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Serracca L.,Piedmont Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute | Prearo M.,Piedmont Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute | Rossini I.,Piedmont Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute | Battistini R.,Piedmont Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute | And 2 more authors.
Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences | Year: 2014

The paramyxean protistan parasites Marteilia refringens and M. maurini, two Marteilia species detected in Europe, infect several bivalve mollusc species of economic interest. Marteiliosis, caused by infection with M. refringens, is included in the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) list of diseases (OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code 2014) and is listed as a nonexotic pathogen under European Union legislation (2006/88/EC). As mandated by Italian Legislative Decree 148/2008, an annual sampling program is in place to monitor the health status of the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis farmed in the Gulf of La Spezia (northwest Italy), test for the presence of the parasite in mussels, and evaluate abnormal mortality as an indicator of disease presence. During the four-year period 2010-2013, 4460 samples of M. galloprovincialis were collected from six farming areas and analyzed by cytological methods for the detection of M. refringens. Suspected positive diagnosis was confirmed by PCR assay performed according to the Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals (OIE, 2012). Although infection rates generally decreased between 2010 and 2013, samples from all six areas tested positive for M. refringens, with an overall positivity rate of 4.05%. © Published by Central Fisheries Research Institute (CFRI) Trabzon, Turkey in cooperation with Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Japan.

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