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Gödöllő, Hungary

Varallyay E.,Plant Developmental Biology Group | Havelda Z.,Plant Developmental Biology Group
Molecular Plant Pathology | Year: 2013

Various plant viruses ubiquitously mediate the induction of miR168, resulting in the control of ARGONAUTE 1 (AGO1), which is the pivotal component of the microRNA (miRNA) regulation pathway and can also exhibit antiviral function. Here, we demonstrate that miR168-driven control of AGO1 can persist for a long time in virus-infected plants and can be an important component of symptom development. We also show that infection of RNA viruses belonging to various genera is associated with the transcriptional induction of the MIR168 precursor gene. Moreover, in a transient expression study, we reveal that different unrelated viral suppressors of RNA silencing (VSRs) are responsible for the enhanced accumulation of miR168. The induction of miR168 accumulation is an early function of VSRs and this activity is associated with the control of the endogenous AGO1 protein level. The common ability of unrelated VSRs to induce the miR168 level implies that this activity might be a component of the host defence suppression in plant-virus interactions. © 2013 BSPP AND JOHN WILEY & SONS LTD. Source

Czimmerer Z.,Debrecen University | Hulvely J.,AstridResearch Ltd. | Simandi Z.,Debrecen University | Varallyay E.,Plant Developmental Biology Group | And 13 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Short regulatory RNA-s have been identified as key regulators of gene expression in eukaryotes. They have been involved in the regulation of both physiological and pathological processes such as embryonal development, immunoregulation and cancer. One of their relevant characteristics is their high stability, which makes them excellent candidates for use as biomarkers. Their number is constantly increasing as next generation sequencing methods reveal more and more details of their synthesis. These novel findings aim for new detection methods for the individual short regulatory RNA-s in order to be able to confirm the primary data and characterize newly identified subtypes in different biological conditions. We have developed a flexible method to design RT-qPCR assays that are very sensitive and robust. The newly designed assays were tested extensively in samples from plant, mouse and even human formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissues. Moreover, we have shown that these assays are able to quantify endogenously generated shRNA molecules. The assay design method is freely available for anyone who wishes to use a robust and flexible system for the quantitative analysis of matured regulatory RNA-s. © 2013 Czimmerer et al. Source

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