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Beijing, China

Lu Q.-B.,Peking University | Huang D.-D.,Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology | Huang D.-D.,Anhui Medical University | Zhao J.,Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology | And 8 more authors.
Infection, Genetics and Evolution | Year: 2015

Noroviruses are the primary cause of acute nonbacterial gastroenteritis in humans and are responsible for nearly half of gastroenteritis cases globally. The norovirus strain variants have been circulating in underdeveloped regions in western China, where pediatric diarrhea acts as the major public health concern. The study aims to identify the epidemic genotypes of norovirus and explore their genetic characteristics in Chongqing, China. By performing a hospital-based surveillance from 2010 to 2013, we identified a significant shift of the predominant Norovirus strains in recent 4. years in the studied area. The GII.4_Sydney_2012 and GII.12/GII.3 strains replaced GII.4_2006b and GII.4_NewOrleans_2009 to become the predominant genotypes, with the proportion of ORF1/ORF2 recombinants rising steadily from 2010 to 2013. A new GII.12/GII.3 variant that was seldom detected became a predominant genotype during the study course. Several distinct genotypes of norovirus, including GII.16/GII.2, GII.21/GII.3, GII.15 and GII.6, were also detected. The rising circulation of recombination in Chongqing illustrated the significance of recombination, especially in the ORF1/ORF2 overlap region, in the evolution and epidemic of norovirus. The epidemic of GII.12/GII.3 in Chongqing also serves as a reminder that prolonged surveillance is warranted for better prevention and control of norovirus infection. © 2015.

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