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Li L.-H.,PLA Institute of Traumatic Orthopedics | Wang H.,PLA Institute of Traumatic Orthopedics | Zhang Y.,PLA Institute of Traumatic Orthopedics | Cai Y.-H.,PLA Institute of Traumatic Orthopedics | And 3 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research | Year: 2013

Background: There is controversial on which method is preferred for the treatment of humeral shaft fractures, plate or intramedullary nail fixation? Some studies have compared the effect of those two methods, but the results are different. While the results of the systematic research and the Meta-analysis on the comparative studies is also different due to the differences in the number and the extraction of the researches. Objective: To systematically evaluate the efficacy of plating versus intramedullary nail fixation in the treatment of adult humeral shaft fracture. Methods: A computer-based retrieve was conducted in PubMed database, MEDLINE database, Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature, Evidence-Based Medicine database, CBM database, Wanfang database and CNKI database for the randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trials on the comparison of plating and intramedullary nail fixation in the treatment of adult humeral shaft fracture. The quality of these trials was critically assessed according to Jadad. The effective data were extracted for Meta-analysis by Stata 12.0 software. Results and Conclusion: Totally, 15 randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trials were collected including four quasi-randomized controlled trials and 11 randomized controlled trials. The results showed that intramedullary nail fixation may increase the risk of complications (odds ratio=0.37(0.19, 0.59), P=0.00). Bias Egger's test of P=0.91 showed there was no significant publication bias. The risk of re-operation of intramedullary nail fixation was increased (odds ratio=0.28(0.14, 0.57), P=0.00) with the Egger's test of P=0.69. The incidence of shoulder impingement of intramedullary nail fixation was significantly higher than that of pate fixation (odds ratio=0.13(0.05, 0.35), P=0.00), and there were no significant differences in postoperative infection, nonunion, implant failure, iatrogenic nerve palsy, operation time and bone union time between two methods. The results showed that compared with plate fixation, intramedullary nail fixation may increase the incidence of shoulder impingement, complications and re-operation, while there were significant differences in postoperative infection, nonunion, implant failure, iatrogenic nerve palsy, operation time and bone union time between two methods.

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