Plant Health & Environment Laboratory

www.mpi.govt.nz.
Auckland, New Zealand
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Hodge S.,Lincoln University at Christchurch | Ward D.F.,Landcare Research | Ward D.F.,University of Auckland | Merfield C.N.,Lincoln University at Christchurch | And 2 more authors.
New Zealand Entomologist | Year: 2017

Although Drosophilidae and associated hymenopterous parasitoids have been the subject of much field and laboratory ecology in many parts of the world, the system has been relatively neglected in New Zealand. This study investigated the seasonality of Drosophila, Scaptodrosophila and associated hymenopterous parasitoids in Canterbury by using traps baited with banana, orange, mushrooms, other fruits and vegetables and vinegar at two locations, New Brighton and Lincoln. From 176 sampling events, seven species of drosophilid were collected: Drosophila busckii; D. funebris; D. hydei; D. immigrans; D. pseudoobscura; D. simulans; and Scaptodrosophila enigma. Seven species of adult parasitoid wasps were also recorded in the traps: the braconids Dinotrema longworthi, Aphaereta aotea, Asobara tabida, Aspilota andyaustini; the ichneumonid Campoplex sp.; and two encyrtids, including Tachinaephagus zealandicus. The more abundant drosophilid species were found throughout the year, with fewer species occurring in the winter months (June–August). Parasitoids tended to be found more often in the warmer months, with only one specimen (of Aspilota andyaustini) collected between June and October. All seven species of drosophilids were obtained from traps with banana and mushroom baits. Mushroom proved valuable for obtaining parasitoids, with five species being recorded on this bait. Although the wasps were all captured along with adult Drosophila, it is believed only one species, Asobara tabida, is a confirmed drosophilid parasitoid. Further field study, on a wider geographic scale, in natural and modified habitats, is required to provide additional information on the phenology, biogeography and parasitoid–host interactions of drosophilids in New Zealand. © 2017 Entomological Society of New Zealand


PubMed | Plant Health & Environment Laboratory and University of Sao Paulo
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Zootaxa | Year: 2016

Stigmaeidae is one of the most studied mite families in Acarology, with the number of described species increasing by 44 percent in the last twenty years. To summarize the taxonomic and biological research in this family we compiled a catalogue with annotated information to nomenclature, synonymies, type localities, type depositories, host/habitat, feeding habits (if applicable) and distribution of 577 species in 34 genera (up to 31 July 2016). We also provide an overview of the main revisions and reviews. To facilitate future taxonomic research we present a pictorial key to genera. The following nomenclature changes are made: Raphignathus siculus var. lapponica Trgrdh, 1910 and Wooderia philippica Rimando & Corpuz-Raros, 1997 transferred to Eustigmaeus Berlese, Mullederia makilingae Rimando & Corpuz-Raros, 1996 transferred to Indostigmaeus Gupta & Ghosh.


PubMed | Fuzhou University, Plant Health & Environment Laboratory and Landcare Research
Type: | Journal: Zootaxa | Year: 2014

The genus Ultratenuipalpus (Acariformes: Tenuipalpidae) was represented by 24 species prior to this study. In this paper, we describe and illustrate Ultratenuipalpus avarua sp. nov, from Cocos sp. (Arecaceae) in Avarua, Rarotonga, the Cook Islands. A key to the world species of Ultratenuipalpus is provided.


PubMed | Plant Health & Environment Laboratory and Shanxi University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Zootaxa | Year: 2015

This paper reviews the research on mites and ticks in Shanxi Province before 1 January 2015. We provided a checklist of 189 species belonging to 4 orders-Ixodida: 24 species in 2 families and 9 genera; Mesostigmata: 74 species in 12 families and 34 genera; Sarcoptiformes: 17 species in 10 families and 14 genera and Trombidiformes: 74 species in 15 families and 47 genera. Information on the host/habitat and distribution is given for each species. Historical mistakes in records are corrected and the classification of the known species is updated.


PubMed | University of Science and Technology Beijing, Plant Health & Environment Laboratory and CSIRO
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Genome announcements | Year: 2015

The draft genome of Clostridium beijerinckii strain Ne1 was reconstructed from the metagenomic sequence of a mixed-microbial consortium that produced commercially significant quantities of hydrogen from xylan as a sole feedstock. The organism possesses relatively limited hemicellulolytic capacity and likely requires the action of other organisms to completely degrade xylan.


PubMed | University of Science and Technology Beijing, Plant Health & Environment Laboratory and CSIRO
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Genome announcements | Year: 2015

The draft genome sequence of Clostridium sp. Ne2 was reconstructed from a metagenome of a hydrogenogenic microbial consortium. The organism is most closely related to Clostridiummagnum and is a strict anaerobe that is predicted to ferment a range of simple sugars.


PubMed | University of Science and Technology Beijing, Plant Health & Environment Laboratory and CSIRO
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Genome announcements | Year: 2015

The draft genome sequence of Ruminoclostridium sp. Ne3 was reconstructed from the metagenome of a hydrogenogenic microbial consortium growing on xylan. The organism is likely the primary hemicellulose degrader within the consortium.

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