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Grenoble, France

Pierre Mendès-France University is a French university, based in Grenoble, focusing on social science. It is named after the late French politician Pierre Mendès-France.Its campus is located mainly in Grenoble, but some of its part are outside of the city, in particular there is one in Valence.It was established in 1339 as part of University of Grenoble. In 1970 following a fate of many big French universities, University of Grenoble was separated into three specialized institutions - Pierre Mendès-France University , Joseph Fourier University , and Stendhal University .Starting 2013 there was some movement towards reconciliation. Pierre Mendès-France University, two of its counterparts, and several other institutions will reunite in early 2016 and form one common University Rhone Alpes, which will become alma mater for over 60 000 students. Wikipedia.

Ric F.,University of Bordeaux 1 | Muller D.,Pierre Mendes-France University
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General | Year: 2012

This research shows that people can unconsciously initiate and follow arithmetic rules (e.g., addition). Participants were asked to detect whether a symbol was a digit. This symbol was preceded by 2 digits and a subliminal instruction: add or a control instruction. Participants were faster at identifying a symbol as a number when the symbol was equal to the sum of the 2 digits and they received the instruction to add the digits, suggesting that people can unconsciously solve arithmetic problems. Experiments 2 and 3 replicate these findings and demonstrate that the underlying processes can operate when the to-be-added digits are not perceived consciously. Thus, the unconscious can do (at least simple) arithmetic, such as addition. © 2011 American Psychological Association.

The Republic of Guinea has one of the highest diversities of mammal species in West Africa. However, its protected area network is poorly developed and little quantitative information has been available to help guide national conservation strategies. I therefore examined the distribution of antelopes and related species (families Bovidae and Tragulidae) across 17 sites, including four protected areas, to determine how the existing protected area network contributes to the conservation of antelope species and where action should best be focused for the conservation of this group. A total of 21 species of antelope have been recorded in the 17 sites; four of these species are absent from the four protected areas. An iterative heuristic complementarity approach was used to determine an irreplaceability index, which accounts for both species richness and species rarity, for each of the sites. The Kankan Faunal Reserve and Nimba Strict Nature Reserve have the second and fourth highest irreplaceability indices, respectively. The two other protected areas have moderate to very low irreplaceability indices, showing that they protect species widespread throughout the 17 sites. The Ziama Forest has the highest index (because it contains a high number of species and of globally threatened species), highlighting the significance of this site. I discuss the importance of the other sites and the threats affecting antelopes in Guinea, and make recommendations to improve the study and conservation of antelope species in the country. © 2012 Fauna & Flora International.

Bokobza B.,Pierre Mendes-France University
Journal of visceral surgery | Year: 2010

To assess the initial results of single umbilical incision laparoscopic cholecystectomies (SUILC) performed by the members of the Club Coelio. This multicenter study involved 65 consecutive patients undergoing SUILC between September 2008 and December 2009. The operation was performed with a 0° scope in 35 and with a 30° scope in 30 patients. There were 56 women and nine men with a mean age of 49 ± 14 years and a mean body mass index of 25 ± 4. The main perioperative parameters analyzed were duration of operation, conversion, morbidity and duration of hospitalization. One month after surgery, the esthetic result was assessed by each patient on a visual analogue scale (VAS). A VAS score between 9 and 10 was considered as an excellent result. During laparoscopy, some degree of cholecystitis was seen in 10 patients. Intraoperative cholangiography was performed in 57 patients and the mean duration of operation was 68 ± 22 min. Conversion to conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CLC) was required in eight patients (12%). We noted three complications (4%): two wound abscesses and one hemoperitoneum. The mean hospital stay was 2 ± 1 days. The esthetic result was considered as excellent by 45 patients (69%). Multivariable analysis revealed that duration of operation was shorter after five procedures (61 ± 25 vs. 72 ± 18 min, regression coefficient: -7, P<0.032) and when a 30° scope was used (56 ± 18 vs. 76 ± 20 min, regression coefficient: -14, P<0.011), the conversion rate was higher in cholecystitis (60% [6/10] vs. 4% [2/55], OR: 33, P<0.002) and the percentage of excellent esthetic results was greater in patients who did not required a conversion to CLC (77% [44/57] vs. 12% [1/8], OR: 18, P<0.012). Our study showed that SUILC is feasible with low morbidity but duration of operation is long and conversion to CLC is frequent in cholecystitis. However, duration of operation decreases with rising experience of the surgeon and when a 30° scope is used. The major value of this technique is cosmetic. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Vermeille H.,Pierre Mendes-France University
Journal of Geodesy | Year: 2011

A closed-form analytical method needing no approximation and deduced from a single quartic equation is offered to transform geocentric into geodetic coordinates. It is valid at any point inside and outside the Earth including the polar axis, the equatorial plane and the Earth's center. Comparison with the method of extrema with constraints to obtain this quartic equation is made. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

Doyen L.,Pierre Mendes-France University
Naval Research Logistics | Year: 2010

The aim of this articles is to study the asymptotic behavior of two imperfect repair models, called Arithmetic Reduction of Intensity and Arithmetic Reduction of Age models. These models have been proposed by Doyen and Gaudoin (Reliab Eng Syst Safe 84 (2004) 45-56) and include many usual virtual age models. First, it is proved that the failure intensity of these models is asymptotically almost surely equivalent to a deterministic increasing function with a cumulative error proportional to a logarithm. Second, the almost sure convergence and asymptotic normality of several estimators of repair efficiency are derived, when the wear-out process without repair is known. Finally, the coverage rate of the asymptotic confidence intervals issued from those estimators is empirically studied. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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