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Ningbo, China

Li G.-J.,Second Hospital of Yinzhou of Ningbo | Yu Y.-Q.,Fudan University | Chen S.-L.,Fudan University | Fan P.,PLA Hospital | And 9 more authors.
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy | Year: 2015

Nucleos(t)ide analogues rarely result in a durable off-treatment response in chronic hepatitis B infection, whereas pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN) induces a long-lasting response only in a subset of patients. We assessed the effect of sequential combination therapy with Peg-IFN-α2a and entecavir in hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive patients with prior long-term entecavir therapy and investigated the predictors of response to treatment. HBeAg-positive individuals who did not achieve HBeAg seroconversion during previous long-term entecavir therapy, receiving Peg-IFN-α2a added to ongoing entecavir therapy (sequential combination [S-C] therapy; n = 81) for 48 weeks or remaining on entecavir monotherapy (n = 116), were retrospectively included. A matched pair was created at a 1:1 ratio from each treatment group. The primary endpoint was HBeAg seroconversion at week 48. Subgroup analysis of response prediction was conducted for 81 patients with S-C therapy. More patients in the S-C therapy group achieved HBeAg seroconversion than those in the entecavir group (44% versus 6%; P < 0.0001). An HBeAg level of <200 signal-to-cutoff ratio (S/CO) at baseline was a strong predictor for higher HBeAg seroconversion than that achieved when HBeAg was ≥200 S/CO (64.2% versus 17.9%; P < 0.0001). Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) levels at baseline and the decrease in HBsAg levels predicted HBsAg loss in the S-C therapy group. The combination of baseline HBeAg of <200 S/CO and HBsAg of <1,000 IU/ml and an HBsAg decline at week 12 of ≥0.5 log10IU/ml provided the highest rate of HBeAg seroconversion (92.31%) and HBsAg loss (83.3%) at week 48. Patients receiving sequential combination therapy have a higher rate of HBeAg seroconversion and are more likely to experience HBsAg clearance than do those continuing entecavir monotherapy. Sequential combination therapy can be guided by baseline HBsAg/HBeAg levels and on-treatment HBsAg dynamics. Copyright © 2015, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved. Source

Huang J.-B.,Guangxi Traditional Chinese Medical College | Liang J.,Guangxi Traditional Chinese Medical College | Zhou L.-Y.,PLA Hospital
Respiratory Care | Year: 2012

Recently, advanced therapies for pulmonary arterial hypertension have become available, and have been effective in reducing pulmonary vascular resistance and symptoms in patients with Eisenmenger syndrome, previously thought to be inoperable. This review summarizes the current knowledge on the pathophysiology and treatment of Eisenmenger syndrome. The recent introduction of targeted therapies in pulmonary arterial hypertension has led to a renewed insight in the pathophysiology and treatment of Eisenmenger syndrome. Patients with Eisenmenger syndrome using a diagnostic-treatment-and-repair strategy are amenable to surgery after successful treatment with advanced therapy. With continued improvements in the diagnosis, preoperative management, refinement of surgical techniques and intra- and postoperative management strategies, the patients with Eisenmenger syndrome selected using a diagnostic-treatment-and-repair strategy are operable with safety and efficacy in the current era with advanced pulmonary arterial hypertension therapy. Future directions of Eisenmenger syndrome may be the combination of reversal of pulmonary vascular remodeling and correction. © 2012 Daedalus Enterprises. Source

Pan Z.-L.,PLA Hospital | Ji X.-Y.,PLA Hospital | Shi Y.-M.,Diba Wu Hospital | Zhou J.,Sino Swed Molecular Bio Medicine Research Institute | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology | Year: 2010

