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Sohn H.,South Korean National Institute of Crop Science | Cho K.,South Korean National Institute of Crop Science | Cho J.,South Korean National Institute of Crop Science | Gwon O.,South Korean National Institute of Crop Science | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Plant Biotechnology | Year: 2014

We performed in vitro assay and field trials to assess levels of changes in intrinsic properties and resistance against soft rot of the potato cv. Dejima upon the introduction of a soybean calmodulin 4 gene (SCaM4). Field trials with four lines overexpressing SCaM4 gene were conducted over two seasons, and harvested tubers were evaluated in bioassay for resistance to Pectobact erium carotovorum ssp. carot ovorum. The SCaM4 transgenic potato lines inoculated with 108 CFU/ml of P. carotovorum ssp. carotovorum showed enhanced resistance compared to control. Among the SCaM4 transgenic lines, the transgenic line SCaM4-4 exhibited the highest tolerance to soft rot in vitro assays, so did in field trials. In the field trial, the soft rot resistance of SCaM4-4 line was more than 5 times higher compared to that of control cultivar, Dejima. The major agronomic characteristics of the SCaM4 transgenic lines were not different from those of the nontransgenic 'Dejima'. The result demonstrated that the transformation of a calmodulin 4 gene was a successful strategy in development of potato cultivar enhanced to soft rot. © Korean Society for Plant Biotechnology.


Park H.C.,Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Research Center | Park H.C.,Gyeongsang National University | Park C.Y.,Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Research Center | Koo S.C.,Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Research Center | And 12 more authors.
Plant Cell Reports | Year: 2010

Plants express many calmodulins (CaMs) and calmodulin-like (CML) proteins that sense and transduce different Ca2+ signals. Previously, we reported divergent soybean (Glycine max) CaM isoforms (GmCaM4/5) with differential abilities to activate CaM-dependent enzymes. To elucidate biological functions of divergent CaM proteins, we isolated a cDNA encoding a CML protein, AtCML8, from Arabidopsis. AtCML8 shows highest identity with GmCaM4 at the protein sequence level. Expression of AtCML8 was high in roots, leaves, and flowers but low in stems. In addition, the expression of AtCML8 was induced by exposure to salicylic acid or NaCl. AtCML8 showed typical characteristics of CaM such as Ca2+-dependent electrophoretic mobility shift and Ca2+ binding ability. In immunoblot analyses, AtCML8 was recognized only by antiserum against GmCaM4 but not by GmCaM1 antibodies. Interestingly, AtCML8 was able to activate phosphodiesterase (PDE) but did not activate NAD kinase. These results suggest that AtCML8 acts as a CML protein in Arabidopsis with characteristics similar to soybean divergent GmCaM4 at the biochemical levels. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.


PubMed | Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Research Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Plant cell reports | Year: 2010

Plants express many calmodulins (CaMs) and calmodulin-like (CML) proteins that sense and transduce different Ca(2+) signals. Previously, we reported divergent soybean (Glycine max) CaM isoforms (GmCaM4/5) with differential abilities to activate CaM-dependent enzymes. To elucidate biological functions of divergent CaM proteins, we isolated a cDNA encoding a CML protein, AtCML8, from Arabidopsis. AtCML8 shows highest identity with GmCaM4 at the protein sequence level. Expression of AtCML8 was high in roots, leaves, and flowers but low in stems. In addition, the expression of AtCML8 was induced by exposure to salicylic acid or NaCl. AtCML8 showed typical characteristics of CaM such as Ca(2+)-dependent electrophoretic mobility shift and Ca(2+) binding ability. In immunoblot analyses, AtCML8 was recognized only by antiserum against GmCaM4 but not by GmCaM1 antibodies. Interestingly, AtCML8 was able to activate phosphodiesterase (PDE) but did not activate NAD kinase. These results suggest that AtCML8 acts as a CML protein in Arabidopsis with characteristics similar to soybean divergent GmCaM4 at the biochemical levels.


PubMed | Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Research Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Molecules and cells | Year: 2016

Many studies have been conducted to understand plant stress responses to salinity because irrigation-dependent salt accumulation compromises crop productivity and also to understand the mechanism through which some plants thrive under saline conditions. As mechanistic understanding has increased during the last decades, discovery-oriented approaches have begun to identify genetic determinants of salt tolerance. In addition to osmolytes, osmoprotectants, radical detoxification, ion transport systems, and changes in hormone levels and hormone-guided communications, the Salt Overly Sensitive (SOS) pathway has emerged to be a major defense mechanism. However, the mechanism by which the components of the SOS pathway are integrated to ultimately orchestrate plant-wide tolerance to salinity stress remains unclear. A higher-level control mechanism has recently emerged as a result of recognizing the involvement of GIGANTEA (GI), a protein involved in maintaining the plant circadian clock and control switch in flowering. The loss of GI function confers high tolerance to salt stress via its interaction with the components of the SOS pathway. The mechanism underlying this observation indicates the association between GI and the SOS pathway and thus, given the key influence of the circadian clock and the pathway on photoperiodic flowering, the association between GI and SOS can regulate growth and stress tolerance. In this review, we will analyze the components of the SOS pathways, with emphasis on the integration of components recognized as hallmarks of a halophytic lifestyle.

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