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Tarragona, Spain

Guitart J.,Hospital Plato | Vargas I.,Pain Unit | De Sanctis V.,Hospital Universitari Capio Sagrat Cor | Ferreras J.,Pain Unit | And 13 more authors.
Clinical Drug Investigation | Year: 2013

Background and Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of sublingual fentanyl oral disintegrating tablets (sublingual fentanyl ODT) for the treatment of breakthrough pain (BTP), cancer or non-cancer related, in terms of relief of pain intensity, adverse events (AEs) and patient satisfaction, and to further examine the clinical and epidemiological profile of patients with BTP in a clinical setting. Methods: A multicentre, prospective, open-label study was conducted in 19 pain units from Catalonia hospitals (Spain) over a 1-month period. Opioid-tolerant adult patients experiencing episodes of BTP intensity >5 on a visual analogue scale (VAS) during the 12-24 h before screening or AEs related to their previous rescue medication for BTP received sublingual fentanyl ODT in the course of routine clinical practice and completed a 30-day study period consisting of five assessment points: days 0 (baseline), 3, 7, 15 and 30. The efficacy was assessed by collecting pain intensity and pain relief data at baseline and at each assessment. AEs were recorded by investigators throughout the study during clinic visits and telephone follow-ups. For all patients, titration was begun with an initial dose of 100 μg. No more than two doses were allowed to treat an episode and patients might wait at least 4 h before treating another BTP episode with sublingual fentanyl ODT. The dose was increased by 100 μg multiples up to 400 μg as needed; and by 200 μg multiples up from 400 to 800 μg, the maximum titration step. Results: A total of 182 patients were enrolled and 177 (97.2 %) completed the study: 37 had breakthrough cancer pain (BTcP) and 145 had breakthrough non-cancer pain (BTncP). The mean pain intensity showed a statistically significant improvement at the first assessment point and at all assessments thereafter (p < 0.0001). At the end of the study, the time lag between administration and first effect of sublingual fentanyl ODT was ≤10 min in 69.0 % (60 % BTcP and 71.2 % BTncP). The number of daily BTP episodes decreased in both groups, but it was statistically significant in BTcP. 114 patients (62.64 %) experienced AEs during the study. AEs recorded included nausea, vomiting, somnolence and constipation, and seven (4.49 %) were considered severe. No death or discontinuation was considered related to AEs. Conclusion: Sublingual fentanyl ODT provided rapid and consistent relief from BTP, both in cancer and non-cancer patients. It was well-tolerated and well-accepted by patients in routine clinical practice. © 2013 Springer International Publishing Switzerland. Source

Toda M.,Paul Ehrlich Institute | Reese G.,Paul Ehrlich Institute | Gadermaier G.,Christian Doppler Laboratory | Schulten V.,Christian Doppler Laboratory | And 11 more authors.
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology | Year: 2011

Background: Allergen-specific immunotherapy for food allergies, including peach allergy, has not been established. Use of allergens with reduced allergenic potential and preserved immunogenicity could improve the safety and efficacy of allergen-specific immunotherapy. Objective: We sought to create a hypoallergenic derivative of the major peach allergen Pru p 3 and to characterize its biochemical and immunologic properties. Methods: A Pru p 3 folding variant generated by means of reduction and alkylation was investigated for structural integrity and stability to gastrointestinal enzymes. IgE reactivity and allergenic potency were determined by means of immunoblotting, ELISA, and in vitro mediator release assay with sera from patients with peach allergy. T-cell immunogenicity was investigated by using human allergen-specific T cells and CBA/J mice immunized with either native Pru p 3 (nPru p 3) or reduced and alkylated (R/A) Pru p 3. Pru p 3 processing by endolysosomal fractions of dendritic cells and antigenicity was examined in mice. Results: Unfolding of Pru p 3 reduced its high resistance to gastrointestinal proteolysis and almost completely abrogated its IgE reactivity and allergenic potency. However, R/A Pru p 3 was capable of stimulating human and murine T cells. Endolysosomal degradation of R/A Pru p 3 was accelerated in comparison with nPru p 3, but similar peptides were generated. IgG and IgE antibodies raised against nPru p 3 showed almost no cross-reactivity with R/A Pru p 3. Moreover, the antigenicity of R/A Pru p 3 was strongly reduced. Conclusion: Unfolded Pru p 3 showed reduced allergenicity and antigenicity and preserved T-cell immunogenicity. The hypoallergenic variant of Pru p 3 could be a promising vaccine candidate for specific immunotherapy of peach allergy. © 2011 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Source

