Chatuchak, Thailand
Chatuchak, Thailand

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van Welzen P.C.,Naturalis Biodiversity Center | van Welzen P.C.,Leiden University | Pruesapan K.,Plant Variety Protection Office | Telford I.R.H.,University of New England of Australia | And 2 more authors.
Blumea: Journal of Plant Taxonomy and Plant Geography | Year: 2014

Previous molecular phylogenetic studies indicated expansion of Breynia with inclusion of Sauropus s.str. (excluding Synostemon). The present study adds qualitative and quantitative morphological characters to molecular data to find more resolution and/or higher support for the subgroups within Breynia However, the results show that combined molecular and morphological characters provide limited synergy. Morphology confirms and makes the infrageneric groups recognisable within Breynia The status of the Sauropus androgynus complex is discussed. Nomenclatural changes of Sauropus species to Breynia are formalised. The genus Synostemon is reinstated. © 2014 Naturalis Biodiversity Center.

Parnell J.A.N.,Trinity College Dublin | Pilla F.,Trinity College Dublin | Simpson C.D.A.,Herbarium | Van Welzen P.C.,Naturalis Biodiversity Center | And 44 more authors.
Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) | Year: 2015

Arthur Francis George Kerr's life is reviewed and related to a previously published account. Kerr's collecting activity is analysed using an expanded version of the Thai Biogeography Group's database of collections. 8,666 of the total 48,970 collections are Kerr's and 3,178 are those of his colleagues and friends. Therefore, the total number of collections made by Kerr and his acquaintances is likely to be larger and more diverse than previously believed. Mapping of these data using GIS show that Kerr's collecting activities focussed on particular regions of Thailand at particular times. Also large areas of the country remained unexplored by Kerr and his acquaintances: a pattern that, to some extent, persists to this day. The large, but dispersed, archive of Kerr's photographs, maps, living collections and correspondence indicate that he was a skilled photographer (taking at least 3,000 images), cartographer (producing many hand-drawn maps) and exceptionally acute, accurate and detailed observer (fi lling numerous notebooks and leaving other records). It is clear that digitising these collections to form an on-line dedicated website is highly desirable to further progress on the fl ora of Thailand and surrounding countries and would form an unique record of the social history of early 20thC Thailand.

Telford I.R.H.,University of New England of Australia | Pruesapan K.,Plant Variety Protection Office | Van Welzen P.C.,Naturalis Biodiversity Center | Van Welzen P.C.,Leiden University | Bruhl J.J.,University of New England of Australia
Australian Systematic Botany | Year: 2014

Molecular analysis of the newly reinstated genus Synostemon F.Muell. (Phyllanthaceae, Phyllantheae), using ITS sequence data from the now densely sampled genus, confirmed that the previously recognised 'Queensland clade' consists of Synostemon albiflorus (F.Muell. Ex Müll.Arg.) Airy Shaw, S. sphenophyllus Airy Shaw, Sauropus podenzanae (S.Moore) Airy Shaw and the undescribed Synostemon spinescens, sp. Nov. ined., the latter being validated here as S. spinosus I.Telford & J.J.Bruhl. Morphological synapomorphies for the clade are as follows: linear, apiculate anthers that are connivent but only basally connate, and thickened, clavate, recurved stigmas. A new combination is provided under Synostemon for Sauropus podenzanae as Synostemon podenzanae (S.Moore) I.Telford & Pruesapan and Sauropus convallarioides J.T.Hunter & J.J.Bruhl is formally placed in synonymy under Synostemon sphenophyllus. Descriptions, distributional data and notes on ecology and conservation status are provided for these species. Phyllanthus albiflorus F.Muell. Ex Müll.Arg., the basionym of Synostemon albiflorus, is lectotypified. © 2015 CSIRO.

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