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Biella, Italy

Rapiti E.,University of Geneva | Schaffar R.,University of Geneva | Iselin C.,University of Geneva | Miralbell R.,University of Geneva | And 5 more authors.
BMC Urology | Year: 2013

Background: In this population-based study, we investigated the degree of concordance between Gleason scores obtained from prostate biopsies and those obtained from prostatectomy specimens, as well as the determinants of biopsy understaging. Methods. We considered for this study all 371 prostate cancer patients recorded at the Geneva Cancer Registry diagnosed from 2004 to 2006 who underwent a radical prostatectomy. We used the kappa statistic to evaluate the Gleason score concordance from biopsy and prostatectomy specimens. Logistic regression was used to determine the parameters that predict the undergrading of the Gleason score in prostate biopsies. Results: The kappa statistic between biopsy and prostatectomy Gleason score was 0.42 (p < 0.0001), with 67% of patients exactly matched, and 26% (n = 95) patients with Gleason score underestimated by the biopsy. In a multi-adjusted model, increasing age, advanced clinical stage, having less than ten biopsy cores, and longer delay between the two procedures, were all independently associated with biopsy undergrading. In particular, the proportion of exact match increased to 72% when the patients had ten or more needle biopsy cores. The main limitation of the study is that both biopsy and prostatectomy specimens were examined by different laboratories. Conclusions: The data show that concordance between biopsy and prostatectomy Gleason scores lies within the classic clinical standards in this population-based study. The number of biopsy cores appears to strongly impact on the concordance between biopsy and radical prostatectomy Gleason score. © 2013 Rapiti et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Senore C.,I Centro Of Prevenzione Oncologica Piemonte | Bonelli L.,Unit of Clinical Epidemiology | Sciallero S.,Unit of Clinical Epidemiology | Casella C.,Unit of Clinical Epidemiology | And 4 more authors.
Journal of the National Cancer Institute | Year: 2015

Background: Several reports indicated that volunteers enrolled in preventive trials tend to show a different profile, with respect to sociodemographic characteristics, health-related behaviors, or medical history, compared with the source population. We conducted an incidence and mortality follow-up within a cohort of subjects who had been mailed a recruitment questionnaire in the SCORE trial of sigmoidoscopy (FS) screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) to assess the impact of self-selection in the study of volunteers willing to be screened on the outcomes estimates and on the generalizability of the results. Methods: We compared baseline demographics, CRC risk, and overall mortality at 11-year follow-up of responders declaring their interest in screening, with those of nonresponders and of responders not interested in screening using logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards multivariable models. Results: Both subjects who volunteered in the trial and those who refused were better educated than nonresponders. Men and people younger than age 60 years were more likely to volunteer among responders. At 11-year follow-up, interested responders showed a similar CRC risk as nonresponders, while CRC mortality was substantially reduced (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.70, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.54 to 0.91). All-cause mortality was reduced both among interested (HR = 0.61, 95% CI = 0.57 to 0.65) and uninterested responders (HR = 0.81, 95% CI = 0.76 to 0.86). Conclusion: The implementation of an FS population-based screening program would result in a similar reduction in CRC incidence, as observed in the SCORE trial, and likely in a larger impact on CRC mortality. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press. Source

Zanetti R.,Piedmont Cancer Registry | Schmidtmann I.,University Mainz | Sacchetto L.,Piedmont Cancer Registry | Binder-Foucard F.,Registre des Cancers du Bas Rhin | And 12 more authors.
European Journal of Cancer | Year: 2015

Abstract Cancer registries must provide complete and reliable incidence information with the shortest possible delay for use in studies such as comparability, clustering, cancer in the elderly and adequacy of cancer surveillance. Methods of varying complexity are available to registries for monitoring completeness and timeliness. We wished to know which methods are currently in use among cancer registries, and to compare the results of our findings to those of a survey carried out in 2006. Methods In the framework of the EUROCOURSE project, and to prepare cancer registries for participation in the ERA-net scheme, we launched a survey on the methods used to assess completeness, and also on the timeliness and methods of dissemination of results by registries. We sent the questionnaire to all general registries (GCRs) and specialised registries (SCRs) active in Europe and within the European Network of Cancer Registries (ENCR). Results With a response rate of 66% among GCRs and 59% among SCRs, we obtained data for analysis from 116 registries with a population coverage of ∼280 million. The most common methods used were comparison of trends (79%) and mortality/incidence ratios (more than 60%). More complex methods were used less commonly: capture-recapture by 30%, flow method by 18% and death certificate notification (DCN) methods with the Ajiki formula by 9%. The median latency for completion of ascertainment of incidence was 18 months. Additional time required for dissemination was of the order of 3-6 months, depending on the method: print or electronic. One fifth (21%) did not publish results for their own registry but only as a contribution to larger national or international data repositories and publications; this introduced a further delay in the availability of data. Conclusions Cancer registries should improve the practice of measuring their completeness regularly and should move from traditional to more quantitative methods. This could also have implications in the timeliness of data publication. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Lise M.,Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit | Lise M.,International Agency for Research on Cancer | Franceschi S.,International Agency for Research on Cancer | Buzzoni C.,Banca Dati AIRTUM at Cancer Prevention and Research Institute ISPO | And 27 more authors.
Thyroid | Year: 2012

