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Grenoble, France

Pierre Mendès-France University is a French university, based in Grenoble, focusing on social science. It is named after the late French politician Pierre Mendès-France.Its campus is located mainly in Grenoble, but some of its part are outside of the city, in particular there is one in Valence.It was established in 1339 as part of University of Grenoble. In 1970 following a fate of many big French universities, University of Grenoble was separated into three specialized institutions - Pierre Mendès-France University , Joseph Fourier University , and Stendhal University .Starting 2013 there was some movement towards reconciliation. Pierre Mendès-France University, two of its counterparts, and several other institutions will reunite in early 2016 and form one common University Rhone Alpes, which will become alma mater for over 60 000 students. Wikipedia.


Ric F.,University of Bordeaux 1 | Muller D.,Pierre Mendes-France University
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General | Year: 2012

This research shows that people can unconsciously initiate and follow arithmetic rules (e.g., addition). Participants were asked to detect whether a symbol was a digit. This symbol was preceded by 2 digits and a subliminal instruction: add or a control instruction. Participants were faster at identifying a symbol as a number when the symbol was equal to the sum of the 2 digits and they received the instruction to add the digits, suggesting that people can unconsciously solve arithmetic problems. Experiments 2 and 3 replicate these findings and demonstrate that the underlying processes can operate when the to-be-added digits are not perceived consciously. Thus, the unconscious can do (at least simple) arithmetic, such as addition. © 2011 American Psychological Association. Source


The Republic of Guinea has one of the highest diversities of mammal species in West Africa. However, its protected area network is poorly developed and little quantitative information has been available to help guide national conservation strategies. I therefore examined the distribution of antelopes and related species (families Bovidae and Tragulidae) across 17 sites, including four protected areas, to determine how the existing protected area network contributes to the conservation of antelope species and where action should best be focused for the conservation of this group. A total of 21 species of antelope have been recorded in the 17 sites; four of these species are absent from the four protected areas. An iterative heuristic complementarity approach was used to determine an irreplaceability index, which accounts for both species richness and species rarity, for each of the sites. The Kankan Faunal Reserve and Nimba Strict Nature Reserve have the second and fourth highest irreplaceability indices, respectively. The two other protected areas have moderate to very low irreplaceability indices, showing that they protect species widespread throughout the 17 sites. The Ziama Forest has the highest index (because it contains a high number of species and of globally threatened species), highlighting the significance of this site. I discuss the importance of the other sites and the threats affecting antelopes in Guinea, and make recommendations to improve the study and conservation of antelope species in the country. © 2012 Fauna & Flora International. Source


Flemal S.,Pierre Mendes-France University
Annales Medico-Psychologiques | Year: 2013

In referring to various theories from psychoanalytic epistemology, the author develops a definition of psychotic delusion as operating as possible. To do this, he compares, on the one hand, a conception of delusion based on the relation to reality with, on the other hand, a functional approach of delusional activity that takes into account subjective issues of delusion. Different theoretical paradigms are discussed in order to identify the respective implications of a realist conception of delusion and an approach of delusion from their subjective features. In this perspective, delusion is less regarded as an abnormal way of perceiving the world than as an attempt of solution to the resurgence of an unthought primary trauma. From a qualitative methodology based on a clinical case study, the author highlights three main functions achieved by the delusion in its attempt of self-therapy resolution. The first, conceptualized under the term "containing function", carries out the shaping and the significant transformation of what could never be symbolized of the traumatic experience. The second, called "localizing function", tries to locate outside of the subject the instinctual overflow inherent to the primary trauma. The third, named "identifying function", enables the delusional person to assume an identificatory principle which, in a self-created way, compensates for the enigma of his senseless history. Furthermore, the analysis of clinical data underlines that these three functions of the delusional activity are not randomly accomplished but are organized according to a particular logic. From its triple operation, it appears that psychotic delusion tends to develop into a "delusional process", by which the subject can make thinkable and bearable the trauma he has experienced during his history. Finally, referring to the various results of this study, the author proposes to reconsider the issues of clinical devices with delusional patients. Instead of trying to suppress delusion, it would be possible to accompany the subject in the development of inventive potentialities that sustain the delusional process. © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. Source


Bokobza B.,Pierre Mendes-France University
Journal of visceral surgery | Year: 2010

To assess the initial results of single umbilical incision laparoscopic cholecystectomies (SUILC) performed by the members of the Club Coelio. This multicenter study involved 65 consecutive patients undergoing SUILC between September 2008 and December 2009. The operation was performed with a 0° scope in 35 and with a 30° scope in 30 patients. There were 56 women and nine men with a mean age of 49 ± 14 years and a mean body mass index of 25 ± 4. The main perioperative parameters analyzed were duration of operation, conversion, morbidity and duration of hospitalization. One month after surgery, the esthetic result was assessed by each patient on a visual analogue scale (VAS). A VAS score between 9 and 10 was considered as an excellent result. During laparoscopy, some degree of cholecystitis was seen in 10 patients. Intraoperative cholangiography was performed in 57 patients and the mean duration of operation was 68 ± 22 min. Conversion to conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CLC) was required in eight patients (12%). We noted three complications (4%): two wound abscesses and one hemoperitoneum. The mean hospital stay was 2 ± 1 days. The esthetic result was considered as excellent by 45 patients (69%). Multivariable analysis revealed that duration of operation was shorter after five procedures (61 ± 25 vs. 72 ± 18 min, regression coefficient: -7, P<0.032) and when a 30° scope was used (56 ± 18 vs. 76 ± 20 min, regression coefficient: -14, P<0.011), the conversion rate was higher in cholecystitis (60% [6/10] vs. 4% [2/55], OR: 33, P<0.002) and the percentage of excellent esthetic results was greater in patients who did not required a conversion to CLC (77% [44/57] vs. 12% [1/8], OR: 18, P<0.012). Our study showed that SUILC is feasible with low morbidity but duration of operation is long and conversion to CLC is frequent in cholecystitis. However, duration of operation decreases with rising experience of the surgeon and when a 30° scope is used. The major value of this technique is cosmetic. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. Source


Vermeille H.,Pierre Mendes-France University
Journal of Geodesy | Year: 2011

A closed-form analytical method needing no approximation and deduced from a single quartic equation is offered to transform geocentric into geodetic coordinates. It is valid at any point inside and outside the Earth including the polar axis, the equatorial plane and the Earth's center. Comparison with the method of extrema with constraints to obtain this quartic equation is made. © 2010 Springer-Verlag. Source

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