Purpose this study was performed to examine possible use of thymidine kinase 1 concentration in serum (STK1)for prognosis of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients followingchemotherapy treatment. Methods The STK1 levels of 37 patients were determined by enhanced chemiluminescent dot-blot assay on the day before chemotherapy, and on day 1 and day 28 after start of the treatment. The speciWcity and sensitivity was evaluated by Western blot with anti-TK1 IgY antibody and by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Results Western blot and ROC analysis of TK1 in serum showed high speciWcity and sensitivity. The mean STK1 level of the non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients was signiWcantly higher compared to healthy persons (p < 0.001). The mean STK1 level increased signiWcantly (p < 0.001) on day 1 and then declined, reaching on day 28 values corresponding to those of healthy persons. The mean STK1 values before treatment and at 1 and 28 days after start of the treatment also correlated signiWcantly with the clinical response (CR, PR and NR) and Wve-year survival. Conclusion Although the number of patients was limited in this study, TK1 in serum might possess an important reference value in the evaluation of treatment and prognosis of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma following chemotherapy. © Springer-Verlag 2010. Source

Huang D.,Fudan University | Lu N.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Fan Q.,Jiangsu Province Hospital | Sheng W.,Fudan University | And 17 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Trastuzumab has been approved for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive advanced gastric and gastroesophageal junction cancers (GC and GJC) in combination with chemotherapy. The aim of this HER2 early/advanced gastric epidemiology (HER-EAGLE) study was to evaluate the frequency of HER2 over-expression and to evaluate agreement on HER2 status assessment in GC and GJC patients in local laboratories versus a central laboratory in China. Tumor samples from 734 GC or GJC patients who were enrolled at 11 different hospitals in China were examined. HER2 status was assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC), and followed by dual-color silver-enhanced in Situ hybridization (DSISH) in IHC 2+ cases. Clinicopathologic characteristics were collected from all of the patients. HER2-positive tumors were identified in 12.0% (88/734) of the GC and GJC cases. There were significantly higher rates of HER2 positivity in patients with GJC (GJC: 18.1%, GC: 9.7%, P=0.002), and intestinal-type cancers using the Lauren classification (intestinal: 23.6%, diffuse/mixed: 4.3%, P<0.0001). No significant difference in HER2 positivity was identified between resection and biopsy samples, or between early and advanced disease stages. The agreement between local laboratories and the central laboratory on HER2 status scoring was good (kappa=0.86). The main reason of HER2 status discordance between local and the central laboratories was IHC result mis-interpretation in local laboratories. These results suggest that IHC followed by DSISH testing is an accurate and cost-effective procedure in China. © 2013 Huang et al. Source

Qiao H.,PLA Hospital | Sai X.,PLA Hospital | Gai L.,PLA Hospital | Huang G.,PLA Hospital | And 3 more authors.
American Journal of Epidemiology | Year: 2014

We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of heme oxygenase 1 gene (HO-1) promoter polymorphisms and susceptibility to coronary artery disease (CAD) based on eligible studies retrieved from electronic databases from 2002 to 2013. Eleven studies, involving 10,170 patients with CAD and 6,868 controls, were included. Overall, no significantly decreased risk of CAD was found in persons with the SS genotype of the HO-1 (GT)n repeat length polymorphism compared with those with the LL + SL genotype. However, decreased risks of CAD were observed in the Asian subgroup, the coronary-artery-narrowing â‰150% subgroup, the myocardial infarction subgroup, the age-and sex-matched subgroup, and the good-quality-reports subgroup. The primary heterogeneity in the studies came from age and sex matching and the extent of coronary stenosis. CAD risk was significantly decreased for persons with the AA genotype of the T(-413)A single-nucleotide polymorphism versus those with the TT genotype, but most of the studies showed that the allele distribution was inconsistent with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. In this meta-analysis, we found that the (GT)n SS genotype was associated with decreased risk of CAD after controlling for biases due to age and sex matching, extent of coronary stenosis, ethnicity, and study quality. The relationship between the T(-413)A single-nucleotide polymorphism and CAD should be interpreted more cautiously. © 2014 The Author. Source

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