Background: The incidence of thyroid cancer (TC) has been increasing over the last 30 years in several countries, with some of the worldwide highest TC incidence rates (IRs) reported in Italy. The objectives of this study were to evaluate by histological subtypes the geographical heterogeneity of the incidence of TC in Italy and to analyze recent time trends for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in different cancer registries (CRs). Methods: The study included cases of TC (<85 years of age) reported to 25 Italian CRs between 1991 and 2005. Age-standardized IRs were computed for all histological subtypes of TC according to CRs. Estimated annual percent change and joinpoint regression analysis were used for analysis of PTC. Results: In women, IRs of PTC ranged between 3.5/100,000 in Latina and 8.5/100,000 in Sassari for the period 1991-1995 (a 2.4-fold difference) and between 7.3/100,000 in Alto Adige and 37.5/100,000 in Ferrara for 2001-2005 (a 5.1-fold difference). In men, IRs ranged between 0.7/100,000 in Latina and 3.4/100,000 in Sassari for the period 1991-1995 (a 4.9-fold difference) and between 2.0/100,000 (Alto Adige, Trento) and 10.6/100,000 in Ferrara for 2001-2005 (a 5.3-fold difference). In both sexes, IRs significantly higher than the pooled estimates emerged for the most recent period in the majority of CRs located within the Po River plain and in Latina, but they were lower in the Alpine belt. For women, CRs reported higher IRs than pool estimates showed, between 1991 to 2005, a significantly more marked annual percent change (+12%) than other CRs (+7%). For men the corresponding estimates were +11% and +8%. Conclusions: The distribution of PTC does not lend support to a role of environmental radiation exposure due to the Chernobyl fallout, iodine deficiency, or (volcanic) soils. Between 1991 and 2005, wide geographic variations in the incidence of PTC and heterogeneous upward trends emerged, suggesting that the heterogeneity was a relatively recent phenomenon; this appeared to be mainly explained by variations, at a local level, in medical surveillance. © 2012, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source

Siesling S.,Comprehensive Cancer Center the Netherlands | Siesling S.,University of Twente | Louwman W.J.,Comprehensive Cancer Center the Netherlands | Kwast A.,Comprehensive Cancer Center the Netherlands | And 9 more authors.
European Journal of Cancer | Year: 2015

Abstract Aim To provide insight into cancer registration coverage, data access and use in Europe. This contributes to data and infrastructure harmonisation and will foster a more prominent role of cancer registries (CRs) within public health, clinical policy and cancer research, whether within or outside the European Research Area. Methods During 2010-12 an extensive survey of cancer registration practices and data use was conducted among 161 population-based CRs across Europe. Responding registries (66%) operated in 33 countries, including 23 with national coverage. Results Population-based oncological surveillance started during the 1940-50s in the northwest of Europe and from the 1970s to 1990s in other regions. The European Union (EU) protection regulations affected data access, especially in Germany and France, but less in the Netherlands or Belgium. Regular reports were produced by CRs on incidence rates (95%), survival (60%) and stage for selected tumours (80%). Evaluation of cancer control and quality of care remained modest except in a few dedicated CRs. Variables evaluated were support of clinical audits, monitoring adherence to clinical guidelines, improvement of cancer care and evaluation of mass cancer screening. Evaluation of diagnostic imaging tools was only occasional. Conclusion Most population-based CRs are well equipped for strengthening cancer surveillance across Europe. Data quality and intensity of use depend on the role the cancer registry plays in the politico, oncomedical and public health setting within the country. Standard registration methodology could therefore not be translated to equivalent advances in cancer prevention and mass screening, quality of care, translational research of prognosis and survivorship across Europe. Further European collaboration remains essential to ensure access to data and comparability of the results. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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