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Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Rochette L.,University of Burgundy | Ghibu S.,Physiology and Pathophysiology | Muresan A.,UMF Iuliu Hatieganu | Vergely C.,University of Burgundy
Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology | Year: 2015

Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease with a high prevalence worldwide. Diabetes and insulin resistance are associated with the development of cardiovascular and nervous diseases. The development of these disorders reflects complex pathological processes in which the oxidative stress caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) plays a pivotal role. It is widely accepted that diabetes impairs endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity and increases the production of ROS, thus resulting in diminished NO bioavailability and increased oxidative stress. Alpha-lipoic acid (LA) possesses beneficial effects both in the prevention and in the treatment of diabetes. LA is a potent antioxidant with insulin-mimetic and anti-inflammatory activity. LA in the diet is quickly absorbed, transported to the intracellular compartments, and reduced to dihydrolipoic acid (DHLA) under the action of enzymes. LA, which plays an essential role in mitochondrial bioenergetic reactions, has drawn considerable attention as an antioxidant for use in managing diabetic complications such as retinopathy, neuropathy and other vascular diseases. © 2015, National Research Council of Canada . All Rights Reserved. Source

Song L.,Physiology and Pathophysiology | Song L.,Beijing Institute of Heart | Yang H.,Physiology and Pathophysiology | Yang H.,Beijing Institute of Heart | And 14 more authors.
Apoptosis | Year: 2014

12/15-Lipoxygenase (LOX) is a member of the LOX family that catalyzes the step from arachidonic acid to hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs). Previous studies demonstrated that 12/15-LOX plays a critical role in the development of atherosclerosis, hypertension, heart failure, and other diseases; however, its role in myocardial ischemic injury was contraversal. Here, we investigated the inhibition of 12/15-LOX by baicalein on acute cardiac injury and dissected its molecular mechanism. In a mouse model of acute ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, 12/15-LOX was significantly upregulated in the peri-infarct area surrounding the primary infarction. In cultured cardiac myocytes, baicalein suppressed apoptosis and caspase 3 activity in response to simulated ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). Moreover, administration of 12/15-LOX inhibitor, baicalein, significantly attenuated myocardial infarct size induced by I/R injury. Moreover, baicalein treatment significantly inhibited cardiomyocyte apoptosis, inflammatory responses and oxidative stress in the heart after I/R injury. The mechanisms underlying these effects were associated with the activation of ERK1/2 and AKT pathways and inhibition of activation of p38 MAPK, JNK1/2, and NF-kB/p65 pathways in the I/R-treated hearts and neonatal cardiomyoctes. Our data indicated that 12/15-LOX inhibitor baicalein can prevent myocardial I/R injury by modulation of multiple mechanisms, and suggest that baicalein could represent a novel therapeutic drug for acute myocardial infarction. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

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