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Nakahashi H.,Kinki University | Yagi N.,Picaso Cosmetics Laboratory Ltd | Miyazawa M.,Kinki University
Journal of Asian Natural Products Research | Year: 2014

The in vitro biotransformation of karahanaenone was examined in cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2A6. The biotransformation of karahanaenone by CYP2A6 was investigated by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Karahanaenone was found to be oxidized to two metabolites by CYP2A6. In order to produce large quantity of metabolites by CYP2A6, the biotransformation of karahanaenone by Salmonella typhimurium OY1002/2A6 was investigated. Similarly, two metabolites were confirmed by GC and GC-MS. The structure of metabolites was determined by 1D NMR, 2D NMR, and infrared, as a result there were new compounds, (6R)-hydroxykarahanaenone and 10-hydroxykarahanaenone. © 2014 Taylor & Francis.

Yagi N.,Picaso Cosmetics Laboratory Ltd | Nakahashi H.,Picaso Cosmetics Laboratory Ltd | Nakahashi H.,Kinki University | Kashima Y.,Picaso Cosmetics Laboratory Ltd | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Oleo Science | Year: 2014

The components of the essential oil from the roots of Alangium salviifolium were analyzed by capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Ninety compounds, representing 74.5% of the total oil, were identified; the main components of the oil were epi-α-cadinol, followed by trans-2-hydroxycalamenene, cadalene, and cadina-4,10 (15)-dien-3-one. A further unknown component comprised 5.5% of the oil. Therefore, the essential oil was purified by flash column chromatography to isolate this component. Its structure was established using extensive spectroscopic data analyses, including NMR, HR-EI-MS, and IR. The results showed that this isolated compound was (-)-7, 8-dihydroxycalamenal, which is a novel cadinane-type sesquiterpenoid. This compound was tested for its antioxidant activity and inhibition of tyrosinase, and showed particularly strong inhibition effects. © 2014 by Japan Oil Chemists’ Society.

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