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Patil R.A.,MGVs Pharmacy College | Kasture S.B.,Pinnacle Biomedical Research Institute
Natural Product Research | Year: 2012

In this study, the neuroprotective potential and in vivo antioxidant status of extract of roots and rhizomes of Rubia cordifolia L (MERC) in reserpine-induced orofacial dyskinesia was studied. Reserpine (1 mg/kg, s.c.) on day 1, 3 and 5 was used to induce orofacial dyskinesia. At the end of treatment schedule, MERC significantly inhibited reserpine-induced vacuous chewing movements, tongue protrusions, orofacial bursts, catalepsy. MERC significantly increased locomotion and rearing in open field test. MERC exhibited significant elevation in the levels of superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione reductase and inhibition of lipid peroxidation in forebrain region, compared with the reserpine treated group. It significantly elevated dopamine levels in the forebrain region. GCMS revealed the presence of anthraquinones, having strong antioxidant activity. It is concluded that oxidative stress might play an important role in reserpine-induced abnormal oral movements and MERC significantly protected animals against reserpine-induced orofacial dyskinesia and has great potential in treatment of neuroleptic induced orofacial dyskinesia. © 2012 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source


Mohan M.,JKK Nataraja Dental College and Hospital | Waghulde H.,JKK Nataraja Dental College and Hospital | Kasture S.,Pinnacle Biomedical Research Institute
Phytotherapy Research | Year: 2010

Acute subcutaneous administration of Angiotensin II (Ang II) causes a rise in blood pressure in diabetic Wistar rats. Diabetes was induced using streptozotocin (70 mg/kg, i.v.). Chronic administration of pomegranate juice (PJ) extract (100 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg; p.o. for 4 weeks) obtained from Punica granatum (punicaceae) fruits reduced the mean arterial blood pressure and vascular reactivity changes to various catecholamines and also reversed the biochemical changes induced by diabetes and Ang II. PJ treatment also caused a significant decrease in levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in kidney and pancreas while activities of enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione reductase (GSH) showed significant elevation. The cumulative concentration response curve (CCRC) of Ang II was shifted towards right in rats treated with PJ using isolated strip of ascending colon. In histopathological examination, PJ treatment prevented the tubular degenerative changes induced by diabetes. The results suggest that the PJ extract could prevent the development of high blood pressure induced by Ang II in diabetic rats probably by combating the oxidative stress induced by diabetes and Ang II and by inhibiting ACE activity. In conclusion, PJ has antihypertensive action in Ang II diabetic model. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 10.1002/ptr.3090. Source


Karchuli M.S.,Pinnacle Biomedical Research Institute
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research | Year: 2014

Present study was performed to evaluate the effect of Mentha arvensis on cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in Sprague-Dawley rats. The M. arvensis hydroalcoholic extract (MAHE) was administered orally at two dose levels (200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg). The kidney function test (estimation of serum creatinine, total protein, blood urea nitrogen [BUN], and urea), oxidative stress study (estimation of superoxide dismutase [SOD] activity, glutathione content, and lipid peroxides [LPO]), and histological studies were also conducted. MAHE was found effective at both doses, although high dose (400 mg/kg) was found more effective, which was evidenced by decrease in serum creatinine, total protein, BUN, urea, and LPO and increased in SOD activity. Histopathological studies were also confirmed the nephroprotective action of MAHE. Present investigation revealed that M. arvensis showed nephroprotective effect on cisplatin nephrotoxicity in Sprague-Dawley rats which may be due to the presence of flavonoids and related compounds. © 2014 Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research. All rights reserved. Source


Mohan M.,JKK Nataraja Dental College and Hospital | Patankar P.,JKK Nataraja Dental College and Hospital | Ghadi P.,Computerised Laboratory | Kasture S.,Pinnacle Biomedical Research Institute
Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics | Year: 2010

Objective: To determine the protective role of Punica granatum L. (Punicaceae) seed juice extract and its butanolic fraction on heart rate, electrocardiographic patterns, vascular reactivity to catecholamines, cardiac marker enzymes, antioxidant enzymes together with morphologic and histopathological changes in isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction in male Wistar rats. Materials and Methods: The effects of Punica granatum seed juice extract (100 mg/kg, p.o. and 300 mg/kg, p.o.) and butanolic fraction of Punica granatum seed juice extract (100 mg/kg., p.o.) on cardiac parameters were studied. Isoproterenol hydrochloride was used to induce myocardial infarction in Wistar rats. At the end of the experiment, heart rate, ECG, pressure rate index and cardiac marker enzyme levels were assessed. Results: Rats treated with isoproterenol (85 mg/kg, administered subcutaneously twice at an interval of 24 h) showed a significant increase in heart rate, ST elevation in ECG, pressure rate index and a significant increase in the levels of cardiac marker enzymes-lactate dehydrogenase, and creatine kinase in serum. Isoproterenol significantly reduced superoxide dismutase and catalase activity and increased vascular reactivity to various catecholamines. Pretreatment with PJ (100 mg/kg, p.o. and 300 mg/kg, p.o.) and B-PJ (100 mg/kg., p.o.) for a period of 21 days significantly inhibited the effects of ISO on heart rate, PRI, ECG patterns, levels of LDH, CK, SOD, CAT, and vascular reactivity changes. Treatment with PJ (100 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg) and B-PJ (100 mg/kg., p.o.) alone did not alter any of the parameters as compared to vehicle-treated Wistar rats. Punica granatum-treated animals showed a lesser degree of cellular infiltration in histopathological studies. Conclusion: Punica granatum ameliorates cardiotoxic effects of isoproterenol and may be of value in the treatment of MI. Source


Mohan M.,MGVs Pharmacy College | Kamble S.,MGVs Pharmacy College | Gadhi P.,Computerised Laboratory | Kasture S.,Pinnacle Biomedical Research Institute
Food and Chemical Toxicology | Year: 2010

Nephrotoxicity is one of the important side effects of anthracycline antibiotics. The aim of the study was to determine the protective effect of Solanum torvum on doxorubicin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats using biochemical and histopathological approaches. Oxidative stress is the main factor in doxorubicin (DOX) induced nephrotoxicity. Wistar rats received either DOX (67.75 mg/kg, i.v, 2 days before sacrifice) or S. torvum (100 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg, p.o.) prior to DOX treatment or S. torvum (100 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg, p.o.) extract alone for 4 weeks. Nephrotoxicity was assessed by measuring the abnormal levels of serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN). The anti-oxidant defence enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) of kidney tissue were also measured at the end of the treatment schedule. Treatment with S. torvum (100 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg) significantly (p < 0.05) decreased the levels of creatinine and BUN and significantly (p < 0.05) increased the anti-oxidant defence enzyme levels of SOD and CAT. Histopathological changes showed that DOX caused significant structural damages to kidneys like tubular necrosis, renal lesions and glomerular congestion which was reversed with S. torvum. The results suggest that S. torvum has the potential in preventing the nephrotoxicity induced by doxorubicin. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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