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Ōsaka, Japan

Itoh T.,Kinki University | Imano M.,Kinki University | Nishida S.,Kinki University | Tsubaki M.,Kinki University | And 3 more authors.
NeuroMolecular Medicine | Year: 2011

A major component of green tea, a widely consumed beverage, is (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), which has strong antioxidant properties. Our previous study has indicated that free radical production following rat traumatic brain injury (TBI) induces neural degeneration. In this study, we investigated the effects of EGCG on cerebral function and morphology following TBI. Six-week-old male Wistar rats that had access to normal drinking water, or water containing 0.1% (w/v) EGCG ad libitum, received TBI with a pneumatic controlled injury device at 10 weeks of age. Immunohistochemistry and lipid peroxidation studies revealed that at 1, 3 and 7 days post-TBI, the number of 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine-, 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal- and single-stranded DNA (ssDNA)-positive cells, and the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) around the damaged area after TBI, significantly decreased in the EGCG treatment group compared with the water group (P < 0.05). Most ssDNA-positive cells in the water group co-localized with neuronal cells. However, in the EGCG treatment group, few ssDNA-positive cells co-localized with neurons. In addition, there was a significant increase in the number of surviving neuronal cells and an improvement in cerebral dysfunction after TBI in the EGCG treatment group compared with the water group (P < 0.05). These results indicate that consumption of water containing EGCG pre- and post-TBI inhibits free radical-induced neuronal degeneration and apoptotic cell death around the damaged area, resulting in the improvement of cerebral function following TBI. In summary, consumption of green tea may be an effective therapy for TBI patients. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011. Source


Miyata R.,Tokyo Kita Social Insurance Hospital | Miyata R.,Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science | Tanuma N.,Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science | Hayashi M.,Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science | And 8 more authors.
Brain and Development | Year: 2012

We examined oxidative stress markers, tau protein and cytokines in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in six patients with clinically mild encephalitis/encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion (MERS). In the CSF, 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and hexanoyl-lysine adduct levels increased over the cutoff index in four and one out of six MERS patients, respectively. The CSF IL-6 and IL-10 levels were increased in three out of six patients, two of which had extended lesion of the cerebral white matter. The CSF value of tau protein, marker of the axonal damage, was not increased, and neuron specific enolase (NSE) in the CSF was not increased. The increased 8-OHdG levels in the CSF, DNA oxidative stress marker, in four MERS patients, suggesting involvement of oxidative stress in MERS. MERS is occasionally accompanied with hyponatremia, although our patients lacked hyponatremia. It is possible that the disequilibrium of systemic metabolism including electrolytes may lead to facilitation of oxidative stress and reversible white matter lesion in MERS. The increase of cytokine production seems to be involved in the distribution of lesions in MERS. © 2011 The Japanese Society of Child Neurology. Source


Itoh T.,Kinki University | Imano M.,Kinki University | Nishida S.,Kinki University | Tsubaki M.,Kinki University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Neural Transmission | Year: 2012

A major component of green tea is (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), which has strong antioxidant properties. Here, we investigated the effect of EGCG on neural stem cell (NSC) proliferation around the damaged area following traumatic brain injury (TBI). In this study, male Wistar rats that had access to normal drinking water, or water containing 0.1% (w/v) EGCG, ad libitum received TBI at 10 weeks of age. Immunohistochemistry revealed that the number of nestin-positive cells around the damaged area after TBI in the EGCG treatment group increased significantly compared with the normal water group (P < 0.05). However, the number of 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine-, 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal-, single-stranded DNA (ssDNA)-positive cells and the level of peroxidation around the damaged area after TBI significantly decreased in the EGCG treatment group when compared with the water group (P < 0.05). Furthermore, in contrast to the EGCG group, almost all ssDNA-positive cells in the water group co-localized with NeuN and nestin-staining. Ex vivo studies revealed that spheres could only be isolated from injured brain tissue in the water group at 3 days following TBI. However, in the EGCG group, spheres could be isolated at both 3 and 7 days following TBI. A greater number of spheres could be isolated from the EGCG group, which differentiated into neurons and glia in culture without basic fibroblast growth factor. These results indicate that consumption of water containing EGCG pre- and post-TBI inhibits free radical-induced degradation of NSCs, which have the potential to differentiate into neurons and glia around the area of damage following TBI. © 2011 Springer-Verlag. Source


Kubo T.,Osaka City University | Takeshita T.,Osaka City University | Shimono T.,Osaka City University | Hashimoto S.,PL Hospital | Miki Y.,Osaka City University
Clinical Radiology | Year: 2014

Pancreatic cystic lesions are increasingly being detected incidentally because of the increased use of cross-sectional imaging. Squamous-lined cysts of the pancreas (lymphoepithelial cyst, epidermoid cyst, and dermoid cyst) are rare cystic lesions lined with squamous epithelium. Distinguishing squamous-lined cysts from other cystic lesions of the pancreas is important to avoid unnecessary surgery, because squamous-lined cysts of the pancreas have no malignant potential. The purpose of this review is to describe findings on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging and the histopathological characteristics of squamous-lined cysts, and to summarize the key points of differential diagnosis for pancreatic cystic lesions. © 2014 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Itoh T.,Kinki University | Satou T.,Kinki University | Nishida S.,Kinki University | Tsubaki M.,Kinki University | And 3 more authors.
Neurochemical Research | Year: 2010

Edaravone is a novel free radical scavenger used clinically in patients with acute cerebral infarction; however, it has not been assessed in traumatic brain injury (TBI). We investigated the effects of edaravone on cerebral function and morphology following TBI. Rats received TBI with a pneumatic controlled injury device. Edaravone (3 mg/kg) or physiological saline was administered intravenously following TBI. Numbers of 8-OHdG-, 4-HNE-, and ssDNA-positive cells around the damaged area after TBI were significantly decreased in the edaravone group compared with the saline group (P < 0.01). There was a significant increase in neuronal cell number and improvement in cerebral dysfunction after TBI in the edaravone group compared with the saline group (P < 0.01). Edaravone administration following TBI inhibited free radical-induced neuronal degeneration and apoptotic cell death around the damaged area. In summary, edaravone treatment improved cerebral dysfunction following TBI, suggesting its potential as an effective clinical therapy. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

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