Bolla M.,University of Verona | Zenoni S.,University of Verona | Scheurer S.,Paul Ehrlich Institute | Vieths S.,Paul Ehrlich Institute | And 9 more authors.
International Archives of Allergy and Immunology | Year: 2014

Background: Pomegranate allergy is associated with sensitization to non-specific lipid transfer proteins (nsLTPs). Our aim was to identify and characterize the non-specific nsLTPs expressed in pomegranate at the molecular level and to study their allergenic properties in terms of immunoglobulin E (IgE)-binding and cross-reactivity with peach nsLTP (Pru p 3). Methods: A non-equilibrium two-dimensional (2-D) electrophoretic approach based on acid-urea PAGE and sodium dodecyl sulfate PAGE was set up to separate pomegranate nsLTPs. Their immunoreactivity was tested by immunoblotting carried out with anti-Pru p 3 polyclonal antibodies and sera from pomegranate-allergic patients. For final identification, pomegranate nsLTPs were purified by chromatography and subjected to trypsin digestion and mass spectrometry (MS) analysis. For this purpose, the sequences obtained by cDNA cloning of three pomegranate nsLTPs were integrated in the database that was subsequently searched for MS data interpretation. Results: Four nsLTPs were identified by 2-D immunoblotting. The detected proteins showed different IgE-binding capacity and partial cross-reactivity with Pru p 3. cDNA cloning and MS analyses led to the identification of three nsLTP isoforms with 66-68% amino acid sequence identity named Pun g 1.0101, Pun g 1.0201 and Pun g 1.0301. Conclusions: By 2-D electrophoresis, we could separate different nsLTP isoforms possessing different IgE-binding properties, which might reflect peculiar allergenic potencies. The contribution of Pru p 3 to prime sensitization is not central as in other plant nsLTPs. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Spugnini E.P.,Biopulse S.r.l. | Melillo A.,Clinica Veterinaria OMNIAVET | Quagliuolo L.,The Second University of Naples | Boccellino M.,The Second University of Naples | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Cellular Physiology | Year: 2014

Electrochemotherapy (ECT) is a cancer therapy that conjugates the administration of a chemotherapy agent to the delivery of permeabilizing pulses released singularly or as bursts. This approach results in higher number of anticancer molecules delivered to their biological targets, but is also associated to undesirable side effects such as pain and muscular contractions. A new electroporator delivering train of eight biphasic pulses at the voltage of 1,300V/cm lasting 50+50μsec each, with a frequency of 1Hz, and with 10-μsec interpulse intervals (total treatment time: 870μsec/cm2 of treated area) was tested in vitro on the human lung cancer cell line A549 and in vivo, both in mice xenografts and privately owned rabbits with spontaneous tumors. The tumor cell line was treated with electroporation using the new parameters, that showed improved drug efficacy in causing cell death. Mice with chemoresistant xenografts were treated as well with either the new parameters and with a previous protocol, confirming the higher tolerability and efficacy of the novel parameters. Finally, a cohort of six pet rabbits with advanced skin neoplasms were enrolled in a compassionate trial using the new parameters in adjuvant fashion. In terms of efficacy, none of the rabbits experienced tumor recurrence, showing minimal discomfort during the ECT sessions. The data described, demonstrate that the new permeabilizing protocol adopting biphasic electric pulses displays a significant higher efficacy compared to previous ECT treatments and substantial reduction of the associated morbidity. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Guitart J.,Hospital Plato | Vargas M.I.,Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Deu | De Sanctis V.,Hospital Universitari Sagrat Cor | Folch J.,Hospital Plato | And 9 more authors.
Clinical Drug Investigation | Year: 2016

In the original publication, the seventh author name is published incorrectly as Jordi Coma. It has been corrected as Joan Coma in this erratum. © 2016, Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016. Source

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