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Gödöllő, Hungary

Tombacz D.,University of Szeged | Csabai Z.,University of Szeged | Olah P.,University of Szeged | Havelda Z.,Institute for Plant Biotechnology | And 3 more authors.
Viruses | Year: 2015

In this study we identified two 3'-coterminal RNA molecules in the pseudorabies virus. The highly abundant short transcript (CTO-S) proved to be encoded between the ul21 and ul22 genes in close vicinity of the replication origin (OriL) of the virus. The less abundant long RNA molecule (CTO-L) is a transcriptional readthrough product of the ul21 gene and overlaps OriL. These polyadenylated RNAs were characterized by ascertaining their nucleotide sequences with the Illumina HiScanSQ and Pacific Biosciences Real-Time (PacBio RSII) sequencing platforms and by analyzing their transcription kinetics through use of multi-time-point Real-Time RT-PCR and the PacBio RSII system. It emerged that transcription of the CTOs is fully dependent on the viral transactivator protein IE180 and CTO-S is not a microRNA precursor. We propose an interaction between the transcription and replication machineries at this genomic location, which might play an important role in the regulation of DNA synthesis. © 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Source


Varallyay E.,Institute for Plant Biotechnology | Olah E.,Institute for Plant Biotechnology | Havelda Z.,Institute for Plant Biotechnology
Nucleic Acids Research | Year: 2014

Plant viruses ubiquitously mediate the induction of miR168 trough the activities of viral suppressors of RNA silencing (VSRs) controlling the accumulation of ARGONAUTE1 (AGO1), one of the main components of RNA silencing based host defence system. Here we used a mutant Tombusvirus p19 VSR (p19-3M) disabled in its main suppressor function, small interfering RNA (siRNA) binding, to investigate the biological role of VSR-mediated miR168 induction. Infection with the mutant virus carrying p19-3M VSR resulted in suppressed recovery phenotype despite the presence of free virus specific siRNAs. Analysis of the infected plants revealed that the mutant p19-3M VSR is able to induce miR168 level controlling the accumulation of the antiviral AGO1, and this activity is associated with the enhanced accumulation of viral RNAs. Moreover, saturation of the siRNA-binding capacity of p19 VSR mediated by defective interfering RNAs did not influence the miR168-inducing activity. Our data indicate that p19 VSR possesses two independent silencing suppressor functions, viral siRNA binding and the miR168-mediated AGO1 control, both of which are required to efficiently cope with the RNA-silencing based host defence. This finding suggests that p19 VSR protein evolved independent parallel capacities to block the host defence at multiple levels. © The Author(s) 2013. Published by Oxford University Press. Source

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