinction on the order of 4.5 m^2/g for broadband radiation while allowing narrow passbands. We will synthesize a moderate quantity of flakes in Phase I for testing and proof of feasibility.


When using micro-resonant structures, a resonant structure may be turned on or off (e.g., when a display element is turned on or off in response to a changing image or when a communications switch is turned on or off to send data different data bits). Rather than turning the charged particle beam on and off, the beam may be moved to a position that does not excite the resonant structure, thereby turning off the resonant structure without having to turn off the charged particle beam. In one such embodiment, at least one deflector is placed between a source of charged particles and the resonant structure(s) to be excited. When the resonant structure is to be turned on (i.e., excited), the at least one deflector allows the beam to pass by undeflected. When the resonant structure is to be turned off, the at least one deflector deflects the beam away from the resonant structure by an amount sufficient to prevent the resonant structure from becoming excited.


When using micro-resonant structures, a resonant structure may be turned on or off (e.g., when a display element is turned on or off in response to a changing image or when a communications switch is turned on or off to send data different data bits). Rather than turning the charged particle beam on and off, the beam may be moved to a position that does not excite the resonant structure, thereby turning off the resonant structure without having to turn off the charged particle beam. In one such embodiment, at least one deflector is placed between a source of charged particles and the resonant structure(s) to be excited. When the resonant structure is to be turned on (i.e., excited), the at least one deflector allows the beam to pass by undeflected. When the resonant structure is to be turned off, the at least one deflector deflects the beam away from the resonant structure by an amount sufficient to prevent the resonant structure from becoming excited.

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